Below you can find a complete list of Asian animals. We currently track 323 animals in Asia and are adding more every day!
Asia is the world’s most populous and biggest continent in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres, with the world’s longest coastline and the highest and lowest points on the Earth’s surface. It includes countries such as China, Korea, Japan, Siberia, India, Southeast Asian countries such as Singapore, and a few countries in the Middle East.
It has a mostly dry climate throughout, the biggest weather extremes in the west, and monsoons affecting the south and east. Habitats range from deserts, mountains, forests, and tropical jungles to urban areas. Such a vast and varied landscape with several remote regions mean Asian wildlife is just as diverse.
The Official National Animal of Asia
Because Asia is a continent and not a country, there is no official animal. However, there is wildlife that one might recognize as being representative of Asia in popular culture:
The Giant Panda of China is a global icon and China’s national treasure that has been brought back from being “endangered” and is now listed as “vulnerable,” thanks to strong conservation efforts in the country. It is native to the bamboo forests of South Central China. This true bear shares a common ancestor with the family Ursidae but diverged about 1.9 million years ago, making this species a living fossil.
The Asian Elephant is the biggest of the continent’s land-dwelling mammals, although it’s smaller than its African relative. The 3 subspecies are the Indian, Sumatran, and Sri Lankan. Its weight can reach 11,000lbs, its length can reach 21ft (6.4m) and height can reach 11.5ft (3.5m). This species is listed as Endangered.
The Asian Black Bear is a medium-sized bear that lives in forests all across the continent. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
The tiger is another common global icon for Asia. There are 6 surviving tiger subspecies on the continent:
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Asia
The best place to safely look at the most popular wildlife in Asia is a zoo, national park, or other protected areas. You can see Giant Pandas in their hometown of Chengdu. The Dujiangyan Panda Base, Gengda Giant Panda Center, and Bifengxia Giant Panda Base are all accessible to tourists.
The best places to see Asian elephants are Parambikulam, India, and Udawalawe, Sri Lanka. If you’re interested in seeing Asian black bears in near-wild conditions, check out the Tat Kuang Si rescue center 30km away from Luang Prabang, especially the Kuang Si Falls from July through October. Finally, the national parks of India, especially Nagarahole, Ranthambore, Panna, and Kanha are the best places to see Asian tigers.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Asia Today
The most dangerous wildlife in Asia attacks humans in unique ways. Asian Elephants charge with an average weight of 4 tons, while Indian Rhinoceroses weigh over 4 tons and have a large horn. Bengal Tigers and Asiatic Lions are heavy and fast and known to eat people. Sloth Bears have curved, powerful claws and unpredictable behavior, being as likely to attack as they are to run away.
Komodo Dragons are the biggest lizards in the world, weighing around 350lbs (160kg) and measuring over 10ft (3m) long, and often fatally attacking people with bacteria-filled bites. Saltwater Crocodiles ambush their prey on land but have been known to take victims in the open ocean. All of the “big three” deadly sharks are in Asia: The Great White, Tiger, and Bull sharks, and they are common in populated coastal areas.
On the other hand, some of the most dangerous wildlife in Asia are not always the biggest animals. King Cobra snakes are the longest snakes in the world, one of the most venomous on the continent and like other cobras has a deadly neurotoxic venom. It’s considered one of the “big four” snakes alongside the Russell’s viper, the saw-scaled viper and the common krait.
Asian Giant Hornets kill several people in China and Japan every year, its venom of both cytotoxins and neurotoxins causing extreme pain and being fatal in high enough doses. Fattail Scorpions live in the desert regions of India, the Middle East and North Africa. Their stings contain a powerful neurotoxin which is fast-acting and lethal, with the ability to cause respiratory paralysis and death in a few hours without access to anti-venom.
Endangered Animals In Asia
Many of the most popular wildlife in Asia are endangered according to the IUCN Red List:
Extinct Animals in Asia
Among the recently extinct wildlife of Asia are three tiger subspecies: Bali, Javan and Caspian. They became extinct due to hunting, habitat loss and loss of main prey.
Unique Animals in Asia
The Sun Bear, Clouded Leopard and Draco Lizard are a few examples of unique wildlife in Asia that can’t be found anywhere else. The Sun Bear and Draco Lizard both in the tropical forests of southeast Asia, while the Clouded Leopard lives in China, southeast Asia and the Himalayan foothills.
Asian Countries Animals Lists
Click any of the countries below to see a detailed list of animals located in that country!
Eats up to 2kg of food per day!
First used as a shepherd and hunter!
An innate sense of direction!
