The 38 Most Common Parrots Found in Australia: ID Guide and Where to Spot Them

Written by Keyana Beamon
Updated: November 30, 2023
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Parrots are part of the order Psittaciformes, which includes over 350 bird species, including parakeets, macaws, cockatiels, and cockatoos. Because of the many species living in Australia, this article will focus on the most common parrots you may come across. Parrots are known for making loud noises and their unique, bright colors. Many of our parrots are native to Australia because these birds need to thrive in the perfect climate and habitats. Parrots are considered omnivores, consuming nuts, seeds, flowers, and insects. Let’s dive into what beautiful parrots you can find in Australia!

1. Double-eyed Fig Parrot

The double-eyed fig parrot, also known as the blue-faced, red-faced  parrot, dwarf parrot, and the two-eyed fig parrot, primarily inhabits forests on New Guinea and nearby islands.

The Double-eyed Fig parrot is the smallest Australian parrot, only reaching up to 14 centimeters.

©Alamin-Khan/Shutterstock.com

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The Double-eyed Fig parrot is green with various shades of blue and red on the face. These beautiful birds have a turquoise eye patch and a red spot on their forehead. Males have red cheeks, whereas females do not. You can spot these birds in north Queensland, New Guinea, and New South Wales. Their habitats are in open woodlands and forest edges.

2. Eclectus Parrot

Beautiful green Electus parrot isolated on white

There are nine subspecies of Electus parrots.

©nopparada samrhubsuk/Shutterstock.com

The Eclectus parrot was discovered in 1913, living in the forests of north Queensland. The male Eclectus is emerald green, has red and blue underwings, and an orange beak. Female Eclectus are bright red, have dark purple coloration on the underside of their wings, and have a black beak. The average size of this parrot can range from 40 to 48 centimeters long and weigh up to 620 grams. The Eclectus parrot likes to feed on berries, fruits, and seeds.

3. Red-cheeked Parrot

Red-cheeked parrot (Geoffroyus geoffroyi), bird of Halmahera, Indonesia

The Red-cheeked parrot can grow up to 21 centimeters long and weigh 180 grams.

©spatuletail/Shutterstock.com

The Red-cheeked parrot is a stocky, short-tailed parrot first described by Johann Matthaus Bechstein in 1811. Both sexes of birds are green with red cheeks. The males have a mauve nape and head, whereas the females are duller in color with a brown head. Red-cheeked parrots live along streams and forests in northern Australia.

4. Australian King-Parrot

Male Australian king parrot (Alisterus scapularis), Queensland, Australia

Australian King Parrots grow up to 43 centimeters long. They love to eat seeds and fruit.

©Adam Hanley/Shutterstock.com

The Australian King Parrot lives along the east coast of Australia, including Cooktown in Queensland and Port Campbell in Victoria. These parrots nest and eat in rainforests or wet Sclerophyll forests. Both female and male parrots have a red belly, green back, wings, and tail. Female Australian King parrots have a green, whereas males have a red head.

5. Red-winged Parrot

Red-winged parrot (Aprosmictus erythropterus) Queensland, Australia

Red-winged parrots consume seeds, nectar, pollen, and insects.

©Jesus Cobaleda/Shutterstock.com

The Red-winged parrot is a medium-sized bird that grows up to 33 centimeters long. Male Red-winged parrots are primarily green with large red shoulder patches. Males also have a black back, a deep blue rump, and a yellow tip tail. Females have a dark green back, pale green tail, and a pale blue rump. These parrots live in northern and eastern Australia’s open, dry woodlands and timber-lined watercourses. This beautiful parrot can grow between 31 to 33 centimeters long.

6. Superb Parrot

A bright green superb parrot (Polytelis swainsonii),or the Barraband's parrot, Barraband's or green leek parrot very close up.

The beautiful Superb parrot is unfortunately listed as vulnerable.

©kingma photos/Shutterstock.com

Both sexes of the Superb parrot are bright green and can reach up to 40 centimeters in length. Males have a bright yellow forehead and cheeks. Females have red thighs and pink patches inside their tail feathers. These birds live in the eastern inland of New South Wales. They will nest in the tall riparian River Red Gum Forest or woodlands of Riverina.

7. Regent Parrot

Regent Parrot

Regent parrots have a 25-year lifespan and can grow up to 43 centimeters long.

