To listen to this article, please select Control + Shift + Z to launch the pop-up player.

Browser out-of-date!

You are using an out-of-date web browser, to avoid problems when using A-Z Animals and other sites we strongly recommend you upgrade to the latest version of your web browser!
Get Firefox Get Google Chrome Get Opera Get Microsoft Internet Explorer Get Apple Safari
Remove Advertising
A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources

Animals >>


 Add to Phobia Filter  Contribute  Print  Listen
A half year old albino axolotl
Albino Axolotl
white axolotl (ambystoma mexicanum)
Ambystoma mexicanum (axolotl) at the Steinhart Aquarium in San Francisco
Ambystoma mexicanum (axolotl) at the Steinhart Aquarium in San Francisco
The axolotl is a medium-sized amphibian that is only found in one complex of lakes that are close to Mexico City in south-central Mexico. The axolotl is today kept as a popular freshwater aquarium pet all around the world.

The axolotl is most closely related to the tiger salamander which inhabits the waters in a similar region of Mexico. However, axolotls can be easily distinguished from salamanders as the axolotl retains it\'s tadpole-like appearance for it\'s whole life, therefore axolotls and young tiger salamanders are easily confused.

The axolotl has a flat-shaped broad head that is much wider than the body of the axolotl. The axolotl also has feathery gills which protrude from either side of the head of the axolotl, allowing the axolotl to breath under water. As with newts and salamanders, axolotls are able to regenerate limbs that become damaged or detached meaning that axolotls have been extensively used in scientific experiments around the world.

The axolotl is most commonly found in albino form as they spend a great deal of their lives hiding under rocks and in crevices on the bottom of the lake. Although axolotls are generally white or pink in colour, black, grey and brown coloured axolotls can also be found.

The axolotl is a carnivorous animal meaning that the axolotl has a purely meat-based diet. The axolotl eats worms and insect larvae that develop under the surface of the water along with molluscs, crustaceans and some small species of fish.

Due to the bottom-dwelling lifestyle of the axolotl, it has surprisingly few natural predators despite it\'s relatively small size. Birds and large fish are the most common predators of the axolotl along with humans who catch the axolotl to keep as pets in artificial environments.

The axolotl can live for up to 25 years although the average axolotl rarely gets much older than the age of 15. Female axolotls can lay anywhere from 100 to 1,000 eggs which are coated with a sticky substance that helps them to stick to plants and rocks in the water to keep them safe. After about a month of development, tiny axolotl babies emerge into the open water.

Today, the axolotl is considered to be a critically endangered species meaning that there are very few axolotl individuals left in the wild. Increasing levels of pollution is the most destructive factor in the survival to the axolotl with the ever-growing size of nearby Mexico City.

Axolotl Comments (11)


"Cute pics!"




"very cute and fastanating "

Showing 3 of 11 comments.

Show More Comments

Post Comment

Your Name:

Article Rating:

Your Comment:

Axolotl Translations

Bulgarian български език
Danish Dansk
German Deutsch
English English
Spanish Español
Ambystoma mexicanum
Finnish Suomi
French Français
Hebrew עִבְרִית
אקסולוטל מקסיקני
Croatian Hrvatski
Italian Italiano
Ambystoma mexicanum
Japanese 日本語
Latin Latina
Ambystoma mexicanum
Dutch Nederlands
Norwegian Norsk
Polish Polski
Ambystoma meksykańska
Portuguese Português
Ambystoma mexicanum
Swedish Svenska
Turkish Türkçe
Chinese 中文

Article Tools

Print Article
View printer friendly version of Axolotl article.
Listen to Article
Listen to audio version of Axolotl article. Hot key: CTRL key + Shift key + Z key

Axolotl Facts

Five groups that classify all living things...
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
A group of animals within a pylum...
A group of animals within a class...
A group of animals within an order...
A group of animals within a family...
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Ambystoma Mexicanum
The animal group that the species belongs to...
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
15cm - 45cm (6in - 18in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
60g - 200g (2oz - 7oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
17km/h (10mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
10 - 20 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Black, White, Pink, Grey, Brown
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Favourite Food:Worms
The specific area where the animal lives...
High altitude freshwater lakes
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Worms, Insects, Molluscs
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Birds, Fish
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Feathery gills and flattened-shaped head

Related Animals

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
There are more than 700 different species!
Tiger SalamanderTiger Salamander
Found across the North American wetlands!