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Marine Toad


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Marine Toad
Marine Toad
Marine Toad
Marine Toad
The marine toad (also known as the cane toad or the giant toad) is a species or terrestrial (land-dwelling) toad that is natively found throughout Central and South America. The marine toad is one of the world's true toads and is often used to eradicate pests from sugar-cane (hence it's name).

The marine toad is generally found in the subtropical forests of Central and South America, where despite it's name, spends it's life entirely on the land. The marine toad has also been introduced to non-native regions as a form of pest control for crops.

Marine toads tend to be around 15 cm in length although much larger individuals have been recorded. Marine toads are known to have poison glands which ensure that it has toxic skin. This means that if another animal ate the marine toad, it's quite likely that it would lead to near, if not fatal, consequences.

Along with being used to control agricultural pests, the marine toad also has a variety of other uses to humans around the world. Traditionally, tribes people in South America would milk the toads for their toxin (called bufotoxin), which was then used as arrow poison. There are also suggestions that the toxins produced by the marine toad may have also been used as a narcotic by the local people.

As with numerous other toad species, the marine toad is a carnivorous animal, primarily surviving on a diet of insects. Due to their large size however, marine toads have also been known to hunt slightly bigger animals including rodents, reptiles, birds and even other amphibians.

Due to it's relatively small size, the marine toad is preyed upon by a number of different species within it's natural environment. Caimans, snakes, rats, eels, opossums and various birds of prey are all predators of the marine toad.

Like other amphibians, the marine toad undergoes the incredible transformation from a water-bound tadpole to a ground-dwelling adult in a matter of months. Like it's adult counterpart, the marine toad tadpoles are also highly toxic to any animal that eats them.

Today, the marine toad populations are thriving around the world due to the artificial introductions of the marine toad to many islands in the 1900s. Since then, the marine toad has become a pest in many of these countries as their ruthless nature poses a serious threat to native species.


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Opal Svancara

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Marine Toad Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Amphibia
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Anura
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Bufonidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family...
Bufo
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Bufo Marinus
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Amphibian
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Carnivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
10cm - 15cm (4in - 6in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
200g - 800g (7oz - 28oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
8km/h (5mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
10 - 15 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Black, Green, Grey, Brown, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Permeable
Favourite Food:Insects
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Forests and fields close to water
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once...
15,000
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Insects and Small Animals
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Dogs, Snakes, Birds
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Large body size and rough skin

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Common ToadCommon Toad
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Fire-Bellied ToadFire-Bellied Toad
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Spadefoot ToadSpadefoot Toad
They spend most of their time underground!