Corn Snake Morphs: The Complete List

Written by Colby Maxwell
Updated: March 12, 2022
Image Credit iStock.com/imarly
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Corn snakes are some of the best pet snakes in the world. They are docile, don’t mind being handled, and come in a variety of truly beautiful colors. In fact, corn snake colorations (usually referred to as morphs) are so varied and prized that hobbyists and breeders have dedicated their lives to acquiring and breeding these snakes into over 800 recognized morphs.

For the potential pet buyer, this essentially means that there is a nearly unlimited selection of colors and patterns to choose from when picking out a corn snake. In order to help you, we have developed a list of the most notable and beautiful corn snake morphs that we could find. This list should help you pick out a corn snake morph and give you some of the history behind it. Let’s get started!

Understanding corn snake breeding and genetics

Like most things in nature, genetics don’t work like legos, and as a result, corn snake breeding has a lot of variances. Still, there are some easy ways to understand how corn snake morphs occur and how to pick the right one out for us.

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Although there are over 800 corn snake morphs, there are only 5 wild-type genetic strains and 28 selected genetic strains. Most of the 800 morphs can be made from combining these 33 genetic strains into “double traits,” “triple traits,” all the way up to “five traits.” Today, we will cover some of the most popular morphs, plus look into some of the more rare and beautiful ones.

MorphType
AlabamaWild-type
KeysWild-type
MiamiWild-type
NormalWild-type
OkeeteeWild-type
AmelanisticSingle Recessive
AnerythristicSingle Recessive
CaramelSingle Recessive
CharcoalSingle Recessive
ChristmasSingle Recessive
CinderSingle Recessive
DiffusedSingle Recessive
DiluteSingle Recessive
HypomelanisticSingle Recessive
KastanieSingle Recessive
LavaSingle Recessive
MorphType
LavenderSingle Recessive
MicroscaleSingle Recessive
MotleySingle Recessive
Red CoatSingle Recessive
ScalelessSingle Recessive
StrawberrySingle Recessive
StripeSingle Recessive
SunkissedSingle Recessive
SunriseSingle Recessive
TerrazzoSingle Recessive
UltraSingle Recessive
Het PalmettoSingle Incomplete Dominant
PalmettoSingle Incomplete Dominant
BufSingle Incomplete Dominant
MasqueSingle Incomplete Dominant
TesseraSingle Incomplete Dominant
CaramelSingle Incomplete Dominant

The most beautiful cornsnake morphs to choose as pets

With so many options to choose from, it can be tough to pick the corn snake morph you want! This list should help you find the perfect color morph alongside the current estimated price.

Black, white, or both

These are some corn snake morphs that are primarily black, white, or some combination of both.

Anerythristic

Anerythristic morphs are shades of black, white, and grey.

TKBackyard/Shutterstock.com

There are two types of anerythristic morphs, anery-a, and anery-b. Anerythrism simply means the lack of erythrism within the snake. Erythrism is the red pigment inside of the snake’s scales and skin, and since most corn snakes are naturally red to some extent, this essentially turns the snake shades of black, white, and grey.

Type: Single recessive mutation

Average Cost: $150

Avalanche

The avalanche morph is characterized by red eyes, white bodies, and pink undertones. A distinct pattern is still visible, although it appears washed out and muted. A truly beautiful morph, it also goes by the names diffused snow and bloodred snow.

Type: Amelanistic, Anerythristic, Diffused, Masque

Average Cost: $250

Blizzard

Blizzard corn snake morphs are especially stunning.

iStock.com/imagenavi

Where the avalanche morph has a clear pattern and pink undertones, the blizzard morph is stark white with pink or red eyes. This shocking coloration is distinct and memorable, perfect for anyone looking for a corn snake that is clearly unique and one-of-a-kind.

Type: Amelanistic, Charcoal, Diffused, Masque

Average Cost: $200-$300

Candycane

Candycane corn snakes have white bodies and bright red patterns.

iStock.com/GlobalP

The candycane morph isn’t a hard one to guess! Known for the white bodies with bright red patterns across the snake, you can be sure this snake is eye-popping. Whether it’s Christmas or not, the candycane morph is festive and an incredible-looking snake to behold.

