These Countries Have the Most Birds in the World

Andean condor flying across mountains in Patagonia, Chile
© Danita Delimont/Shutterstock.com

Written by Megan Martin

Published: December 12, 2023

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It is estimated that there are up to 11,000 species of birds on the planet. Birds are nearly everywhere, from the coldest tundra of Antarctica to some of the hottest places on Earth. However, with so many species of bird inhabiting the planet, which countries have the most birds in the world?

Learn more about the top seven countries with the most birds here! Before getting started, however, it is important to realize that statistics change often, and some countries may have updated their numbers more recently than others.

Ready to learn more? Let’s dive in!

Colombia

The Andean Condor can live to be 50 years old.

Colombia is home to nearly 2,000 bird species, including its national bird, the Andean condor.

©Gus Martinie/Shutterstock.com

If you want to visit the country with the most birds, look no further than Colombia. Colombia has an estimated 1,958 species of birds, with 126 listed as threatened as of 2018. 83 species of birds are endemic to Colombia. This means that no matter where you go, you won’t be able to find them anywhere else!

Some of the birds endemic to Colombia include:

  • Blue-billed curassow (Crax alberti)
  • Blue-bearded helmetcrest (Oxypogon cyanolaemus)
  • Sooty-capped puffbird (Bucco noanamae)
  • Apical flycatcher (Myiarchus apicalis)
  • San Andres vireo (Vireo caribaeus)
  • Black-cheeked mountain-tanager (Anisognathus melanogenys).

The national bird of Colombia is the Andean condor, the largest flying bird in the world.

Peru

The male Andean cock-of-the-rock (Rupicola peruvianus) is a large passerine bird of the cotinga family native to Andean cloud forests in South America. It is regarded as the national bird of Peru

The Andean cock-of-the-rock is only one of the over 1,800 species of birds in Peru.

©Danny Ye/Shutterstock.com

With 1,858 species of birds, Peru has only a few dozen fewer species than Colombia, landing it at number two for countries with the most birds. The Andean cock-of-the-rock (Rupicola peruvianus), known as the tunki, is the national bird. While Peru has fewer total species than Colombia, it has more endemic species, with approximately 110 birds found only in this country. 

Some of the endemic avian species of Peru include:

  • White-winged guan (Penelope albipennis)
  • Peruvian piedtail (Phlogophilus harterti)
  • Fire-throated metaltail (Metallura eupogon)
  • Long-whiskered owlet (Xenoglaux loweryi)
  • Koepcke’s screech-owl (Megascops koepckeae)
  • Eye-ringed thistletail (Asthenes palpebralis)
  • Masked fruiteater (Pipreola pulchra)
  • Inca flycatcher (Leptopogon taczanowskii).

Brazil

Beautiful Rufous-bellied Thrush bird (Turdus rufiventris ) sitting in a tree.

The muscial red-bellied thrush is the national bird of Brazil, which is home to 1,813 species of bird.

©Floratta/Shutterstock.com

Brazil ranks number three for countries with the most birds in the world. This coastal country is home to 1,813 species. So far on this list, it is the country with the most threatened species, with 175 threatened birds. The national bird of this country is the rufous-bellied thrush, also known as the red-bellied thrush. Brazil has 262 endemic bird species. This makes it the country with the most endemic birds in the Neotropics.

Some of the species endemic to Brazil are the:

  • East Brazilian Chachalaca (Ortalis araucuan)
  • Alagoas curassow (Mitu mitu)
  • Pygmy nightjar (Nyctipolus hirundinaceus)
  • Hyacinth visorbearer (Augastes scutatus).

Indonesia

Javan Hawk Eagle

The Javan hawk-eagle is one of the many birds endemic to Indonesia.

©1346291609/Shutterstock.com

Indonesia is the first country on this list outside South America. It is home to 1,711 species of birds, 160 of which are threatened. The national bird of Indonesia is the Javan hawk-eagle (Nisaetus bartelsi). This Java-native is found only in humid tropical forests, although it exists elsewhere in captivity. There are approximately 382 endemic species, although exact numbers vary.

Birds that you will only find in Indonesia include:

  • Waigeo brushturkey (Aepypodius bruijnii)
  • Red-billed brushturkey (Talegalla cuvieri)
  • Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo)
  • Moluccan scrubfowl (Eulipoa wallacei)
  • Red-billed partridge (Arborophila rubrirostris)
  • Red-breasted partridge (Arborophila hyperythra)
  • Bronze-tailed peacock-pheasant (Polyplectron chalcurum)
  • Green junglefowl (Gallus varius).

Ecuador

Galapagos Island Ecuador

Many of Ecuador’s bird species are found on the Galapogos Islands.

©Maridav/Shutterstock.com

Following Indonesia, Ecuador has 1,622 bird species. Only 106 of these have a threatened status as of 2018. This country shares its national bird, the Andean condor, with several other countries. This includes many of which are on this list as countries with the most birds worldwide. There are approximately 44 endemic species, including:

  • Galapagos dove (Zenaida galapagoensis)
  • Black-breasted puffleg (Eriocnemis nigrivestis)
  • Esmeraldas woodstar (Chaetocercus berlepschi)
  • Flightless cormorant (Phalacrocorax harrisi).

Ecuador is home to the famous Galapagos Islands. This archipelago is noted for its abundance of biodiversity, featuring several unique and interesting species. There are several species endemic to these islands, from penguins to passerines.

Bolivia

The blue-throated macaw (Ara glaucogularis; previously Ara caninde) is a macaw endemic to a small area of north-central Bolivia. This species was designated by law as a natural patrimony of Bolivia.

The blue-throated macaw is one of the species found only in Bolivia.

©Danny Ye/Shutterstock.com

The difference between the number of species in Bolivia and Ecuador is greater than others experienced thus far. However, Bolivia is still home to over one thousand species of birds: approximately 1,438 to be exact. Only 55 of these species were listed under a threatened status as of 2018. Like Ecuador and Colombia, the national bird is the Andean condor.

Some of the endemic birds of Bolivia include:

  • Blue-throated macaw (Ara glaucogularis)
  • Cliff parakeet (Myiopsitta luchsi)
  • Bolivian warbling finch (Poospiza boliviana)
  • Bolivian blackbird (Agelaioides oreopsar).

Venezuela

Animals in Venezuela

The national bird of Venezula, out of 1,394 species, is the Venezuelan troupial.

©Natalia Kuzmina/Shutterstock.com

Last but certainly not least, Venezuela claims 7th for countries with the most birds in the world. This South American country has 1,394 species. The national bird is the Venezuelan troupial (Icterus icterus). This brightly colored bird lives throughout the Caribbean Sea region. There are at least 45 species endemic to this country. Many of the birds found here, however, are also often found in Colombia.

Some of the endemic species of birds in Venezuela are:

  • Venezuelan flowerpiercer (Diglossa venezuelensis)
  • Handsome fruiteater (Pipreola formosa
  • Táchira antpitta (Grallaria chthonia).

Summary of Countries with the Most Birds

RankCountryNumber of Species
1Colombia1,958
2Peru1,858
3Brazil1,813
4Indonesia1,711
5Ecuador1,622
6Bolivia1,438
7Venezuela1,395
Countries with the Most Birds in the World


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About the Author

Megan is a writer at A-Z Animals where her primary focus is birds, felines, and sharks. She has been researching and writing about animals for four years, and she holds a Bachelor of Arts in English with minors in biology and professional and technical writing from Wingate University, which she earned in 2022. A resident of North Carolina, Megan is an avid birdwatcher that enjoys spending time with her cats and exploring local zoological parks with her husband.

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