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Indian Rhinoceros


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Side view of a Great One Horned Indian Rhinoceros
Indian Rhinoceros in the Warsaw Zoo
Indian Rhinoceros
An Indian rhinoceros, at the Cincinnati Zoo
A baby, adult female, and immature female (left to right) Indian Rhinoceros
The Indian rhinoceros (also known as the great one-horned rhinoceros and the Asian one-horned rhinoceros) is a small species of rhinoceros native to parts of India and Nepal. The Indian rhinoceros gets it's common name from the fact that it only has one horn rather than two.

Historically, the Indian rhinoceros had a vast range across northern India but today that range has been drastically reduced due to excessive hunting. The Indian rhinoceros is now confined to the tall grasslands and forests that surround the Himalayas Mountain range.

The Indian rhinoceros is one of the smaller rhinoceros species, thought to be most closely related to the Javan rhinoceros. The Indian rhinoceros has one horn which it uses for defence, intimidation, digging up roots and breaking branches during feeding. The horn of the Indian rhinoceros is made from a substance called keratin and is therefore very strong. The horn of the Indian rhinoceros is used in ancient medicine and many Indian rhinos have been illegally poached for them.

The Indian rhinoceros has relatively poor eyesight, relying more on hearing and smell to detect what is going on around them. The ears of the Indian rhinoceros possess a relatively wide rotational range to detect sounds and an excellent sense of smell to readily alert them to the presence of predators.

The Indian rhinoceros is a herbivorous animal meaning that it sustains itself on a purely plant based diet. Indian rhinos browse the densely vegetated sub-tropical forest for leaves, flowers, buds, fruits, berries and roots which they dig up from the ground using their horns.

Due to it's large size, the Indian rhino's only real predator in the wild are large wild cats such as tigers that will prey on the Indian rhino calves and weak individuals. Humans are the biggest threat to the Indian rhinoceros as they have been hunted to the brink of extinction for their horns.

The Indian rhinoceros is solitary animal and only comes together with other Indian rhinos to mate. The female Indian rhinoceros gives birth to a single calf after a gestation period that is over a year long. The Indian rhinoceros calf remains with it's mother until it is at least 2 years old and big enough to become independent.

Today, the Indian rhinoceros is an endangered animal and has been pushed into only a small fraction of it's historical territory by human hunters and deforestation. There are thought to be around 3,000 Indian rhinoceros individuals left in the wild, two thirds of which are believed to be in the Assam region of India.


Indian Rhinoceros Comments (6)

kylie

"i use this for all my animal resurch"

Jay Lynn garris

"awesome"

Jay Lynn garris

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Indian Rhinoceros Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Perissodactyla
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Rhinocerotidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family...
Rhinoceros
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Rhinoceros Unicornis
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Herbivore
Size(L):1.7m - 2m (5.6ft - 6.6ft)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
2,200kg - 3,000kg (4,900lbs - 6,600lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
42km/h (30mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
45-50 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Endangered
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Grey, Black
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Leather
Favourite Food:Grass
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Tropical bushland, grassland and savannas
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
1
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Grass, Fruit, Berries, Leaves
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Human, Wild cats
Special Features:Hard, thick skin and only one horn

Related Animals

Black RhinocerosBlack Rhinoceros
Horns can grow to 1.5m!
Javan RhinocerosJavan Rhinoceros
Only has a 25cm long horn!
RhinocerosRhinoceros
It's horns are made from keratin!
Sumatran RhinocerosSumatran Rhinoceros
The smallest species of rhino!
White RhinocerosWhite Rhinoceros
The second largest animal on the land!