Below you can find a complete list of Australian animals. We currently track 170 animals in Australia and are adding more every day!
Australia is the sixth-largest country in the world. It is also one of the driest continents on earth. Its huge landmass offers a varied landscape of deserts, tropical rainforests, and mountain ranges. Australia is famous for its Great Barrier Reef, the largest coral reef in the world. An island continent, it is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It includes the Australian mainland, the island of Tasmania, and other small islands.
Australia’s unique geographic position and centuries of isolation created ecosystems that are unique in the world. Of its flora and fauna, 84% of its mammals, 45% of its birds, 93% of its reptiles and 90% of its fish are endemic. Australia has 755 species of reptile, which is more than any country in the world.
Australia’s Unique Animals
Australia has some unusual members of the monotreme family, including the platypus and echidna. In fact, when biologists first saw a platypus, some of them thought it was a crazy, elaborate hoax and not a real animal.
There are large numbers of animals that were introduced as domestic pets but are now wild. These include dingoes, water buffalos, camels, donkeys, pigs, goats, and betangs, which are cows that originated in Asia.
Some animals in Australia are not native, and they have caused problems to the native ecosystems. Cane toads, for instance, were introduced to control pests, but they are highly venomous to native animals and to humans. Cane toads are now considered a dangerous, invasive pest.
Red foxes were also introduced, and they have affected some small animal populations.
What Is the National Animal of Australia?
Australia’s national animal is the red kangaroo (Macropus rufus). Also known as the red giant kangaroo, it is the biggest land mammal that’s native to Australia.
Red kangaroos are plentiful in Australia, and they are listed as “least concern” for conservation status. Like all wildlife, however, they are protected by Australian law.
Koalas are not the national animal, but they are an important cultural symbol to Australians. Conservationists warn that these beloved animals may become extinct if habitat loss continues.
Which Animals Are Extinct or Endangered in Australia?
Despite its rich, unique biodiversity, Australia is at risk of losing valuable species. According to the Australian Geographic, it has the highest mammal extinction rate of any country in the world.
Australia currently has more than 500 animals on the endangered species list.
- Spotted quoll: This large carnivorous marsupial has a spotted coat and a long snout. Its tendency to eat cane toads partially caused its population decline, mistaking them for native toads. Conservation efforts to establish them on toad-free islands have shown success.
- Tasmanian devil: The largest carnivorous marsupial, this sharp-toothed, cute critter is extinct on the Australian mainland. Tasmanian devils only live on the island of Tasmania. Since Tasmanian devils can protect themselves from foxes and cats, conservationists are hopeful about their chances of making a comeback.
- Black-flanked rock-wallaby: This kangaroo-like marsupial lives in the rocky areas of the desert. The Australian government has listed the rock wallaby as a priority for conservation efforts.
- Eastern curlew: The world’s largest shorebird depends on safe, protected wetlands to survive. This bird eats crabs and mollusks, but habitat loss has led to an 80% population decline.
Australian Animals List
- Angora Goat
- Australian Bulldog
- Australian Cattle Dog
- Australian Gecko
- Australian Kelpie Dog
- Australian Labradoodle
- Australian Mist
- Australian Shepherd
- Australian Terrier
- Banana Spider
- Barn Owl
- Barn Swallow
- Bearded Dragon
- Bird Of Paradise
- Black Widow Spider
- Burrowing Frog
- Camel Cricket
- Carpenter Ant
- Cashmere Goat
- Christmas Island Red Crab
- Common House Spider
- Crab Spider
- Dung Beetle
- Fallow deer
- False Widow Spider
- Fiddler Crab
- Frilled Lizard
- Fruit Bat
- Glow Worm
- Gouldian Finch
- Green Tree Frog
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Little Penguin
- Maltese Shih Tzu
- Marine Toad
- Mole Cricket
- Monarch Butterfly
- Monitor Lizard
- Myna Bird
- No See Ums
- Orb Weaver
- Peacock Spider
- Peregrine Falcon
- Red Fox
- Redback Spider
- River Turtle
- Savanna Goat
- Sea Dragon
- Silky Terrier
- Skink Lizard
- Spider Wasp
- Stick Insect
- Striped Rocket Frog
- Tarantula Hawk
- Tenterfield Terrier
- Thorny Devil
- Tiger Beetle
- Tree Frog
- Tree Kangaroo
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- White Butterfly
- Wolf Spider
- Woodlouse Spider
- Zebra Finch
Animals in Australia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Animals Live in Australia?
Australia has many exotic animals.
Southern cassowary: This flightless bird resembles an ostrich but with a large blue head, a crest and huge claws. Cassowaries can run, swim and use their claws to fight.
Laughing kookaburra: This small, pretty bird is famous for its high-pitched call that sounds like a crazy laugh. It usually makes the sound at dawn and at dusk.
Pellucid hawk moth: This moth has transparent wings without scales, which makes it unique among members of the Lepidoptera family.
Bats: Australia has some of the biggest bats in the world. They can have wingspans of five feet and weigh more than two pounds. They are sometimes called megabats or flying foxes.
How Many Deadly Animals Are There in Australia?
Australia has many scary animals, and it’s known for its deadly snakes. It is the only continent where venomous snakes outnumber non-venomous ones. The eastern brown snake, inland taipan and eastern tiger snake are all scary. The eastern tiger snake has caused more deaths by snake bite than any other snake in Australia.
Bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas): One of the most feared predators in the water, the bull shark will eat anything it can catch.
Saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus): Also known as the estuarine crocodile, this crocodile is fast, aggressive and extremely scary. This fierce hunter is the biggest reptile in the world. It can weigh up to 1000 pounds. Steve Irwin, the famous Australian “Crocodile Hunter,” was known for his work rescuing these massive beasts.
Australia also has freshwater crocodiles, but they are not dangerous to humans unless you’re crazy enough to deliberately provoke them.
The Sydney funnel-web (Atrax robustus) is one of the world’s most dangerous spiders.
What Is the Most Dangerous Animal in Australia?
Box jellyfish (Chironex fleckeri): This transparent animal has no teeth or claws, but it has the strongest venom in the world. A typical box jellyfish has 15 long tentacles, and each contains enough poison to kill several grown adults.
What Is the Most Beautiful Animal in Australia?
Australia has many animals that are utterly adorable. Most people are crazy about cuddly koalas or Tasmanian devils. It’s also impossible to resist quokkas, with their smiling faces and friendly natures. In fact, quokkas top our list of the 10 cutest animals.
Despite this stiff competition, we choose sugar gliders (Petaurus brevicep) as Australia’s loveliest creature. Native to Australia, sugar gliders are tiny, gorgeous marsupials with pink feet and enormous eyes. They get their name from their love of sap and nectar. They can also glide from one tree branch to another.
Australia has many amazing animals you won’t find anywhere else. That’s why its zoos and wildlife sanctuaries attract millions of visitors every year.