Below you can find a complete list of Australian animals. We currently track 362 animals in Australia and are adding more every day!
Australia is the sixth-largest country in the world. It is also one of the driest continents on Earth. Its huge landmass offers a varied landscape of deserts, tropical rainforests, and mountain ranges, which provide a variety of habitats for animals in Australia. It’s famous for its Great Barrier Reef, the largest coral reef in the world. An island continent, it is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It includes the Australian mainland, the island of Tasmania, and other small islands.
Australia’s unique geographic position and centuries of isolation created ecosystems that are unlike any in the world. Of its flora and fauna, 84% of its mammals, 45% of its birds, 93% of its reptiles, and 90% of its fish are native to Australia. It has 755 species of reptiles, which is more than any country in the world. Read on to learn more about amazing Australian animals!
Unique Australian Animals
With so many species not found anywhere else in the world, Australia has a very rich and diverse animal population. Some of its most well-known and best-loved animals are its marsupials.
The kangaroo is synonymous with Australia. And there are a lot of them in the country — 30-40 million, and more than 55 different species, such as the Red Kangaroo, the largest marsupial on earth. They belong to a group of animals called macropods, which includes wallabies and tree kangaroos. Another macropod is the quokka, called “the world’s happiest animal” for its smiling expression and friendliness, which can be found mainly on Rottnest Island in Western Australia.
Koalas are recognized as distinctly Australian. Despite many calling them “koala bears,” they are not bears but are marsupials without a tail. They spend 18-20 hours a day sleeping to preserve the energy it takes to digest their fibrous diet (and it’s a myth they sleep so much because they are “drunk” on gum leaves!).
Australia is the only country where you can find the platypus, which is a monotreme, a mammal that lays eggs instead of bearing live young. Because it appears to have the body of a mole, the tail of a beaver, and the beak of a duck, when biologists first saw a platypus some of them thought it was a crazy, elaborate hoax and not a real animal. It’s also one of the few venomous mammals on Earth, as the male has poisonous stingers on its hind feet.
Burrow-dwelling and waddling wombats, frilled lizards – also known as frill-necked lizards for the “frill” skin flap that can extend like a fan to scare off predators, and lyrebirds, known for their ability to mimic virtually any sound, are all notable native Australian animals. Australia is also famous for its saltwater crocodiles and its venomous snake and spider species such as redbacks and Sydney funnel-webs. To learn about some of the deadliest animals in Australia, go here.
What Is the National Animal of Australia?
The national animal of Australia is the red kangaroo (Macropus rufus). It’s also known as the red giant kangaroo, reaching over 6 feet tall, weighing around 190 pounds, and able to hop at 40 miles per hour. It is the largest land mammal native to Australia.
Red kangaroos are abundant in the country, found in most of the nation’s interior and along some of the northwestern coast. Their conservation status is “least concern,” however, like all wildlife they are protected by Australian law.
Male red kangaroos will engage in ritualized fighting over females and to show dominance in social groups. Famed for their boxing abilities, they use their arms to punch and legs to kick and destabilize their opponents. If a red roo loses a battle, they avoid close contact with other kangaroos and live alone.
The red kangaroo has been part of the Australian coat of arms since 1908. Kangaroos have been featured on currency, stamps, in the logos of companies such as national airline Qantas and notably in children’s TV series “Skippy the Bush Kangaroo.”
Which Animals Are Extinct or Endangered in Australia?
Despite its rich, unique biodiversity, Australia is at risk of losing many valuable species. According to Australian Geographic, it has the highest mammal extinction rate of any country in the world.
In 2021, 13 more species were listed as extinct under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, bringing the total number of extinct native species to 100. The update means that more than 10% of the 320 land mammals known to exist since Australia was colonized in 1788 are extinct. It’s probable that there are more species extinct in the wild, including several invertebrates, currently unaccounted for. The likely reasons for extinction are feral cats and foxes preying on animals and habitat loss and destruction due to fire.
