To listen to this article, please select Control + Shift + Z to launch the pop-up player.

Browser out-of-date!

You are using an out-of-date web browser, to avoid problems when using A-Z Animals and other sites we strongly recommend you upgrade to the latest version of your web browser!
Get Firefox Get Google Chrome Get Opera Get Microsoft Internet Explorer Get Apple Safari
Remove Advertising
A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources

Animals >>

Barracuda


 Add to Phobia Filter  Contribute  Print  Listen
Great barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda) in Prague sea aquarium
Barracuda hovering in the strong current at the Paradise Reef, Cozumel
Great barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda) in Prague sea aquarium
Barracuda with prey
Bigeye Barracuda (Sphyraena forsteri)
The barracuda is a large species of fish found in the warmer, coastal regions of the world's oceans. There are more than 20 different species of barracuda that range in size from less than 50cm to nearly 2 meters in length.

The barracuda is widely spread across the oceans but is more commonly found in the more tropical regions where there is an abundance of food. Although barracudas can be found in the deep ocean, they tend to prefer coastal habitats along continental shelves and close to coral reefs.

Despite the difference in size and colour between barracuda species, all species of barracuda have a similar elongated appearance, and pointed head with powerful jaws, containing rows of sharp fang-like teeth used for eating larger prey.

The barracuda is known to be an aggressive and dominant predator, often relying on the surprise tactic in order to catch it's prey. Barracudas are also able to swim at over 40 km/h in short bursts which they do to overtake prey that may be trying to swim away.

The barracuda is an opportunistic predator, feeding only on other animals in the surrounding water. The carnivorous barracuda primarily feeds on smaller species of fish, marine invertebrates, crustaceans and squid, which the barracuda usually ambushes with tremendous power.

Due to the fact that barracudas can grow into very large sized fish, the barracuda has few natural predators in the ocean besides sharks and killer whales. Humans are also one of the barracuda's main predators as they are hunted and eaten all around the world.

Although little is really known about the reproduction of the barracuda, female barracuda are known to spawn during the spring. The female barracuda releases her eggs into the water which are then fertilised externally. As with many fish species, once spawned, the barracuda mother has no interest in caring for her young.

Today, due to it's aggressive nature, the barracuda is one of the most dominant predators within it's coastal environments and has even been known to act aggressively towards humans diving or snorkelling in the water.


Barracuda Comments (16)

Swag

"In Australia when snorkeling there was a huge barracuda under the boat. It would swim for an attack and then back under the boat "

Anonymous

"one time i was snorkeling and i saw a huge one"

Dee Adams

"My daughter was almost attacked by one and her husband somehow got between her and the Baracuda , and she managed to get out of the water. She had a one year old daughter on her hip , and pregnant for her son. How scary..."

Showing 3 of 16 comments.

Show More Comments

Post Comment

Your Name:

Article Rating:

Your Comment:



Barracuda Translations

Catalan Català
Esfirènid
 
Danish Dansk
Barracuda
 
German Deutsch
Barrakudas
 
English English
Barracuda
 
Spanish Español
Sphyraena
 
Finnish Suomi
Barrakudat
 
French Français
Sphyraena
 
Hebrew עִבְרִית
ברקודה
 
Hungarian Magyar
Nyilascsukafélék
 
Indonesian Bahasa Indonesia
Barakuda
 
Italian Italiano
Sphyraenidae
 
Japanese 日本語
カマス
 
Malay Bahasa Melayu
Barracuda
 
Dutch Nederlands
Barracuda\'s
 
Norwegian Norsk
Barracudaer
 
Polish Polski
Barrakudowate
 
Portuguese Português
Barracuda
 
Romanian Româna
Baracudă
 
Swedish Svenska
Barracudafiskar
 
Vietnamese Tiếng Việt
Họ Cá nhồng
 
Chinese 中文
梭子魚
 

Article Tools

Print Article
View printer friendly version of Barracuda article.
 
Listen to Article
Listen to audio version of Barracuda article. Hot key: CTRL key + Shift key + Z key

Barracuda Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Actinopterygii
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Perciformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Sphyraenidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family...
Sphyraena
Common Name:
Most widely used name for the species...
Barracuda
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Sphyraena
Origin:
The area where the animal first came from...
Oceans worldwide
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Carnivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
0.5m - 2m (20in - 79in)
Water Type:
Either freshwater, brakish or salt...
Salt
Optimum pH Level:
The perfect acidity conditions for the animal...
5 - 7
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
10 - 15 years
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Grey, Blue, Black, Brown
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Smooth
Favourite Food:Fish
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Coastal lagoons and coral reefs
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once...
1,000
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Fish, Plankton, Invertebrates
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Sharks, Humans, Killer Whales
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Large body size and powerful jaws

Related Animals

FishFish
Respire through the gills on their heads!
Spiny DogfishSpiny Dogfish
Found in ocean waters worldwide!