- Caring for bonsai trees can be a wonderfully relaxing way to get into gardening.
- Their manageable small size means maintaining your bonsai will only require a small amount of your time each day.
- Ficus bonsai, Chinese elm bonsai, dwarf jade bonsai, and azalea bonsai are some species that are suitable for those starting out with bonsais.
Some of the best bonsai trees for beginners might be growing in your very backyard. Intricate and delicate, bonsai trees are not always made for the first-time gardener or plant caretaker. However, some bonsai tree species are easier to care for than others, with minimal needs and forgiving growth habits.
In this article, we will go over some of the best bonsai trees for beginners, including options that grow both indoors and outdoors. We’ll give you a brief overview of the plant as a whole, as well as where you should place it for maximum growth. Let’s get started and address some of the things you should know if you want to take care of a bonsai tree for the first time!
Discover the 10 Best Bonsai Trees for Beginners
Technically speaking, bonsai trees are any type of plant, shrub, or tree, just kept at a miniature scale. That’s right: any mini woody shrub or tree can be considered a bonsai tree! But that doesn’t mean all options are right for beginners. Taking care of a bonsai tree is an investment, especially when you consider the fact that most specimens aren’t likely ready to be shaped until they are at least five years old.
However, just like many other fussy houseplants, bonsai care is easy once you know what you’re doing. Once you have an ideal container and your pruning kit, it’s time to pick a tree that works well for you. If you want to set yourself up for success for your first foray into bonsai care, here are some options that are more forgiving and easier to care for than others!
1. Ficus Bonsai
Arguably the easiest and most popular bonsai tree to care for, ficus bonsai trees are best kept indoors. There are hundreds of potential ficus bonsai trees to craft, based on species alone. However, the most popular indoor ficus bonsai trees are the Ficus microcarpa and the Ficus ginseng. Under the right circumstances, ficus bonsai trees may produce aerial roots and form unique structures, but only with high humidity and bright indoor sunlight (as well as your help, of course!).
2. Juniper Bonsai
Evergreen and attractive, juniper bonsai trees are frequently sold in hardware stores and nurseries around the world. This is one of the easiest bonsai trees to care for. Just keep in mind that it will only survive outdoors. Juniper bonsai trees also produce two different types of needles, depending on the species. Proper identification is key to taking care of your tree, though all juniper bonsai species will produce beautiful and intricate deadwood.
3. Chinese Elm Bonsai
With small leaves and beautifully detailed bark, Chinese elm bonsai trees are perfect for beginners given their flexibility. You can keep this tree either indoors or outdoors, depending on the season and your local climate. Plus, Chinese elm bonsai trees react well to pruning and overall shaping, making this a very forgiving bonsai specimen. Enjoy experimenting with the branches on this one! You can also try to cultivate a grove of elm bonsai trees, but only if you’re feeling ambitious.
4. Japanese Maple Bonsai
Iconic and beloved for their beautiful fall foliage and distinctly shaped leaves, Japanese maple bonsai trees bring beauty and grace to any home. However, keep in mind that Japanese maple bonsai trees need to be kept outdoors. They prefer to be out of harsh summer sunlight as well as temperatures below 20 degrees Fahrenheit. There are roughly 500 different Japanese maple tree species, with varying foliage colors and leaf shapes. Have fun choosing a cultivar that speaks to you. This bonsai tree is fairly forgiving when it comes to its care. Plus, it will always produce beautiful deciduous foliage for you to enjoy!
Want to try growing your own Japanese maple bonsai tree from seed? Learn how to best cultivate Japanese maple seeds by clicking here!
5. Dwarf Jade Bonsai
Quick to grow and easy to shape, dwarf jade bonsai trees are unique given their foliage and trunks. With succulent leaves and a forgiving growth habit, dwarf jade bonsai trees are fantastic for beginners and are ideally grown indoors. However, if you live in a climate that doesn’t often experience temperatures below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, your dwarf jade will enjoy being outside in full sunshine. Its leaves will gain a reddish tinge if enough sunlight is provided!
