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Red Deer stag at Richmond ParkA male red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Munich, Bavaria, Germany.Red DeerRoe DeerFormosan Reeves muntjac (endemic animals of Taiwan)
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Deer Facts

Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
A group of animals within a class
A group of animals within an order
Scientific Name:
The name of the animal in science
Odocoileus virginiana
The animal group that the species belongs to
What kind of foods the animal eats
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
60cm - 105cm (24in - 206in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
10kg - 450kg (22lbs - 990lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
70km/h (43mph)
How long the animal lives for
10 - 20 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Brown, Tan, White, Orange
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Favourite Food:
The preferred food of this animal
The specific area where the animal lives
Dense forest and planted areas
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from
Acorns, Fruit, Grass
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Wolf, Bear, Cougar
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to this animal
Long ears and some male species have antlers

Deer Location

Map of Deer Locations


The deer is found in the forests of Europe, Asia and North America, where most deer grow to an average of about 1 meter tall. Deer-like creatures are found in Africa, however they are all antelope and not deer.

Deer stay in herds of approximately 25 deers per herd, mainly female deer and a dominant male deer known as a stag. The male deer are protective deer and will often fight other stags to protect their herd of female deer and to protect their pride.

The male deer horns shed and regrow every year, a little like the skin on a snake. The only species of deer with exception to this annual horn shedding is the Chinese water deer.

There are around 40 different species of deer found in the woodlands of the Northern Hemisphere. There are roughly six different species of deer found in the UK alone, however, only the red deer and the roe deer are truly native to the Isles.

Deer are known as selective feeders and spend most of their time browsing for food with the deer mainly eating leaves. Deer are very selective in what they eat and deer therefore spend a great deal of time picking out the shoots, leaves, grasses and fruits that are easy for the deer to digest.

Humans have hunted deer for thousands of years and hunt the deer for the deer meat, milk and skins. Today, deer are commercially farmed for their meat, rather than being hunted, and in New Zealand alone there are over 3,000 deer farms across the two islands.

Due to hunting from humans and other large predators, and the continued loss of the deer habitat, the wild deer are becoming very vulnerable and are being pushed into smaller areas of forest that is uninhabited by larger mammals.

Deer are prey to many wild animals around the world from humans, to wolves, tigers, bears and occasionally foxes, and many other mammals will attempt to scavenge from a deer that has been killed by something else, seeing as many deer species can be quite big and are fairly fast.

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Deer Translations

White-tailed deer
Ciervo de Cola Blanca
Cerf de Virginie
Ak kuyruklu geyik

Deer Comments

"this site is awesome i am going to use it more often"
Mike and Liz
"Deer are cool creatures because they can be found in more than one continent.Also, Deer Have special defense mechanisms."
"Deer are so interesting to learn about!"
"Deer are soooooooo cute! I love love love them! <3"
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First Published: 7th November 2008, Last Updated: 10th September 2018

1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 07 Nov 2008]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 07 Nov 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 07 Nov 2008]
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