Lake Gaston Fishing, Size, Depth, And More

Written by Jennifer Gaeng
Published: September 15, 2023
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In the picturesque landscapes of North Carolina and Virginia, Lake Gaston stands as an enchanting, yet enigmatic body of water. With its vast expanse and abundant marine life, this reservoir has long captivated the hearts of fishing enthusiasts and nature lovers alike. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the secrets of Lake Gaston, unraveling its fishing potential, exploring its size and depth, and discovering all the recreational activities the surrounding area has to offer.

As we embark on this exploration, we will uncover the diverse range of fish species that call Lake Gaston home. We will delve into the best techniques, tackle, and strategies to help you navigate these pristine waters and reel in the catch of a lifetime. Beyond its angling allure, Lake Gaston beckons adventurers with its vast size and impressive depth. We will dive into the geological wonders that shape its underwater terrain. So, join us on this expedition as we embark on a journey of discovery into the heart of Lake Gaston!

Lake Gaston: Location, Size, And Depth

Lake Gaston, a captivating reservoir situated between North Carolina and Virginia, is a popular destination for fishing enthusiasts and nature lovers. Spanning an impressive 34 miles, with over 350 miles of pristine shoreline, this man-made lake offers a tranquil escape from the hustle and bustle of everyday life.


Lake Gaston is formed by the impoundment of the Roanoke River and is located in both North Carolina and Virginia. It is nestled amidst the picturesque landscapes of these two states, providing a serene setting for outdoor activities.


With approximately 20,000 acres of water surface, Lake Gaston offers ample space for exploration and adventure. Its vast expanse and diverse shoreline provide endless opportunities for boating, swimming, and of course, fishing.


The average depth of Lake Gaston is around 40 feet, with a maximum depth reaching up to 95 feet. This variation in depth creates a dynamic aquatic environment, attracting a wide range of fish species and offering exciting angling opportunities.

Whether you’re an avid angler seeking to test your skills or simply looking to immerse yourself in the natural beauty of the area, Lake Gaston’s location, size, and depth make it an ideal destination. So, pack your gear, embrace the tranquility, and embark on an unforgettable journey into the heart of this captivating reservoir.

History And Purpose Of Lake Gaston

Lake Gaston, a man-made reservoir located between North Carolina and Virginia, has a rich history and serves multiple purposes. Here is an overview of the history and purpose of Lake Gaston:

Construction and Purpose:

Lake Gaston was created when the Virginia Electric Power Company (VEPCO) constructed the Gaston Dam on the Roanoke River. The dam’s primary purpose was to generate hydroelectric power for Dominion Resources. Completed in 1963, the dam spans 3,600 feet and created a lake covering over 20,000 acres.

Hydropower Generation:

The main purpose of Lake Gaston is to generate electricity through hydropower. The reservoir’s water levels are carefully managed to ensure a consistent supply of water for power generation.

Water Supply:

In addition to hydropower, Lake Gaston also serves as a water supply source for nearby communities. The lake provides water to municipalities, including Virginia Beach, which relies on Lake Gaston as a drinking water source.

Recreation and Tourism:

Over the years, Lake Gaston has become a popular destination for recreational activities and tourism. The vast expanse of the lake, coupled with its scenic beauty and diverse shoreline, attracts boaters, anglers, swimmers, and nature enthusiasts. The lake offers opportunities for fishing, boating, water sports, camping, and more.

Environmental Conservation:

Lake Gaston plays a role in environmental conservation efforts. The lake has been used as a habitat enhancement project, with measures taken to control invasive vegetation, primarily hydrilla, through the use of grass carp.

Community Initiatives:

The Lake Gaston Computer Club (LGCC) is an example of a community initiative that aims to promote computer-related projects and classes for the Lake Gaston community.

Lake Gaston’s history and purpose intertwine the generation of hydroelectric power, water supply, recreational activities, environmental conservation, and community engagement. This multifaceted reservoir continues to be a cherished resource for both local communities and visitors alike.

Fishing At Lake Gaston

Lifting huge largemouth bass out of lake.

Largemouth bass are a common fish species found in the waters of Lake Gaston.

©Maclane Parker/

Fishing at Lake Gaston offers a diverse range of fish species and opportunities for anglers. Here is some factual information about fishing at Lake Gaston, including the types of fish you can find and tips for successful fishing:

Types of Fish:

Lake Gaston is home to a variety of fish species, including:

Largemouth Bass: Largemouth bass are abundant in Lake Gaston and are a popular target for anglers. They can be found near structures such as docks, fallen trees, and weed beds.

