Animals in Indonesia (Java)

Below you can find a complete list of Sundanese animals. We currently track 135 animals in Indonesia (Java) and are adding more every day!

The island of Java is one of the most popular places for tourists to visit in Indonesia, but it’s a richer ecosystem than its popularity as a tourist spot would suggest. Nearly 150 million inhabitants call the island home, but there are a lot more than humans living within the islands 132,000 square kilometers.

Beyond the large capital city of Jakarta are a combination of sprawling deciduous forest and rainforest that extends to the peak of Mount Semeru and both mangrove forests and sheer cliffs along the coastline. The volcanic explosion that created Java also created bountiful soil that’s blossomed into an ecosystem dense with unique flora and fauna. But even as ecotourism becomes one of the island’s primary draws, the population wrestles with deforestation by logging and agricultural interests.

The Official National Animal of Java

Java is a part of the larger nation of Indonesia, whose national animal is the komodo dragon. This massive species of monitor lizard can reach a length of 10 feet and weigh up to 150 pounds, and they possess a venomous bite in addition to being fearsome creatures with powerful jaws and claws.

Each of Indonesia’s provinces each has their own faunal emblem as well, and the island of Java is split up into three distinct provinces. The Javan leopard — which only lives in the rainforest of this island and is a critically endangered species — is the faunal emblem for West Java. East Java claims the bekisar — a type of domesticated bird that resembles a rooster and was bred from local waterfowl — as their faunal emblem. For Central Java, it’s the black-naped oriole — a bird known for both its harmonious songs and its harsher and more rasping chirps.

Indonesia’s national bird — the Javan hawk eagle — also happens to be from the island. It’s also referred to as Garuda — a name it shares with the mythical bird from Buddhist and Hindu myths that also features prominently in the Indonesian coat of arms.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Java

Growth and industry has stripped away much of the natural beauty of Java, but there are still plenty of choice spots to see the local wildlife. Here are the standout spots for catching a glimpse of wild fauna.

  • Baluran National Park’s open plains significantly increase the odds of seeing wildlife, and many describe seeing the open vistas and choice of fauna as similar to an African safari. Water buffalo, green peacocks, and deer are common — but there’s also a chance you might catch sight of a leopard or other jungle cat.
  • If you want to catch sight of a rhino, your best chance is Ujong Kulon Park. Conveniently near Jakarta in the western part of the island, this national park was actually created as a place for preserving the last remaining Javan rhinoceroses.
  • Alas Purwo is positioned in East Java, and it is home to a diverse selection of rainforest wildlife that includes monitor lizards, leopards, and gray apes. It also offers access to some of the best beaches on the island.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Java Today

Deforestation is more of a threat to Java’s animals than those animals are to us, but there are still some lethal predators who call this island home.

  • Monitor lizards can often grow to be longer than the average human is tall, and they’re known to be fiercely territorial monsters with powerful jaws.
  • Javan rhinos may be herbivores, but that doesn’t mean they aren’t dangerous. These fiercely territorial beasts can put some serious momentum behind their huge bodies and gruesome horns.
  • Leopards are dangerous not just because of their speed, lethal claws, and intelligence but also because of their resilience. Wounded leopards are known to become more aggressive rather than to just run and hide.

Endangered Animals In Java

There are many endangered species present on Java, but more alarming is the fact that many of these animals are endemic only to the island. That’s the case with both the Javan gibbon and the Javan rhinoceros — both of which are considered critically endangered. The Javan leopard is also critically endangered, with only roughly 250 adults of the species alive today. Other threatened or endangered species with homes on Java include the surili leaf monkey, the Javan warty pig, and the slow loris.

Unfortunately, the flora and fauna of Java continue to be in jeopardy. The ranching, farming, and lumber industries have managed to decimate much of the natural habitats in Java, and these industries largely continue to ignore what preservation laws are in place. Fortunately, nature preserves throughout the island have been established to help at least retain the few remaining members of nearly extinct species like the Javan rhino. It’s estimated that only 5% of the original habitat on this island remains.

Sundanese Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Asian Palm Civet

It mainly eats mangos and coffee!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Binturong

Also known as the Asian Bearcat!

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab-Eating Macaque

Found throughout the South-East Asian jungles!

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Cuscus

Has a long, strong prehensile tail!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dhole

Only 2,000 left in the wild!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fishing Cat

Scoops fish out of the water using it's paw!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Gibbon

Found in dense jungles and tropical forests!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Javan Rhinoceros

Only has a 25cm long horn!

King Cobra

They are the longest poisonous snake in the world.

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Komodo Dragon

Only found on five Indonesian islands

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leopard Cat

There are 11 different species!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peacock

Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarsier

Each eye weighs more than their whole brain!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Sundanese Animals List

Animals in Indonesia (Java) FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What Animals Live in Java?

Java is home to a remarkable number of unique species, though many of them are endemic variants of more familiar creatures. The Javan species of surili, rusa, warty pig, leopard, and rhinoceros are all unique to the island. It was also once home to the Javan tiger before that species of cat was made extinct by human intervention.

Java is also home to around 350 different species of birds. Nine of these are endemic or are species that only exist within close proximity to Java. These include unique variations of the sparrow and kingfisher as well as a strikingly emerald species known as the Javan green magpie.

Are There Bears in Java?

While bears are common throughout the world, there are none on Java. Instead, the apex predators tend to consist of monitor lizards, leopards, and other wild cats. While they can’t be found on the island, Indonesia is home to a unique and nearly extinct bear species known as the sun bear.