To listen to this article, please select Control + Shift + Z to launch the pop-up player.

Browser out-of-date!

You are using an out-of-date web browser, to avoid problems when using A-Z Animals and other sites we strongly recommend you upgrade to the latest version of your web browser!
Get Firefox Get Google Chrome Get Opera Get Microsoft Internet Explorer Get Apple Safari
Remove Advertising
A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources

Animals >>

Octopus


 Add to Phobia Filter  Contribute  Print  Listen
octopus vulgaris
North Pacific giant octopus (Enteroctopus dofleini)
Octopus macropus, Red Sea
Octopus macropus
An East Pacific Red Octopus (Octopus rubescens)
The octopus group makes up around a third of the worlds cephalopod population, with around 300 species found in waters around the world. The octopus can be found in the all the worlds oceans, with the octopus ranging in size from a just few centimeters to number of feet depending on the species of octopus!

The octopus often has a sharp beak, and an octopus will always have eight arms (unless any have been lost). Most species of octopus generally have arms with circular sucker pads on.

The lifespan of the octopus depends on the species of octopus, with many species of octopus averaging around 6 months old. Some species of octopus however, particularly the bigger octopus species, can live for a few years.

The octopus is well known for being a master of disguise and is able to blend into pretty much any background using its elaborate camouflage. The octopus not only uses this to its advantage for both hiding from potential prey and predators, but it is also thought to play a role in the male octopuses mating display, in order to attract a female octopus.

The octopus is also thought to have three hearts, two of which are used for pumping blood through the gills, and another for pumping the pale blue blood of the octopus through the rest of the body.

Generally, most species of octopus have no internal or external skeleton which means that the octopus is able to squeeze itself into tight places. The octopus is known to be one of the most intelligent of all the invertebrates and the octopus uses this to its advantage mainly using elaborate disguise.


Octopus Comments (40)

Alora

"I learned so much about octupus. "

jack

"awesome"

aidan

"its good for research"

Showing 3 of 40 comments.

Show More Comments

Post Comment

Your Name:

Article Rating:

Your Comment:


Article Tools

Print Article
View printer friendly version of Octopus article.
 
Listen to Article
Listen to audio version of Octopus article. Hot key: CTRL key + Shift key + Z key

Octopus Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Mollusca
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Cephalopoda
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Octopoda
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Octopodidae
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Octopus Vulgaris
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Mollusca
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Omnivore
Size:
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
0.3-4m (1-13ft)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
5-75kg (11-165lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
43km/h (27mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
2-15 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Tan, Brown, Red, Orange, Blue, Purple
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Smooth
Favourite Food:Crabs
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Tropical and temperate waters worldwide
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
80
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Crabs, Fish, Scallops
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Eels, Sharks, Dolphins
Special Features:Eight tentacles with suckers and ink sack

Related Animals

SquidSquid
Some species are known to have 10 arms!
CuttlefishCuttlefish
Found throughout the world's oceans!
LlamaLlama
Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!
KoalaKoala
Spends up to 80% of the time sleeping or resting!