Jaguarundi vs Red Wolf: What’s the Difference?

Written by Jeremiah Wright
Published: September 23, 2022
Image Credit A-Z-Animals.com
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Jaguarundis and red wolves are both members of the order Carnivora. However, they belong to different families. The jaguarundi is a medium-sized wild cat native to Central and South America. The red wolf is one of the world’s most endangered canids. It’s native to the southeastern United States. Both species thrive in almost the same habitat, which is why the two are often mistaken for one another. They are also characterized by vibrant colors, which can be easily confused from a distance.

So, how can we distinguish these two animals? First, jaguarundis are typically solitary animals, and although they are usually terrestrial, they are capable of climbing trees. In contrast, red wolves are social animals who can’t climb trees but can only reach lower branches by jumping or standing on their hind legs. Join us as we discover the key differences between a jaguarundi and a red wolf!

Comparing Jaguarundi vs Red Wolf

JaguarundiRed Wolf
Scientific ClassificationKingdom- Animalia
Phylum- Chordata
Class- Mammalia
Order- Carnivora
Family- Felidae
Subfamily – Felinae
Genus- Herpailurus
Species- Herpailurus yagouaroundi
Kingdom- Animalia
Phylum- Chordata
Class- Mammalia
Order- Carnivora
Family- Canidae
Genus- Canis
Species- Canis rufus
Size– Body length- 21 to 30 inches (53 and 76 cm)
– Tail length – 12 to 20 inches (30 to 51 cm)
– Height at the shoulder – 14 in (36 cm)
– Weight- 7.7 to 15.4 pounds (3.5 to 7 kg)
– Length – 53.5 – 63 in (136 to 160 cm)
– Height at the shoulder
– 26 inches (66 cm)
– Weight- 45 to 80 pounds (20.4 to 36 kg)
ColorRed, brown, gray, black Reddish, black, may have white patches, brown, gray
DietEat fish, rodents, and rabbitsEat raccoons, white-tailed deer, rabbits, mice, and many other rodents
Distribution and Habitat– Primarily found in Central and South America
– Inhabit woodland, savannah, swamp, and scrubland
– On North Carolina’s Albemarle Peninsula in the wild; in US breeding facilities in captivity
– Prefer coastal prairies and marshlands, but can live in forests and brushlands
BehaviorSolitarySocial
Reproduction and Lifespan– The mating season takes place any time of the year
– The gestation period is 70 to 75 days
– Give birth to approximately one to four babies
– Have a lifespan of up to 15 years
– Mating season usually occurs from January to March
– The gestation period is eight to nine weeks
– Litter capacity of two to ten pups
– 6 – 7 years in the wild; 10 – 12 in captivity
Conservation StatusLeast ConcernCritically Endangered

The Key Differences Between Jaguarundi and Red Wolf

Although they have a lot in common, jaguarundis and red wolves are different animals. At first glance, it’s fairly obvious that they don’t look the same. There are several key differences that make it much easier to tell the two animals apart, which include size, appearance, diet, habitat, behavior, and lifespan, among others.

The jaguarundi is a slender, medium-sized cat from the Felidae family. Among felids, the jaguarundi closely resembles the flat-headed cat. The red wolf’s appearance is representative of the family Canidae and is predominantly intermediate in size between the gray wolf and the coyote.

Let’s discuss their differences in detail below!

Jaguarundi vs Red Wolf: Scientific Classification

Red Wolf
The red wolf belongs to the Canidae family.

Jaguarundis belong to the Felidae family. Its scientific name is Herpailurus yagouaroundi. Jaguarundi is derived from a Guarani word since Guarani is spoken in Paraguay, where this feline is found.

The red wolf belongs to the Canidae family. Its scientific name is Canis rufus. Canis rufus means “red dog.” Canis is the common genus for several animals, including dogs, jackals, coyotes, and wolves.

Jaguarundi vs Red Wolf: Size

Types of wild cats - Jaguarundi
An adult jaguarundi stands between 21 and 30 inches.

