Moon Jellyfish

Aurelia aurita

Last updated: March 10, 2022
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff
Image Credit Yosemite / Creative Commons

Moon Jellies are bioluminescent, so they glow in the dark! They can also de-age!

Moon Jellyfish Scientific Classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cnidaria
Class
Scyphozoa
Order
Semaeostomeae
Family
Ulmaridae
Genus
Aurelia
Scientific Name
Aurelia aurita

Read our Complete Guide to Classification of Animals.

Moon Jellyfish Locations

Moon Jellyfish Locations

Moon Jellyfish Facts

Prey
Plankton, small fish, crustaceans, larvae, eggs
Name Of Young
Planula, polyp, ephyra
Group Behavior
  • Smack
  • Bloom
Fun Fact
Moon Jellies are bioluminescent, so they glow in the dark! They can also de-age!
Estimated Population Size
Millions
Biggest Threat
Humans, sea turtles, sharks, birds
Most Distinctive Feature
Their moon-shaped, gelatinous, glowing body
Other Name(s)
Saucer jelly, moon jelly, common jelly
Gestation Period
Varies
Litter Size
Can be in the 1000s
Habitat
Temperate ocean
Predators
Sea turtles, sharks, humans, fish, birds
Diet
Carnivore
Lifestyle
  • Smack
  • Bloom
Type
Plankton
Common Name
Moon Jelly
Number Of Species
25
Location
Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans, near the beach

Moon Jellyfish Physical Characteristics

Color
  • Blue
  • Pink
Top Speed
5 mph
Lifespan
adults: 12 to 16 months in aquarium tank captivity; polyps: 25 years
Weight
0.005 - 0.07 pounds
Height
6 - 15 inches
Length
10 - 18 inches
Age of Sexual Maturity
Varies

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View all of the Moon Jellyfish images!



The Moon Jelly is a type of jellyfish found throughout warmer waters of the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans.

These jellyfish prefer the coastal parts of the ocean such as harbors or inlets near the beach. They often wash up on the beach because they are not strong swimmers. Unlike many other species of jellyfish, their sting is not very painful because they only have a collection of very small tentacles. They are the most common type of jelly to be kept as a pet. They are also used in cuisine in parts of Asia, in both sweet and savory dishes.

5 Moon Jellyfish facts

  • Moon Jellyfish are actually a prehistoric fish.
  • Moon Jellies are a glowing species of bioluminescent fish.
  • Moon Jellyfish prefer warmer coastal waters near the beach.
  • Moon Jellyfish can deage and even get younger.
  • Moon Jellies have been studied in space.

Moon Jellyfish Classification and Scientific name

Moon Jellyfish are known as A. aurita . Aurelia means gold-colored puppa in Greek, while aurita in Latin means furnished with hears. They may also be called moon jellies, saucer jellies, or common jellyfish. They are classified as a type of plankton, primarily because of their low swimming abilities. They cannot swim against anything stronger than a weak current and are generally washed wherever the ocean takes them. There are currently 25 accepted species of Aurelia, with several others whose designation is pending.

Moon Jellyfish Appearance

Moon Jellyfish are mostly clear or transparent, with a single translucent disk in the center of their bell, which is usually blueish. Their bodies, also known as bells, are gelatinous orbs with many small tentacles. Because they are bioluminescent, they can be found glowing blue or pink in darker waters or as a means to communicate with other jellies. Moon jelly predators may confuse a plastic bag floating in the ocean for a jellyfish and eat that instead. Moon jellies may be up to 18 inches across at the bell. They are called “moon” jellies because of their round, glowing bell and short tentacles.

Moon Jellyfish Distribution, Population, and Habitat

Moon Jellyfish can be found in shallower areas of most of the warmer oceans. These jellies prefer to live in waters between 40 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit, but they don’t mind water that is dirty or low in oxygen. Blooms of moon jellyfish are monitored by scientists because how they grow and shrink is an indicator of other things happening in the ocean around them. If moon jelly numbers swell, it means there is either an abundance of their prey or a dearth of their predators. These jellyfish can survive in oxygen-poor and even polluted waters that other sea creatures simply cannot.

According to the IUCN Redlist of endangered species, these moon jellies are considered not endangered nor threatened.



Moon Jellyfish Predators and Prey

Moon Jellyfish eat a lot of invertebrates, including other plankton, mollusk larvae, and crustaceans. They may also consume certain fish eggs and even very small fish. Moon jellies use their tentacles to paralyze their prey and sweep them into their mucus membranes in order to ingest them. The biggest threats to moon jellies besides humans are sea turtles and sharks, but their populations are not at risk. Other predators include marine mammals, large fish, and certain sea birds.

