Top 10 Smartest Animals on Earth

Written by AZ Animals Staff
Published: January 5, 2021


What are the 10 smartest animals on Earth? We’ve given it some thought and compiled a list. So, without further ado, let the countdown begin!

Top 10 Smartest Animals on YouTube

#10 Smartest Animal on Earth: Raccoon

Raccoon holding a red flower.
Raccoons are excellent lock pickers that can remember puzzle solutions for up to three years.

Raccoons may gravitate to the garbage, but they’re also super smart. In the early 20th century, research conducted by ethologist H.B. David proved that raccoons are expert lock pickers who can easily recognize moved or rotated devices! “Trash pandas” also boast incredible memories and can remember puzzle solutions for up to three years! 

Racoon Fun Fact

Raccoon hearing is so acute they can make out earthworms moving underground.  Click here to read more about raccoons.

#9 Smartest Animal on Earth: Bees

Honey bee perched on a purple and yellow flower.
Honey bees live in colonies of up to 50,000 individuals who work together to keep the hive going.

When a team is comprised of 50,000 individuals working shoulder to shoulder, democratic decision making and delegation are vital. And it’s those qualities that keep honey bees alive and thriving. The genius insects have perfected the art of cooperation, landing them on our smartest animals on Earth list.

They’re also non-violent — another intelligence indicator. For example, when scout bees disagree about new hive locations, they have a dance-off instead of fighting to the death! How civilized — and fun!

Honey Bee Fun Fact

Today, honey bees live worldwide. However, scientists believe they got their start in Southeast Asia, where you can still find wild honey in forests. Click here to read more about honey bees.

#8 Smartest Animal on Earth: Octopus

An octopus in a body of water.
Octopuses are experts at solving puzzles and escaping captivity.

Once upon a time, an octopus named Otto lived at a German aquarium. Mellow and chill, Otto wasn’t fond of the facility’s bright lights, so he took matters into his own…tentacles…and sprayed water on the overhead lamps to short-circuit them! Otto also threw rocks at the glass when he wasn’t feeling famous and wanted some alone time. Octopuses, they’re just like us!

Otto isn’t the only intelligent octopus. Individuals of the species have proven time and again that they’re masters at solving puzzles and escaping captivity. 

Octopus Fun Fact

Octopuses are the smartest invertebrates — i.e., animals without backbones — on the planet. Click here to read more about octopuses.

#7 Smartest Animal on Earth: Pigeons

Three pigeons standing on a sidewalk. One pigeon's wings are outstretched.
Pigeons have excellent memories and are capable of holding over 700 images in their heads at a time.

Have you ever played the game memory? The winner matches the most tiles by best remembering where everything is on the board. Well, guess what? If you ever played memory with a pigeon, you’d probably lose and lose hard! A study revealed that pigeons can hold over 700 images in their heads at a time!

Moreover, before the electronic age, when telegrams were a sci-fi fantasy, militaries used pigeons to ferry messages between posts. Basically, pigeons are Mother Nature’s GPS droids.

Pigeon Fun Fact

Pigeons mate for life and usually care for two chicks at a time.

#6 Smartest Animal on Earth: Pigs

Two pigs sleeping in a pen.
Pigs can navigate mazes, understand emotions, learn sign languages, and have best friends.

Pigs are super smart. They easily navigate mazes, understand emotions, learn sign languages, and even have best friends with whom they prefer to spend time! Believe it or not, baby mud dabblers are smarter than baby humans! Point of fact: piglets master self-awareness faster than infants. Plus, little pigs know their names by two weeks old! It takes humans a few months.

Pig Fun Fact

Despite their filthy reputations, pigs are clean animals that prefer cold weather over hot. Click here to learn more about pigs.

#5 Smartest Animal on Earth: Dolphins

False killer whale, the fourth-largest dolphin, with its head out of the water.
Dolphins can learn how to mimic humans.

Humans have a 1/40 brain-to-body-size ratio; dolphins have a 1/50 one. What does that mean? Well, it’s complicated. But for our smartest animals on Earth list, it means dolphins are wicked intelligent.

Dolphins are so smart they can mimic humans — and they even know how to cheat! Kelly, a research dolphin at the Marine Mammal Studies lab in Mississippi, hoodwinked her way to more treats during an action-reward drill. During the observational period, trainers taught the dolphins to exchange pieces of trash in their tanks for food. Kelly caught on pretty quickly and gamed the system by ripping her “trash” into multiple parts to double her culinary rewards!

Dolphin Fun Fact

Dolphins are the national animal of Greece.

#4 Smartest Animal on Earth: Crows

Two crows mid-flight.
Crows can plan new flyover paths during the migratory season to avoid hunters.

The Isaac Newtons of Birding World, crows know physics! OK, they may not be proficient in binomial theorems, but they understand how water displacement works, which is a lot more than other animals can do! Crows also plot new flyover paths to avoid trigger-friendly humans that hunt crows during migratory season. 

Crow Fun Fact

A group of crows hanging out together is called a “murder of crows.” 

#3 Smartest Animal on Earth: Elephant

An elephant eating leaves.
Elephants can recognize each other after years of separation.

Elephants rank among the largest terrestrial mammals, and they’re also some of the smartest animals on Earth! Famously, the pachyderms have incredible memories. Not only can they remember watering hole routes hundreds of kilometers long, but they also recognize each other after years of separation.

Take, for example, Jenny and Shirley, who both ended up in a Tennessee elephant sanctuary. The moment their eyes locked, the two ladies did the elephant equivalent of running towards each other with arms wide-open. It turned out they had briefly traveled in a circus together 22 years earlier!

Elephant Fun Fact

Like humans, elephants are one of the few species on Earth that can look in a mirror and realize they’re gazing at themselves. Click here to read more about elephants.

#2 Smartest Animal on Earth: Chimpanzee

A baby chimpanzee holding the face of an adult chimpanzee while holding onto a tree branch.
Chimpanzees can learn verbal languages, mourn lost loved ones, and even make tools.

Chimpanzees are a lot like humans. They learn verbal languages, mourn the passing of loved ones, and make tools. Also, like humans, their intellectual prowess is determined by both genetic factors and environmental ones. To learn more about our remarkable cousins, head over to the Jane Goodall Foundation website.

Chimpanzee Fun Fact

Chimps share 95 to 98 percent of DNA with humans. Click here to learn more about chimpanzees.

#1 Smartest Animal on Earth: Humans

Multiple humans smiling
Humans have been determined to be the most intelligent animal.

We don’t mean to boast, but humans take the smartest animal cake. We have superior reasoning abilities and can manipulate environments in astounding ways. However, if humans were better able to communicate with other animals, we might just discover they think we’re the dumbest species on Earth! 

Human Fun Fact

Humans produce enough saliva a year to fill two bathtubs. Click here to read more about humans.

That’s our list of the 10 smartest animals on Earth. Do your picks match ours? Next up: The 15 Laziest Animals on Earth.