Updated: February 21, 2023
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Below you can find a complete list of animals in India. We currently track 338 animals in India and are adding more every day!

In terms of its size, population, and even wildlife, India is a land of incredible extremes. Some of the largest (and even some of the smallest) wildlife on the planet can be found across India’s vast array of rich mountains, verdant grasslands, luscious tropical jungles and forests, dense wetlands, and arid deserts.

The country’s most prominent regions include the Himalayas, the Indo-Gangetic plain (named after the two northern rivers against which it’s bound), the Western Ghats mountain range, and the Deccan Plateau toward the south.

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The Official National (State) Animals in India

As a symbol of strength and power, the Bengal tiger is the official national animal of India. Other important symbols include the Indian elephant and the Indian peacock, which is the national bird of India, symbolizing royalty and good luck.

The Bengal Tiger was not always the national animal of India. In fact, prior to 1973, it was the lion. Why did it change? Bengal tigers had large populations in India prior to 1900. But between 1900-1973, their numbers fell drastically due to poaching. In an effort to bring its numbers back, Project Tiger was launched in April 1973, and as a springboard, the Bengal Tiger was declared the national animal of India.

Indian Male Peacock

The Indian Peacock is the national bird of India, symbolizing royalty and luck.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals

Many people automatically think of the continent of Africa as the go-to place for safaris. But the country of India features a rich habitat for wild animals to thrive, and since 1972, efforts have been made not only in the area of conservation but also to build on India’s reputation as a great wildlife safari destination.

The state of India has set aside 500+ wildlife sanctuaries which cover over 74,425 square miles and a hundred national parks to protect its wildlife. The largest and most popular parks are listed below:

The Most Dangerous Animals in India Today

India is home to a number of dangerous animals. While some wild animals are dangerous by sheer size, strength, predatory skills, or deadly venom, others are dangerous for different reasons. Unfortunately, India is a place where its inhabitants can become victims of wild animal attacks on a daily basis. Surprisingly, one study conducted between April 2016 – March 2017 revealed that of a total of 7,556 deaths due to animal attacks, 80% of those deaths were attributed to dog bites (whether the deaths were because of the attacks or as a result of contracting rabies from the dogs is not clear). 5% of the deaths came from snake bites, 3% from monkey attacks and the rest included attacks from wild boars, tigers, leopards, jackals, elephants, etc. There were even cases of deaths from domestic bull or cattle attacks and rat bites.

In general, these animal species are highly dangerous and responsible for many of the deaths of humans in India:

  • King Cobra – Native to the forests and jungles of eastern India, the king cobra can deliver a powerful toxin that affects the victim’s central nervous system. Symptoms include pain, vertigo, and even paralysis. Death can sometimes occur in as little as 30 minutes.
  • Saltwater Crocodile – As the largest living reptile in the world, the saltwater crocodile can grow up to 20 feet long. Its world-class bite and tendency to treat humans as prey mean that this crocodile should be avoided at all costs. Unfortunately, many people who wander into their territory every year are vulnerable to attack.
  • Russell’s Viper – As one of the most dangerous and fearsome snakes in the world, Russell’s viper causes thousands of death every year. Symptoms of its bite include pain, swelling, dizziness, vomiting, and even kidney failure. Since it feeds on rodents and lizards, this snake will often wander into human territory.
  • Indian Red Scorpion – The toxin of this scorpion will attack the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems, causing a surprisingly high incidence of death. Symptoms can include vomiting, sweating, pain, convulsions, breathlessness, and an abnormal heart rate.
Deadliest Snakes - Russell's Viper

Rusell’s vipers have a mortality rate of around 2.6% in India.

Endangered Animals in India

India contains some of the largest and most unique wildlife on the planet, but a lot of this diversity is now in danger of becoming extinct from human activity. There are multiple animals that are endangered, some being the snow leopard, the Nilgiri tahr, the Kashmiri red stag, the blackbuck, and the one-horned rhino.

