Animals in Indonesia (Java)

Updated: June 13, 2021
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Below you can find a complete list of Sundanese animals. We currently track 186 animals in Indonesia (Java) and are adding more every day!

The island of Java is one of the most popular places for tourists to visit in Indonesia, but it’s a richer ecosystem than its popularity as a tourist spot would suggest. Nearly 150 million inhabitants call the island home, but there are a lot more than humans living within the islands 132,000 square kilometers.

Beyond the large capital city of Jakarta are a combination of sprawling deciduous forest and rainforest that extends to the peak of Mount Semeru and both mangrove forests and sheer cliffs along the coastline. The volcanic explosion that created Java also created bountiful soil that’s blossomed into an ecosystem dense with unique flora and fauna. But even as ecotourism becomes one of the island’s primary draws, the population wrestles with deforestation by logging and agricultural interests.

The Official National Animal of Java

Java is a part of the larger nation of Indonesia, whose national animal is the komodo dragon. This massive species of monitor lizard can reach a length of 10 feet and weigh up to 150 pounds, and they possess a venomous bite in addition to being fearsome creatures with powerful jaws and claws.

Each of Indonesia’s provinces each has their own faunal emblem as well, and the island of Java is split up into three distinct provinces. The Javan leopard — which only lives in the rainforest of this island and is a critically endangered species — is the faunal emblem for West Java. East Java claims the bekisar — a type of domesticated bird that resembles a rooster and was bred from local waterfowl — as their faunal emblem. For Central Java, it’s the black-naped oriole — a bird known for both its harmonious songs and its harsher and more rasping chirps.

Indonesia’s national bird — the Javan hawk eagle — also happens to be from the island. It’s also referred to as Garuda — a name it shares with the mythical bird from Buddhist and Hindu myths that also features prominently in the Indonesian coat of arms.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Java

Growth and industry has stripped away much of the natural beauty of Java, but there are still plenty of choice spots to see the local wildlife. Here are the standout spots for catching a glimpse of wild fauna.

  • Baluran National Park’s open plains significantly increase the odds of seeing wildlife, and many describe seeing the open vistas and choice of fauna as similar to an African safari. Water buffalo, green peacocks, and deer are common — but there’s also a chance you might catch sight of a leopard or other jungle cat.
  • If you want to catch sight of a rhino, your best chance is Ujong Kulon Park. Conveniently near Jakarta in the western part of the island, this national park was actually created as a place for preserving the last remaining Javan rhinoceroses.
  • Alas Purwo is positioned in East Java, and it is home to a diverse selection of rainforest wildlife that includes monitor lizards, leopards, and gray apes. It also offers access to some of the best beaches on the island.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Java Today

Deforestation is more of a threat to Java’s animals than those animals are to us, but there are still some lethal predators who call this island home.

  • Monitor lizards can often grow to be longer than the average human is tall, and they’re known to be fiercely territorial monsters with powerful jaws.
  • Javan rhinos may be herbivores, but that doesn’t mean they aren’t dangerous. These fiercely territorial beasts can put some serious momentum behind their huge bodies and gruesome horns.
  • Leopards are dangerous not just because of their speed, lethal claws, and intelligence but also because of their resilience. Wounded leopards are known to become more aggressive rather than to just run and hide.

Endangered Animals In Java

There are many endangered species present on Java, but more alarming is the fact that many of these animals are endemic only to the island. That’s the case with both the Javan gibbon and the Javan rhinoceros — both of which are considered critically endangered. The Javan leopard is also critically endangered, with only roughly 250 adults of the species alive today. Other threatened or endangered species with homes on Java include the surili leaf monkey, the Javan warty pig, and the slow loris.

Unfortunately, the flora and fauna of Java continue to be in jeopardy. The ranching, farming, and lumber industries have managed to decimate much of the natural habitats in Java, and these industries largely continue to ignore what preservation laws are in place. Fortunately, nature preserves throughout the island have been established to help at least retain the few remaining members of nearly extinct species like the Javan rhino. It’s estimated that only 5% of the original habitat on this island remains.

Sundanese Animals

Admiral Butterfly

Stunningly beautiful wings


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Renew their horns every year!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Asian Palm Civet

It mainly eats mangos and coffee!


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Ayam Cemani

They were used for sacrificial purposes

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.


There are over 1768 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are 8 different species!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species


Also known as the Asian Bearcat!


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.


May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Spotted Cuscus

Has a long, strong prehensile tail!


They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.


There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!

Cow Reticulated Python

Cow reticulated pythons hatch solid white, then develop spots as they mature.


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab-Eating Macaque

Found throughout the South-East Asian jungles!

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


Have changed little in 200 million years!


Crocodylomorphs include extinct ancient species as well as 26 living species today.


There are around 40 different species!


Only 2,000 left in the wild!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragon Snake (Javan Tubercle Snake, Javan Mudsnake)

Sport three rows of raised dorsal scales


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Emerald Tree Monitor

They lay their eggs in termite nests!

Equatorial Spitting Cobra

Its hood is actually made of many elongated ribs.


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world

Fishing Cat

Scoops fish out of the water using it's paw!


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world


Named for the Arabic word for love poems


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!


Originally known as the Desert Rat!


Found in dense jungles and tropical forests!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!


Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


The fly has no teeth


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!


There are an estimated 30 million species!

Javan Leopard

Deathly afraid of water

Javan Rhinoceros

Only has a 25cm long horn!

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies

King Cobra

They are the longest venomous snake in the world.


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Komodo Dragon

Only found on five Indonesian islands


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Spends much of the time high in the trees!

Leopard Cat

There are 11 different species!


The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!


There are around 5,000 different species!

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Malayan Krait

It's called the five-step snake because if a person is bitten, they can walk about five steps before dying.

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!


Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!


There are around 260 known species!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees


Can live for up to 100 years!


Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!


There are 30 different species worldwide!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 300 different species!


Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.

Redback Spider

The redback spiders found in New Caledonia differ from other populations in that they don’t practice sexual cannibalism and don’t bite people as much.

Reticulated python

These popular pets can get big enough to kill their owner.


It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


Will mate with the entire flock!


There are more than 700 different species!


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 4,000 known species worldwide


There are 140 different species!


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Sunbeam Snake

Sunbeam snakes have two lungs instead of just a single lung like most snake species.


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.


Each eye weighs more than their whole brain!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Vampire Crab 

Vampire crabs do not depend on saltwater for their development; instead, they live near freshwater rivers and in forests amongst rocks and dense vegetation.


Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted


Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball


There are 200 different species!


There are around 75 different species!

Sundanese Animals List

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About the Author

AZ Animals is a growing team of animals experts, researchers, farmers, conservationists, writers, editors, and -- of course -- pet owners who have come together to help you better understand the animal kingdom and how we interact.

Animals in Indonesia (Java) FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What Animals Live in Java?

Java is home to a remarkable number of unique species, though many of them are endemic variants of more familiar creatures. The Javan species of surili, rusa, warty pig, leopard, and rhinoceros are all unique to the island. It was also once home to the Javan tiger before that species of cat was made extinct by human intervention.

Java is also home to around 350 different species of birds. Nine of these are endemic or are species that only exist within close proximity to Java. These include unique variations of the sparrow and kingfisher as well as a strikingly emerald species known as the Javan green magpie.

Are There Bears in Java?

While bears are common throughout the world, there are none on Java. Instead, the apex predators tend to consist of monitor lizards, leopards, and other wild cats. While they can’t be found on the island, Indonesia is home to a unique and nearly extinct bear species known as the sun bear.