How Much Do Horses Weigh? Sort by Type and Gender

Beautiful stallion Thoroughbred breed, great-grandson of Secretariat.
Anaite/Shutterstock.com

Written by Chanel Coetzee

Updated: June 26, 2023

Share on:

Advertisement


Have you ever wondered how much horses weigh? A horse’s weight is determined by age, environment, genetics, and body condition. Obviously, diet can also have an impact on weight as well as the horse’s level of activity. In addition, certain medical conditions, such as Cushing’s Disease, can lead to weight loss or gain. Different breeds have various weight classes; some horses are classified as “heavy” and some as “light.” For example, horses such as the Clydesdale, Belgian, Shire, and Percheron are classified as draft horses and termed “heavy,” as they can weigh over 2,000 pounds. On the other hand, “light” horses are smaller and weigh under 1,500 pounds.

How Much Do Horses Weigh? Weight By Breed and Gender

Below you will find the weights of some of the most popular horse breeds:

Horse BreedAverage Weight
Cleveland Bay1,212–1,543 lb
Arabian793–992 lb
American Warmblood1,212–1,322 lb
Ardennes1,543–2,205 lb
Dales Pony882–1,102 lb
Connemara Pony639–860 lb
Clydesdale1,543–1,764 lb
Dutch Warmblood1,212–1,322 lb
Eriskay Pony661–882 lb
Dartmoor Pony441–705 lb
Fell Pony772–992 lb
Haflinger772–1,322 lb
Highland Pony1,102–1,322 lb
Exmoor Pony661–882 lb
Holsteiner992–1,764 lb
Hackney Pony551–772 lb
Hackney882–1,212 lb
Irish Draught1,322–1,764 lb
New Forest Pony507–728 lb
Hanoverian1,212–1,433 lb
Percheron1,874–2,094 lb
Shire1,543–2,646 lb
Spotted Pony441–882 lb
Shetland Pony397–441 lb
Thoroughbred992–1,102 lb
Westphalian992–1,322 lb
Swedish Warmblood882–1,212 lb
Welara661–882 lb
Suffolk Punch1,653–1,984 lb

Some horses are heavier than others, yet they all have a purpose, and many people worldwide use horses for various reasons. Some of the breeds include:

Arabian

The stunningly beautiful Arabian breed goes back thousands of years. It is known for its even temperament, making it a popular horse to breed. Arabians can weigh between 800 and 1,000 pounds and stand around 64 inches tall. Furthermore, their lifespan ranges between 25 -30 years. These horses are relatively small in stature, and their recognized colors include chestnut, black, roan, gray, and bay. They can have white facial markings and white socks or stockings on their legs. The Crabbet bloodline is known for having white faces and high white socks. Lastly, their skin is black, except for under-white markings. Dark pigmentation is known to protect horses against the harsh sun. Lastly, only experienced riders should ride Arabian horses.

Arabian horse trotting at sunset

Arabians can weigh between 800 and 1,000 pounds and stand around 64 inches tall.

Shetland Pony

These hardy little ponies are small in stature yet strong enough to be ridden by children. They are mostly gentle and very cute. A Shetland pony can weigh between 400 and 450 pounds. Their bodies are compact with short legs, broad heads, thick necks, and lush tails and manes. These ponies are great for children and inexperienced riders. In addition, they have a life expectancy of 30 years or more. Lastly, Shetland ponies come in various colors like chestnut, gray, bay, black, roan, brown, dun, palomino, champagne, and cream, with various leg and face markings. The only time that a Shetland cannot be registered is when they are leopard spotted like the Appaloosa.

Smallest horses - Shetland Pony

A Shetland pony can weigh between 400 and 450 pounds.

Thoroughbred

Most people will know of the thoroughbred horse because of its racing ability, but many of these horses find a second career as a driving or riding horse. These horses are classified as “hot-blooded” because they are athletic, bold, intelligent, and spirited. Thoroughbreds can weigh between 1,000 and 1,200 pounds and stand 68 inches tall. Additionally, they have deep chests, long necks, powerful hindquarters, and an athletic build. Thoroughbreds can be extremely stubborn and best suited to experienced riders. Furthermore, they have a life expectancy of 25 to 35 years. Finally, they come in every solid equine color, including chestnut, gray, bay, brown, and black.

Most Expensive Horses - Thoroughbred

Thoroughbreds

can weigh between 1,000 and 1,200 pounds and stand 68 inches tall.