Below is a list of other endangered Indian animals with greater details of their plight:

  • Indian Elephant – This subspecies of the Asian elephant is endemic to grasslands and forests throughout South Asia. But as habitat loss has gnawed away at the elephant’s natural territory, the numbers have fallen precipitously. Only about 30,000 of them still remain in India.
  • Bengal Tiger – This subspecies of the tiger once roamed the forests, grasslands, and mangroves of India in much larger numbers. But poaching and habitat loss have caused numbers to decline, so it’s now classified as endangered. Only about 2,000 of them remain in India out of a total population of about 3,000 throughout the larger region.
  • Dhole – Also known as the Asian wild dog, this close relative of the wolf is endemic to mountains and alpine forests, and meadows. Like the wolf, it was deliberately persecuted by humans both for sport and to prevent them from killing livestock. It’s now extinct from large parts of its former territory.
  • Asiatic Lion – This subspecies of the lion are less well-known than its African brethren. It once inhabited a huge swath of territory across Western Asia, but as a result of deliberate hunting and some habitat loss, this species is now restricted to the Indian state of Gujarat in the western part of the country.
  • Indian Vulture – The Indian vulture experienced a sharp and sudden decline between 2000 and 2007 due to kidney failure from the accidental ingestion of pharmacological drugs that are usually administered to livestock. Because vultures help keep the environment free of carcasses, their decline has caused disease to spread more rapidly. Conservationists are attempting to breed them in captivity, but their slow reproduction is a hindrance to their rehabilitation. It’s now in danger of becoming extinct.
  • Lion-tailed Macaque – This endangered Old World monkey, which sports an elegant silver-white mane and long tufted tail, is endemic to the Western Ghats mountain range of South India. Only a few thousand remain in the wild.
  • South Asian River Dolphin – This freshwater dolphin species is endemic to the Indus River of Pakistan and the Ganges River of India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. It is estimated that less than 5,000 remain, possibly due to pollution, dam construction, and other habitat changes.
Wild Dog Breeds: Dhole

The dhole, persecuted by humans both for sport and to prevent them from killing livestock, is now extinct from much of its former Indian territory.

Types of Birds in India

Around 1,300 species of birds are native to India, 80 of which are endemic. The Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary is the largest bird sanctuary in the state of Karnataka, and one of India’s best birding locations.

You’ll find a wide variety of birds including pied kingfishers, long-legged spoonbills, spotted owls, and painted storks. You can see resident birds year-round, or many species of migratory birds utilizing the sanctuary. The best time to see both resident and migratory birds are November to February.

The Bharatpur bird sanctuary, also known as Keoladeo National park, is famous for bird watching. Over 360 species of birds inhabit this sanctuary’s woodlands, grasslands, swamps, and wetlands. It is famous for critically endangered Siberian cranes. You can also find Indian peafowls, flamingos, pelicans, vultures, Indian grey hornbills, and so much more.

The best time to see resident and migratory birds is between October to March.

Types of Crane birds - Siberian Crane

The Bharatpur bird sanctuary, also known as Keoladeo National Park, is home to many endangered bird species like Siberian Cranes.

Snakes Native to India

There are 60 species of venomous snakes in India. It is famously home to a group of venomous snakes known as “The Big Four”. The Indian cobra, Russell’s viper, common krait, and saw-scaled viper are responsible for the deadliest snake bites in the country. Experts have recently included a fifth venomous snake that contributes to the most mortality rates, the hump-nosed pit viper.

There are many types of snakes in India’s diverse habitats other than The Big Four. Other popular animals in India include:

  • Indian Rat Snake: Also known as the Oriental rat snake, they are common in a wide range of habitats throughout India. These semiarboreal snakes are long and slender.
  • King Cobra: The longest venomous snake in the world, reaching lengths of up to 18 feet long. They are found in Northern India in forests and agricultural areas.
  • Indian Python: They go by several common names, including black-tailed python, Indian rock python, and Asian rock python. These non-venomous snakes live in a variety of tropical habitats in India.
  • Checkered Keelback: Aggressive semi-aquatic snakes found near freshwater sources.
  • Brahminy Blind Snake: The smallest snake in India, and one of the smallest in the world. They live underground and are similar in appearance to earthworms.
The Spectacled cobra is one the big four venomous species that inflict the most snakebites on humans in India. Many specimens exhibit a hood mark with two circular patterns connected by a curved line, evoking the image of spectacles.

The venomous King Cobra is a native snake species of India.

