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Bactrian Camel

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Bactrian Camel at The Wilds conservation centre in Ohio, United States.
Camels close to Flaming mountains near Turfan in Xinjiang (China).
Bactrian Camel in Cologne Zoo.
Camels in Silesian Zoological Garden, Poland
Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus), Mongolia
The bactrian camel is better known as being the type of camel with two humps. There are only two surviving species of camel remaining, the single humped camels from the Middle East and the bactrian (double humped) camel from Northern Asia.

There are thought to be more than a million bactrian camels domesticated worldwide in not just Asia, but also parts of Africa and the Middle East. Camels have been domesticated for around 2,000 years for both pulling/carrying heavy loads but also for transporting both humans and merchandise.

Like the single humped camel, the bactrian camel is able to survive on its own water reserves for long periods of time meaning they can cross enormous desert plains and mountain ranges without the need to stop so often.

Today the bactrian camel is considered to be a critically endangered species with less than 1,000 bactrian camels thought to living in the wild in parts of China and Mongolia.

The bactrian camels humps work in the same way to the Arabian camels humps, with the bactrian camels humps used for storing fat which can be converted to water and energy when the bactrian camel is unable to find food and water. The bactrian camels humps give the bactrian camels their legendary ability to endure long periods of travel without water, even in harsh desert conditions. As the fat in the bactrian camels humps gets used up, the bactrian camels humps become floppy and flabby.

The bactrian camel is one of the most adaptive animals in the world with the bactrian camel being able to withstand temperatures from 40 degrees Centigrade in the summer to -30 degrees Centigrade in the winter.

Bactrian camels have developed special adaptations to allow the bactrian camel to survive in such a brutal environment. The bactrian camel has a thick, shaggy coat that protects the bactrian camel from the cold in the winter and the bactrian camels coat falls away as seasons change and temperatures rise to allow the bactrian camel to keep cool in the summer.

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Bactrian Camel Translations

Bulgarian български език
Двугърба камила
Catalan Català
Czech Cesky
Velbloud dvouhrbý
Danish Dansk
German Deutsch
English English
Bactrian Camel
Spanish Español
Camello bactriano
Esperanto Esperanto
French Français
Chameau de Bactriane
Hebrew עִבְרִית
גמל דו דבשתי
Croatian Hrvatski
Dvogrba deva
Italian Italiano
Camelus bactrianus
Japanese 日本語
Dutch Nederlands
Polish Polski
Portuguese Português
camelo bactriano
Swedish Svenska
Turkish Türkçe
Çift hörgüçlü deve
Vietnamese Tiếng Việt
Lạc đà hai bướu
Chinese 中文

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Bactrian Camel Facts

Five groups that classify all living things...
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
A group of animals within a pylum...
A group of animals within a class...
A group of animals within an order...
A group of animals within a family...
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Camelus Bactrianus
The animal group that the species belongs to...
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
1.7m - 2.1m (5.5ft - 7ft)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
600kg - 816kg (1,322lbs - 1,800lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
64km/h (40mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
35 - 50 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Favourite Food:Grass
The specific area where the animal lives...
Deserts close to water
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Seeds, Grass, Thorny Shrubs
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Human, Tiger, Monitor Lizards
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Thick fur and two humps

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