The Thylacine, or Tasmanian tiger, is one well-known example of a species considered extinct in mainland Australia for more than 2,000 years and has not been seen for more than 70 years in Tasmania. This large carnivorous marsupial with a dog-like head was once widespread across the continent and it is thought to have been wiped out due to the introduction of dogs to its habits, competition with the dingo, and humans hunting it.
The summer bushfires of 2019-2020 in the southeast, from southeast Queensland to Kangaroo Island, had a catastrophic effect on Australia’s fauna and flora, and are believed to have killed more than a billion animals and resulted in numerous species becoming endangered.
Australia currently has more than 500 animals on the endangered species list, including the following.
- Koala: Koalas are listed as endangered, with population estimates ranging from 33,000 to 60,000, and their numbers are rapidly declining as much of their native habitat has been destroyed by land clearing and bushfires. The body tissue of most koalas contains chlamydia, which can make the animals sick when they are stressed by habitat loss, the threat of starvation, and dangers posed by cars and dogs.
- Spotted Quoll: This carnivorous marsupial has a spotted coat and a long snout. The quoll’s tendency to eat cane toads, mistaking them for native toads, partially caused its population decline. Conservation efforts to establish them on toad-free islands have shown success.
- Tasmanian Devil: Australia’s largest carnivorous marsupial, this sharp-toothed, cute critter is extinct on the mainland and found only in Tasmania. Since Tasmanian devils can protect themselves from foxes and cats, conservationists are hopeful about their chances of making a comeback.
- Black-Flanked Rock-Wallaby: This kangaroo-like marsupial lives in the rocky areas of the desert. The Australian government has listed the rock-wallaby as a priority for conservation efforts.
- Eastern curlew: The world’s largest shorebird depends on safe, protected wetlands to survive. This bird eats crabs and mollusks, but habitat loss has led to an 80% population decline.
With around 850 species of birds, Australia is a birdwatcher’s paradise. Around 45% of these species are only found in Australia. The country has an especially high diversity of parrots, with more than 50 species, and the highest number of seabird species at around 80, in the world.
The laughing kookaburra is an iconic Australian bird known for its call. Magpies are one of the country’s most recognizable birds, known for their territorial swooping, as they dive toward people’s heads to protect their young from what they perceive as predators. Another species commonly found in urban areas is the galah, also known as the pink cockatoo, which has a shrill shriek and often gathers by the hundreds. A popular parrot species is the rainbow lorikeet, named for its colorful plumage. Another bird with a distinctive feature is the sulphur-crested cockatoo, which is white with a bright yellow crest.
One of the nation’s best locations for bird watching is Kakadu National Park. Here you’ll find more than 280 different types of birds, including lorikeets, red-tailed black cockatoos, white-bellied sea eagles, and crimson finches. Another notable birding location is the Daintree rainforest on the northeast coast of Queensland. More than 430 species of birds call the Daintree home. You can see several species of kingfishers, cranes, pied monarchs, and lesser sooty owls.
Other well-known birds native to Australia:
- Emu: Emus are the second-largest bird in the world and are found in a variety of habitats throughout most of Australia.
- Rock Parrot: Endemic to coastal habitats of Southern Australia, these mainly terrestrial parrots can be seen foraging in pairs and small flocks in the early morning and late afternoon.
- Little Penguin: The smallest species of penguin, they nest on Australia’s southern coastline. Phillip Island has the largest colony of Little Penguins in Australia.
- Cassowary: The heaviest bird in Australia, cassowaries are flightless birds closely related to emus. They are found in tropical habitats of North Queensland, including in the Daintree rainforest.
- Tawny Frogmouth: Often mistaken for owls, these birds are related to nightjars. They are found in a variety of habitats throughout the mainland. These nocturnal birds camouflage with branches during the day.
National Bird of Australia
While Australia does not have an official national bird, many believe that the emu is a worthy representative. It is featured on the country’s coat of arms, alongside a kangaroo, symbolizing a forward-moving nation since both animals do not move backward easily.
