Below you can find a complete list of Sundanese animals. We currently track 135 animals in Indonesia (Java) and are adding more every day!
The island of Java is one of the most popular places for tourists to visit in Indonesia, but it’s a richer ecosystem than its popularity as a tourist spot would suggest. Nearly 150 million inhabitants call the island home, but there are a lot more than humans living within the islands 132,000 square kilometers.
Beyond the large capital city of Jakarta are a combination of sprawling deciduous forest and rainforest that extends to the peak of Mount Semeru and both mangrove forests and sheer cliffs along the coastline. The volcanic explosion that created Java also created bountiful soil that’s blossomed into an ecosystem dense with unique flora and fauna. But even as ecotourism becomes one of the island’s primary draws, the population wrestles with deforestation by logging and agricultural interests.
The Official National Animal of Java
Java is a part of the larger nation of Indonesia, whose national animal is the komodo dragon. This massive species of monitor lizard can reach a length of 10 feet and weigh up to 150 pounds, and they possess a venomous bite in addition to being fearsome creatures with powerful jaws and claws.
Each of Indonesia’s provinces each has their own faunal emblem as well, and the island of Java is split up into three distinct provinces. The Javan leopard — which only lives in the rainforest of this island and is a critically endangered species — is the faunal emblem for West Java. East Java claims the bekisar — a type of domesticated bird that resembles a rooster and was bred from local waterfowl — as their faunal emblem. For Central Java, it’s the black-naped oriole — a bird known for both its harmonious songs and its harsher and more rasping chirps.
Indonesia’s national bird — the Javan hawk eagle — also happens to be from the island. It’s also referred to as Garuda — a name it shares with the mythical bird from Buddhist and Hindu myths that also features prominently in the Indonesian coat of arms.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Java
Growth and industry has stripped away much of the natural beauty of Java, but there are still plenty of choice spots to see the local wildlife. Here are the standout spots for catching a glimpse of wild fauna.
- Baluran National Park’s open plains significantly increase the odds of seeing wildlife, and many describe seeing the open vistas and choice of fauna as similar to an African safari. Water buffalo, green peacocks, and deer are common — but there’s also a chance you might catch sight of a leopard or other jungle cat.
- If you want to catch sight of a rhino, your best chance is Ujong Kulon Park. Conveniently near Jakarta in the western part of the island, this national park was actually created as a place for preserving the last remaining Javan rhinoceroses.
- Alas Purwo is positioned in East Java, and it is home to a diverse selection of rainforest wildlife that includes monitor lizards, leopards, and gray apes. It also offers access to some of the best beaches on the island.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Java Today
Deforestation is more of a threat to Java’s animals than those animals are to us, but there are still some lethal predators who call this island home.
- Monitor lizards can often grow to be longer than the average human is tall, and they’re known to be fiercely territorial monsters with powerful jaws.
- Javan rhinos may be herbivores, but that doesn’t mean they aren’t dangerous. These fiercely territorial beasts can put some serious momentum behind their huge bodies and gruesome horns.
- Leopards are dangerous not just because of their speed, lethal claws, and intelligence but also because of their resilience. Wounded leopards are known to become more aggressive rather than to just run and hide.
Endangered Animals In Java
There are many endangered species present on Java, but more alarming is the fact that many of these animals are endemic only to the island. That’s the case with both the Javan gibbon and the Javan rhinoceros — both of which are considered critically endangered. The Javan leopard is also critically endangered, with only roughly 250 adults of the species alive today. Other threatened or endangered species with homes on Java include the surili leaf monkey, the Javan warty pig, and the slow loris.
Unfortunately, the flora and fauna of Java continue to be in jeopardy. The ranching, farming, and lumber industries have managed to decimate much of the natural habitats in Java, and these industries largely continue to ignore what preservation laws are in place. Fortunately, nature preserves throughout the island have been established to help at least retain the few remaining members of nearly extinct species like the Javan rhino. It’s estimated that only 5% of the original habitat on this island remains.
Sundanese Animals List
- Asian Palm Civet
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Crab-Eating Macaque
- Crab Spider
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Fishing Cat
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Honey Bee
- Javan Rhinoceros
- King Cobra
- Komodo Dragon
- Leopard Cat
- Long-Eared Owl
- Masked Palm Civet
- Monitor Lizard
- Pond Skater
- River Turtle
- Slow Worm
- Stick Insect
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- White Tiger
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Indonesia (Java) FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Animals Live in Java?
Java is home to a remarkable number of unique species, though many of them are endemic variants of more familiar creatures. The Javan species of surili, rusa, warty pig, leopard, and rhinoceros are all unique to the island. It was also once home to the Javan tiger before that species of cat was made extinct by human intervention.
Java is also home to around 350 different species of birds. Nine of these are endemic or are species that only exist within close proximity to Java. These include unique variations of the sparrow and kingfisher as well as a strikingly emerald species known as the Javan green magpie.
Are There Bears in Java?
While bears are common throughout the world, there are none on Java. Instead, the apex predators tend to consist of monitor lizards, leopards, and other wild cats. While they can’t be found on the island, Indonesia is home to a unique and nearly extinct bear species known as the sun bear.