©Wang LiQiang/Shutterstock.com

There are two populations of Regent parrots claiming different parts of Australia. The eastern Regent parrots live in eastern Australia’s woodlands, mallees, and floodplains, whereas the western population lives in open forests and woodlands of Australia. Male Regent parrots have a yellow body, bluish-black wings, and tail. Males also have yellow and red patches on the wings. Females are a dull olive green with pale pink patches on their wings.

8. Red-capped Parrot

Australian red capped jarah parrot showing his complete colouring.He is not a big bird compared to the other parrots we have here.

Red-capped parrots can grow up to 37 centimeters and weigh between 105 to 156 grams.

©Willem Heyneker/Shutterstock.com

The Red-capped parrot has a red crown, neon green and yellow cheeks, and a rump. The breast of this bird is a bluish-purple coloration and has red undersides. You can observe these birds in the Marri, Wandoo, and Jarrah forests. Red-capped parrots tend to stay along the Eucalypt woodlands as well because their long bills are for eating Eucalypt seeds.

9. Swift Parrot

The swift parrot (Lathamus discolor) Sitting in the hollow trunk with a yellow background. Green parrot near the cavity.

The Swift parrot is also known as the Red-faced parrot and can grow up to 25 centimeters long.

©Karel Bartik/Shutterstock.com

The Swift parrot is primarily green with a dark blue patch on its crown. They also have a crimson coloration around the beak, forehead, and throat. Females have a duller coloration and have a creamy color on the underside of their wings. These birds live in south-eastern Australia in suburban parks, gardens, and Sclerophyll forests. These birds also live around the Tasmanian Blue Gum trees of Tasmania.

10. Red-rumped Parrot

Red-rumped parrot (Psephotus haematonotus), also known as the red-backed parrot or grass parrot, is a common bird of south-eastern Australia. High Quality Photo.

Because of their habitat choice in grasslands, they are often called the Grass Parrots.

©Alamin-Khan/Shutterstock.com

The Red-rumped parrot lives around South Queensland, Victoria, Lake Eyre Basin, and Murray-Darling Basin. The body of this parrot is emerald green with a bright green lower back. The males have a bright green chest and different shades of turquoise on their heads. Females are olive green and have darker shades of coloring on their wings. The Red-rumped parrot has a lifespan of 32 years and can grow up to 11 inches long.

Mulga Parrot

Australian Mulga Parrot perched in tree

The Mulga parrots belong to a small part of the Australian

Parakeet

family.

©Ken Griffiths/Shutterstock.com

Mulga parrots live in central southern Queensland and north-western Victoria. Their habitats consist of dry or semi-dry shrublands and woodlands. These parrots are emerald green and have yellow bands across their lower foreheads. They also have a yellow patch on their shoulder, a red rump, and yellow coloration on the underside of their tails. Mulga parrots can reach up to 11 inches in length.

12. Golden-shouldered Parrot

Golden-shouldered Parrot (Psephotus chrysopterygius) in Lakefield N.P,Australia

The Golden-shouldered parrot can grow up to 28 centimeters long and weigh up to 56 grams.

©feathercollector/Shutterstock.com

The Golden-shouldered parrot lives in the Southern Cape York Peninsula of Queensland. The males are blue with yellow shoulders and a black cap. The lower back is greyish-brown, and the lower belly is pink. The female golden-shoulder parrots have a charcoal grey cap and have a greenish-yellow cream coloration on the underside of their wings.

13. Bourke’s Parrot

Bourke's Parrot in Northern Territory Australia

Bourke’s parrot is also known as the Night parrot because it flies into watering places at night. These beautiful parrots are 19 to 23 centimeters long.

©Imogen Warren/Shutterstock.com

Bourke’s parrots are grey and brown with light pink undersides. Around the eyes are white, giving a light-speckled appearance. Females are similar to the males but have a duller coloration. These birds live in north-western New South Wales, Queensland, and the Mid-coast of western Australia. The Bourke’s parrot lives in Mulga, acacia shrubs, and eucalypt woodlands.

14. Blue-winged Parrot

the blue winged parrot is mainly green with a yellow underside and a blue eyebrow and blue on its wings

The Blue-winged parrot can reach up to 24 centimeters and weigh up to 55 grams.