The emu is a large, soft-feathered, flightless bird similar to an ostrich that can be found throughout Australia, although the Tasmanian, Kangaroo Island, and King Island subspecies have been extinct since colonization.
It can grow up to 6.2 feet tall, weigh up to 132 pounds, and reach speeds of 30 miles per hour, with a stride measuring up to 9 feet. These omnivores eat a variety of fruit, seeds, insects, and flowering plants, although they can last for weeks without eating. Emus don’t have any teeth, so they swallow small stones that help them grind up and digest food. They drink a lot of water, sometimes around 2.5 gallons daily, but are able to survive without water for 2 weeks if sources are scarce, as they take in moisture from their diet.
An emu’s lifespan is from 5 to 10 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity. Their main predators are dingoes, eagles, and hawks. Emus are solitary birds but when migrating to another area for food they can form groups of up to 20, which are known as mobs. They are usually not aggressive but can become so in the breeding season.
Whether you’re looking to go sport fishing, scuba diving, or snorkeling, this island continent has something for you. It hosts more than 4,000 species of fish. Because Australia is such a dry continent, there aren’t as many freshwater fish species. Most of the approximately 300 species are found in tropical and subtropical habitats. Some of the most common types of freshwater fish in Australia are galaxias, perch, and gudgeons.
Australia’s marine fish diversity is incredible. A few of the most popular game fish in the country include barramundi, swordfish, marlin, tuna, and mackerel. Peak fishing seasons vary by species, but there’s always something to catch year-round. If you’re swimming in one of Australia’s famous coral reefs you might see clownfish, angelfish, parrotfish, manta rays, or butterflyfish.
Around 170 species of sharks, the world’s largest fish, can be found in the nation’s waters, with about 70 species believed to be endemic. The Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland, has more than 50 shark species. Types of sharks in Australia include whale sharks, great whites, Port Jackson, grey nurse, zebra, tiger, bull, great hammerhead, and pygmy sharks. Sharks live in all habitats off the country’s coastlines, with the majority on the continental shelf, others in coastal waters, and some in rivers and estuaries. Due to a decline in the shark population, they are listed as “threatened.” Western Australia’s Ningaloo Reef is famed for its large congregations of whale sharks, and many people visit between March and July for a chance to swim with them.
One of the most well-known fish in Australia is the stingray, which was put in the spotlight when TV show host and conservationist Steve Irwin was fatally injured by a stingray’s venomously-barbed tail in a freak accident in 2006. However, stingrays are not actively aggressive, only attack when threatened, and actually have a friendly and playful temperament.
Australia is known for its animals that can kill you, and its snakes don’t disappoint. 20 of the 25 most venomous snakes in the world are native to Australia. It also has more species of reptiles than any other country in the world. There are around 140 species of land snakes and 32 species of sea snakes.
Snakes can live in all types of environments in Australia except the highest altitudes, which are too cold for these reptiles to thermoregulate. Most of the venomous snakes are found in South Australia, as the state experiences large amounts of sun but also has enough cover for protection.
The most venomous snake in the world, the inland taipan, is present in Australia. Fortunately, it’s rarely encountered in its semi-arid habitats of east central Australia. There are two other species, coastal taipans and central ranges taipans. The longest snake in Australia is the amethystine python, which lives mainly in the rainforests of Queensland and grows up to 19 feet long.
Some notable types of snakes found in Australia include:
- Brown Snakes: These are one of the best-known snakes in the country. There are nine species of venomous brown snakes, with the Eastern Brown Snake being the second most venomous snake in the world.
- Tiger Snakes: Identified by the region of their habitat, some species of tiger snakes include the mainland tiger snake (also known as the common tiger snake), western tiger snake, Chappell Island tiger snake, King Island and Tasmanian tiger snake, and Peninsula tiger snake.
- Pythons: There are 15 species of pythons ranging throughout most of Australia, including the carpet python, children’s python, green tree python, and woma python.