Very clean, intelligent and loyal!
They have two sets of eyelids!
The Amur leopard may be the rarest big cat on Earth!
Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Renew their horns every year!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Domesticated for hundreds of years!
The largest wasp in the world!
It mainly eats mangos and coffee!
Known to eat 160 different tree-borne fruits in Thailand!
Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
Babirusas can stand on their back hooves to eat leaves on the lower branches of a tree.
Can travel more than four miles a day!
The camel with two humps!
People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.
Markings give it camouflage!
There are over 2,000 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
There are 8 different species!
There are more than 350,000 different species
The most numerous species of tiger!
Also known as the Asian Bearcat!
Not all birds are able to fly!
There are around 50 different species!
Also known as the Sacred Cat of Burma!
They typically prey on insects!
Known to use large leaves as umbrellas!
The smallest species of elephant!
A dominant predator in it's environment!
The most common species of bee!
Adoring, elegant and affectionate!
These snakes can swallow their prey as whole.
There are thought to be up 20,000 species!
Can survive without water for 10 months!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Fast, carnivorous arachnid with a painful bite.
Has a strong survival instinct!
Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!
The carp is one of the most popular pond fishes in the world
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
Cashmere goat are named after Kashmir regions of India and Pakistan
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
There are more than 160 different species!
The fastest land mammal in the world!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Unlike other alligators, the Chinese alligator is armored all over, even on its belly.
They are excellent “guard geese”
The Chinese paddlefish is one the largest freshwater fish in the world
These dogs have a blue and black tongue.
Loyal and affectionate to it's family!
Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans
Has canines that can be two inches long!
Highly social, smart, and chatty bird.
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
The most common raptor in the UK!
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.
There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Found throughout the South-East Asian jungles!
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Have changed little in 200 million years!
Has a long, strong prehensile tail!
There are around 40 different species!
Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.
Only 2,000 left in the wild!
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
Beneath the lizard’s “wings” are a pair of enlarged ribs for support.
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Has exceptional eyesight!
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Spends around 22 hours a day eating!
Adult males can jump eight feet vertically
A very bold and ferocious predator!
The fastest creatures on the planet!
The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
Found in the African Sahara Desert!
The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.
Found across mainland Europe and Asia!
Scoops fish out of the water using it's paw!
The Flowerhorn fish is an artificial species; it does not exist naturally
There are more than 240,000 different species!
The second pair of upper incisors in a flying lemur has a double root, which is unique for mammals.
Can glide up to 90 meters!
Formosa is the Portuguese term for the island of Taiwan
There are 12 different species in the world!
There are around 7,000 different species!
Among the largest bats in the world
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Originally known as the Desert Rat!
Found in the murky waters of Northern India!
Bamboo makes up 99 per cent of their diet!
Cryptobranchus giant salamanders breathe mostly through their skin.
Found in dense jungles and tropical forests!
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Most closely related to the Sheep!
They eat figs almost exclusively
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 29 different species!
There are 11,000 known species!
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Known for its bravery and ability to withstand the cold.
One of earth's bravest creatures!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
The bird has a massive horn on its bill!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Changed little in over 500 million years!
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are four different species!
Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
Found throughout south-east Asia!
Indian giant squirrels use their large tail to help them balance.
Natively found in parts of India and Sri Lanka!
Also known as the one-horned rhino!
Popular in the exotic pet trade!
Now thought to be extinct in China!
There are an estimated 30 million species!
Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!
Can clear an entire fruit tree in 15 minutes in a swarm
Alert, intelligent and independent!
Has cheek pouches for storing food!
The Japanese Spitz is sometimes referred to as a cloud dog.
The Japanese squirrel hoards its food for the winter
Japanese Terriers are also called Nippon Terriers
Only has a 25cm long horn!
Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!
Kai Ken are a very rare breed of dog from Japan, though pure breeds are even harder to come by.
They are the longest poisonous snake in the world.
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
Once raised to hunt dangerous game like boar, today's kishu ken are more likely to be used as guard dogs.
In Japanese, the word koi sounds like the word for love. So the fish is a symbol of love among other good things.
Only found on five Indonesian islands
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Spends much of the time high in the trees!
There are 11 different species!
The Lhasa Apso was often given as a gift in Tibetan culture
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
Lives in small groups called prides!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Have sharp spines below their eyes
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
The lorikeet has a long brush-like tongue with fine hairs on it
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
Also known as the Oriental Civet!
Found in less-dense jungles!
With an appropriate tail wind, the mallard can travel hundreds of miles a day
Less than 2,500 left in the wild!
