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Borneo Elephant

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Borneo Elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis)
Borneo elephants (Elephas maximus borneensis)
Borneo Elephants at Oregon Zoo
The Borneo elephant is a sub-species of Asian elephant which includes the Indian elephant, the Sumatran elephant, the Sri-Lanka elephant and the Borneo elephant. The Borneo elephant is also known as the pygmy elephant as it is the smallest of the elephant sub-species.

As its name suggests, the Borneo elephant is found exclusively on the island of Borneo in the Malaysian state of Sabah and parts of Indonesian Kalimantan. Much of the Borneo elephants natural habitat has been destroyed to make way for palm oil plantations and there are now thought to be less than 1,000 Borneo elephant individuals left in Sabah.

The Borneo elephant has smaller ears than the African elephant and the Borneo elephant also has a more curved spine than the African elephant. Unlike the African elephants, the female Borneo elephants very rarely have tusks, and if the female Borneo elephant does have tusks, they are generally barely visible and can only be seen when the female Borneo elephant opens her mouth.

The Borneo elephant follows strict migration routes that are determined by the monsoon season. The eldest elephant of the Borneo elephant herd is responsible for remembering the migration route of its Borneo elephant herd. This Borneo elephant migration generally takes place between the wet and dry seasons and problems arose when farms where built along the migratory routes of the Borneo elephant herds, as the Borneo elephants caused a great deal of destruction to the newly founded farmland.

Borneo elephants are herbivorous animals meaning that they only eat plants and plant matter in order to gain all of the nutrients that they need to survive. Borneo elephants eat a wide variety of vegetation including grasses, leaves, shoots, barks, fruits, nuts and seeds. Borneo elephants often use their long trunk to assist them in gathering food.

Due to their large size, Borneo elephants have very few predators within their natural environment. Besides human hunters, tigers are the primary predator of the Borneo elephant, although they tend to hunt the smaller Borneo elephant calves rather than the much larger and stronger adults.

Female Borneo elephants are generally able to breed by the time they are 10 years old, and give birth to a single Borneo elephant calf after a 22 month gestation period. When the Borneo elephant calf is first born, it weighs about 100 kg, and is cared for not only by it's mother by also by other female Borneo elephants in the herd (known as aunties). The infant Borneo elephant remains with its mother until it is around 5 years old and gains its independence, with males often leaving the herd and female calves staying.

Today, the Borneo elephant is considered to be an animal that is in immediate danger of becoming extinct due to the fact that Borneo elephant populations have been declining at a critical rate. Borneo elephants are thought to be suffering primarily due to habitat loss in the form of deforestation and hunting for their ivory tusks by human poachers.

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Borneo Elephant Translations

Catalan Català
Elefant asiàtic
Czech Cesky
Slon indický
Danish Dansk
Asiatisk elefant
German Deutsch
Asiatischer Elefant
English English
Borneo Elephant
Esperanto Esperanto
Azia elefanto
Spanish Español
Elephas maximus
Estonian Eesti
India elevant
Finnish Suomi
French Français
Éléphant d\'Asie
Galician Galego
Elefante asiático
Hebrew עִבְרִית
פיל אסייתי
Croatian Hrvatski
Azijski slon
Hungarian Magyar
Ázsiai elefánt
Italian Italiano
Elephas maximus
Japanese 日本語
Latin Latina
Elephas maximus
Malay Bahasa Melayu
Gajah Asia
Dutch Nederlands
Aziatische olifant
Norwegian Norsk
Asiatisk elefant
Polish Polski
Słoń indyjski
Portuguese Português
Slovenian Slovenščina
Azijski slon
Swedish Svenska
Asiatisk elefant
Turkish Türkçe
Asya fili
Vietnamese Tiếng Việt
Voi châu Á
Chinese 中文

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Borneo Elephant Facts

Five groups that classify all living things...
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
A group of animals within a pylum...
A group of animals within a class...
A group of animals within an order...
A group of animals within a family...
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Elephas Maximus Borneensis
The animal group that the species belongs to...
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
2m - 3m (7ft - 10ft)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
3,000kg - 5,000kg (6,500lbs - 11,000lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
43km/h (27mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
55 - 70 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Critically Endangered
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Grey, Brown, Black
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Favourite Food:Grass
The specific area where the animal lives...
Rainforest and tropical woodland
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Grass, Fruit, Roots
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Human, Tiger
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Long trunk and large feet

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