The 6 Largest Animals Indian Animals

India is home to some truly large animals. Below is a list of the largest land animals you’ll find in India.

The 6 Rarest Indian Animals

If you were to travel to India, you may want to put these rare animals on your bucket list to seek out at a wildlife sanctuary or on a safari.

  • Red Panda: This bamboo-loving animal inhabits temperate forests in the Himalayas at altitudes between 1,800 and 4,000 meters. It has fiery red fur and resembles a raccoon more than a panda in its features.
  • Asiatic Lion: This species of lion only numbers 600 in the wild, isolated in the Gir Forest of Western India, their last remaining natural habitat.
  • Nilgiri Tahr: This goat species is not only rare to see in the wild–it’s also the state animal in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
  • Snow Leopard: The snow leopard sports one of the most beautiful coats of any member of the cat family, and well worth viewing. A couple of places for viewing are Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary (Arunachal Pradesh), Himalayan National Park (Himachal Pradesh), and Nanda Devi National Park (Uttarakhand).
  • Black Buck: Another state animal (of Punjab, Haryana and Andhra Pradesh) is the Black Buck, also known as the Indian antelope. It sports spiraling horns and unique colorations–a site to behold.
  • Great Indian Bustard: This would be one of the rarest birds to see in India, as there’s only 150 recorded left in the wild there. They prefer a dry, grassland habitat, and are endangered due to that habitat loss.
Red Animals - Red Panda

The red panda is a rare Indian animal native to the Himalayas.

National Parks in India

Are you looking for an adventurous way to explore the country? Check out the many beautiful national parks in India! Discover dozens of Bengal tiger reserves, traverse areas that inspired The Jungle Book, and relax at luxury resorts near lush jungles.

More on Animals in India

Indian Animals

Adélie Penguin

Eats up to 2kg of food per day!

Admiral Butterfly

Stunningly beautiful wings

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Renew their horns every year!


Archerfish can shoot a stream of water up to five feet with amazing accuracy.


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Asian Elephant

Domesticated for hundreds of years!

Asian Giant Hornet

The largest wasp in the world!

Asian Palm Civet

It mainly eats mangos and coffee!

Asiatic Black Bear

Known to eat 160 different tree-borne fruits in Thailand!

Atlas Moth

Adult atlas moths do not eat - they live off fat they stored as larvae.


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.

Banded Krait

What often prevents more people from falling victim is that the banded krait does not always inject venom in a defensive bite. It saves the venom for hunting prey instead.


There are over 1768 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


The baya constructs a massive nest out of plant fibers


There are 8 different species!

Beauty rat snake

Beauty Rat Snakes are relatively harmless if left undisturbed, only attempting to bite out of fear.

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


They roll around in dirt to prevent external parasites


There are more than 350,000 different species

Beewolf wasp

They hunt bees

Bengal Tiger

The most numerous species of tiger!


Also known as the Asian Bearcat!


Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Blind Snake

The blind snake is often mistaken for a worm.

Blue Dragon Sea Slug

They inflict a painful, venomous sting

Brahminy Blindsnake

These snakes have been introduced to all continents, except Antarctica!

Brazilian Treehopper

“Mild-Mannered Minimonsters”

Bronze-winged Jacana

Fathers pick up their young and carry them under their wings

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors


The most common species of bee!

Burmese Python

These snakes can swallow their prey as whole.


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!


Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin


Can survive without water for 10 months!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.


Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Carpet Viper

The Carpet Viper probably bites and kills more people than any other species of snake.

Cashmere Goat

Cashmere goat are named after Kashmir regions of India and Pakistan


May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


There are more than 160 different species!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cinereous Vulture

This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.

Clouded Leopard

Has canines that can be two inches long!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Coconut Crab 

The largest terrestrial arthropod in the world

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common Green Magpie

Magpies are aggressive when threatened, often “dive-bombing” at intruders

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Coral Snake

There are over 80 species of coral snake worldwide.


They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.


There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!

Cow Reticulated Python

Cow reticulated pythons hatch solid white, then develop spots as they mature.


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


Have changed little in 200 million years!


Crocodylomorphs include extinct ancient species as well as 26 living species today.


A group of these birds is called a Murder.


These fish make a popular choice for aquarium hobbyists due to their hardy nature.