- Sea snakes: All species of sea snakes are venomous, but bites are extremely rare. Species include the yellow-bellied sea snake, olive sea snake, and the banded sea krait.
- Death Adders: There are around eight species of death adders in Australia. The common death adder is one of the most venomous snakes in the country and is the fastest snake on Earth.
While many snakes’ bites are poisonous, they occur rarely, and fatalities have been low, at 4-6 deaths per year, especially since anti-venom was developed. Most snakes would rather avoid humans than attack them, as they don’t think of people as food sources and don’t bite out of malice.
The Flag of Australia
The flag of Australia features a dark blue background with the Union Jack representing Australia’s history with Great Britain. Below the Union Jack is a star with seven points signifying unity amongst the country’s states and territories. The Southern Cross in white is a constellation of five stars visible from the night skies that also serves as a reminder of Australia’s geography.
Australia’s flag was the first national flag to be created by a country’s citizens. The 1901 Federal Flag Design Competition was open to the public and more than 32,000 entries were received. The winners were five very similar designs by four Australians (two teenagers) and one New Zealand man. A simplified version was submitted to the British admiralty for entry into their register of flags, with the design officially recognized in 1903.
The flag has historically been a controversial issue for Australians, with some seeking to change the design and others desiring it to remain as is. There have been pushes, notably by the republican movement who wish to replace the British monarch as Australia’s head of state with a republic, for a new flag design that does not include the Union Jack. Another argument for change is that the flag is too similar to neighboring New Zealand‘s flag, which also has the Union Jack but represents the Southern Cross as four red stars within white borders. There have been calls to replace the Union Jack with that of the back, red, and yellow Australian Aboriginal flag in recognition of indigenous Australians.
National Parks in Australia
Visiting a national park is one of the best ways to learn about a country’s landscape, flora, and fauna, and Australia has everything from deserts and sandy beaches to rainforests and grasslands in its abundant, beautiful national parks.
One of the best-known national parks is Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park in the Northern Territory. This UNESCO World Heritage-listed park is home to Uluṟu, once commonly called Ayers Rock. A large sandstone formation in the center of Australia, it is one of the nation’s most recognizable landmarks, famous tourist destinations, and most culturally significant sites to indigenous Australians, sacred to the Pitjantjatjara, the Aboriginal people of the area. Also within the park is Kata Tjuṯa, known as the Olgas, which is a group of 36 domed rock formations.
Kakadu National Park is another well-known World Heritage-listed national park in the Northern Territory. It is Australia’s largest national park, consisting of more than 7,000 square miles of rainforests, wetlands, waterfalls, billabongs, and ancient indigenous rock art.
Kosciuszko National Park in New South Wales is named for mainland Australia’s highest peak, Mount Kosciuszko. It has 1.7 million acres of rugged mountain and wilderness, and the Thredbo-Perisher area is a popular spot for skiers, snowboarders, mountain bikers, and hikers.
Daintree National Park in Queensland has the oldest tropical rainforest on Earth, housing more rare and threatened species than anywhere else in the world. More than 400 bird species, 12,000 insect species, and tree species believed to be extinct can be found there. For more information about Australia’s national parks, head here.
The 5 Rarest Animals in Australia
As more than 80% of its mammals and reptiles are unique to Australia and with more than 500 animals on the endangered species list, it’s not surprising that the country has a number of animals that can rarely be seen in the wild. Here are five of the rarest and most endangered:
- Silver-Headed Antechinus: This tiny shrew-like marsupial is so rare that up until 2013 no one knew they existed! They were found nesting in the wet eucalypt and rainforests of central Queensland, and only 2,500 are believed to exist in the wild. Their numbers have been reduced by fire destroying their habitat, leading to a lack of food sources, and due to the species being suicidal reproducers, meaning the males die once they finish mating.
- Kangaroo Island Dunnart: With around 30% of Kangaroo Island devastated by the 2019-2020 bushfires, these carnivorous marsupials found only on the island were pushed nearer to extinction and now less than 50 are thought to be alive in the wild. Conservation groups are working to protect the species and efforts include creating a refuge area that is free of predators such as feral cats.