Striped Bass: Striped bass, also known as rockfish, are another prized fish in Lake Gaston. They are known for their strong fighting ability and can be found in deeper waters.

Crappie: Crappie, both black and white, can be found in Lake Gaston. They are often found near submerged structures and are popular targets for anglers using live bait or jigs.

Catfish: Lake Gaston is home to various species of catfish, including channel catfish and blue catfish. They can be caught using a variety of baits, such as cut bait, worms, or stink baits.

Sunfish: Sunfish species, such as bluegill and redear sunfish, can be found in Lake Gaston. They are often caught using small hooks and live bait or artificial lures.

Tips for Successful Fishing:

Study the Lake: Familiarize yourself with the lake’s structure, including submerged structures, drop-offs, and weed beds. This knowledge can help you locate fish and increase your chances of success.

Use the Right Baits and Lures: Different fish species have different preferences when it comes to baits and lures. Experiment with a variety of options, including live bait, artificial lures, and different colors, to find what works best.

Time of Day: Fishing can be more productive during certain times of the day. Early morning and late evening are often considered prime times for fishing, but fish can be caught throughout the day.

Follow Fishing Regulations: Ensure you are aware of and comply with all fishing regulations and licensing requirements for Lake Gaston. This helps protect the fish population and ensures sustainable fishing practices.

Seek Local Knowledge: Local fishing guides or experienced anglers can provide valuable insights and tips specific to Lake Gaston. They can help you understand seasonal patterns, hotspots, and techniques that work well in the area.

Remember, fishing success can vary depending on various factors such as weather conditions, water temperature, and fish behavior. It’s always a good idea to stay informed, adapt your approach, and enjoy the experience of fishing at Lake Gaston.

The Best Launch Spots And Marinas At Lake Gaston

Lake Gaston offers several launch spots and marinas that provide convenient access to the lake for boaters. Here are some of the best launch spots and marinas at Lake Gaston:

Eaton Ferry Marina and Boat Launch:

Located on the North Carolina side of Lake Gaston, Eaton Ferry Marina, and Boat Launch is a popular spot for boaters. It offers a full-service marina, boat rentals, and a boat launch ramp for easy access to the lake.

Poplar Pointe Marine:

Situated on the Virginia side of Lake Gaston, Poplar Pointe Marine is another well-known marina and boat launch facility. It provides boat rentals, fuel, and a boat launch ramp for boaters.

Holly Grove Marina:

Holly Grove Marina is a family-owned marina on the Virginia side of Lake Gaston. It offers boat rentals, fuel, and a boat launch ramp. The marina also has a store where you can purchase fishing supplies and snacks.

Lake Gaston Water Sports:

Located on the North Carolina side of the lake, Lake Gaston Water Sports is a marina that offers boat rentals, fuel, and a boat launch ramp. They also provide water sports equipment such as jet skis and paddleboards.

Lake Gaston Resort:

Lake Gaston Resort is a full-service marina and campground on the North Carolina side of the lake. It offers boat rentals, fuel, and a boat launch ramp. The resort also has amenities such as a private beach and a clubhouse.

These are just a few of the best launch spots and marinas at Lake Gaston. It’s always a good idea to check with the specific marina or launch spot for any fees, regulations, or restrictions before planning your boating trip. Enjoy exploring the beautiful waters of Lake Gaston!

Additional Recreational Activities At Lake Gaston

scenic view of Lake Gaston

Lake Gaston offers a variety of recreational activities including fishing, kayaking, and more.


Lake Gaston offers a variety of recreational activities apart from fishing. Here are some additional activities you can enjoy at Lake Gaston:


Lake Gaston is a popular destination for boating enthusiasts. Whether you have your own boat or rent one from a marina, you can explore the lake’s expansive waters, enjoy water sports like water skiing or tubing, or simply cruise around and take in the scenic views.


Lake Gaston provides ample opportunities for swimming. Many areas along the shoreline offer designated swimming areas, and some marinas and resorts have private beaches where you can relax and swim in the lake’s refreshing waters.

Water Sports:

In addition to boating, Lake Gaston is a great place for various water sports activities. You can try your hand at jet skiing, paddleboarding, kayaking, or canoeing. Rentals for these water sports equipment are often available at marinas or water sports centers.