Ian Duffield/Shutterstock.com

Jaguarundis are smaller than red wolves. An adult jaguarundi stands between 21 and 30 inches (53 and 76 cm) long (head and body) and weighs approximately 7.7 to 15.4 pounds (3.5 to 7 kg), though larger individuals weighing 19.8 pounds (9 kg) have been reported. Their tails measure 12 to 20 inches (30 to 51 cm). On the other hand, a full-grown red wolf is 53.5 – 63 in (136 to 160 cm) long and 26 inches (66 cm) high. It weighs about 45 to 80 pounds (20.4 to 36 kg).

Jaguarundi vs Red Wolf: Color

Jaguarundi’s coat is uniformly colored with two color morphs; red (foxy red to chestnut) and gray (blackish to brownish-gray). Blackish brown individuals are often mistaken for tayras, but you can distinguish the latter by the clear, yellowish patch on the throat. Juveniles have black and white marks on the snout and lips, similar to those of a cougar. Adults have few faint markings on their faces and their belly.

Unlike jaguarundis, red wolves typically have black, tawny, or grayish fur mixed with red shades and light markings around the lips and eyes. Their chests and legs are typically red or tan and creamy white. They have a black-tipped bushy tail.

Jaguarundi vs Red Wolf: Diet

The diet of a red wolf mainly consists of raccoons, white-tail deer, and other small animals.

Joanna Wu/Shutterstock.com

Both animals are predominantly carnivores, though red wolves sometimes tend to be omnivorous. Jaguarundis typically feed on small-sized animals. Rodents, birds, and reptiles are their primary food sources. Other animals in their diet include fish, rabbits, and frogs.

The diet of a red wolf mainly consists of raccoons, white-tail deer, and other small animals like rodents and rabbits. It consumes 2 to 5 pounds of food daily and as far as 20 miles within its territory to find prey.

Jaguarundi vs Red Wolf: Distribution and Habitat

Jaguarundis are found in the Americas. Their range extends from central Argentina in the south to northern Mexico. They inhabit various environments, from deserts and thorn scrubs to tropical rainforests and deciduous forests. They can also be found in savannas, mangroves, and cloud forests.

Red wolves can thrive in various habitats, from coastal prairie marshes and swamps to bottom-land river forests and extensive agricultural fields. Historically, they were mainly found in the southeastern United States. However, the only place they can be found today in the wild is in North Carolina.

Jaguarundi vs Red Wolf: Behavior

Jaguarundis are very shy and reclusive animals. They spend most of their time alone or in pairs. They often form pairs between individuals of opposite sexes during mating season or between mothers and older kittens.

As opposed to jaguarundis, red wolves are relatively social animals. They live in packs consisting of breeding males and females and their pups. They don’t mind including a second male in the group. Red wolves sometimes hunt in packs.

Jaguarundi vs Red Wolf: Reproduction and Lifespan

jaguarundi sitting on a branch in the wild
Jaguarundis have a lifespan of up to 15 years.

slowmotiongli/Shutterstock.com

Jaguarundis mate all year round. After a gestation period of approximately 70 to 75 days, the female gives birth to one to four kittens. The mother begins to feed the kittens solid food when they are around three weeks old. They become sexually mature at one to three years of age. Jaguarundis have a lifespan of up to 15 years.

Red wolves have been observed mating between January and March. The gestation period lasts about eight to nine weeks, and females give birth to about two to six pups on average, having a maximum litter capacity of 10 puppies. Young ones reach full size in one year and become sexually mature at three years. Red wolves live for 6 – 7 years in the wild and approximately 10 to 12 years in captivity.

Jaguarundi vs Red Wolf: Conservation Status

Jaguarundis have the lowest conservation priority ranking. Since 2002, the jaguarundi has been listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. However, their population is suffering a decline due to habitat loss and persecution for killing poultry.

On the other hand, in 1996, red wolves were listed by the IUCN as Critically Endangered due to the critically small population number. Red wolves were declared extinct in the wild in 1980 but were reintroduced into eastern North Carolina in 1987. Two of the three subspecies, the Florida black wolf and the Mississippi Valley red wolf, are now extinct.

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About the Author

I hold seven years of professional experience in the content world, focusing on real estate, nature, and wildlife. Asides from writing, I enjoy surfing the internet and listening to music.

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Sources
  1. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaguarundi
  2. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_wolf