Type: Amelanistic + selective breeding

Average Cost: $70-$100

Charcoal

Charcoal snakes generally lighten as they age.

iStock.com/Nynke van Holten

The charcoal morph is sometimes referred to as Anery B since it is also an anerythristic mutation. As hatchlings, they are dark grey with distinct patterns. As they age, they generally lighten and become a washed-grey with distinct patterns and black eyes. This noir snake is clearly beautiful in its minimalism.

Type: Single recessive mutation

Average Cost: $200-$300

Cinder

The cinder morph originated in the Upper Keys of Florida and is known for its anerythristic coloration (black, white, and grey) but with a red pigmentation that gives a distinct underdone. The pattern across their back is usually characterized as “jagged”. It can also go by the name “Ashy”.

Type: Single recessive mutation

Average Cost: $150-$200

Opal

Opal morphs are named for a rare gem.

iStock.com/GlobalP

The opal morph is known for its patternless white body and red eyes. The distinct red undertone makes this snake appear as if you can see the blood under its skin. Named for the rare gem, this snake is truly a gem itself and worth the price for anyone looking for something unique.

Type: Amel + Lavender

Average Cost: $275-$300

Palmetto

A white body with random specklings characterizes palmetto morphs.

iStock.com/PetlinDmitry

The palmetto morph may just be the prettiest one on the list. Characterized by its white body with random specklings of coloration in an almost pixel-like pattern. These snakes are so amazing to see that many won’t even believe them to be corn snakes.

The palmetto morph was created by breeding different types of anery, amel, and lavender morphs together until the current palmetto was created as its own incomplete dominant mutation.

Type: Single recessive mutation

Average Cost: $600-$700

Pewter

Named after the metal alloy that shares the same color, pewter morphs are almost solid grey in color, with a faint pattern visible in adults. Some individuals will have black speckles across them and are reffed to as “pepper” pewters.

This unique snake was created by breeding diffused, masque, and charcoal morphs together and is now recognized as its own morph.

Type: Diffused + Masque + Charcoal

Average Cost: $200

Phantom

Hobbyists are increasingly attracted to phantom morphs.

fivespots/Shutterstock.com

The phantom morph is essentially a ghost morph that has reduced black pigments across its body. Characterized by its white base and grey patterns, the phantom tends to only get paler as it ages. This ghostly snake has earned its name and is worth a look from any hobbyists.

Type: Diffused + Masque + Charcoal

Average Cost: $250

Plasma

The plasma morph is known for its white coloration and almost grey “sheen” across its body. The lavender genes give a faint pink coloring to this snake, although it initially appears monochromatic.

Type: Diffuse + Lavender

Average Cost: $650

Tessera – Anerythristic

If you’re seeing a morph that resembles pixelated geometry, it’s likely a tessera morph.

PauloPadrao/Shutterstock.com

The tessera morph refers to the specific pattern on the snake, while the anerythristic denotation refers to the color. Tessera snakes are characterized by thin, strong dorsal stripes that go from tip to tail. Additionally, they have side patterns that resemble pixelated geometry. This pattern, combined with the anery morph, gives us a truly striking and unique black and white snake that looks almost nothing like a corn snake. In fact, many people mistake them for strange-looking garter snakes.

Type: Unknown, possibly wild

Average Cost: $100-$200

Red, orange, and yellow

If you are looking for a snake with a bit more color to it, corn snakes are a great option. Naturally, corn snakes come in shades of red and yellow. As a result, breeders looking to accentuate these traits haven’t had much trouble coming up with some truly fantastic morphs.

Amelanistic

Looking for a snake with light colors? An amelanistic morph could be right!

Jirat Sarmkasat/Shutterstock.com

Amelanism refers to a lack of melanin, and the amelanistic morph is just that. Without the dark pigmentation that comes with melanin, these snakes are known for their light colors, usually with some shade of pink or white present. Amelanistic morphs are used as the base for many other morph combinations and are thus present in many of the following options to some capacity.

An additional note, however, is the distinction between albinism and amelanism. Albinism is the total lack of melanin, while amelanism refers to less melanin with deposits only in certain locations.

Type: Single recessive mutation

Average Cost: $100

Bloodred

Bloodred morphs live up to their name.