Hiking and Nature Trails:

If you enjoy exploring the outdoors, Lake Gaston has hiking and nature trails in the surrounding areas. Occoneechee State Park, located near the lake, offers several trails where you can hike, bike, or take leisurely walks while enjoying the natural beauty of the area.

Picnicking and Camping:

Lake Gaston has several picnic areas and campgrounds where you can enjoy a meal with family and friends or spend a night under the stars. Some campgrounds offer amenities such as RV hookups, cabins, and facilities for recreational activities like volleyball or basketball.

Wildlife Viewing:

Lake Gaston is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including birds, deer, and other animals. Birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts can enjoy observing the local wildlife in their natural habitat.


If you’re a golf enthusiast, you can find golf courses near Lake Gaston where you can tee off and enjoy a round of golf amidst beautiful surroundings.


There are a variety of camping locations around Lake Gaston which we will explore further below.

These are just a few examples of the additional recreational activities you can enjoy at Lake Gaston. The lake and its surrounding areas offer something for everyone, whether you’re seeking adventure, relaxation, or a chance to connect with nature.

Camping Spots Near Lake Gaston

If you’re looking for camping spots near Lake Gaston, here are some options to consider:

Thousand Trails Lake Gaston:

Thousand Trails Lake Gaston RV Campground offers camping options with world-class fishing, boating, swimming, and relaxing days in the sun. They have full hook-up pull-thru sites and waterfront sites available.

Lake Gaston Americamps:

Lake Gaston Americamps is a family-owned and family-oriented campground. They offer large, level full hook-up pull-thru sites and waterfront sites for camping.

Lake Gaston Resort:

Lake Gaston Resort is a camping resort that offers a Family Fun & Fitness Center. They have camping sites available and offer amenities for family activities and fitness.

Occoneechee Campground:

Located in Occoneechee State Park, Occoneechee Campground offers camping near Lake Gaston. It has received positive reviews and provides a natural setting for camping.

North Bend Park Campground:

Situated near John H. Kerr Dam and Reservoir, North Bend Park Campground offers camping options close to Lake Gaston. It provides a scenic environment and opportunities for outdoor activities.

These are just a few camping spots near Lake Gaston. It’s recommended to check availability, amenities, and any specific regulations or fees with the campgrounds before planning your camping trip.

Safety Tips While Enjoying Lake Gaston: 

When enjoying Lake Gaston, it’s important to prioritize safety. Here are some safety tips to keep in mind:

Boating Safety:

If you’re boating on Lake Gaston, follow boating etiquette and safety guidelines. Be aware of other boaters and maintain a safe distance. Observe speed limits and no-wake zones. Remember to have the necessary safety equipment on board, such as life jackets, fire extinguishers, and distress signals.

Life Jacket Usage:

Wearing a life jacket is crucial for water safety. Whether you’re boating or swimming, make sure everyone on board has a properly fitted life jacket. Children should always wear life jackets while near or in the water.

Buoys and Hazards:

Pay attention to buoys and markers on the lake. They indicate hazards, no-wake zones, and restricted areas. Respect these markers and maintain a safe distance from hazards.

Alcohol and Boating:

It’s important to avoid alcohol consumption while operating a watercraft. Alcohol impairs judgment and reaction time, increasing the risk of accidents. Designate a sober driver or captain if alcohol is being consumed.

Weather Awareness:

Keep an eye on weather conditions before heading out on the lake. Be aware of changing weather patterns and seek shelter if storms approach. High winds and rough waters can pose risks to boaters.

Swimming Safety:

When swimming in Lake Gaston, always swim in designated areas and be mindful of boat traffic. Supervise children closely and ensure they wear appropriate flotation devices if needed.

Golf Cart Safety:

If you’re using a golf cart near Lake Gaston, follow safety guidelines. Observe speed limits, yield to pedestrians, and avoid distractions while driving.

Remember, safety should always be a priority when enjoying Lake Gaston. By following these tips and being aware of your surroundings, you can have a safe and enjoyable experience on the lake.

Flora and Fauna Surrounding Lake Gaston

Bald eagle in flight on isolated background

Bald Eagles can be spotted around Lake Gaston.


The flora and fauna surrounding Lake Gaston are diverse and offer a rich natural environment. Here is some general information about the flora and fauna you might find in the area:


Aquatic Plants: Lake Gaston is home to various aquatic plants, including water lilies, water hyacinths, and cattails. These plants provide habitat and food sources for many aquatic animals.