Moon Jellyfish Reproduction and Lifespan

Moon Jellyfish lay eggs that are fertilized by sperm. This is done when a female moon jelly ingests floating sperm released by a male moon jelly and her body carries it to the eggs. Those moon jelly eggs float until they find a firm surface on which to attach, at which point they hatch and become planula, which then turn into polyps. These moon jelly polyps may wait for up to 25 years before becoming ephyra and then adults. As adults, they usually only live about a year, although sometimes, a moon jellyfish can be triggered into de-aging or aging backward to become younger. Many people say that jellyfish are technically immortal because of this ability to become babies and then grow up again because, in the absence of predators, the moon jellies could potentially do this de-aging and re-aging cycle indefinitely.

Moon Jellyfish in fishing and cooking

Moon Jellyfish are often used in Chinese and Japanese cooking, as well as cuisines in other parts of Southeast Asia. They are not particularly flavorful, but they do add saltiness to dishes and can be used to create items such as glowing ice cream! Cooking with moon jellies became encouraged when jellyfish populations swelled and became a danger to fishing vessels. The jellies are not eaten fresh as they begin to dissolve when taken from the water and killed. Instead, moon jellyfish are generally stripped of their mucus membranes and tentacles, then the moon jellies are sliced up and salt-cured.

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About the Author

Growing up in rural New England on a small scale farm gave me a lifelong passion for animals. I love learning about new wild animal species, habitats, animal evolutions, dogs, cats, and more. I've always been surrounded by pets and believe the best dog and best cat products are important to keeping our animals happy and healthy. It's my mission to help you learn more about wild animals, and how to care for your pets better with carefully reviewed products.

Moon Jellyfish FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Can a moon jellyfish sting you?

A moon jellyfish can sting you, yes, but because of the small size of their tentacles, their stings are virtually harmless and only someone with an allergy would be more than mildly affected.

Can you have a moon jellyfish as a pet?

Yes, some people keep Moon Jellyfish as aquarium pets in tanks.

Are moon jellyfish alive?

Yes, Moon Jellyfish ingest food and breathe oxygen, so they are alive.

Do humans use moon jellyfish?

Yes, humans do use Moon Jellies as pets in a tank or aquarium, and also sometimes they are dried and used in cuisine.

Are moon jellyfish dangerous?

No, moon jellyfish are not particularly dangerous, since their stings carry a little toxin, though they can sink shipping boats if too many get caught in the nets.

Where are moon jellyfish found?

Moon jellyfish are found in the higher, warmer levels of the oceans, especially near beaches.

What do moon jellyfish eat?

Moon jellies primarily eat plankton, mollusks, and crustaceans.

How long do moon jellyfish live?

An adult moon jellyfish lives between 12 to 15 months in tank captivity, but a polyp, or baby moon jelly, can live up to 25 years before reaching adulthood.

Sources
  1. S C Aquarium Moon Jelly Facts, Available here: https://scaquarium.org/our-animals/moon-jelly/
  2. Cubic Aquarium Jellyfish questions and answers, Available here: https://www.cubicaquarium.com/jellyfish-questions
  3. Sea Wonder Moon Jelly Fish, Available here: https://marinesanctuary.org/blog/sea-wonder-moon-jelly/
  4. Moon Jellyfish, Available here: https://www.thoughtco.com/moon-jellyfish-4692397
  5. Moon Jellyfish Facts Gifford Zoo, Available here: https://rosamondgiffordzoo.org/experience/animals/invertebrates/moon-jellyfish/
  6. Moon Jelly Fun Facts, Available here: https://www.lamar.edu/arts-sciences/biology/study-abroad-belize/marine-critters/marine-critters-2/moon-jelly.html
  7. Facts about Moon Jellyfish, Available here: https://www.animalspot.net/moon-jellyfish.html
  8. Pink Moon Jellies, Available here: https://audubonnatureinstitute.org/aquarium/moon-jellies
  9. Aurelia Aurita "Moon Jelly" Wiki, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurelia_aurita
  10. Moon Jelly Scientific Name Meanings and Facts, Available here: https://www.vattenkikaren.gu.se/fakta/arter/cnidaria/scyphozo/aureauri/aureaune.html
  11. Moon Jellyfish Facts, Available here: https://kidadl.com/animal-facts/moon-jellyfish-facts
  12. Moon Jellyfish Facts Cooking with Dried Moon Jellies, Available here: https://www.ediblemontereybay.com/online-magazine/summer-2014/in-the-kitchen-moon-jellyfish
  13. Moon Jelly Smacks, Blooms and Ecology, Available here: https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1365-2656.13147
  14. Moon Jelly Predators and Behavior, Available here: https://www.lamar.edu/arts-sciences/biology/study-abroad-belize/marine-critters/marine-critters-2/moon-jelly.html

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