Below you can find a complete list of Indian animals. We currently track 283 animals in India and are adding more every day!
In terms of its size, population, and even wildlife, India is a land of incredible extremes. Some of the largest (and even some of the smallest) wildlife on the planet can be found across India’s vast array of rich mountains, verdant grasslands, luscious tropical jungles and forests, dense wetlands, and arid deserts. The country’s most prominent regions include the Himalayas, the Indo-Gangetic plain (named after the two northern rivers against which it’s bound), the Western Ghats mountain range, and the Deccan Plateau toward the south.
The Official National (State) Animals of India
As a symbol of strength and power, the Bengal tiger is the official national animal of India. Other important symbols include the Indian elephant and the Indian peacock.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals
The state of India has set aside more than 500 wildlife sanctuaries and a hundred national parks to protect its wildlife. The largest and most popular parks are listed below.
- The Nagarahole National Park, located in the southern state of Karnataka, is one of the premier destinations in India. The lush forests, jungles, and marshlands are home to tigers, crocodiles, elephants, and aquatic birds.
- The Kaziranga National Park, located on the floodplains of the Brahmaputra River in the northeast state of Assam, contains buffalo, deer, river dolphins, tigers, and most of the world’s remaining rhinos.
- The Keoladeo National Park in the northern state of Rajasthan, which contains savannas and wetlands, is an ideal haven for migrating birds from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, China, and Siberia.
- The Satpura National Park, located in the central highlands of Madhya Pradesh, is exceptionally rich in deer, including the Indian muntjacs, spotted chital, sambars, and blackbucks.
- If you’re interested in exploring the riches of India’s marine wildlife, then you might want to check out the Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park. Located near the remote Andaman Islands of the Indian Ocean, the park features plenty of fish, manta rays, and aquatic birds living around the coral reefs.
The Most Dangerous Animals in India Today
India is home to several venomous animals and large, dangerous predators. These species are responsible for more deaths than many others:
- King Cobra – Native to the forests and jungles of eastern India, the king cobra can deliver a powerful toxin that affects the victim’s central nervous system. Symptoms include pain, vertigo, and even paralysis. Death can sometimes occur in as little as 30 minutes.
- Saltwater Crocodile – As the largest living reptile in the world, the saltwater crocodile can grow up to 20 feet long. Its world-class bite and tendency to treat humans as prey mean that this crocodile should be avoided at all costs. Unfortunately, many people who wander into their territory every year are vulnerable to attack.
- Russell’s Viper – As one of the most dangerous and fearsome snakes in the world, Russell’s viper causes thousands of death every year. Symptoms of its bite include pain, swelling, dizziness, vomiting, and even kidney failure. Since it feeds on rodents and lizards, this snake will often wander into human territory.
- Indian Red Scorpion – The toxin of this scorpion will attack the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems, causing a surprisingly high incidence of death. Symptoms can include vomiting, sweating, pain, convulsions, breathlessness, and an abnormal heart rate.
India contains some of the largest and most unique wildlife on the planet, but a lot of this diversity is now in danger of becoming extinct from human activity.
- Indian Elephant – This subspecies of the Asian elephant is endemic to grasslands and forests throughout South Asia. But as habitat loss has gnawed away at the elephant’s natural territory, the numbers have fallen precipitously. Only about 30,000 of them still remain in India.
- Bengal Tiger – This subspecies of the tiger once roamed the forests, grasslands, and mangroves of India in much larger numbers. But poaching and habitat loss have caused numbers to decline, so it’s now classified as endangered. Only about 2,000 of them remain in India out of a total population of about 3,000 throughout the larger region.
- Dhole – Also known as the Asian wild dog, this close relative of the wolf is endemic to mountains and alpine forests, and meadows. Like the wolf, it was deliberately persecuted by humans both for sport and to prevent them from killing livestock. It’s now extinct from large parts of its former territory.
- Asiatic Lion – This subspecies of the lion is less well-known than its African brethren. It once inhabited a huge swath of territory across Western Asia, but as a result of deliberate hunting and some habitat loss, this species is now restricted to the Indian state of Gujarat in the western part of the country.