©Susan Flashman/Shutterstock.com

The Blue-winged parrot has an olive-green upper body, a yellow-greenish face, a yellow belly, and dark-colored wings. The tails of these birds are bluish-grey. Blue-winged parrots are found in wetlands near coastal and semi-dry areas of Tasmania and Southern Victoria.

15. Rock Parrot

Rock Parrot in Western Australia

Rock parrots can grow up to 22 centimeters long and weigh up to 67 grams.

©Imogen Warren/Shutterstock.com

The Rock parrot lives on the rocky coastlines of south and west Australia. This stocky parrot has an olive-green body, a yellow belly, and a blue face. They also have a pale blue tail and yellowish undersides of their body.

16. Galah

Close-up shot of two Galah birds perched in Bega, New South Wales

Galahs can grow up to 38 centimeters long.

©Wirestock Creators/Shutterstock.com

Galah has a rose-pink head, neck, and undersides. They also have a pale pink crown, a grey back, wings, and undertail. These beautiful birds can breed with members of the cockatoo family. Galahs can be seen in parks and suburbs of Sydney.

17. Turquoise Parrot

A close-up portrait of a male pet Turquoise parrot (Neophema pulchella) with colourful feathers on its face and upperparts with a black background.

The Turquoise parrot is typically 20 to 22 centimeters long.

©Lei Zhu NZ/Shutterstock.com

The Turquoise parrot has a turquoise blue crown and face, a bright green back, a yellow throat, chest, belly, and tail edges. Males have red-shoulder patches, whereas females do not. You may notice that as these birds age, their underparts are orange. These parrots are found in southeast Queensland and north-eastern Victoria. Their habitats consist of grassy open woodlands with dead trees near water.

18. Scarlet-chested Parrot

Scarlet-chested Parrot ( Neophema splendida) in the aviary.

Scarlet-chested parrots are typically 19 to 21 centimeters.

©Eckhard Lietzow/Shutterstock.com

This type of parrot has bright green upperparts, a blue face, a throat, and cheeks. They also have a scarlet-colored chest, hence their name. Females have a paler complexion and a green-colored chest. These birds live in the open woodlands of southern inland Australia.

19. Little Corella

Close-up image of Little corella (Cacatua sanguinea)

The scientific name of the Little Corella is

Cacatua sanguinea

, meaning blood-stained Cockatoo.

©Rini Kools/Shutterstock.com

The Little Corella is the smallest in the Corella family and has a white body, blue eye ring, and dark pink mark between the eyes. These little birds are widespread in Australia and can grow up to 42 centimeters long.

20. Major Mitchell’s Cockatoo

portrait of a crest spread Major Mitchell's cockatoo, Lophochroa leadbeateri, isolated on white

This Cockatoo was named after Major Sir Thomas, an explorer of southeast Australia, in the 1800s.

©Eric Isselee/Shutterstock.com

The Major Mitchell’s Cockatoo is a medium-sized white bird with pink on the sides of their head, around the neck, and undersides. They also have red and yellow bands on their crest. You may see the Major Michell’s Cockatoo in semi-dry regions of Australia. This Cockatoo can reach up to 40 centimeters and weigh up to 450 grams.

21. Rainbow Lorikeet

Parrot in Flight - Rainbow Lorikeet Flying Through the Air

These birds can grow up to 32 centimeters long.

©whitejellybeans/Shutterstock.com

The Rainbow Lorikeet lives in the eastern seaboard, northern Queensland, and South Australia. These birds hang around forests and woodlands. Rainbow Lorikeets have a colorful body, hence their name, with a blue head.

22. Red-collared Lorikeet

The red-collared lorikeet (Trichoglossus rubritorquis) is a species of parrot found in wooded habitats in northern Australia

Red-collared Lorikeets can grow up to 26 centimeters long.

©Danny Ye/Shutterstock.com

The Red-collared Lorikeet has a similar coloration to the Rainbow Lorikeet but has a red band on the back of its neck. You can find these birds in the woodlands of northern Australia, swamps, and suburban areas.

23. Scaly-breasted Lorikeet

Scaly-breasted lorikeet sitting in tree grooming and preening australia

The Scaly-breasted Lorikeet can grow up to 24 centimeters long.

