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Grey Seal

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Grey Seal Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Carnivora
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Phocidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Halichoerus
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Halichoerus Grypus
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Carnivore
Size:
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
2-3.3m (72-129in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
150-300kg (330-660lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
10km/h (6mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
18-25 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Herd
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Threatened
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Grey, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Smooth
Favourite Food:Fish
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Cool waters and rocky shores
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
1
Main Prey:Fish, Squid, Sandeels
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Human, Sharks, Killer Whale
Special Features:Speckled body and shiny, white whiskers

Grey Seal Location

Map of Grey Seal Locations

Grey Seal

The grey seal is one of the rarest species of seal in the world with around 40% of the grey seal population inhabiting the cooler waters around the United Kingdom.

Grey seals are the biggest land breeding mammal in the United Kingdom, but are superbly adapted for life in the sea. Adult grey seals have 2 layers of thick fur and a thick blubber layer of fat to keep them warm at sea.

Grey seals get all the water they need from their food and a well hydrated grey seal will have bright eyes and tears. Grey seals feed mainly on squid and fish but the grey seal prefers to hunt sandeels and the seabed.

The hands and feet of a grey seal are formed into webbed flippers with 5 strong claws on each. The grey seal has very powerful rear flippers that propel them through the water, using their tail to help steer. The grey seal also has very powerful shoulders that enable the grey seal to haul out onto steep and slippery rocks, even in a big swell.

Grey Seal pups have a white coat when born & for up to 3 weeks, then they moult into their adult coat. The grey seal mums feed their pups for 15 to 21 days with a rich milk that is 60% fat and the grey seal pups balloon out very quickly. After this weaning stage the grey seal mums leave their pups and the area. Grey seal pups leave too, as they must teach themselves to feed.

Life is hard for Grey Seal pups. About 30 to 50 percent of them die before their first birthday. Grey seal mums recognise their own pups calls and know exactly how their own pup smells.

Grey Seal Comments

cristaina
"I really love seals I am a great animal"
tia
"I think grey seals are very adorable and cute.Lets keep them safe!"
sillkie
"this was really helpful, i luv seals they totally rock...leave them alone people!"
alyssa&jose
"i really really love seals!"
Marijke
"grey seals are special! and endangered help save the seals...do not hunt them...please HELP"
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First Published: 12th December 2008, Last Updated: 10th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 12 Dec 2008]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 12 Dec 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 12 Dec 2008]

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