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Animals >>

Asian Elephant


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Female Asian elephant
Baby Asian elephant with its mother at Whipsnade Zoo, Dunstable
Asian Elephant
Borneo Elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis)
An Asian Elephant and baby at the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo
Asian Elephants are much smaller than the African elephants only growing to a couple of meters tall. Asian elephants are found in the tropical jungles of India and China, and throughout most countries in south-east Asia.

Asian elephants have been domesticated for hundreds of years for foresting and often battle. There are many places across Asia where Asian elephants are kept for tourists to ride, and are often treated fairly badly. Asian elephants are well known for their immense strength and friendliness towards humans.

Today, the Asian elephant is considered an endangered species with only around 50,000 left in the wild. This is due to the loss of habitat of the Asian elephant and illegal poachers hunting the Asian elephant, for their skins and ivory.

The Asian elephant has smaller ears than the African elephant and the Asian elephant also has a more curved spine than the African elephant. Unlike the African elephants, the female Asian elephant very rarely have tusks, and if the female Asian elephant does have tusks, they are generally barely visible and can only be seen when the female Asian elephant opens her mouth.

The Asian elephant follows strict migration routes that are determined by the monsoon season. The eldest elephant of the Asian elephant herd is responsible for remembering the migration route of its Asian elephant herd. This Asian elephant migration generally takes place between the wet and dry seasons and problems arose when farms where built along the migratory routes of the Asian elephant herds, as the Asian elephants caused a great deal of destruction to the newly founded farmland.

Asian elephants are herbivorous animals meaning that they only eat plants and plant matter in order to gain all of the nutrients that they need to survive. Asian elephants eat a wide variety of vegetation including grasses, leaves, shoots, barks, fruits, nuts and seeds. Asian elephants often use their long trunk to assist them in gathering food.

Due to their large size, Asian elephants have very few predators within their natural environment. Besides human hunters, tigers are the primary predator of the Asian elephant, although they tend to hunt the smaller Asian elephant calves rather than the much larger and stronger adults.

Female Asian elephants are generally able to breed by the time they are 10 years old, and give birth to a single Asian elephant calf after a 22 month gestation period. When the Asian elephant calf is first born, it weighs about 100 kg, and is cared for not only by it\'s mother by also by other female Asian elephants in the herd (known as aunties). The infant Asian elephant remains with its mother until it is around 5 years old and gains its independence, with males often leaving the herd and female calves staying.

Today, the Asian elephant is considered to be an animal that is in immediate danger of becoming extinct due to the fact that Asian elephant populations have been declining at a critical rate. Asian elephants are thought to be suffering primarily due to habitat loss in the form of deforestation and hunting for their ivory tusks by human poachers.


Asian Elephant Comments (18)

Anonymous

"Great information,"thanks""

bhagirath charan

"This artical helps me thank for knows the both of elephant"

No Name

"Thanks!! But could you maybe add what their predators are? "

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Asian Elephant Translations

Catalan Català
Elefant asiàtic
 
Czech Cesky
Slon indický
 
Danish Dansk
Asiatisk elefant
 
German Deutsch
Asiatischer Elefant
 
English English
Asian Elephant
 
Esperanto Esperanto
Azia elefanto
 
Spanish Español
Elephas maximus
 
Estonian Eesti
India elevant
 
Finnish Suomi
Aasiannorsu
 
French Français
Éléphant d\'Asie
 
Galician Galego
Elefante asiático
 
Hebrew עִבְרִית
פיל אסייתי
 
Croatian Hrvatski
Azijski slon
 
Hungarian Magyar
Ázsiai elefánt
 
Italian Italiano
Elephas maximus
 
Japanese 日本語
アジアゾウ
 
Latin Latina
Elephas maximus
 
Malay Bahasa Melayu
Gajah Asia
 
Dutch Nederlands
Aziatische olifant
 
Norwegian Norsk
Asiatisk elefant
 
Polish Polski
Słoń indyjski
 
Portuguese Português
Elefante-asiático
 
Slovenian Slovenščina
Azijski slon
 
Swedish Svenska
Asiatisk elefant
 
Turkish Türkçe
Asya fili
 
Vietnamese Tiếng Việt
Voi châu Á
 
Chinese 中文
亚洲象
 

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Asian Elephant Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Proboscidea
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Elephantidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family...
Elephas
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Elephas Maximus
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Herbivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
2m - 3m (7ft - 10ft)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
3,000kg - 5,000kg (6,500lbs - 11,000lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
43km/h (27mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
55 - 70 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Herd
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Endangered
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Grey, Brown, Black
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Leather
Favourite Food:Grass
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Rainforest and tropical woodland
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
1
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Grass, Fruit, Roots
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Human, Tiger
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Long trunk and large feet

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