Below you can find a complete list of Brazilian animals. We currently track 263 animals in Brazil and are adding more every day!
You can see many exotic animals in Brazil if you visit the forests, savannahs, and wetlands as each has different wildlife living in them. Brazil has one of the highest numbers of terrestrial vertebrates and invertebrates of any country in the world. At least 524 species of mammals, 3,000 fish species, and 78 species of primates. Additionally, there are at least 517 amphibian species, 3,150 butterfly species, and 1,622 bird species. There are over 200 endangered species in the country, with over 80% of them living in the Atlantic Forest. Yet, over 90% of this forest has been cleared. Poaching remains a massive problem in the country.
The Official National Animal of Brazil
Brazil does not have an official national animal. Yet, many people consider it the jaguar, which is also called the Brazilian panther. This national animal is seen as the top animal of the forest ecosystem. It is a solitary animal that quietly stalks its prey. In many ways, the national animal is like the people of Brazil. The country tends to be very independent and takes great pride in its territorial resources.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Brazil
Tourists often come to Brazil to see the top wildlife. Unfortunately, some of the weird and unique animals are in danger of becoming extinct. These unique animals include:
- Jaguar –The jaguar lives in various ecosystems in Brazil, including rainforests, savannas, and grasslands. Look for them in the Amazon Basin and the Brazilian Pantanal.
- Giant armadillo – You can find this elusive animal in many areas of Brazil, including the Amazon, Atlantic Forest, and Cerrado biomes. Still, it may be going extinct in the southern part of Brazil.
- Brazilian tapir – This species of the rhinoceros family is in great danger of going extinct, but look for them in the Pantanal.
- Giant anteater – You can find giant anteaters in many parts of Brazil, including Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal District.
- Maned wolf – You may be able to catch a glimpse of this solitary nocturnal hunter in Brazil’s grasslands, scrub prairies, forests, or savannas, especially in the Carrado.
- Giant otter – This animal lives along creeks and rivers in the Amazon rainforest
- Ocelot – Look for ocelots stalking prey from trees or grasslands in the Amazon Rainforest.
- Common marmoset – This small primate that seldom grows to be over 7-inches tall lives in Sugarloaf Mountain and Tijuca National Park.
- Capybara – Look for capybaras, the largest member of the rodent family in many locations, including the Amazon Rainforest and city rivers.
- Southern Tamandua – Look for southern tamanduas dining on insects in the tropical forests, mangroves, and savannas, like the Brazilian Pantanal.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Brazil Today
Most people visit Brazil and have no trouble with its unique animals. Of course, you will want to avoid visiting Ilha da Queimada Grande because it has the world’s highest concentration of poisonous snakes, and people are forbidden to go there. Yet, there are a few dangerous animals that you will want to be careful of encountering. In most cases, it is not the weird or unique animals that are dangerous, but those that live in residential areas.
- Dogs – Approximately 544,000 people are bitten annually by dogs in Brazil.
- Cats – Approximately 86,500 people are bitten annually by cats. Additionally, their scratches can cause deadly fungus diseases.
- Bats – Approximately 4,900 people are bitten annually by bats.
- Primates – Different primates bite about 4,000 people annually.
Endangered Animals In Brazil
Brazil is home to many endangered animals. The vast majority of them are found in the Amazon Rainforest. Many of these amazing and weird animals live nowhere else on earth. They include:
- Glaucous macaw
- Brumback’s night monkey
- Nancy Ma’s night monkey
- Blue-throated macaw
- White-bellied spider monkey
- Variegated spider monkey
- White-cheeked spider monkey
- Carabaya stubfoot toad
- Quito stubfoot toad
- San Martin titi monkey
- Ka’apor capuchin
- Amazon giant glass frog
- White-nosed saki
These parrots can be trained to be "talking birds" that mimic human speech
Amazon tree boas come in a rainbow of colors.
They are the heaviest snake in the world
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Found throughout the Southern Hemisphere!
One of the largest freshwater fish
Can curl into a hard, protective ball!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Asian lady beetles infest indoor spaces, but they do not reproduce indoors.
The banjo catfish is extremely shy and known for hiding from onlookers.
There are over 1768 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
There are 8 different species!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
They typically prey on insects!
The blind snake is often mistaken for a worm.
In spring, the male bobolink is the only North American bird who is dark below and light colored above. This makes identification easy.
Small body and tri-coloured coat!
Can live its entire life indoors
The burrowing owl lives in underground burrows
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin
Can grow to up 6 meters long!
Caiman lizards are among the largest lizards.
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Excellent at both diving and swimming
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
There are more than 2 000 known species!
Found in dense forests and wet jungles!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
Form bands of up to 12 individuals!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
There are over 80 species of coral snake worldwide.
All Cory Catfish have three pairs of barbels around their mouth that they use to detect food.
There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
Have changed little in 200 million years!
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
One of the only schooling Cichlids!
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
The most popular species of feeder roach
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
The Dusky Shark sometimes eats trash discarded by humans.
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Despite its powerful shock, electric eels have terrible vision.
Their teeth are as long as a fully-grown reticulated python
Has an elegant white moustache!
The fastest creatures on the planet!
The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.
The false coral snake mimics both the coral snake and the cobra to scare away predators
There are several color morphs, including lavender!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The Most Dangerous Snake in the Americas
The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.
The breed has a unique, cat-like gait, while females have a finer gait than males.
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
Galapagos sharks are cannibalistic and sometimes eat their young, so the pups stay away from the adults in shallow water.
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
The most common type of urban roach
Armadillos have a smell that’s described as strong, sweet and acrid.
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Golden lancehead snakes climb trees to prey on birds.
Native to the eastern rainforests of Brazil!
There are 11,000 known species!
