Wild Hogs in Florida: How Many Are There and Where Do They Live?

Written by Kirstin Harrington
Updated: June 15, 2023
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Key Points

  • Florida’s wild hogs arrived in the region with Hernando de Soto on a quest for gold.
  • Wild hogs come second on the list of wildlife hunters are most interested in – right behind deer.
  • Wild hogs are capable of growing to a maximum of 5 feet in length and 420 lbs in weight.

Florida is home to a lot of wild animals that we know and love. Panthers, deer, and bobcats are some of our reader’s favorites! But did you know that Florida is home to one of the largest populations of wild hogs? 

It’s true! You can find wild hogs in all 67 counties of the Sunshine State. The population is said to be over 500,000! We’ve curated a guide of everything you need to know about feral hogs, whether you live in or are just visiting the state. 

The History of Hogs in Florida

Group of wild boars, feral hogs

You can find wild hogs in all 67 counties of Florida.

©iStock.com/JMrocek

Florida has had wild pigs since the sixteenth century. Hernando de Soto, a Spanish adventurer, brought a herd of pigs with him when his boats touched down in Florida in 1539. Despite the fact that de Soto never discovered the gold he was looking for, pigs quickly formed a breeding population. 

Wild pigs have adapted to Florida’s ecosystem over time, and “native” animals now rely on them. The endangered Florida panther consumes up to 40% of its food as wild pigs.  

Wild hogs are perceptive, adaptable creatures. They are cautious of people despite having a huge size and sharp tusks. Contrary to a common assumption, wild pigs do not have any contagious illnesses that are easily spread to people.

Can You Hunt Wild Hogs in Florida?

Hunting - Sport, Archery, Deer, Archery Bow, Target Shooting

Someone Holding a Compound Hunting Bow

©Stefan Malloch/ via Getty Images

In Florida, pig hunting is fairly common. In fact, after deer, it is the animal that is hunted the most in the state. Florida is a great state to think about hunting in because of the significant and expanding number of feral hogs. 

A basic license is all that is required for shooting on public property for both locals and non-residents. There are absolutely no rules or permits on private property. There are hog bag limitations in some  Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs), and hunting is only permitted during specific seasons of the year.

Size of Wild Hogs in Florida

Wild boars, feral hogs, Sus scrofa

Wild hogs have long snouts, massive tusks, wedge-shaped heads, and stiff hair

©iStock.com/taviphoto

Any pig that is not kept behind a fence such as domestic pigs, Eurasian wild boars, and domestic-Eurasian wild boar hybrids, is considered a wild pig. They can grow to a length of three to five feet and weigh between 30 and 420 pounds as adults. 

As the animal ages, it becomes more obvious that female wild pigs are smaller than males. 

The colors of wild pigs range widely, from black to reddish brown to white. They may also be plain in color or feature speckling. Long snouts, massive tusks, wedge-shaped heads, and stiff hair are further identifying traits.

Are Wild Hogs Dangerous?

Herd of wild hogs

The rooting activity of wild hogs, as they search for food beneath the surface, causes major damage.

©iStock.com/xalanx

In addition to the effects of devouring, destroying, and trampling a huge amount of natural vegetation and crops, the rooting activity of wild hogs also causes major harm. Searching for food beneath the ground’s surface, or “rooting,” disturbs the soil’s stability, uproots or weakens native flora, destroys lawns, and promotes erosion. 

Their moping behavior damages the banks of streams and little ponds, which may lower the quality of the water. They also feed on animals that lay their eggs on the ground, such as sea turtles.

There is no ignoring the fact that feral hogs are among the most harmful, invasive, and hazardous creatures in North America. As an invasive species, they have the power to completely take over an area and destroy crops, often without ever being observed by humans. 

They have the potential to grow large, form large packs, and, certainly, exhibit a particularly unpleasant temperament. Even among hunters, feral hogs have a terrible reputation because they have the potential to seriously harm the ecology in which they live.

How to Get Rid of Feral Hogs

Large dominant wild hog female rooting in the forest

On average feral hogs are 5 to 6 feet long, measuring from snout to tail.

©Slatan/Shutterstock.com

If you live in one of the 67 counties in Florida that has wild hogs, they can easily disrupt your daily life. If you think you’ve found them in your yard, you have an entirely different problem on your hands. Thankfully, we’ve found a handful of easy ways to get rid of these pesky piggies. 

Inspect the Area

Wild hogs rolling in the mud

Wild hogs like to roll about in the mud on your land.

©iStock.com/1448628063

Examine the environment around your home, paying special attention to places near water sources like rivers and creeks. Wild hogs like to roll about in the mud on your land. Also, check the areas around fields, crops, and livestock. In particular, near trees that yield nuts or fruits. Search for indications of wild hog activity. 

This includes searching for their excrement, signs of sliding around in the mud, the trails they leave behind, signs of their scraping on trees that left mud and hair trapped to the trees and posts, and eventually plowing or rooting of crops or vegetables. These holes will typically be pretty deep, frequently exceeding two feet.

Treat Your Yard

A seed and fertilizer spreader sitting out on a lawn

A seed and fertilizer spreader sitting out on a lawn

©iStock.com/

You can use Wild Hog Scram around your land to deter and push wild hogs away because it is non-toxic and safe for the environment. Homes, businesses, and farms can all make use of this product. 

A rotary spreader is extremely helpful to get this task done. One pound should be used per 600 square feet. Use this form in regions where you have seen wild hog activity or evidence of feral hog activity. 

Cover the affected areas and an additional 30 feet surrounding them. Use the scoop that comes with this product to evenly cover any gardens, fields, or crops if you don’t have a spreader.

Live Traps 

Wild hog trap

Wild hogs caught in a trap.

©iStock.com/Tim Bingham

Trapping the persistent feral hogs might be the best course of action. We advise utilizing a sizable Solutions Humane Live Trap for this. Put the trap up in a public space where the hogs have been busy and bait it with food the hog would enjoy. 

After setting up the trigger, keep an eye on the trap for a few days. The feral hog will soon be apprehended, at which point you can give them to animal control.

The photo featured at the top of this post is © iStock.com/JMrocek


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About the Author

Kirstin is a writer at A-Z Animals primarily covering animals, news topics, fun places, and helpful tips. Kirstin has been writing on a variety of topics for over five years. She has her real estate license, along with an associates degree in another field. A resident of Minnesota, Kirstin treats her two cats (Spook and Finlay) like the children they are. She never misses an opportunity to explore a thrift store with a coffee in hand, especially if it’s a cold autumn day!

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