Animals in Asia



Below you can find a complete list of Asian animals. We currently track 323 animals in Asia and are adding more every day!

Asia is the world’s most populous and biggest continent in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres, with the world’s longest coastline and the highest and lowest points on the Earth’s surface. It includes countries such as China, Korea, Japan, Siberia, India, Southeast Asian countries such as Singapore, and a few countries in the Middle East.

It has a mostly dry climate throughout, the biggest weather extremes in the west, and monsoons affecting the south and east. Habitats range from deserts, mountains, forests, and tropical jungles to urban areas. Such a vast and varied landscape with several remote regions mean Asian wildlife is just as diverse.

The Official National Animal of Asia

Because Asia is a continent and not a country, there is no official animal. However, there is wildlife that one might recognize as being representative of Asia in popular culture:

The Giant Panda of China is a global icon and China’s national treasure that has been brought back from being “endangered” and is now listed as “vulnerable,” thanks to strong conservation efforts in the country. It is native to the bamboo forests of South Central China. This true bear shares a common ancestor with the family Ursidae but diverged about 1.9 million years ago, making this species a living fossil.

The Asian Elephant is the biggest of the continent’s land-dwelling mammals, although it’s smaller than its African relative. The 3 subspecies are the Indian, Sumatran, and Sri Lankan. Its weight can reach 11,000lbs, its length can reach 21ft (6.4m) and height can reach 11.5ft (3.5m). This species is listed as Endangered.

The Asian Black Bear is a medium-sized bear that lives in forests all across the continent. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.

The tiger is another common global icon for Asia. There are 6 surviving tiger subspecies on the continent:

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Asia

The best place to safely look at the most popular wildlife in Asia is a zoo, national park, or other protected areas. You can see Giant Pandas in their hometown of Chengdu. The Dujiangyan Panda Base, Gengda Giant Panda Center, and Bifengxia Giant Panda Base are all accessible to tourists.

The best places to see Asian elephants are Parambikulam, India, and Udawalawe, Sri Lanka. If you’re interested in seeing Asian black bears in near-wild conditions, check out the Tat Kuang Si rescue center 30km away from Luang Prabang, especially the Kuang Si Falls from July through October. Finally, the national parks of India, especially Nagarahole, Ranthambore, Panna, and Kanha are the best places to see Asian tigers.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Asia Today

The most dangerous wildlife in Asia attacks humans in unique ways. Asian Elephants charge with an average weight of 4 tons, while Indian Rhinoceroses weigh over 4 tons and have a large horn. Bengal Tigers and Asiatic Lions are heavy and fast and known to eat people. Sloth Bears have curved, powerful claws and unpredictable behavior, being as likely to attack as they are to run away.

Komodo Dragons are the biggest lizards in the world, weighing around 350lbs (160kg) and measuring over 10ft (3m) long, and often fatally attacking people with bacteria-filled bites. Saltwater Crocodiles ambush their prey on land but have been known to take victims in the open ocean. All of the “big three” deadly sharks are in Asia: The Great White, Tiger, and Bull sharks, and they are common in populated coastal areas.

On the other hand, some of the most dangerous wildlife in Asia are not always the biggest animals. King Cobra snakes are the longest snakes in the world, one of the most venomous on the continent and like other cobras has a deadly neurotoxic venom. It’s considered one of the “big four” snakes alongside the Russell’s viper, the saw-scaled viper and the common krait.

Asian Giant Hornets kill several people in China and Japan every year, its venom of both cytotoxins and neurotoxins causing extreme pain and being fatal in high enough doses. Fattail Scorpions live in the desert regions of India, the Middle East and North Africa. Their stings contain a powerful neurotoxin which is fast-acting and lethal, with the ability to cause respiratory paralysis and death in a few hours without access to anti-venom.

Endangered Animals In Asia

Many of the most popular wildlife in Asia are endangered according to the IUCN Red List:

Extinct Animals in Asia

Among the recently extinct wildlife of Asia are three tiger subspecies: Bali, Javan and Caspian. They became extinct due to hunting, habitat loss and loss of main prey.

Unique Animals in Asia

The Sun Bear, Clouded Leopard and Draco Lizard are a few examples of unique wildlife in Asia that can’t be found anywhere else. The Sun Bear and Draco Lizard both in the tropical forests of southeast Asia, while the Clouded Leopard lives in China, southeast Asia and the Himalayan foothills.

Asian Countries Animals Lists

Click any of the countries below to see a detailed list of animals located in that country!

Asian Animals

Adelie Penguin

Eats up to 2kg of food per day!

Afghan Hound

First used as a shepherd and hunter!

Ainu

An innate sense of direction!

Akita

Very clean, intelligent and loyal!

Alligator

They have two sets of eyelids!

Amur Leopard

The Amur leopard may be the rarest big cat on Earth!

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Armyworm

They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Asian Elephant

Domesticated for hundreds of years!

Asian Giant Hornet

The largest wasp in the world!

Asian Palm Civet

It mainly eats mangos and coffee!

Asiatic Black Bear

Known to eat 160 different tree-borne fruits in Thailand!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Babirusa

Babirusas can stand on their back hooves to eat leaves on the lower branches of a tree.

