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Golden Oriole

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Golden Oriole Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Aves
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Passeriformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Oriolidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Oriolus
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Oriolus oriolus
Common Name:
Most widely used name for the species
Golden Oriole
Other Name(s):Eurasian Oriole
Group:
The domestic group such as cat or dog
Bird
Number Of Species:2
Location:Across Europe and Asia
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Woodlands and open forests
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Yellow, Black, Green, Brown
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Feathers
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
20cm - 24cm (7.8in - 9.4in)
Wing Span:
The measurement from one wing tip to the other
44cm - 47cm (17in - 18.5in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
15g - 20g (0.5oz - 0.7oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
42kph (26mph)
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Omnivore
Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from
Insects, Fruit, Seeds
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Eagles, Storks, Raptors
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Diurnal
Group Behaviour:Solitary
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
8 - 12 years
Age Of Sexual Maturity:1 year
Incubation Period:15 - 18 days
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once
4
Name Of Young:Chick
Age Of Fledging:20 days
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
Estimated Population Size:Sustainable
Biggest Threat:Habitat loss
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Yellow plumage of males and bright red eyes
Fun Fact:Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Golden Oriole Location

Map of Golden Oriole Locations

Golden Oriole

Golden Oriole Classification and Evolution
The Golden Oriole (also known as the Eurasian Oriole), is a small species of Bird found throughout Europe and western Asia. The Golden Oriole's name is thought to have arisen during the 18th century after the classical Latin word meaning gold. Although almost indistinguishable in appearance, some believe that the Golden Orioles found in Europe, are actually a separate sub-species to those found in Asia. They are also known to be the only member of the Oriole family that breeds in the more temperate regions of the northern hemisphere.

Golden Oriole Anatomy and Appearance
The male Golden Oriole is an incredibly coloured Bird, with striking yellow and jet black plumage, and fully black wings. As with many other Birds, the female of the species is more dull-looking being slightly greener in colour. Both however, are hard to spot in the canopy as they are perfectly camouflaged amongst the leaves. Golden Orioles tend to be between 20 - 24 cm in height and are often mistaken for Thrushes and even green Woodpeckers when in flight. They have dark red eyes, and a fairly thick, pink beak that is curved slightly downwards at the end.

Golden Oriole Distribution and Habitat
The Golden Oriole is predominantly found throughout Europe and western Asia but also in parts of Africa. The Golden Oriole is a summer migrant meaning that it migrates north for the cooler summer climates, and flies back south to the tropics when the winter begins to emerge. The Golden Oriole is nearly always found in well-timbered forests and woodland, along with parks, orchards and gardens. They spend the majority of their time high in the tree canopy where their distinctive plumage helps them to remain hidden from lurking predators.

Golden Oriole Behaviour and Lifestyle
Due to it's excellent camouflage amongst the leaves, and it's shy nature, the Golden Oriole is an almost impossible Bird to spot. However, it is it's unmistakable song that alerts all around to it's presence, which is said to sound very fluty and can be heard over considerable distances. Their basic calls however are often compared to the screech of a Jay, but both are used to communicate with other Golden Orioles inhabiting the surrounding forest. The Golden Oriole is a migratory and generally quite solitary Bird, but can be seen migrating, often under the cover of night, in large flocks.

Golden Oriole Reproduction and Life Cycles
The Golden Oriole breeds in the more temperate northern regions during the summer months, where courtship displays involve them chasing one another from tree to tree and through the canopy. The female Golden Oriole builds her nest, generally in the fork of a tree out of plant fibres and stems, in the shape of a shallow cup. She lays between 3 and 6 eggs which hatch after an incubation period of between 15 and 18 days, that is predominantly conducted by the female. Once hatched, both Golden Oriole parents help to feed and look after their young, which will have left their nest (fledged) within 20 days. Golden Orioles usually live to be around 9 or 10 years old.

Golden Oriole Diet and Prey
The Golden Oriole is an omnivorous animal that primarily feeds on insects, fruits and seeds high up in the tree canopy. The relatively thick, slightly curved beak of the Golden Oriole is the perfect shape for picking Insects out of holes and plucking fruits off the branches. The Golden Oriole also has wide, clawed feet which assist the Bird in holding onto the more tricky branches when it is trying to gather food. They also play a vital role in re-distributing the seeds from the fruits, throughout their native eco-systems.

Golden Oriole Predators and Threats
Despite their shy disposition, the Golden Oriole can become incredibly aggressive towards any animal that tries to go near it's nest, swooping and diving at the invader to try and intimidate it. Due to it's tree-top lifestyle, the Golden Oriole is safe from numerous predators lower down the trees, but it is still vulnerable to larger Birds such as Crows, and Birds Of Prey including Eagles, Hawks and Raptors. They are also threatened by deforestation and therefore habitat destruction in their native environments.

Golden Oriole Interesting Facts and Features
The people living in the northern parts of Europe, are known to be able to predict the start of spring with the coming of the Golden Oriole. The Golden Orioles inhabiting more western European regions, are known to migrate as far south as Namibia and South Africa when the winter begins to set in. Despite that the Golden Oriole was thought to have been properly named in the 18th century, it is thought that the Romans could have been calling them Orioles as early as the 12th century.

Golden Oriole Relationship with Humans
The Golden Oriole is an incredibly shy Bird and very hard to spot high up in the canopy. Without the use of binoculars, the greener females particularly, are commonly mistaken for Green Woodpeckers, although their flight after a time is noticeably different. Humans have however, always been awe-struck by their beautifully distinctive, floaty song. The biggest impact that Humans have on the Golden Oriole is the deforestation of their native forests, meaning that their range is quite rapidly decreasing in size as they are losing more and more of their natural habitat.

Golden Oriole Conservation Status and Life Today
The Golden Oriole has been listed as being an animal that is of Least Concern of imminent extinction in the wild, as even though their territories are shrinking, populations generally seem to be stable. The Golden Orioles found across Asia are known to be decreasing slightly in number, but it is thought that those found in Europe, actually seem to be on the rise.

Golden Oriole Translations

български език
Авлига
Català
Oriol
Cesky
Žluva hajní
Deutsch
Pirol (Art)
English
Eurasian Golden-Oriole
Español
Oropéndola
Français
Loriot d\'Europe
Galego
Vichelocrego
Nederlands
Wielewaal
Polski
Wilga
Português
Papa-figos
Suomi
Kuhankeittäjä
Türkçe
Bayağı sarıasma

Golden Oriole Comments

izaiah
"i like this"
Annalise
"Ok:)"
mylee
"they are so cute and aseom and so much fun to learn abowt"
fatema
"thanks for this enchanting article. i have used it in my project.hope u dont mind it.well done. excellent work!!>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>"
Gab
"''I love all of the colours on the Golden Oriole."The Golden Oriole is a very interesting bird.''I would love too have a Golden Oriole, because they are very friendly to humans. "
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First Published: 19th January 2011, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. About Orioles (Date Unknown) Available at: [Accessed at: 19 Jan 2011]
2. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds [Accessed at: 19 Jan 2011]
3. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 19 Jan 2011]
4. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 19 Jan 2011]
5. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 19 Jan 2011]
6. Euraisan Oriole (Date Unknown) Available at: [Accessed at: 19 Jan 2011]
7. Golden Oriole Behaviour (Date Unknown) Available at: [Accessed at: 19 Jan 2011]
8. Golden Oriole Information (Date Unknown) Available at: [Accessed at: 19 Jan 2011]
9. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 19 Jan 2011]
10. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 19 Jan 2011]

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