©Orion Media Group/Shutterstock.com

The Scaly-breasted Lorikeet has a yellow chest and a green body, giving a scaly appearance on its chest. They also have red eyes and beaks. The scaly-breasted Lorikeet lives in forests on the eastern coast of Australia.

24. Little Lorikeet

the little lorikeet is sitting on a tree stump

You can find these birds in the forests of eastern and southern Australia.

©Susan Flashman/Shutterstock.com

The Little Lorikeet is very small, only reaching up to 15 centimeters in length. Little Lorikeets are green with red faces and have light brown coloration between the shoulders.

25. Musk Lorikeet

Musk Lorikeet in apricot tree Gawler

Musk Lorikeets can grow up to 22 centimeters long.

©Adrian Borg/Shutterstock.com

The Musk Lorikeet has a green body and a yellow patch on the side of its breast. You may notice their bright red foreheads and a red band between their eyes and ears. The Musk Lorikeet often flocks with the Rainbow Lorikeets in city parks. They also habitat in the dry forests and woodlands of southeastern Australia.

26. Purple-crowned Lorikeet

Purple-crowned Lorikeet - Glossopsitta porphyrocephala also Porphyry-crowned or Blue-crowned or Purple-capped lorikeet, lory, cowara and purple-capped parakeet, bird feeds on blooms.

The Purple-crowned Lorikeet can grow up to 18.5 centimeters long.

©Martin Pelanek/Shutterstock.com

The Purple-crowned Lorikeet lives in southern and southwestern Australia’s open forests and woodlands. These birds are commonly seen on Kangaroo Island. This lorikeet has a green body with a bronze color across the nape and mantle. The feathers behind the ear and forehead are orangish-yellow.

27. Varied Lorikeet

Ravishing Gorgeous Colorful Varied  Lorikeet in Dazzling Radiance.

The Varied Lorikeet can grow up to 19 centimeters.

©Andreas Ruhz/Shutterstock.com

The Varied Lorikeet is green with yellow streaks and a red crown. This lorikeet lives in northern Queensland and Western Australia. The Varied Lorikeet habitats in grasslands, wetlands, and tropical eucalyptus forests.

28. Sulphur-crested Cockatoo

A vertical low angle shot of two sulphur-crested cockatoo birds on a branch together

The Sulphur-crested Cockatoo can reach up to 50 centimeters long.

©Wirestock Creators/Shutterstock.com

The Sulphur-crested Cockatoo is a large white bird with a dark grey bill and sulfur-yellow crest. You can see this cockatoo on the eastern coastlines from Kimberley to Tasmania.

29. Long-billed Corella

A couple of cute Long-billed Corella

The Long-billed Corella can grow up to 41 centimeters and weigh up to 567 grams.

©Jack Skeens/Shutterstock.com

The Long-billed Corella species lives in the southeast regions of Australia. You can observe these birds in the suburbs of Sydney, Royal National Park, Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, and the Blue Mountains. This medium-sized bird is white, has a short crest and tail, and a long upper bill. Their forehead, throat, and upper breast are orangish-red.

30. Western Corella

Western Corella perched on a low tree branch, Australia

Western Corellas can grow up to 48 centimeters long.

©Serge Goujon/Shutterstock.com

The Western Corella is similar to the Long-billed Corella but lives in the extreme southwestern regions of Australia.

31. Cockatiels

Artificial hatching of pet bird hand raised Xuanfeng parrot

These birds are the smallest of the cockatoo family, reaching only 33 centimeters long.

©hai jiang/Shutterstock.com

Cockatiels are native to Australia and can be found in dry or semi-dry regions of Australia. These beautiful little birds can come in many colors but primarily have a greyish body with red-orange cheeks. They also have a yellow crest and tail.

32. Gang-gang Cockatoo

Gang-gang Cockatoo - adult male portrait

The Gang-gang Cockatoo can grow up to 37 centimeters long.

©David C Simon/Shutterstock.com

The Gang-gang Cockatoo is a small dark grey bird with white feather tips, a short square tail, and a redhead. Females have dark grey heads with a yellow-orange coloration on their breasts and belly. These birds live in Eucalypt woodland forests of southeastern Australia. You may also find these birds in Canberra and Mt Tomah Botanic Gardens.

33. Baudin’s Black Cockatoo

Baudin's Black Cockatoo in Western Australia

These cockatoos can reach up to 55 centimeters long.