- Indian Vulture – The Indian vulture experienced a sharp and sudden decline between 2000 and 2007 due to kidney failure from the accidental ingestion of pharmacological drugs that are normally administered to livestock. Because vultures help keep the environment free of carcasses, their decline has caused disease to spread more rapidly. Conservationists are attempting to breed them in captivity, but their slow reproduction is a hindrance to their rehabilitation. It’s now in danger of becoming extinct.
- Lion-tailed Macaque – This endangered Old World monkey, which sports an elegant silver-white mane and long tufted tail, is endemic to the Western Ghants mountain range of South India. Only a few thousand remain in the wild.
- South Asian River Dolphin – This freshwater dolphin species is endemic to the Indus River of Pakistan and the Ganges River of India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. It is estimated that less than 5,000 remain, possibly due to pollution, dam construction, and other habitat changes.
Types of Birds in India
Around 1,300 species of birds are native to India, 80 of which are endemic. The Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary is the largest bird sanctuary in the state of Karnataka, and one of India’s best birding locations. You’ll find a wide variety of birds including pied kingfishers, long-legged spoonbills, spotted owls, and painted storks. You can see resident birds year-round, or many species of migratory birds utilizing the sanctuary. The best time to see both resident and migratory birds are November to February.
The Bharatpur bird sanctuary, also known as Keoladeo National park, is famous for bird watching. Over 360 species of birds inhabit this sanctuary’s woodlands, grasslands, swamps, and wetlands. It is famous for critically endangered Siberian cranes. You can also find Indian peafowls, flamingos, pelicans, vultures, Indian grey hornbills, and so much more. The best time to see resident and migratory birds is between October to March.
Snakes Native to India
There are 60 species of venomous snakes in India. It is famously home to a group of venomous snakes known as “The Big Four”. The Indian cobra, Russell’s viper, common crait, and saw-scaled viper are responsible for the deadliest snake bites in the country. Experts have recently included a fifth venomous snake that contributes to the most mortality rates, the hump-nosed pit viper.
There are many types of snakes in India’s diverse habitats other than The Big Four. Other popular species include:
- Indian Rat Snake: Also known as the Oriental rat snake, they are common in a wide range of habitats through India. These semiarboreal snakes are long and slender.
- King Cobra: The longest venemous snake in the world, reaching lengths of up to 18 feet long. They are found in Northern India in forests and agricultural areas.
- Indian Python: They go by several common names, including black-tailed python, Indian rock python, and Asian rock python. These non-venomous snakes live in a variety of tropical habitats in India.
- Checkered Keelback: Aggressive semi-aquatic snakes found near freshwater sources.
- Brahminy Blind Snake: The smallest snake in India, and one of the smallest in the world. They live underground and are similar in apearance to earthworms.
More on India
Eats up to 2kg of food per day!
Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Renew their horns every year!
Archerfish can shoot a stream of water up to five feet with amazing accuracy.
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Domesticated for hundreds of years!
The largest wasp in the world!
It mainly eats mangos and coffee!
Known to eat 160 different tree-borne fruits in Thailand!
Adult atlas moths do not eat - they live off fat they stored as larvae.
Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.
What often prevents more people from falling victim is that the banded krait does not always inject venom in a defensive bite. It saves the venom for hunting prey instead.
There are over 1768 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
The baya constructs a massive nest out of plant fibers
There are 8 different species!
Beauty Rat Snakes are relatively harmless if left undisturbed, only attempting to bite out of fear.
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
The most numerous species of tiger!
Also known as the Asian Bearcat!
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
They typically prey on insects!
The blind snake is often mistaken for a worm.
Can live its entire life indoors
The most common species of bee!
These snakes can swallow their prey as whole.
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin
Can survive without water for 10 months!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
The Carpet Viper probably bites and kills more people than any other species of snake.
Cashmere goat are named after Kashmir regions of India and Pakistan
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
There are more than 160 different species!
The fastest land mammal in the world!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans
This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.
Has canines that can be two inches long!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.
There are over 80 species of coral snake worldwide.
There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
Have changed little in 200 million years!
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
These fish make a popular choice for aquarium hobbyists due to their hardy nature.
There are around 40 different species!
Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.
Only 2,000 left in the wild!
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
Beneath the lizard’s “wings” are a pair of enlarged ribs for support.
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Spends around 22 hours a day eating!
Coloring depends on location.
