Bird

Last updated: June 2, 2022
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff
© Soham Banerjee / Creative Commons / Original

Not all birds are able to fly!

Bird Scientific Classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves

Read our Complete Guide to Classification of Animals.

Bird Conservation Status


Bird Facts

Main Prey
Fruit, Spiders, Insects, Seeds
Distinctive Feature
Light, feathered body and beak
Wingspan
9cm - 300cm (4in - 118in)
Habitat
Forests and shrub land close to water
Predators
Foxes, Birds, Wild dogs
Diet
Omnivore
Favorite Food
Fruit
Type
Bird
Average Clutch Size
5
Slogan
Not all birds are able to fly!

Bird Physical Characteristics

Color
  • Brown
  • Grey
  • Yellow
  • Red
  • Blue
  • Black
  • White
  • Orange
  • Pink
Skin Type
Feathers
Top Speed
200 mph
Lifespan
1 - 100 years
Weight
0.002kg - 130kg (0.004lbs - 286lbs)
Height
5cm - 270cm (2in - 106in)

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There are numerous species of bird found in a wide variety of habitats all around the world. Birds are one of the most thriving groups of animals on the planet as they generally have their habitat (the skies) to themselves.

Birds can be easily distinguished from other animals due to their sharp, pointed beaks, thin legs, wings and feathers covering their bodies. Although all bird species have wings, some are actually flightless animals that only use their wings for balance and not for flying. Where other birds, such as penguins, use their wings for swimming. Birds also have talons that they use for various purposes, including feeding and defending themselves from threats.

Birds are often omnivorous animals, generally eating nearly anything that they can find. Most species of bird survive on a diet primarily consisting on insects and plants such as fruits, nuts, berries and seeds.

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Birds are also distinctive in the fact that they lay eggs in a similar way to other animal groups such as fish and reptiles. Birds often make nests in the trees or on the ground in which to lay their eggs.

Different Types of Birds

There are approximately 10,000 different species of birds on the planet. Birds can be categorized by their habitat, diet, and distribution among other characteristics. The following list includes common bird species that most people are familiar with:

  • Owls – There are more than 200 different species of owl throughout the world. Owls can be found in most regions of the world with the exception of the polar ice caps. Owls tend to be solitary and nocturnal birds, hunting for prey at night.
  • ParrotsParrot species, including cockatoos, are a colorful bird living mostly in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. There are around 400 different species of parrot, and at least one third are threatened by extinction.
  • Finches – Finches are a type of perching bird, also known as passerine, which can be identified by their toe arrangement. Finches inhabit a wide range of habitats, and many species don’t migrate in the winter.
  • Falcons – Approximately 40 different bird species make up the genus falco. Falcons are birds of prey and are well known for their vision and speed. The Peregrin falcon is currently the fastest documented bird and animal species on the planet, reaching speeds of up to almost 200 miles per hour.
  • HeronsHerons are long-legged freshwater and coastal birds that primarily eat fish and other aquatic prey. Pollution and habitat destruction have contributed to the decreasing number of heron in the wild.
  • Penguins – Penguins are a flightless, aquatic group of bird that are almost exclusively found in the Southern Hemisphere. Being highly adapted to life near the water, penguins spend about half of their lives in the sea.

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Bird FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Are Birds herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores?

Birds are Omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and other animals.

What Kingdom do Birds belong to?

Birds belong to the Kingdom Animalia.

What phylum do Birds belong to?

Birds belong to the phylum Chordata.

What class do Birds belong to?

Birds belong to the class Aves.

What type of covering do Birds have?

Birds are covered in Feathers.

In what type of habitat do Birds live?

Birds live in forests and shrub land close to water.

What is the main prey for Birds?

Birds prey on fruit, spiders, insects, and seeds.

What are some predators of Birds?

Predators of birds include foxes, birds, and wild dogs.

What are some distinguishing features of Birds?

Birds have light, feathered bodies and beaks.

What is the average clutch size of a Bird?

Birds typically lay 5 eggs.

What is an interesting fact about Birds?

Not all birds are able to fly!

How to say Bird in ...
Bulgarian
Птици
English
Ptice
Catalan
Ocell
Czech
Ptáci
Danish
Fugl
German
Vögel
English
Bird
Estonian
Linnud
Spanish
Ave
Esperanto
Birda klaso
Finnish
Linnut
French
Oiseau
Hebrew
עופות
Croatian
Ptice
Hungarian
Madarak
Indonesian
Unggas
Italian
Uccelli
Japanese
鳥類
Latin
Avis
Malay
Burung
Dutch
Vogels
English
Fugler
Polish
Ptaki
Portuguese
Aves
English
Pasăre
Slovenian
Ptiči
Swedish
Fåglar
Turkish
Kuşlar
Chinese

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.

Sources
  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World's Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds

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