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Reindeer


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Reindeer
Reindeer at Jimmys Farm
Reindeer
Reindeer
Reindeer
The reindeer (also known as the caribou) is found in large herds in the very north of the world. Reindeer inhabit both the Arctic Tundra and the North Pole regions which include parts of North America, Europe and Asia.

The reindeers hooves adapt to the season so in the summer when the tundra is soft and wet, the reindeers footpads become sponge-like in order to get a bigger surface area on the damp group. In the winter, the reindeers footpads shrink and tighten, exposing the rim of the hoof which cuts into the ice and crusted snow to stop the reindeer from slipping.

The changes to the reindeer hooves during the winter enables the reindeer to dig down through the snow to the reindeers favourite food, a lichen known as reindeer moss.

The reindeers coat has two layers of fur, a thick woolly undercoat and a longer-haired overcoat which consists of hollow, air-filled hairs which helps to keep the reindeer warm.

The reindeer travels the furthest of any land mammal with these migrations often containing thousands of reindeer. The caribou of North America can run at speeds up to 50 mph and can travel as many as 3,000 miles a year.The most extensive migrations occur in spring and fall. The largest reindeer migrations take place in the spring and autumn when the reindeer are hungry and in search of food.

The reindeer is often an attempted target for the large predators that exist in the Arctic Circle but the reindeer is very fast and moves in enormous groups so the reindeer is not easy to catch. Arctic wolves, polar bears, brown bears, humans and the occasional shark are amongst those animals that hunt the reindeer.


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Reindeer Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Artiodactyla
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Cervidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family...
Rangifer
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Rangifer Tarandus
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Herbivore
Size:
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
1.6-2.1m (63-82in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
60-320kg (132-705lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
80km/h (50mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
12-15 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Herd
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, White, Tan, Grey
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Fur
Favourite Food:Grass
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Forests close to the Arctic tundra
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
1
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Grass, Herbs, Berries
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Human, Bears, Wolves
Special Features:Double layer of thick fur and large antlers of the males

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