At night, they make a terrifying low call that sounds like a distressed moan or growl.
Females are often five times longer than males.
Many grouper can change their sex, and it is always from female to male.
Also known as the Millionfish!
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!
Talon's the size of a grizzly bear's claws!
Their vision is eight times better than a human's
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Parents and their young sing sweetly to each other
This dynastine scarab beetle makes a weird huffing sound when it’s disturbed.
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Prima Donnas of the Snake World
There are only 8 recognized species!
Natively found in South America!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
The wren’s epithet, aedon, comes from a Greek queen who accidentally killed her only son. She was actually aiming for her nephew, and Zeus took pity on her and turned her into a nightingale.
Spends 80% of it's time resting!
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Beat their wings up to 80 times per second!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
Uses visual signals to communicate!
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
The largest feline on the American continent!
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
The king vulture is the second largest New World vulture species
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
The kinkajou is a nimble forest-dwelling mammal of Central and South America.
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
There are around 5,000 different species!
The lizardfish can camouflage itself against the sandy bottom to avoid predators.
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Only females have the ‘lone star’ marking
The largest species of parrot in the world!
Will only live in wet areas
With an appropriate tail wind, the mallard can travel hundreds of miles a day
Despite its name, the Maned Wolf is not actually a wolf.
Produces a toxin used in arrow darts!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Megatherium probably used its lips more than its tongue when feeling for choice leaves in the treetops.
The northern crested caracara mates for life with its partner
Some colonies have millions of bats
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
Known for their calm and peaceful nature!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Has no real natural predators!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Unlike most duck species, the Muscovy is silent and only makes noise when excited or threatened.
no stomach to digest food
Neon Tetras are very social and peaceful fish.
There are more than 5,000 species.
Also known as the Painted Leopard!
Females are about four times the size of males
The Oscar fish has teeth in its throat!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Prefers to hunt at night than during the day!
Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.
Can live for up to 100 years!
Parrotlets aren't the world's tiniest parrot — that would be the pygmy parrot of Australasia.
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Only found in one area of Brazil!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Also known as the 'Pink Dolphin'
Generally found in fast-flowing streams!
Pit vipers's fangs fold up into their mouths when they don't need them.
The male broods the eggs and baby fish in his mouth.
Inhabits the jungles of Central and South America!
Can detect electrical fields from other creatures
There are 30 different species worldwide!
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
Pterodactyl is not technically a dinosaur. Although they lived during the same time as dinosaurs, they are classified as winged reptiles.
Has longer back legs than front legs!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
The tail feathers of the male can be 1m long!
Known to wash their food before eating it!
The rainbow boa is named for its iridescent skin that refracts light and creates a rainbow-colored effect.
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
It's venom digests it's prey before it even swallows it!
Male and female Red-Footed Tortoises move their heads to communicate.
Red hair on hands on feet!
One of three giant catfish species
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Will mate with the entire flock!
The only Spoonbill in the western hemisphere!
Canines up to 7 inches long!
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are more than 700 different species!
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
Like many parrots, the scarlet macaw is capable of vocal mimicry.
There are around 2,000 known species!
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
In captivity, sharp-shinned hawks can live up to 13 years. However, in the wild, this number is significantly reduced to 3 years!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Closely related to the Piranha
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Also known as the Polecat!
It's body temperature is between 30 - 34 degrees!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 3,000 known species worldwide
Only found in North America!
There are 140 different species!
Found in the tropical jungles of South America!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
The Spinosaurus is the biggest carnivorous dinosaur ever discovered!
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
Lives in groups of up to 500 individuals!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
They can’t sing like other birds.
They remove bee stingers by rubbing them against a tree
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Most closely related to horses and rhinos!
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
Native to the freshwater streams of South America!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
There are more than 40 different species!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Have a very short tail for their size!
Migrates up and down the mountains!
The female Urutu snake grows longer and heavier than males of the same species
Have a heat sensor on the end of their nose!
They have a fast song that lasts up to 10 syllables at max.
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Many whiptail species reproduce asexually.
There are two different types of white ferrets!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
Temperature determines the sex of turtle eggs
This animal can roll up into a ball
There are 200 different species!
Has a long, strong prehensile tail!
Yellow, black and white striped fins!
Females are much larger than males
Anacondas take prey much bigger compared to body weight than other snakes.
The zebra pleco is a bottom feeder with a sucker mouth.
Brazilian Animals List
Animals in Brazil FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Kind of Animals Live in Brazil?
Many different kinds of animals live in Brazil because of the diverse ecosystems found there. The country is home to the world’s largest rodent, the capybara. It is also home to the world’s second-largest flightless bird, the rhear and the pink dolphin, one of the world’s largest river dolphins.
What Exotic Animals Live in Brazil?
Many exotic animals live in Brazil. Many people travel here to see Brazil’s Big Five, the Brazilian tapir, giant anteater, maned wolf, giant river otter, and jaguar.
What is the Biggest Animal in Brazil?
One of the biggest animals in Brazil is the spectacled bear. This bear can weigh up to 355 pounds and stand up to almost 6-feet tall. This species lives mainly in the cloud forests in southeastern Brazil. It dines on fruit and is a solitary animal. Researchers estimate that there are only about 18,000 spectacled bears left in the wild.
What Animals Live in the Brazilian Amazon?
The Brazilian Amazon is home to many animals. Many of these animals are just now being discovered, and scientists have a lot more work to do. Since 1999, they have found more than 2,000 new plants and animals.
What Animals Live in the Brazilian Rainforest?
Many different types of animals live in the rainforest, and scientists are discovering more all the time. One of the most amazing is the Caqueta titi monkey, whose young purr like cats when they are content. Another is the Tometes camunani, a fish that can be up to 20-inches wide and weigh 9 pounds.