Below you can find a complete list of Ecuadorian animals. We currently track 157 animals in Ecuador and are adding more every day!
Ecuador’s very name tells much about it. It means “equator,” and it is found at the point where the equator meets South America. Its climate and terrain help make Ecuador one of the most biodiverse regions on the planet, with many animals found nowhere else. Part of the Amazon rainforest, after all, is found in Ecuador. Not only this, but Ecuador owns the Galapagos Islands, home of many rare, exotic, and unfortunately endangered or extinct species. Its very constitution recognizes that the natural world has rights.
The Official National Animal of Ecuador
The official national animal of Ecuador is the Andean condor. This vulture is the largest flying animal on earth and can have a wingspan of close to 11 feet. Like most vultures, its head and neck are naked, though it has a ruff of white feathers around the neck. The male has a wattle and a caruncle on top of its head, and unlike other vultures, he is bigger than the female. The Andean condor is also on the country’s flag and coat of arms.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Ecuador
Ecuador is a country with a robust conservation program. As of 2021, the country plans to set aside 32 percent of its land for the preservation of wildlife. Even though it is a small country, it has many national parks, reserves, and refuges, including the Galapagos. Others include El Cajas National Park, Llanganates National Park, Cayambe-Coca National Park, and Sumaco Napo-Galeras National Park.
Ecological reserves in Ecuador include Arenillas Ecological Reserve, Mache-Chindul Ecological Reserve, Manglares Churute Ecological Reserve, and Antisana Ecological Reserve. Biological reserves are El Quimi Biological Reserve, El Cóndor Biological Reserve, Limoncocha National Biological Reserve, and Cerro Plateado Biological Reserve.
The country has 10 wildlife refuges including El Zarza Wildlife Refuges, Isla Corazón y Fragata Wildlife Refuges, Pacoche Wildlife Refuges, El Pambilar Wildlife Refuges, and the Rio Muisne Estuary Swampland Wildlife Refuges. There are also a number of private refuges.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Ecuador Today
- Poison dart frogs. Though only four species of these brilliantly colored frogs were used to add poison to the weapons of native Americans, just handling them is dangerous. The golden poison frog, for example, has enough toxins in its skin to kill 10 to 20 human beings.
- Fer-de-lance. This pretty but dangerous snake delivers more snakebites than any other venomous snake that lives in its area. That’s because it’s short-tempered, unpredictable, very common, and its coloration makes it easy to overlook. Juveniles are even more venomous than adults.
- Jaguar. This big, beautiful cat has been known to attack people. However, jaguar attacks are rare. There have been 20 reported deaths and 82 attacks that did not result in death from 1890 to 2001. Still, it’s good to be careful of these predators.
- American crocodile. This crocodile, which can grow to 13 feet long and weigh 842 pounds is an apex predator in Ecuador. Large adults have been known to kill and eat cows, and they are more aggressive than their cousins the alligators. Though there aren’t any reports of people being killed by crocs in Ecuador, this animal, like the jaguar, should be treated with respect.
Endangered Animals In Ecuador
- Giant tortoise: There are several species of Galapagos tortoises on the exotic islands named for them, and their status ranges from vulnerable to extinct. Indeed, Lonesome George, a Pinta Island giant tortoise, passed away in 2012 at age 102 or so. He was the last of his species, and now that species is no more.
- Giant otter. Found around and in the Amazon River, this 5.6-foot long weasel is considered endangered thanks to poaching for its lush fur and habitat degradation.
- Baird’s tapir. This tapir is not only the largest type of tapir but the largest land mammal in South and Central America at an average length of 6.6 feet. It’s endangered in Ecuador.
- Great Curassow. This bird resembles a large pheasant, and the male has black feathers and a curly crest while the female can come in three colors. Its status is vulnerable.
- Glass frog. Glass frogs get their name because their bellies are transparent, and their internal organs can be seen. They are small frogs, only 1.2 to 3 inches long, and live most of the time in the rainforest canopy until it’s time to mate. Hyalinobatrachium crybetes, Centrolene ballux, Centrolene Heloderma, Centrolene gemmatum, Centrolene puyoense and Cochranella anomala are critically endangered and may already be extinct in some places.
Ecuadorian Countries Animals Lists
Click any of the countries below to see a detailed list of animals located in that country!
Ecuadorian Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Barn Swallow
- Black Widow Spider
- Caiman Lizard
- Camel Cricket
- Carpenter Ant
- Collared Peccary
- Common House Spider
- Crab Spider
- Dung Beetle
- Electric Eel
- False Widow Spider
- Flying Squirrel
- Fruit Bat
- Glow Worm
- Guinea Pig
- Harpy Eagle
- Hercules Beetle
- Honey Bee
- Horned Frog
- House wren
- Howler Monkey
- Huntsman Spider
- Marine Iguana
- Marine Toad
- Mexican Free-Tailed Bat
- Mountain Lion
- No See Ums
- Orb Weaver
- Peregrine Falcon
- Poison Dart Frog
- River Turtle
- Rose-breasted Grosbeak
- Roseate Spoonbill
- Saber-Toothed Tiger
- Scarlet Macaw
- Silver Dollar
- Skink Lizard
- Snapping Turtle
- Spider Wasp
- Squirrel Monkey
- Stick Insect
- Tiger Beetle
- Tree Frog
- Vampire Bat
- Wolf Spider
- Woolly Monkey
- X-Ray Tetra
Animals in Ecuador FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What kind of animals live in Ecuador?
The number of animal species that live in Ecuador is too numerous to list, but the diversity of its wildlife is amazing. The country has 15 percent of all the known species of birds in the world. There are 6000 kinds of butterfly alone, 317 types of mammals, 459 species of reptile, and over 580 species of amphibian, including poison dart and glass frogs. There are 450 species of freshwater fish, including the notorious piranha and the somewhat rare pirarucu, a man-sized, predatory, air-breathing guppy, several kinds of catfish, and the peacock-eye stingray. There are at least 100,000 species of insects besides butterflies, including grasshoppers, mantids, crickets, leafhoppers, and lantern bugs. Spiders include tarantulas and black widows.
What dangerous animals live in Ecuador?
Dangerous animals include venomous snakes, jaguars, crocodiles, black widow spiders, and poison dart frogs. Bullet ants, found in the rainforest, are notorious for a sting so terrible that the agony doesn’t stop for up to 24 hours. If a person enters the Pacific Ocean, dangers there include hammerhead, great white and Galapagos sharks, and the Pacific man o’war, a colony animal that looks like a jellyfish. All are dangerous to people.
Are there jaguars in Ecuador?
The jaguar does indeed live in Ecuador, but its status is near threatened. This is a large wild cat that resembles the leopard but is bigger and more muscular. It lives in a variety of habitats, including rainforests, wetlands, and grasslands.
What animals live in the Ecuador rainforest?
Animals that live in the Ecuadoran rainforest include frogs, toads, jaguars and ocelots. Other rainforest denizens are the enormous huntsman spider, the two-toed sloth, tapirs and the Southern, naked-tailed armadillo. There are primates, including capuchin and squirrel monkeys, species of tamarins and marmosets and rodents such as the pacarana. Birds of the Ecuador rainforest include hummingbirds, the grey-winged trumpeter and the Andean pygmy owl. The exotic and gorgeous butterflies include semicherry-bordered metalmarks; the Ecuadorian Heliconian, which is found only in Ecuador; the Ecuadorian lipstick-skipper and different types of morpho.