There are around 40 different species!

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.


Only 2,000 left in the wild!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Draco Volans Lizard

Beneath the lizard’s “wings” are a pair of enlarged ribs for support.


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Dwarf Gourami

Dwarf gourami can live for over four years with proper care.


Has exceptional eyesight!


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Egyptian Vulture

They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.


Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Eurasian Eagle-owl

The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!

Eurasian Wolf

Coloring depends on location.

European Goldfinch

They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.


The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fiddler Crab

The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world

Fishing Cat

Scoops fish out of the water using it's paw!


Sleeps on just one leg!


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air

Flowerhorn Fish

The Flowerhorn fish is an artificial species; it does not exist naturally


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Snake

Flying snakes are the only gliding limbless vertebrates or animals with a backbone!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Bat

Among the largest bats in the world

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world

Fulvous Whistling Duck

They build a ramp from their nest, which leads to a nearby water source


They make many sounds when trying to attract a mate.


Named for the Arabic word for love poems


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!


Originally known as the Desert Rat!

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach


Males can blow bubbles using the bump on their snout!

Giant Trevally

The largest fish in its genus


Found in dense jungles and tropical forests!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!


Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Eagle

Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goonch Catfish

The goonch catfish, or giant devil catfish, is one of the most fierce freshwater fish.


There are 29 different species!

Gooty Sapphire Tarantula

They can run up a tree trunk surprisingly fast.


There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Grey Heron

Male grey herons are picky about their mates. They'll reject a female that they don't fancy.

Griffon Vulture

Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away

Gypsy Moth

One of the most invasive species in the world


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Badger

One of earth's bravest creatures!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


The bird has a massive horn on its bill!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Horseshoe Crab

Changed little in over 500 million years!


The fly has no teeth


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are four different species!


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Indian Cobra

One of the Big Four.

Indian Elephant

Found throughout south-east Asia!

Indian Giant Squirrel

Indian giant squirrels use their large tail to help them balance.

Indian Palm Squirrel

Natively found in parts of India and Sri Lanka!

Indian python

Kaa from Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book was an Indian Python.

Indian Rhinoceros

Also known as the one-horned rhino!

Indian Star Tortoise

Popular in the exotic pet trade!


There are an estimated 30 million species!


The jacana has the ability to swim underwater


Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!


Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies


The term "pecking order" comes from junglefowls' hierarchies among both sexes


The kiang, native to the Tibetan Plateau, is the largest of the wild asses!

King Cobra

They are the longest venomous snake in the world.

King Quail

Females look similar to males but don’t come in shades of blue


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


A painless bite that can result in death.

Kudzu Bug

Kudzu bugs don't bite humans, but they secrete a substance that can irritate people's skin. That irritation is often confused for a bite.


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Has 10 pairs of eyes!


Spends much of the time high in the trees!

Leopard Cat

There are 11 different species!

Leopard Gecko

The first ever domesticated lizard! There are now more than 100 unique color morphs thanks to selective breeding.


The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!


Lives in small groups called prides!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!


Like all lorises, slow loris has a cute wide-eyed look, but it also has a venomous sting that can rot human flesh. 


Lystrosaurus was one of the few terrestial species that survived the permian extinction


Macaque females will pass on their social rankings to their daughters


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Mandarin Rat Snake

"This docile snake is a popular and long-lived pet - though challenging to care for - with a lifespan of up to 21 years!"


The markhor drools a foamy substance after chewing its cud, which the local people use for extracting snake poison.

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


They line their nests with their feathers


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!


There are around 260 known species!

Monocled Cobra

The monocled cobra is responsible for the highest fatality rate of any snake in all of Thailand.


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


The muntjac is the smallest type of deer in the world

Musk Deer

The glands of a musk deer can sell for up to $45,000 on the black market.

Myna Bird

Many people believe the hill myna bird is better at mimicking humans than a parrot!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


no stomach to digest food


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!


Nilgai were hunted for their meat as far back as 8,000 years ago.

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Northern Pintail

Northern pintails migrate at night with speeds reaching 48 miles per hour!


An onager's coat changes color with the season.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees

Palaeoloxodon namadicus

Palaeloxodon namadicus was the largest land mammal ever found


Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell

Paradise Flying Snake

Paradise Flying Snakes can glide over 100 yards!


Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.


Can live for up to 100 years!


Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pheasant-tailed Jacana

The pheasant-tailed jacana is the only species in its family that migrates long distances.


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pipe Snake

Some of these snakes flatten their neck and raise their heads to imitate cobras if they’re threatened.

Pit Viper

Pit vipers's fangs fold up into their mouths when they don't need them.

Pompano Fish

They are bottom-feeders

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 300 different species!


Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.

Red-Headed Vulture

Not exclusively carrion eaters, these birds are also opportunistic hunters

Reticulated python

These popular pets can get big enough to kill their owner.


Rhamphosuchus had a narrow snout with a beak-like appearance.

Rhesus Macaque

Rhesus Macaques are the most widely distributed primate in terms of geographic diversity


It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


Will mate with the entire flock!

Russel’s Viper

A Russel's viper strike is so forceful it can lift its entire body off the ground.

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.


There are more than 700 different species!


Male sambars will compete for mates by clashing together with their antlers

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Sarus Crane

Parents use low calls to tell their chicks to freeze and lie still when danger lurks.

Saw-scaled Viper

This is the smallest venomous snake in India's Big Four.


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Short-Eared Owl

The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.


The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Siberian Ibex

There’s a population of Siberian ibex in New Mexico


Sivatherium was a large giraffid and also one of the largest ruminants of all-time.

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 4,000 known species worldwide

Snow Leopard

Unlike other big cats, snow leopards don’t roar.


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Spotted Garden Eel

Males battle each other over females and territory

Spotted Lanternfly

The spotted lanternfly is often confused for a moth, but it’s actually a type of planthopper


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


They can’t sing like other birds.

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.

Sun Bear

The smallest species of bear in the world!


Populations have been affected by pollution!


The takin can leap some 6 feet through the air

Tangerine Leopard Gecko

Unlike most geckos, tangerine leopard geckos have movable eyelids.

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


Some theropods had feathers and may have been ancestors of modern birds.


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite


The largest feline in the world!

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tokay Gecko

The Tokay gecko gets its onomatopoeic name from its "To-kay!" barking call.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Cricket

They make music with their wings

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper)

Pit vipers can strike accurately at moving objects less than .5 degrees Farenheit warmer than the background.


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Urials are the ancestors of modern-day domesticated sheep.

Uromastyx (Spiny-Tailed Lizard)

Spiny-tailed lizards "sneeze" out salt!

Vine Snake

A slender body and elongated snout give the vine snake a regal look.


Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted


Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Walking Catfish

The walking catfish can move on land while breathing air


Warblers are so called because of the trills of their song.


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

White-Tailed Eagle

It is one of the biggest birds of prey.

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!


Doesn’t have eyes.


They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.


Smal eel-like ancient shark

Yellow Crazy Ant

One of the top 100 worst invasive species!


There are around 75 different species!

Indian Animals List

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About the Author

Abby Parks has authored a fiction novel, theatrical plays, short stories, poems, and song lyrics. She's recorded two albums of her original songs, and is a multi-instrumentalist. She has managed a website for folk music and written articles on singer-songwriters, folk bands, and other things music-oriented. She's also a radio DJ for a folk music show. As well as having been a pet parent to rabbits, birds, dogs, and cats, Abby loves seeking sightings of animals in the wild and has witnessed some more exotic ones such as Puffins in the Farne Islands, Southern Pudu on the island of Chiloe (Chile), Penguins in the wild, and countless wild animals in the Rocky Mountains (Big Horn Sheep, Mountain Goats, Moose, Elk, Marmots, Beavers).

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Which animals are found in India?

India is particularly rich in deer and other hoofed animals, big cats, snakes, bats, monkeys, rodents, birds, insects, and freshwater fish.

What are the main animals in India?

The most well-known animals are perhaps the tiger, elephant, rhino, lion, peacock, snow leopard, and monkeys.

How many animals are in India?

India has approximately 2,500 species of fish, 200 amphibians, 400 reptiles, 400 mammals, and some 1,250 species of birds.

Which animal is banned in India?

India does ban people from owning or importing certain animals, including some species of monkeys, parakeets, parrots, tortoises, penguins, otters, manatees, and cetaceans.