Below you can find a complete list of Papuan animals. We currently track 120 animals in Indonesia (Papua) and are adding more every day!
Papua is a province of Indonesia, an island nation located just north of Australia. It shares the large island of New Guinea with the country of Papua New Guinea. Because of this proximity, many of the animals are similar. For example, Papua, Indonesia is home to many of the unique marsupials for which Australia is famous.
Papua, Indonesia is a diverse land of mountains, tropical rainforests, and coastlines. It is home to the rare and brightly plumed birds of paradise, human-sized cassowary birds, small kangaroos, deadly poisonous snakes, and many other creatures. Check out these cool facts.
The Official National Animal of Papua, Indonesia
The Komodo dragon – the world’s largest lizard – is the national animal of Indonesia. But Indonesia is a nation made up of many, many distinct islands. The Komodo dragon is unique to only four small islands within the country. Papua province is not one of them.
The national bird of Indonesia is the rare Javan hawk-eagle. It is a brown bird of prey with a barred black pattern to its feathers. It is found on the island of East Java but not within the province of Papua.
The animal of charm is the Asian Arowana. Also called the dragonfish, this long, slender fish is found throughout Indonesia’s islands. It is a popular aquarium fish around the world.
Where To Find The Top Wildlife in Papua, Indonesia
Many parts of Papua, Indonesia are protected in order to preserve the wildlife that lives there. Lorentz National Park has been called “the single most important reserve in New Guinea.”
Many parts of Papua, Indonesia are unmapped and unexplored. These areas, ranging from rocky to rainforests, are no doubt home to many types of wildlife. But the dangers of traveling there may preclude your wildlife viewing. If you really want to see the native wildlife, consider visiting the Port Moresby Nature Park or Adventure Park PNG in nearby Papua New Guinea. The native species highlighted in the park call both Papua New Guinea and Papua, Indonesia home.
You can also swim or scuba dive to see aquatic wildlife. Cenderawasih Bay National Park is a popular location for this. There, you may even be able to swim with a whale shark, the largest fish in the world!
The Most Dangerous Animals in Papua, Indonesia Today
Venomous snakes such as the Papuan black snake pose the biggest risk. Hikers, farmers, and others trekking through the rainforest may be bitten before they even know the snake is there. If not treated with antivenin, the victim experiences paralysis and death within a day or less.
Endangered Animals In Papua, Indonesia
Because their habitat is limited to just one island, many of Papua, Indonesia’s animals are endangered of becoming extinct. Several birds of paradise and tree kangaroo species are rare and notably endangered. Because the terrain is rugged and remote, the exact status of many other birds, insects, and mammals is unknown.
Papuan Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Bed Bugs
- Bird Of Paradise
- Black Widow Spider
- Box Jellyfish
- Camel Cricket
- Common House Spider
- Common Spotted Cuscus
- Crab Spider
- Dung Beetle
- Eclectus Parrot
- Emerald Tree Monitor
- Frilled Lizard
- Fruit Fly
- Hawk Moth Caterpillar
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Honey Buzzard
- Huntsman Spider
- Marine Toad
- Monitor Lizard
- Orb Weaver
- Pig-Nosed Turtle
- River Turtle
- Sea Dragon
- Sea Eagle
- Smokybrown Cockroach
- Stick Insect
- Striped Rocket Frog
- Swallowtail Butterfly
- Swallowtail Caterpillar
- Tarantula Hawk
- Tiger Beetle
- Viper Boa
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Indonesia (Papua) FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Type of Animals Are in Papua, Indonesia?
Papua, Indonesia is home to representatives of all the major animal groups – mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, amphibians, and insects in abundance. Let’s look at some facts in more detail.
Marsupials are a special group of mammals that carry their young in pouches. Papua, Indonesia is home to marsupials including wallabies, possums, cuscuses, and tree kangaroos. One especially bizarre mammal is the echidna. The echidna is one of the very, very few animals that lay eggs. Egg-laying mammals are called monotremes.
Papua, Indonesia is also home to flying mammals – bats. Enormous fruit bats take to the skies by the thousands. There are also a number of rodents. Humans introduced mammals such as rats, pigs, and the New Guinea singing dog, a relative of the Australian dingo once thought to be extinct.
The region is known for its colorful birds, including the many varieties of birds of paradise. The forests are also home to cassowaries, parrots, and cockatoos.
Wetlands and coastal regions are home to different types of animals, including saltwater and freshwater crocodiles. Osprey, pelicans, and other birds of prey hunt freshwater and saltwater fish.
The world’s longest lizard, the Papua monitor, also lives in the province, as well as some of the largest butterflies in the world.
What is the Most Dangerous Animal in Papua, Indonesia?
Papua, Indonesia, is home to a number of deadly venomous snakes, including the eastern brown snake and Papuan black snake. In fact, victims of the latter experience paralysis within a few hours of being bitten.
Another dangerous animal of the region is the cassowary. This large, flightless bird can use its claws to injure or kill a human, although such encounters are rare. Its behaviors were the inspiration for the deadly velociraptors in the film Jurassic Park.
What Is the National Animal of Papua, Indonesia?
The Komodo dragon and Javan hawk-eagle are the national animal and bird of Indonesia. However, it is a fact that neither of these animals calls the province of Papua home.
What Is the Rarest Animal in Papua, Indonesia?
The region’s rarest animal turns out to be a male leaf insect. For years, only females of the species were collected. Finally, a researcher hatched leaf insect eggs in captivity and made a fantastic discovery – the male was a stick insect long thought to be of a different species! Now, researchers can study the two insects in tandem, knowing that they are one species although they look very different (and are very difficult to find in the jungle).
Researchers have also sought the “New Guinea flyer,” a unique animal sometimes spotted in the remote mountains. Its identity remains unknown; some think it is just a sighting of a flying fox bat, while others think it may be a flying reptile thought to be extinct.