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Deer

Red Deer stag at Richmond ParkA male red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Munich, Bavaria, Germany.Red DeerRoe DeerFormosan Reeves muntjac (endemic animals of Taiwan)
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Deer Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Artiodactyla
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Cervidae
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Odocoileus virginiana
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Herbivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
60cm - 105cm (24in - 206in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
10kg - 450kg (22lbs - 990lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
70km/h (43mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
10 - 20 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Herd
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Threatened
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Brown, Tan, White, Orange
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Fur
Favourite Food:Acorns
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Dense forest and planted areas
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
1
Main Prey:Acorns, Fruit, Grass
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Wolf, Bear, Cougar
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Long ears and some male species have antlers

Deer Location

Map of Deer Locations

Deer

The deer is found in the forests of Europe, Asia and North America, where most deer grow to an average of about 1 meter tall. Deer-like creatures are found in Africa, however they are all antelope and not deer.

Deer stay in herds of approximately 25 deers per herd, mainly female deer and a dominant male deer known as a stag. The male deer are protective deer and will often fight other stags to protect their herd of female deer and to protect their pride.

The male deer horns shed and regrow every year, a little like the skin on a snake. The only species of deer with exception to this annual horn shedding is the Chinese water deer.

There are around 40 different species of deer found in the woodlands of the Northern Hemisphere. There are roughly six different species of deer found in the UK alone, however, only the red deer and the roe deer are truly native to the Isles.

Deer are known as selective feeders and spend most of their time browsing for food with the deer mainly eating leaves. Deer are very selective in what they eat and deer therefore spend a great deal of time picking out the shoots, leaves, grasses and fruits that are easy for the deer to digest.

Humans have hunted deer for thousands of years and hunt the deer for the deer meat, milk and skins. Today, deer are commercially farmed for their meat, rather than being hunted, and in New Zealand alone there are over 3,000 deer farms across the two islands.

Due to hunting from humans and other large predators, and the continued loss of the deer habitat, the wild deer are becoming very vulnerable and are being pushed into smaller areas of forest that is uninhabited by larger mammals.

Deer are prey to many wild animals around the world from humans, to wolves, tigers, bears and occasionally foxes, and many other mammals will attempt to scavenge from a deer that has been killed by something else, seeing as many deer species can be quite big and are fairly fast.

Deer Translations

Deutsch
Weißwedelhirsch
English
White-tailed deer
Español
Ciervo de Cola Blanca
Suomi
Valkohäntäpeura
Français
Cerf de Virginie
Nederlands
Witstaarthert
Norsk
Hvithalehjort
Svenska
Vitsvanshjort
Türkçe
Ak kuyruklu geyik

Deer Comments

walk
"this site is awesome i am going to use it more often"
Mike and Liz
"Deer are cool creatures because they can be found in more than one continent.Also, Deer Have special defense mechanisms."
Kendra
"Deer are so interesting to learn about!"
SAm
"SOOOOOOCUTEEE"
Mia
"Deer are soooooooo cute! I love love love them! <3"
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First Published: 7th November 2008, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 07 Nov 2008]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 07 Nov 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 07 Nov 2008]

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