Baboon

Can travel more than four miles a day!

Bactrian Camel

The camel with two humps!

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.

Banded Palm Civet

Markings give it camouflage!

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bengal Tiger

The most numerous species of tiger!

Binturong

Also known as the Asian Bearcat!

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Bird Of Paradise

There are around 50 different species!

Birman

Also known as the Sacred Cat of Burma!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bornean Orang-utan

Known to use large leaves as umbrellas!

Borneo Elephant

The smallest species of elephant!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Burmese

Adoring, elegant and affectionate!

Burmese Python

These snakes can swallow their prey as whole.

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel

Can survive without water for 10 months!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Camel Spider

Fast, carnivorous arachnid with a painful bite.

Canaan Dog

Has a strong survival instinct!

Caracal

Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!

Carp

The carp is one of the most popular pond fishes in the world

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Cashmere Goat

Cashmere goat are named after Kashmir regions of India and Pakistan

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chameleon

There are more than 160 different species!

Cheetah

The fastest land mammal in the world!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Chinese Alligator

Unlike other alligators, the Chinese alligator is armored all over, even on its belly.

Chinese Crested Dog

A hairless breed of dog!

Chinese Geese

They are excellent “guard geese”

Chinese Paddlefish

The Chinese paddlefish is one the largest freshwater fish in the world

Chinese Shar-Pei

These dogs have a blue and black tongue.

Chow Chow

Loyal and affectionate to it's family!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Clouded Leopard

Has canines that can be two inches long!

Cockatoo

Highly social, smart, and chatty bird.

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab-Eating Macaque

Found throughout the South-East Asian jungles!

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Cuscus

Has a long, strong prehensile tail!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.

Dhole

Only 2,000 left in the wild!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Draco volans

Beneath the lizard’s “wings” are a pair of enlarged ribs for support.

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Elk

Adult males can jump eight feet vertically

Ermine

A very bold and ferocious predator!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fennec Fox

Found in the African Sahara Desert!

Fiddler Crab

The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fishing Cat

Scoops fish out of the water using it's paw!

Flamingo

Sleeps on just one leg!

Flowerhorn Fish

The Flowerhorn fish is an artificial species; it does not exist naturally

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Lemur

The second pair of upper incisors in a flying lemur has a double root, which is unique for mammals.

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Formosan Mountain Dog

Formosa is the Portuguese term for the island of Taiwan

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Bat

Among the largest bats in the world

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Gharial

Found in the murky waters of Northern India!

Giant Panda Bear

Bamboo makes up 99 per cent of their diet!

Giant Salamander

Cryptobranchus giant salamanders breathe mostly through their skin.

Gibbon

Found in dense jungles and tropical forests!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden-Crowned Flying Fox

They eat figs almost exclusively

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Hokkaido

Known for its bravery and ability to withstand the cold.

Honey Badger

One of earth's bravest creatures!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Hornbill

The bird has a massive horn on its bill!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Horseshoe Crab

Changed little in over 500 million years!

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Hyena

There are four different species!

Ibex

Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Indian Elephant

Found throughout south-east Asia!

Indian Giant Squirrel

Indian giant squirrels use their large tail to help them balance.

Indian Palm Squirrel

Natively found in parts of India and Sri Lanka!

Indian Rhinoceros

Also known as the one-horned rhino!

Indian Star Tortoise

Popular in the exotic pet trade!

Indochinese Tiger

Now thought to be extinct in China!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Japanese Beetle

Can clear an entire fruit tree in 15 minutes in a swarm

Japanese Chin

Alert, intelligent and independent!

Japanese Macaque

Has cheek pouches for storing food!

Japanese Spitz

The Japanese Spitz is sometimes referred to as a cloud dog.

Japanese Squirrel

The Japanese squirrel hoards its food for the winter

Japanese Terrier

Japanese Terriers are also called Nippon Terriers

Javan Rhinoceros

Only has a 25cm long horn!

Jerboa

Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!

Kai Ken

Kai Ken are a very rare breed of dog from Japan, though pure breeds are even harder to come by.

King Cobra

They are the longest poisonous snake in the world.

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Kishu

Once raised to hunt dangerous game like boar, today's kishu ken are more likely to be used as guard dogs.

Koi Fish

In Japanese, the word koi sounds like the word for love. So the fish is a symbol of love among other good things.

Komodo Dragon

Only found on five Indonesian islands

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leopard

Spends much of the time high in the trees!

Leopard Cat

There are 11 different species!

Lhasa Apso

The Lhasa Apso was often given as a gift in Tibetan culture

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lion

Lives in small groups called prides!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Loach

Have sharp spines below their eyes

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Lorikeet

The lorikeet has a long brush-like tongue with fine hairs on it

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Malayan Civet

Also known as the Oriental Civet!

Malayan Tiger

Found in less-dense jungles!

Mallard

With an appropriate tail wind, the mallard can travel hundreds of miles a day

Markhor

Less than 2,500 left in the wild!

Marmot

A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Mekong Giant Catfish

The Mekong giant catfish is the largest purely freshwater fish in the world

Milkfish

Females lay up to 5 million eggs at one time in warm, shallow and salty waters

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.