Reptile_Stacey/Shutterstock.com

The bloodred morph is one of the most striking of all corn snake morphs. Characterized by their blood-red color and rich pigmentation, the bloodred morph appears to be a fictional snake (but it isn’t). Some bloodred morphs are simply red in color with traditional patterns, while some, much more rare individuals, are totally red.

There is a bit of contention surrounding bloodred morphs and diffuse morphs, mostly around the genetic occurrence and if they are the same thing (it can get really nerdy). Still, we decided to include both even though many would choose to categorize them together, with the bloodred morph as simply a line from the diffuse morph.

Type: Diffused + Masque

Average Cost: $20

Bloodred Pied Sided

The bloodred pied-sided is an example of a corn snake morph with the piebald genetic mutation. The resulting snake is red on the top with little to no patterns, with large white patches across the belly. This mutation is unique, and combining the bloodred morph with the pied-sided morph creates something spectacular.

Type: Diffuse

Average Cost: $250-300

Butter

If you’re looking for cream and butter colors, then a butter morph will work!

iStock.com/GlobalP

As you can imagine, the butter morph is characterized by a cream and butter coloration with distinct patterns across the back. The coloration is caused by the amelanistic morph and caramel morph, creating a snake that almost looks like an albino python that we all saw growing up.

Type: Amelanistic + Caramel

Average Cost: $100-$200

Caramel

Caramel morphs develop stronger yellow pigmentation as they age.

Scink/Shutterstock.com

The caramel morph is a single mutation that is characterized by its caramel color and distinct pattern. The original mutation came from wild specimens that were captured and bred extensively. As they age, many caramel morphs develop stronger and more yellow pigmentation across their bodies. As hatchlings, they can have almost no yellow pigmentation at all.

Type: Single recessive mutation

Average Cost: $100-$200

Creamsicle

First bred in France, creamsicle morphs became incredibly popular.

iStock.com/Desiree Shepherd

The creamsicle morph may be one of the most interesting morph stories on our list. The original creamsicles corns were first bred in France and are a cross between Amel corn snake morphs and Emory’s ratsnake. The resulting hybrid isn’t a full corn snake, but they are so prevalent that many breeders don’t even know that they are a cross between species.

Type: Amel Cornsnakes + Emory’s Ratsnake

Average Cost: $100

Diffused

The diffused morph is often confused with the bloodred morph, primarily because the attempts at breeding bloodreds resulted in the recognition that bloodred mutation was a secondary effect of a different mutation, known as the diffused morph. For most people, the diffuse morph usually means a bloodred corn snake with a light belly and diffused pattern on their back, although different people may call it something else.

Type: Single Recessive Mutation

Average Cost: $100-$200

Fire-Cayenne

The fire-cayenne morph is characterized by its incredibly bright and vibrant red coloration, highlighted with white between the scales. The fire-cayenne is actually just a variant of the fire morph, however, and is sometimes referred to as an albino bloodred.

The amelanistic morph plus the red factor of the diffuse morph create these striking snakes.

Type: Amelanistic + Diffuse

Average Cost: $150-$300 (unable to find cayenne-specific pricing)

Honey

Honey morphs are lighter than many other varieties.

iStock.com/capri92x

The honey morph is characterized by its golden yellow coloration and strong patches of yellow lined with black. Generally lighter than the amber morph, the honey morph is a beautiful snake that is worthy of display.

Type: Single Recessive Mutation

Average Cost: $99

Hypomelanistic

If you’re looking for darker snakes, you should consider a hypomelanism morph.

iStock.com/Svetlanistaya

Where amelanism is the reduction of melanin, hypomelanism takes it to the extreme. Hypomelanistic snakes appear like traditional corn snakes; only there is dark red or white where black pigment usually is. They often are light red snakes with maroon patches across their back.

The strawberry morph and Christmas morph have recently been found to be genetically similar to hypomelanism and are sometimes classified as a subsection of it.

Type: Single Recessive Mutation

Average Cost: $75-$100

Lava

Lava morphs are typically lighter in color than similar morphs.

fivespots/Shutterstock.com

The lava morph is sort of a hypomelanistic strain, only with a stronger effect on the black pigmentation than most others. The main difference between the two is that most lavas usually have some type of grey lining around some of the patches and in the lighter areas.