The fastest creatures on the planet!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.
Found across mainland Europe and Asia!
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Scoops fish out of the water using it's paw!
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
The Flowerhorn fish is an artificial species; it does not exist naturally
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Flying snakes are the only gliding limbless vertebrates or animals with a backbone.
Can glide up to 90 meters!
There are 12 different species in the world!
There are around 7,000 different species!
Among the largest bats in the world
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
Named for the Arabic word for love poems
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Originally known as the Desert Rat!
The most common type of urban roach
Found in the murky waters of Northern India!
Found in dense jungles and tropical forests!
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
The goonch catfish, or giant devil catfish, is one of the most fierce freshwater fish.
There are 29 different species!
There are 11,000 known species!
Male grey herons are picky about their mates. They'll reject a female that they don't fancy.
Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
One of earth's bravest creatures!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
The bird has a massive horn on its bill!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Changed little in over 500 million years!
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are four different species!
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
Found throughout south-east Asia!
Indian giant squirrels use their large tail to help them balance.
Natively found in parts of India and Sri Lanka!
Kaa from Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book was an Indian Python.
Also known as the one-horned rhino!
Popular in the exotic pet trade!
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!
Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
The term "pecking order" comes from junglefowls' hierarchies among both sexes
They are the longest venomous snake in the world.
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
A painless bite that can result in death.
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Spends much of the time high in the trees!
There are 11 different species!
The first ever domesticated lizard! There are now more than 100 unique color morphs thanks to selective breeding.
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
Lives in small groups called prides!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
Often hangs upside down while feeding!
Macaque females will pass on their social rankings to their daughters
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
"This docile snake is a popular and long-lived pet - though challenging to care for - with a lifespan of up to 21 years!"
Less than 2,500 left in the wild!
Found throughout Asia, India and China!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!
There are around 260 known species!
The monocled cobra is responsible for the highest fatality rate of any snake in all of Thailand.
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
The muntjac is the smallest type of deer in the world
For a nice price, the mynah bird makes a good pet.
Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!
no stomach to digest food
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
Nilgai were hunted for their meat as far back as 8,000 years ago.
There are more than 5,000 species.
Females are about four times the size of males
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell
Paradise Flying Snakes can glide over 100 yards!
Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.
Can live for up to 100 years!
Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas
Some of these snakes flatten their neck and raise their heads to imitate cobras if they’re threatened.
Pit vipers's fangs fold up into their mouths when they don't need them.
There are 500 different species!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 50 different species!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
Not exclusively carrion eaters, these birds are also opportunistic hunters
These popular pets can get big enough to kill their owner.
It's horns are made from keratin!
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Will mate with the entire flock!
A Russel's viper strike is so forceful it can lift its entire body off the ground.
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are more than 700 different species!
Male sambars will compete for mates by clashing together with their antlers
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
This is the smallest venomous snake in India's Big Four.
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
There’s a population of Siberian ibex in New Mexico
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Found widely throughout British gardens!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 3,000 known species worldwide
Unlike other big cats, snow leopards don’t roar.
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
The spotted lanternfly is often confused for a moth, but it’s actually a type of planthopper
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
They can’t sing like other birds.
The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
The takin can leap some 6 feet through the air
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The largest feline in the world!
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Pit vipers can strike accurately at moving objects less than .5 degrees Farenheit warmer than the background.
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
A slender body and elongated snout give the vine snake a regal look.
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
There are 30 different species worldwide!
The walking catfish can move on land while breathing air
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
Spends most of it's time in the trees!
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
It is one of the biggest birds of prey.
None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!
Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
There are around 75 different species!
Indian Animals List
India FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Which animals are found in India?
India is particularly rich in deer and other hoofed animals, big cats, snakes, bats, monkeys, rodents, birds, insects, and freshwater fish.
What are the main animals in India?
The most well-known animals are perhaps the tiger, elephant, rhino, lion, peacock, snow leopard, and monkeys.
How many animals are in India?
India has approximately 2,500 species of fish, 200 amphibians, 400 reptiles, 400 mammals, and some 1,250 species of birds.
Which animal is banned in India?
India does ban people from owning or importing certain animals, including some species of monkeys, parakeets, parrots, tortoises, penguins, otters, manatees, and cetaceans.