Monarch Butterfly

During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Muntjac

The muntjac is the smallest type of deer in the world

Muskrat

The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time

Myna Bird

For a nice price, the mynah bird makes a good pet.

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orang-utan

Shares 97% of its DNA with humans!

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Paddlefish

Paddlefish have existed since the Cretaceous Period

Pangolin

Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell

Parakeet

Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peacock

Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!

Peacock Butterfly

The eyespots on this butterfly’s wings deter predators from attacking.

Peacock Spider

They can jump up to 10 centimeters (40 times their body size) and see the full rainbow spectrum of light, including UV.

Pekingese

Thought to be over 2,000 years old!

Pere Davids Deer

Has webbing between its toes, aiding in swimming!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Persian

Thought to have originated in the Middle East!

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Proboscis Monkey

Natively found on the island of Borneo!

Pug

Fun and sociable, yet stubborn!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Red Fox

The red fox actually has many different variations of fur, including silver and brown.

Red Panda

There are less than 3,000 left in the wild!

Redback Spider

The redback spiders found in New Caledonia differ from other populations in that they don’t practice sexual cannibalism and don’t bite people as much.

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rock Hyrax

Actually related to Elephants and Manatees!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe

Russian Tortoise

Known by at least five different names

Sable

Their fur has been considered a luxury item since the Middle Ages

Saiga

Large noses help filter out dust

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Saluki

The Saluki is one of the fastest dog breeds in the world.

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Saola

Only known to science since 1992!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shiba Inu

Shiba Inus are one of six native dog breeds from Japan.

Shih Tzu

Can live for up to 15 years!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Siamese

Originated from temple cats in Thailand!

Siamese Fighting Fish

Can live in low-oxygen environments!

Siberian Tiger

Also known as the Amur tiger!

Silkie Chicken

Silkie hens are excellent mothers and will tid-bit food with her young. This means she goes over to the food or treats, has a bite, then calls the chick over to her to share. Silkie hens will raise any bird as their own and have been known to patiently sit on a clutch of duck or geese eggs until they hatch.

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Skunk

Also known as the Polecat!

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snow Leopard

Unlike other big cats, snow leopards don’t roar.

South China Tiger

There are less than 20 in the wild!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Spiny Hill Turtle

The shell serves as both a defense and camouflage!

Spotted Lanternfly

The spotted lanternfly is often confused for a moth, but it’s actually a type of planthopper

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Sri Lankan Elephant

Now restricted to a few parks!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.

Sugar Glider

Can glide for over 100 feet before touching the ground

Sumatran Elephant

Less than 2,000 left in the wild!

Sumatran Orang-utan

Known to make mental maps of the forest!

Sumatran Rhinoceros

The smallest species of rhino!

Sumatran Tiger

The smallest species of tiger!

Sun Bear

The smallest species of bear in the world!

Swai Fish

The edges of an iridescent shark's fins have a signature glow

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Syrian Hamster

Can get used to and respond to human voice

Tapanuli Orang-utan

Inhabits an isolated mountain range in northwestern Sumatra!

Tapir

Most closely related to horses and rhinos!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.

Tarsier

Each eye weighs more than their whole brain!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Teddy Bear Hamster

The oldest recorded teddy bear hamster was six and a half.

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thai Ridgeback

In their native Thailand, Thai Ridgebacks were used to hunt cobras.

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tibetan Fox

Tibetan foxes are not territorial and will share a hunting ground with other mated pairs.

Tibetan Mastiff

Originally bred in the Himalayan mountains!

Tibetan Spaniel

Originally bred to be a companion dog in Tibetan Buddhist lamaseries.

Tibetan Terrier

Tibetan terriers have round, flat, “snow shoe” feet that evolved to give them traction on snowy Himalayan paths

Tiger

The largest feline in the world!

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Uguisu

Their guano is used in face creams!

Vinegaroon

Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Walking Catfish

The walking catfish can move on land while breathing air

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Butterfly

This butterfly determines the smell and taste of a flower with its feet.

White-Tailed Eagle

It is one of the biggest birds of prey.

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Wood Turtle

Temperature determines the sex of turtle eggs

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Yak

There are only a few left in the wild!

Zebra Finch

The male zebra finch creates a unique song by drawing inspiration from its parent or tutor

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Asian Animals List

Animals in Asia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Asia?

Tigers, elephants, rhinoceros, bears, monkeys, camels, birds and snakes are just some examples of Asian wildlife, as are more exotic and unique species such as the Malayan Tapir, Slow Loris, Japanese Macaque and the Lesser Bird-of-Paradise.

What are some animals that are unique to Asia?

Sun Bears, Clouded Leopards and Draco Lizards.

How many different animals live in Asia?

There are as many animals as there are habitat types in Asia, from desert and land-dwelling to forest and jungle-dwelling as well as ocean wildlife.

What is the biggest animal in Asia?

It depends on the type of animal. The biggest land animal on the continent is the Asian elephant, the saltwater crocodile is the biggest reptile there and in the world and the blue whale is the biggest marine mammal there and in the world.

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