- Orange-Bellied Parrot: One of the rarest species in the world, there are only about 50 of these parrots left in the wild. Habitat loss, the reduction of food sources due to the spread of noxious plants and increased competition from other birds, and threats from foxes and cats have all led to this species becoming critically endangered.
- Numbat: Also called the banded anteater, this small termite-eating marsupial has become rarer over the years to see in the wild. It used to be widespread across the country, but is now only found in Western Australia, where it is the official state animal. With the main threat to numbats from foxes, cats, and birds of prey, conservationists are protecting populations in wildlife sanctuaries. A 2022 study estimates there are 1,900 numbats in existence, twice as many as previously thought.
- Mountain Pygmy-Possum: Fewer than 2,000 of these tiny marsupials exist in the wild, so it is very hard to spot them in New South Wales and Victoria. Habitat loss has contributed to their decline as they live in areas also home to ski resorts. Climate change leading to shorter winters and less snow has greatly affected their ability to hibernate under the snow for up to 7 months a year.
The 5 Largest Animals in Australia
With such a huge diversity of animals found on land and in its waters, Australia can be expected to have some of the biggest species on Earth. Read on for some of the largest.
- Whale Sharks: The UNESCO World Heritage-listed Ningaloo Marine Park in Western Australia is one of the only places in the world where whale sharks, often numbering up to 400, reliably gather every year in search of plankton and krill. The world’s largest fish can weigh up to 20 tons and grow up to 65 feet in length, although those seen at Ningaloo generally measure up to 39 feet long. Whale sharks have also been sighted in waters off the Northern Territory and Queensland, with isolated reports of some in Victoria and New South Wales.
- Humpback Whales: Humpbacks can reach 52 feet and weigh up to 45 tons, and Western Australia’s waters are home to more than anywhere else on the planet. It has one of the longest whale-watching seasons in the world and each year from May to December approximately 45,000 migrate along the coast. Humpback whales also can be found off the eastern coast of Australia, when whales travel north from Antarctic waters after a summer feeding on krill to breed and give birth, with coastal towns such as Byron Bay and Hervey Bay popular whale-watching spots.
- Killer Whales: The largest congregation of killer whales in the Southern Hemisphere gathers near Bremer Bay in Western Australia due to the abundance of prey available. Between January and April reliably every year, more than 150 of the apex predators, also known as orcas, can be seen in these waters. Male killer whales can grow to 32 feet long and weigh up to 6 tons.
- Saltwater crocodile: The world’s largest reptile, which is capable of reaching lengths of over 23 feet and weighing over 2,200 pounds, lives in Australian coastal waters, estuaries, lakes, inland swamps, marshes, and despite its name, freshwater bodies. It can be found throughout coastal Northern Territory, where it’s estimated there are more than 100,000, and in Queensland and Western Australia. Read about what might happen in a confrontation between a human and a crocodile here.
- Kangaroo: The red kangaroo is not only Australia’s national animal, it’s the largest marsupial in the world. With a maximum height of 6 feet and weight of 200 pounds, these kangaroos also boast tails that can reach 3 feet long. Kangaroos can develop muscular physiques through kicking and boxing, and one of the most muscular in the world was “Ripped Rodger.” Rodger was 6 feet 7 inches tall, weighed 200 pounds, and lived at The Kangaroo Sanctuary in Alice Springs until his death in 2018.
