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Asian Elephant

An Asian Elephant and baby at the Jerusalem Biblical ZooTwo Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) at the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo.Borneo Elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis)Female Asian elephant Baby Asian elephant with its mother at Whipsnade Zoo, DunstableAsian Elephant (Elephas Maximus)
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Asian Elephant Facts

Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
A group of animals within a class
A group of animals within an order
A group of animals within a family
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Elephas Maximus
The animal group that the species belongs to
What kind of foods the animal eats
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
2m - 3m (7ft - 10ft)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
3,000kg - 5,000kg (6,500lbs - 11,000lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
43km/h (27mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
55 - 70 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Grey, Brown, Black
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Favourite Food:Grass
The specific area where the animal lives
Rainforest and tropical woodland
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
Main Prey:Grass, Fruit, Roots
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Human, Tiger
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Long trunk and large feet

Asian Elephant Location

Map of Asian Elephant Locations
Map of Asia

Asian Elephant

Asian Elephants are much smaller than the African elephants only growing to a couple of meters tall. Asian elephants are found in the tropical jungles of India and China, and throughout most countries in south-east Asia.

Asian elephants have been domesticated for hundreds of years for foresting and often battle. There are many places across Asia where Asian elephants are kept for tourists to ride, and are often treated fairly badly. Asian elephants are well known for their immense strength and friendliness towards humans.

Today, the Asian elephant is considered an endangered species with only around 50,000 left in the wild. This is due to the loss of habitat of the Asian elephant and illegal poachers hunting the Asian elephant, for their skins and ivory.

The Asian elephant has smaller ears than the African elephant and the Asian elephant also has a more curved spine than the African elephant. Unlike the African elephants, the female Asian elephant very rarely have tusks, and if the female Asian elephant does have tusks, they are generally barely visible and can only be seen when the female Asian elephant opens her mouth.

The Asian elephant follows strict migration routes that are determined by the monsoon season. The eldest elephant of the Asian elephant herd is responsible for remembering the migration route of its Asian elephant herd. This Asian elephant migration generally takes place between the wet and dry seasons and problems arose when farms where built along the migratory routes of the Asian elephant herds, as the Asian elephants caused a great deal of destruction to the newly founded farmland.

Asian elephants are herbivorous animals meaning that they only eat plants and plant matter in order to gain all of the nutrients that they need to survive. Asian elephants eat a wide variety of vegetation including grasses, leaves, shoots, barks, fruits, nuts and seeds. Asian elephants often use their long trunk to assist them in gathering food.

Due to their large size, Asian elephants have very few predators within their natural environment. Besides human hunters, tigers are the primary predator of the Asian elephant, although they tend to hunt the smaller Asian elephant calves rather than the much larger and stronger adults.

Female Asian elephants are generally able to breed by the time they are 10 years old, and give birth to a single Asian elephant calf after a 22 month gestation period. When the Asian elephant calf is first born, it weighs about 100 kg, and is cared for not only by its mother but also by other female Asian elephants in the herd (known as aunties). The infant Asian elephant remains with its mother until it is around 5 years old and gains its independence, with males often leaving the herd and female calves staying.

Today, the Asian elephant is considered to be an animal that is in immediate danger of becoming extinct due to the fact that Asian elephant populations have been declining at a critical rate. Asian elephants are thought to be suffering primarily due to habitat loss in the form of deforestation and hunting for their ivory tusks by human poachers.

Asian Elephant Translations

Elefant asiàtic
Slon indický
Asiatisk elefant
Asiatischer Elefant
Asian Elephant
Azia elefanto
Elephas maximus
India elevant
Éléphant d\'Asie
Elefante asiático
פיל אסייתי
Azijski slon
Ázsiai elefánt
Elephas maximus
Elephas maximus
Bahasa Melayu
Gajah Asia
Aziatische olifant
Asiatisk elefant
Słoń indyjski
Azijski slon
Asiatisk elefant
Asya fili
Tiếng Việt
Voi châu Á

Asian Elephant Comments

"I love this website my teacher told me about it .Its very helpful as I can get a lot of information about many animals from all around the world and share it with my friends and wild life club in school."
Morgan Chicharello
"I like this website because it helped me with my asian elephant research forMy project at my school! I hope my teacher likes this. "
"thank you for the imformashin."
"very nice easy. for kids to understand,lovely"
"Thanks great info"
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First Published: 2nd November 2008, Last Updated: 16th February 2017 [View Sources]

1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 02 Nov 2008]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 02 Nov 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 02 Nov 2008]

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