©Imogen Warren/Shutterstock.com

The Baudin’s Black Cockatoo has a brownish-black body with white feathered tips. They also have white patches on their cheeks, white bars on the tail, and a pink rind around the eyes. Their bill is long and narrow. The Baudin’s Black Cockatoo can be found in heavily forested areas between Albany and Perth.

34. Carnaby’s Black Cockatoo

Carnaby's Black Cockatoo in Western Australia

Carnaby’s Black Cockatoo can grow up to 58 centimeters long.

©Imogen Warren/Shutterstock.com

The Carnaby’s Black Cockatoo appears similar to the Baudin’s Black Cockatoo but has a short, wide bill. You can find these birds in southwest Australia between Cape Arid and Kalbarri.

35. Glossy Black Cockatoo

Glossy black cockatoo sitting in a tree.

These birds are found in eastern Australia, southeast Queensland, east Victoria, and Kangaroo Island.

©Brayden Stanford Photo/Shutterstock.com

The Glossy Black Cockatoo is the smallest in the black cockatoo species, only reaching 50 centimeters long. This beautiful bird is black with a brownish-black head. The undersides of their tails can be either red or a mixture of red, orange, and yellow. Females have irregular yellow patches on their heads.

36. Palm Cockatoos

The palm cockatoo, also known as the goliath cockatoo is a large smoky-grey or black parrot of the cockatoo family

During the breeding season, Palm Cockatoos will drum on dead trees!

©DLeng/Shutterstock.com

Palm Cockatoos are native to the Cape York Peninsula. They can also be found in rainforests and woodlands in hollow trees. This large cockatoo is 60 centimeters long and has a lifespan of sixty years in the wild. The Palm Cockatoo is black with red cheeks and a long, beautiful crest.

37. Red-tailed Cockatoo

Red Tailed Black Cockatoo in flight

Red-tailed Cockatoos can grow over 60 centimeters long.

©Martin Tobias Aakesson/Shutterstock.com

The Red-tailed Cockatoo can be found in Eucalyptus forests and woodlands of northern parts of Australia. Males are glossy black with bright red bars on the underside of their tails. Females have orange-yellow bars on the underside of their tails and yellow spots on the head, neck, and wings.

38. Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo

Yellow-tailed black cockatoo (Zanda funerea) flying, NSW, Australia

The Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo can grow up to 60 centimeters long.

©Alex Cooper Photography/Shutterstock.com

The Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo is commonly found in Sydney, Centennial Park, and Royal National Park. The body of this cockatoo is black, with yellow bars on the undersides of their tail and yellow cheeks. Females have a grey eye ring and white upper bill, whereas males have a pink eye ring and greyish-black bill.

38 Parrots in Australia
1. Double-eyed Fig Parrot
2. Eclectus Parrot
3. Red-cheeked Parrot
4. Australian King-Parrot
5. Red-Winged Parrot
6. Superb Parrot
7. Regent Parrot
8. Red-capped Parrot
9. Swift Parrot
10. Red-rumped Parrot
11. Mulga Parrot
12. Golden-shouldered Parrot
13. Bourke’s Parrot
14. Blue-winged Parrot
15. Rock Parrot
16. Galah
17. Turquoise Parrot
18. Scarlet-chested Parrot
19. Little Corella
20. Major Mitchell’s Cockatoo
21. Rainbow Lorikeet
22. Red-collared Lorikeet
23. Scaly-breasted Lorikeet
24. Little Lorikeet
25. Musk Lorikeet
26. Purple-crowned Lorikeet
27. Varied Lorikeet
28. Sulphur-crested Cockatoo
29. Long-billed Corella
30. Western Corella
31. Cockatiels
32. Gang-gang Cockatoo
33. Baudin’s Black Cockatoo
34. Carnaby’s Black Cockatoo
35. Glossy Black Cockatoo
36. Palm Cockatoos
37. Red-tailed Cockatoo
38. Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo

The photo featured at the top of this post is © Andrii Slonchak/Shutterstock.com


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About the Author

Keyana is a licensed veterinary technician who has been working with animals for more than 10 years. She has done a mixture of emergency, preventative, and shelter. She loves to mentor others and has recently started a podcast about the ins and outs of veterinary medicine. In her free time, she love to watch/read anything crime related, tend to her garden, try new foods, work on puzzles, and hangout with friends.

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