A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground
Found throughout Asia, India and China!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
The Mekong giant catfish is the largest purely freshwater fish in the world
Females lay up to 5 million eggs at one time in warm, shallow and salty waters
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.
Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
The muntjac is the smallest type of deer in the world
The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time
For a nice price, the mynah bird makes a good pet.
Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
There are more than 5,000 species.
Shares 97% of its DNA with humans!
Females are about four times the size of males
There are 13 different species worldwide
Paddlefish have existed since the Cretaceous Period
Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell
Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.
Can live for up to 100 years!
Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!
The eyespots on this butterfly’s wings deter predators from attacking.
They can jump up to 10 centimeters (40 times their body size) and see the full rainbow spectrum of light, including UV.
Thought to be over 2,000 years old!
Has webbing between its toes, aiding in swimming!
Thought to have originated in the Middle East!
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas
Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!
A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.
There are 500 different species!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Natively found on the island of Borneo!
Fun and sociable, yet stubborn!
Inhabits deciduous forests!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 50 different species!
The only hibernating canine!
Omnivores that eat anything!
The red fox actually has many different variations of fur, including silver and brown.
There are less than 3,000 left in the wild!
The redback spiders found in New Caledonia differ from other populations in that they don’t practice sexual cannibalism and don’t bite people as much.
It's horns are made from keratin!
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
Actually related to Elephants and Manatees!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe
Known by at least five different names
Their fur has been considered a luxury item since the Middle Ages
Large noses help filter out dust
There are more than 700 different species!
The Saluki is one of the fastest dog breeds in the world.
Males turn green in spring!
Only known to science since 1992!
There are around 2,000 known species!
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
Shiba Inus are one of six native dog breeds from Japan.
Can live for up to 15 years!
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Originated from temple cats in Thailand!
Can live in low-oxygen environments!
Also known as the Amur tiger!
Silkie hens are excellent mothers and will tid-bit food with her young. This means she goes over to the food or treats, has a bite, then calls the chick over to her to share. Silkie hens will raise any bird as their own and have been known to patiently sit on a clutch of duck or geese eggs until they hatch.
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Also known as the Polecat!
Found widely throughout British gardens!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 3,000 known species worldwide
Unlike other big cats, snow leopards don’t roar.
There are less than 20 in the wild!
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
The shell serves as both a defense and camouflage!
The spotted lanternfly is often confused for a moth, but it’s actually a type of planthopper
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
Now restricted to a few parks!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.
Can glide for over 100 feet before touching the ground
Less than 2,000 left in the wild!
Known to make mental maps of the forest!
The smallest species of rhino!
The smallest species of tiger!
The smallest species of bear in the world!
The edges of an iridescent shark's fins have a signature glow
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Can get used to and respond to human voice
Inhabits an isolated mountain range in northwestern Sumatra!
Most closely related to horses and rhinos!
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Each eye weighs more than their whole brain!
The most widespread owl in Europe!
The oldest recorded teddy bear hamster was six and a half.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
In their native Thailand, Thai Ridgebacks were used to hunt cobras.
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
Tibetan foxes are not territorial and will share a hunting ground with other mated pairs.
Originally bred in the Himalayan mountains!
Originally bred to be a companion dog in Tibetan Buddhist lamaseries.
Tibetan terriers have round, flat, “snow shoe” feet that evolved to give them traction on snowy Himalayan paths
The largest feline in the world!
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Their guano is used in face creams!
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
There are 30 different species worldwide!
The walking catfish can move on land while breathing air
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
Spends most of it's time in the trees!
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
This butterfly determines the smell and taste of a flower with its feet.
It is one of the biggest birds of prey.
None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!
Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
Temperature determines the sex of turtle eggs
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
There are only a few left in the wild!
The male zebra finch creates a unique song by drawing inspiration from its parent or tutor
There are around 75 different species!
Asian Animals List
Animals in Asia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Asia?
Tigers, elephants, rhinoceros, bears, monkeys, camels, birds and snakes are just some examples of Asian wildlife, as are more exotic and unique species such as the Malayan Tapir, Slow Loris, Japanese Macaque and the Lesser Bird-of-Paradise.
What are some animals that are unique to Asia?
Sun Bears, Clouded Leopards and Draco Lizards.
How many different animals live in Asia?
There are as many animals as there are habitat types in Asia, from desert and land-dwelling to forest and jungle-dwelling as well as ocean wildlife.
What is the biggest animal in Asia?
It depends on the type of animal. The biggest land animal on the continent is the Asian elephant, the saltwater crocodile is the biggest reptile there and in the world and the blue whale is the biggest marine mammal there and in the world.