Forests: The surrounding area of Lake Gaston features mixed hardwood forests, with tree species such as oak, hickory, pine, and maple. These forests provide shelter for wildlife and contribute to the overall ecosystem health.

Wetlands: Wetland areas around the lake support a variety of plant species, including sedges, rushes, and various wetland grasses. These wetlands are important for water filtration, flood control, and habitat for many species.


Fish: Lake Gaston is known for its diverse fish population. Common fish species found in the lake include striped bass, largemouth bass, crappie, catfish, and sunfish. These fish attract anglers from near and far.

Birds: The lake and its surrounding areas provide habitat for a wide range of bird species. You may spot waterfowl such as ducks and geese, as well as ospreys, bald eagles, herons, and various songbirds.

Mammals: The area around Lake Gaston is home to various mammal species, including white-tailed deer, raccoons, squirrels, beavers, and opossums. These mammals play important roles in the ecosystem.

Reptiles and Amphibians: Lake Gaston and its surrounding wetlands support a variety of reptiles and amphibians. This includes turtles, snakes (such as water snakes and non-venomous species), frogs, and salamanders.

Please note that the specific flora and fauna you may encounter can vary depending on the season and the specific location around Lake Gaston. It’s always a good idea to consult local resources or visit the area’s wildlife centers or parks for more detailed and up-to-date information.

How to Preserve Lake Gaston’s Ecology When Visiting

Preserving Lake Gaston’s ecology when visiting is crucial to maintaining the health and sustainability of the lake and its surrounding environment. Here are some tips to help you minimize your impact and contribute to the preservation of Lake Gaston’s ecology:

Respect Wildlife:

When encountering wildlife, maintain a safe distance and observe them from afar. Do not feed or disturb the animals, as this can disrupt their natural behavior and diet.

Proper Waste Disposal:

Dispose of all trash, including food waste, in designated trash receptacles. Avoid littering and consider packing out any non-biodegradable items. This helps prevent pollution and keeps the lake and its surroundings clean.

Use Biodegradable Products:

When using personal care products, such as sunscreen or insect repellent, choose biodegradable options that are less harmful to the environment. This reduces the introduction of chemicals into the lake.

Boating Practices:

Follow boating regulations and guidelines to minimize the impact on the lake’s ecosystem. Avoid speeding in sensitive areas, such as shallow waters or near vegetation. Properly dispose of any fishing lines or other debris to prevent entanglement of wildlife.

Stay on Designated Trails:

If you’re hiking or exploring the surrounding areas, stick to designated trails to avoid damaging vegetation and disturbing wildlife habitats. Avoid trampling on sensitive plants and be mindful of any signs or restrictions.

Water Conservation:

Be mindful of water usage during your visit. Conserve water by turning off faucets when not in use and limiting excessive water activities. This helps maintain the lake’s water levels and supports the overall ecosystem.

Educate Yourself:

Learn about the local flora and fauna, as well as any conservation efforts in the area. This knowledge can help you make informed decisions and contribute to the preservation of Lake Gaston’s ecology.

Remember, small actions can make a big difference in preserving the ecology of Lake Gaston. By being mindful of your impact and following these guidelines, you can help protect the lake and its surrounding environment for future generations to enjoy.

In Conclusion

In conclusion, Lake Gaston offers a fantastic fishing experience with its diverse fish population and expansive size. Anglers can enjoy the thrill of catching popular species such as striped bass, largemouth bass, crappie, catfish, and sunfish. The lake’s depth varies, providing opportunities for different fishing techniques and preferences. Additionally, the surrounding flora and fauna contribute to the overall ecosystem health and enhance the natural beauty of the area.

To ensure the preservation of Lake Gaston’s ecology, visitors should practice responsible fishing, respect wildlife, dispose of waste properly, and be mindful of water conservation. By following these guidelines, we can all contribute to the long-term sustainability and enjoyment of this remarkable lake. Whether you’re an avid angler or a nature enthusiast, Lake Gaston is a destination that offers both excitement and serenity amidst its scenic waters and abundant wildlife.

The photo featured at the top of this post is © EnterTheLight/

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About the Author

Jennifer Gaeng is a writer at A-Z-Animals focused on animals, lakes, and fishing. With over 15 years of collective experience in writing and researching, Jennifer has honed her skills in various niches, including nature, animals, family care, and self-care. Hailing from Missouri, Jennifer finds inspiration in spending quality time with her loved ones. Her creative spirit extends beyond her writing endeavors, as she finds joy in the art of drawing and immersing herself in the beauty of nature.

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