Type: Single Recessive Mutation

Average Cost: $200

Motley

Motley snakes live up to their name and are highly irregular.

iStock.com/imarly

The motley morph is actually a pattern morph, not a color one. As a result, the actual appearance of the snake will depend on the color morph that it has been bred with. Motley patterns are characterized by a total lack of belly patterning, a dark line on the ventral scales, and faint blotches that are spaced irregularly. This pattern is incredibly variable, however, hence the “motley” in its name.

Type: Single Recessive Mutation

Average Cost: Varies with color morph but can go for as little as $75

Okeetee

There are many variation of the Oketee morph, including the scaleless Oketee.

Jay Ondreicka/Shutterstock.com

The Okeetee morph is known for its red coloration and deep red blotches ringed in black. Their bellies are usually white or cream. The Okeetee morph is a wild subspecies of corn snakes that were first found in South Carolina and have been selectively bred since. There are many different variations that have descended from the Okeetee morph, notably, the scaleless Okeetee morph.

Type: Wild-type

Average Cost: $100-$200, depending on type. Can be as much as $500 for scaleless morphs.

Sunglow

The sunglow motley is characterized by its light orange shading and dark orange blotches on its back. They generally have white bellies, and their look resembles the glowing sun as it rises or sets. The morph is often marketed well but is just a cornsnake with motley, hypomelanistic, and amelanistic traits.

Type: Motley + Hypo + Amel

Average Cost: $100, but doesn’t always go by that name.

Sunkissed

Sunkissed morphs are lighter than traditionalhyopmelanistics.

iStock.com/Tamascsere

The sunkissed morph is almost identical to the hypomelanistic morph; only it originated from the specific breeding lines of Kathy Love. They are occasionally known fo have a slightly lighter appearance than traditional hyopmelanistics.

Type: Single Recessive Mutation

Average Cost: $100-$200

Pink and purple

Pink and purple snakes are generally rare, despite the over 3,000 species of snake that exist in the world. With a lot of dedication and specialized breeding, however, there are some truly remarkable examples of pink and purple snakes just with the corn snake species. Let’s take a look at some of these examples now.

Lavender

Lavender morphs are mysterious.

Andy Harvie/Shutterstock.com

The lavender morph is one of the most mysterious morphs around, mostly because people don’t know what causes it. The current guess is that it is a tyrosinase-positive form of albinism that results in a light purple color that is astoundingly beautiful. Combining this trait with other morphs is usually the base for most purple or pink-colored cornsnakes.

Type: Single Recessive Mutation

Average Cost: $200-$300

Lavender Ghost

The lavender ghost is the marketing name for a very pale anerythristic morph mixed with a lavender morph. Where straight lavender morphs have black or grey markings, lavender ghosts are much paler and whiter.

Type: Lavender + Anerthrystic

Average Cost: $200

Moonstone

The moonstone morph is another example of an anerythristic and lavender cornsnake. The main variations with this morph are the tan blotches and purple-brown eyes. This is a difficult snake to find, so beware of breeders claiming to sell “moonstone” breeds, especially since it is more of a marketing term.

Type: Lavender + Anerythristic

Average Cost: Unable to find online sale

Coral/Salmon Snow

You know nothing, salmon snow.

iStock.com/mynewturtle

Both coral and salmon snow morphs are characterized by their white bodies with diffused ink spots and colorations across their bodies. Essentially, both morphs are amelanistic and anerythristic morphs with an added red factor (found in the diffused morph). The red factor creates the subtle pink tones that one might see in salmon or coral.

Type: Amelanistic + Anerthrystic + Red Factor

Average Cost: $180-$250

Normal morphs

Corn Snake Morphs: The Complete List
Normal corn snakes can be just as beautiful as “designer” morph ones.

iStock.com/bugphai

While we covered quite a few morphs, we didn’t cover all of them! One of the major groups of corn snakes that potential owners look into are the standard or “normal” morphs. These are simply corn snakes that haven’t been selectively bred for certain colorations or traits and look similar to how you would find them in the wild.

The great thing about normal morphs? They are cheap! Most pet stores carry normal corn snakes for as little as $30, so if you are just getting started on your journey, that is a great place to start.

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