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Animals >>

Crane


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Grey Crowned Crane
Grey Crowned Crane
Japanese crane with chicks
Cranes at the Ueno Zoo, Taito-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Grey Crowned Crane
The crane is a large, long-beaked bird that is found all over the world. There are 15 different species of crane found on Earth today, but despite their similar appearance, cranes are not related to other long-necked birds such as herons.

Cranes are found on every continent with the exceptions of the Antarctic and South America, where they are found inhabiting the temperate wetlands and swamps throughout the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.

Cranes are large sized birds that to grow to an average of 1 meter in height. Some species of crane however, such as the Red-Crowned crane of Eastern Asia, can grow to nearly 1.5 meters tall. Other crane species can be slightly smaller although they are in general, very large birds.

Despite their seemingly enormous body size, cranes are actually quite agile flyers, getting their practise as they migrate between Siberia, China and Japan. Unlike herons, cranes fly with their necks outstretched which helps them to control their large bodies when soaring through the skies.

Despite its large size, the crane is an omnivorous bird meaning that it feeds on both plants and animals alike. Spending their lives close to water, cranes primarily feed on aquatic organisms including insects, fish and amphibians, along with a variety of plants including grains and tree bark.

Due to the sheer size of adult cranes, they have few natural predators within their native environment. Foxes, wildcats and large birds of prey including owls and eagles are the most common predators of the crane and mainly their chicks.

Cranes generally breed in the warmer summer months although the exact breeding season depends on the crane species. Female cranes construct large nests, generally in the trees, where they lay between 3 and 5 eggs. Once hatched the crane chicks are nursed by their parents until they are strong enough to fledge (fly away from the family nest).

Today, many of the 15 crane species are either considered to be vulnerable in the wild or critically endangered. The drastic decline of the world's crane populations is primarily due to habitat loss and pollution in their native environments.


Crane Comments (2)

Ayden

"wow!"

angelica

"these r some beautiful cranes"


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Crane Translations

Bulgarian български език
Жеравови
 
Danish Dansk
Traner
 
German Deutsch
Kraniche
 
English English
Crane
 
Esperanto Esperanto
Gruo
 
Spanish Español
Gruidae
 
French Français
Gruidae
 
Hebrew עִבְרִית
עגוריים
 
Croatian Hrvatski
Ždralovi
 
Hungarian Magyar
Darufélék
 
Indonesian Bahasa Indonesia
Burung jenjang
 
Italian Italiano
Gruidae
 
Japanese 日本語
ツル
 
Limburgian Limburgs
Kroenekrane
 
Dutch Nederlands
Kraanvogels
 
Norwegian Norsk
Traner
 
Polish Polski
Żurawie
 
Portuguese Português
Gruidae
 
Swedish Svenska
Tranor
 
Turkish Türkçe
Turnagiller
 
Chinese 中文
鹤科
 

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Crane Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Aves
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Gruiformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Gruidae
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Gruidae
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Bird
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Omnivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
1m - 1.4m (40in - 55in)
Wing Span:
The measurement from one wing tip to the other...
1.8m - 2.4m (71in - 95in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
3.7kg - 10kg (8.2lbs - 22lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
40km/h (25mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
15 - 30 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Flock
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Threatened
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
White, Black, Grey, Brown, Red, Blue
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Feathers
Favourite Food:Insects
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Temperate wetlands
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once...
4
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Insects. Fish, Grain
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Fox, Eagle, Wildcats
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Large body size and long beak

Related Animals

HeronHeron
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
IbisIbis
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!