6. Money Tree Bonsai
Also known as Pachira, money tree houseplants can be made into bonsai trees. While they don’t grow as intricately as other bonsai tree species, money trees are very easy to care for. They can be crafted into their own unique type of bonsai, in a way. If you are able, find a money tree that isn’t braided. The trunks of this particular tree can swell and destroy each other if they are too close together. This is also a great specimen to grow indoors, thriving in bright, indirect light.
7. Japanese Black Pine Bonsai
As pine bonsai trees age, their bark becomes scaled and silvery. The Japanese black pine bonsai is no exception, and this tree is great for beginners. It has a very traditional bonsai look and produces deep green needles that stick up. This gives you plenty of artistic freedom to prune and shape. The wood of this particular bonsai is extremely strong. You can grow it outdoors with minimal protection during the wintertime, depending on your region.
8. Rosemary Bonsai
Did you know that herbs can also be crafted as bonsai trees? You can shape a traditional rosemary plant into a unique bonsai that can be kept both indoors or outdoors. Keep in mind that herbs typically have different soil requirements compared to the average bonsai tree. However, most are hearty enough and easy enough to work with that you may not run into any problems whatsoever! This is also a great plant to consider if you are worried about bonsai startup costs, as rosemary plants are very easy to procure for a fair price.
9. Azalea Bonsai
If you are looking for a bonsai tree that produces flowers, you should consider an azalea plant if you are a beginner. With hundreds of different species in the same genus, azalea bonsai trees offer you many different options that are easy to shape and care for. Most azalea bonsai trees need to be kept outdoors, and pay close attention to your pruning and fertilizing schedule if you want the maximum amount of blooms on your tree!
10. Boxwood Bonsai
Choosing a plant that is naturally used to being shaped is always a good idea when starting a bonsai tree, which is why the boxwood is a great choice. Boxwood shrubs grow outdoors, but you can grow your boxwood bonsai inside, especially during the winter time. These trees produce small, evergreen leaves, and the bark tends to twist naturally, making your job especially easy!
Animals That Eat Bonsai Trees
When looking after any species of bonsai, it’s important to keep an eye out for insects and other pests that may infest the tree. Some common unwanted residents of bonsai trees include ants, aphids, borers, caterpillars, mealybugs, red spider mites, slugs, snails, whiteflies, grubs, and thrips.
If you don’t see the aforementioned pests on your bonsai itself, you may notice secondary symptoms of infestation such as wilted or yellowed leaves and bite marks. It is best to prevent these pesky detriments to your plant by catching them early on and seeking out the best treatment.
How Long Do Bonsai Live?
If a bonsai is given minimal care it can be expected to live for at least 10 years. However, if one is willing to invest the time and effort to learn how to care for a bonsai properly it can live for well over a century! There are several astonishing examples of bonsai trees that have lived for hundreds of years, one of which even survived an atomic bombing. The oldest known bonsai is the 10-foot-tall crespi ficus, which is estimated to be more than 1,000 years old.
Summary of the 10 Best Bonsai Trees for Beginners
Here is a list of the top 10 types best for those starting out with bonsais.
|Rank||Tree||Grow Indoors/Outdoors||Care Level|
|1||Ficus Bonsai||Indoors||Arguably the easiest and most|
popular bonsai tree to care for
|2||Juniper Bonsai||Outdoors||One of the easiest bonsai|
trees to care for
|3||Chinese Elm Bonsai||Indoors or outdoors||Perfect for beginners|
given their flexibility
|4||Japanese Maple Bonsai||Outdoors||Fairly forgiving when it|
comes to its care
|5||Dwarf Jade Bonsai||Indoors or outdoors if|
temperatures above 40F
|Fantastic for beginners|
|6||Money Tree Bonsai||Indoors||Very easy to care for|
|7||Japanese Black Pine Bonsai||Outdoors||Great for beginners|
|8||Rosemary Bonsai||Indoors or outdoors||Pick this if you’re worried|
about bonsai startup costs
|9||Azalea Bonsai||Outdoors||Good for beginners|
|10||Boxwood Bonsai||Indoors||Bark tends to twist naturally,|
making it easy to shape
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