Australian Animals List
- Ackie Monitor
- Admiral Butterfly
- Amethystine Python (Scrub Python)
- Angora Goat
- Apple Moth
- Arafura File Snake
- Atlas Moth
- Australian Bulldog
- Australian Cattle Dog
- Australian Cockroach
- Australian Firehawk
- Australian Flathead Perch
- Australian Gecko
- Australian Kelpie Dog
- Australian Labradoodle
- Australian Mist
- Australian Shepherd
- Australian Terrier
- Banana Spider
- Barn Owl
- Barn Swallow
- Bearded Dragon
- Bed Bugs
- Bird Of Paradise
- Biscuit Beetle
- Black-headed python
- Black Widow Spider
- Blind Snake
- Blue Andalusian
- Blue Dragon Sea Slug
- Box Jellyfish
- Brahminy Blindsnake
- Brazilian Treehopper
- Bredl’s Python
- Brown Dog Tick
- Brown Snake
- Brown Tree Snake
- Burrowing Frog
- Cactus Moth
- Camel Cricket
- Campine Chicken
- Cane Spider
- Carpenter Ant
- Carpet Python
- Cashmere Goat
- Central Ranges Taipan
- Children’s python
- Christmas Beetle
- Christmas Island Red Crab
- Clock Spider
- Coastal Carpet Python
- Coastal Taipan
- Cochin Chicken
- Codling Moth
- Collett’s Snake
- Comb-crested Jacana
- Common Furniture Beetle
- Common House Spider
- Common Spotted Cuscus
- Cone Snail
- Crab Spider
- Death Adder
- Diamond Python
- Diamondback Moth
- Dog Tick
- Dromornis stirtoni
- Dung Beetle
- Dusky Shark
- Eastern Barred Bandicoot
- Eastern Brown Snake
- Eastern Tiger Snake
- Elephant Fish
- Emerald Tree Monitor
- English Longhorn Cattle
- European Starling
- Fallow deer
- False Widow Spider
- Fiddler Crab
- Fierce Snake
- Freshwater Crocodile
- Frilled Lizard
- Fruit Bat
- Fruit Fly
- Galapagos Shark
- German Cockroach
- Giant Trevally
- Giant Wood Moth
- Gouldian Finch
- Green Tree Frog
- Green Tree Python
- Gypsy Moth Caterpillar
- Hawk Moth Caterpillar
- Hercules Moth
- Highland Cattle
- Holy Cross Frog
- Honey Bee
- House Sparrow (English Sparrow)
- Huntsman Spider
- Inland Taipan
- Irukandji Jellyfish
- John Dory
- Jungle Carpet Python
- King Quail
- Kitefin Shark
- Labout’s Fairy Wrasse
- Lace Monitor
- Laughing Kookaburra
- Lawnmower Blenny
- Leghorn Chicken
- Leichhardt’s Grasshopper
- Little Penguin
- Maltese Shih Tzu
- Marans Chicken
- Marine Toad
- Mealworm Beetle
- Modern Game Chicken
- Mole Crab (Sand Flea)
- Mole Cricket
- Monarch Butterfly
- Monitor Lizard
- Mouse Spider
- Mulga Snake
- Muscovy Duck
- Myna Bird
- Neptune Grouper
- Nicobar pigeon
- No See Ums
- Oenpelli python
- Olive python
- Oranda Goldfish
- Orb Weaver
- Oriental Cockroach
- Owlfly (Ascalaphidae)
- Peacock Spider
- Perch Fish
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pheasant-tailed Jacana
- Pig-Nosed Turtle
- Platinum Arowana
- Pompano Fish
- Praying Mantis
- Pygmy python
- Red Ackie Monitor
- Red-Bellied Black Snake
- Red-Eared Slider
- Red Fox
- Redback Spider
- Ribbon Eel
- River Turtle
- Sable Ferret
- Sand Crab
- Sarus Crane
- Savanna Goat
- Scarab Beetle
- Sea Dragon
- Sea Eagle
- Senepol Cattle
- Sequined Spider
- Silky Terrier
- Skink Lizard
- Smokybrown Cockroach
- Spider Wasp
- Spotted Garden Eel
- Spotted python
- Stargazer Fish
- Stick Insect
- Strawberry Hermit Crab
- Striped Rocket Frog
- Swallowtail Butterfly
- Swallowtail Caterpillar
- Tarantula Hawk
- Tawny Frogmouth
- Teacup Miniature Horse
- Tenterfield Terrier
- Thorny Devil
- Thylacoleo carnifex
- Tiger Beetle
- Tiger snake
- Tiger Trout
- Tomato Hornworm
- Tree Cricket
- Tree Frog
- Tree Kangaroo
- Tree Snake
- Turtle Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- Wax Moth
- Welsh Black Cattle
- White Butterfly
- White Ferret / Albino Ferrets
- Wolf Spider
- Woma Python
- Woodlouse Spider
- Wyandotte Chicken
- Yellow-Bellied Sea Snake
- Yellow Crazy Ant
- Yokohama Chicken
- Zebra Finch
Animals in Australia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Animals Live in Australia?