Westphalian

These horses are athletic and do well in dressage and jumping competitions. They are sought after because of their desirable temperament and are becoming very popular in the United States. Westphalians are a warmblood breed and are docile enough that even someone who lacks some horse-riding experience can ride one. Additionally, they can weigh between 1,000 and 1,300 pounds. Furthermore, they have a life expectancy of 25 to 30 years. This breed is like the Hanoverian, except they have a broader build. Lastly, they come in various colors, including black, bay, gray, and chestnut. All registered Westphalians are branded with the letter “W” on their left hip.  

Stud of bay Westphalian horse in meadow at summer

Westphalians can weigh between 1,000 and 1,300 pounds.


Image: Alexia Khruscheva, Shutterstock

Hackney

These extremely rare horses are very talented and easily trainable. However, they are also endangered, with less than 200 living in the United States. Hackneys can weigh between 1,000 and 2,000 pounds and have sleek bodies with graceful necks and heads. Additionally, stallions tend to be bigger and more muscular than mares. Furthermore, Hackneys may have white faces or leg markings. However, they have primarily dark solid colors such as bay, black, and chestnut.

bay hackney pony extended trot

Hackneys can weigh between 1,000 and 2,000 pounds and have sleek bodies with graceful necks and heads.


Image: aleigha blakley, Shutterstock

Clydesdale

The mighty Clydesdale is easy to spot. They are enormous with feathering around their legs. Yet, despite their size, they are known to be very gentle horses that are easy to work with. Clydesdales can weigh between 1,600 and 2,400 pounds. They have round feet, long-arched necks, and broad foreheads. Additionally, anybody can ride them, no matter their level of experience, and have a life span of 20 to 25 years. They are also among the tallest horse breeds, standing between 64 and 72 inches.

Stallions are mostly taller and weigh much more than mares. Most Clydesdales are bay but can also be chestnut, black, or gray, with some having roan spots or markings. Lastly, these horses are famous for their enormous hooves, which are the size of frying pans and about four times larger than the average thoroughbred horse.

Tallest Horses - Clydesdale

Clydesdales can weigh between 1,600 and 2,400 pounds.

Swedish Warmblood

The magnificent Swedish Warmblood is one of the oldest horse breeds in the world. They have a gentle temperament and a steady-flowing gait. Furthermore, they usually weigh around 1,025 pounds. Also, they can occur in just about any solid color except roan. They can have white patterns on their coats and Sabino markings on their faces and legs. These horses are friendly and gentle, a good combination for any level of rider.   

Dressage with a Swedish Warmblood.
Swedish Warmbloods usually weigh around 1,025 pounds.

Hanoverian

A German breed of horse, the Hanoverian is robust. These beautiful horses are elegant and lightweight and do very well in equestrian competitions such as mounted athletics and English dressage. Hanoverians have powerful, muscular bodies with strong backs and sturdy limbs. In addition, they come in bay, chestnut, gray, and black. An adult Hanoverian can weigh up to 1,400 pounds, and their life expectancy is 25 to 35 years.

Hanoverian horse in field

An adult Hanoverian can weigh up to 1,400 pounds, and their life expectancy is 25 to 35 years.

Shire

The rare and magnificent shire horse is known as the tallest horse in the world. They are similar to the Clydesdale in that they are enormous and have feathering on their legs. However, they are gentle giants and can be ridden by any level rider. They can weigh between 1,800 and 2,400 pounds and stand up to 72 inches tall. Shire horses come in brown, black, gray, or black with white leg and face markings. Furthermore, they have a life expectancy of 25 to 30 years. Lastly, they are known for their easy-going nature and, similar to the Clydesdale, their massive hooves.

Shire horse in the field

Shires can weigh between 1,800 and 2,400 pounds and stand up to 72 inches tall.

Suffolk Punch

The Suffolk Punch is the oldest horse breed in Britain. Farmers used them as working horses to plow fields. They have broad heads and muscular bodies. In addition, they are mostly chestnut, but seven other shades are recognized. These stunning horses weigh an average of 2,090 pounds. Sadly, the population is very low, and the Suffolk Punch is categorized as “critical” by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy and the UK’s Rare Breeds Survival Trust.

Tallest Horses - Suffolk Punch

These stunning horses weigh an average of 2,090 pounds.


Share this post on:
About the Author

Chanel Coetzee is a writer at A-Z Animals, primarily focusing on big cats, dogs, and travel. Chanel has been writing and researching about animals for over 10 years. She has also worked closely with big cats like lions, cheetahs, leopards, and tigers at a rescue and rehabilitation center in South Africa since 2009. As a resident of Cape Town, South Africa, Chanel enjoys beach walks with her Stafford bull terrier and traveling off the beaten path.

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.