Australia has many exotic animals.
Southern cassowary: This flightless bird resembles an ostrich but with a large blue head, a crest and huge claws. Cassowaries can run, swim and use their claws to fight.
Laughing kookaburra: This small, pretty bird is famous for its high-pitched call that sounds like a crazy laugh. It usually makes the sound at dawn and at dusk.
Pellucid hawk moth: This moth has transparent wings without scales, which makes it unique among members of the Lepidoptera family.
Bats: Australia has some of the biggest bats in the world. They can have wingspans of five feet and weigh more than two pounds. They are sometimes called megabats or flying foxes.
How Many Deadly Animals Are There in Australia?
Australia has many scary animals, and it’s known for its deadly snakes. It is the only continent where venomous snakes outnumber non-venomous ones. The eastern brown snake, inland taipan and eastern tiger snake are all scary. The eastern tiger snake has caused more deaths by snake bite than any other snake in Australia.
Bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas): One of the most feared predators in the water, the bull shark will eat anything it can catch.
Saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus): Also known as the estuarine crocodile, this crocodile is fast, aggressive and extremely scary. This fierce hunter is the biggest reptile in the world. It can weigh up to 1000 pounds. Steve Irwin, the famous Australian “Crocodile Hunter,” was known for his work rescuing these massive beasts.
Australia also has freshwater crocodiles, but they are not dangerous to humans unless you’re crazy enough to deliberately provoke them.
The Sydney funnel-web (Atrax robustus) is one of the world’s most dangerous spiders.
What Is the Most Dangerous Animal in Australia?
Box jellyfish (Chironex fleckeri): This transparent animal has no teeth or claws, but it has the strongest venom in the world. A typical box jellyfish has 15 long tentacles, and each contains enough poison to kill several grown adults.
What Is the Most Beautiful Animal in Australia?
Australia has many animals that are utterly adorable. Most people are crazy about cuddly koalas or Tasmanian devils. It’s also impossible to resist quokkas, with their smiling faces and friendly natures. In fact, quokkas top our list of the 10 cutest animals.
Despite this stiff competition, we choose sugar gliders (Petaurus brevicep) as Australia’s loveliest creature. Native to Australia, sugar gliders are tiny, gorgeous marsupials with pink feet and enormous eyes. They get their name from their love of sap and nectar. They can also glide from one tree branch to another.
Australia has many amazing animals you won’t find anywhere else. That’s why its zoos and wildlife sanctuaries attract millions of visitors every year.
What Rivers are in Australia?
Australia is home to a number of rivers including what’s believed to be the oldest river in the world. The Finke River, located in central Australia, is believed to be about 350 million years old. Interestingly, while extremely old, the river is sporadic. It flows only a few times per year after heavy rains.
What is the largest plant in Australia?
The largest plant in Australia is actually the world’s biggest plant! Poseidon’s ribbon weed, Posidonia australis, is located in the World Heritage Listed Shark Bay Conservation Area.
Did the largest gold nugget ever found come from Australia?
The Welcome Stranger was an alluvial nugget found in Victoria, Australia in February 1869. It was the largest gold nugget ever found and weighed 3,523.5 troy ounces when it was first pulled from the ground and produced 3,123 troy ounces (ozt) of gold when it was refined.