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Animals >>

Crab


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Caribbean hermit crab (coenobita clypeatus)
Small crab on Tutong Beach, Brunei
Small crab on Tutong Beach, Brunei
Freshwater crab (Potamon potamios), Jordan river, Israel
Japanese spider crab at Manila Ocean Park
The crab is a type of crustacean similar to prawns, shrimp and lobster. There are more than 6,700 known species of crab found in waters worldwide and these many crab species are split into around 93 different crab groups.

Most crab species are found in the shallower ocean waters where the crabs tend to inhabit rocky pools and coral reefs. There are however, a number of species of freshwater crab that inhabit the waters in rivers and lakes and some species of tropical crab have been known to spend a great deal of time on land.

Generally crabs dont get bigger than 40 cm in size, with the exception of the Japanese spider crab that has been known to have a leg span of over 4 meters long! The smallest type crab is the pea crab with this tiny species of crab only growing to a few millimeters.

Crabs have a thick armoured shell which protects the crab from immediate danger. The crab also has two front armoured claws which the crab uses to catch its prey.

The crabs hunt by sitting in a dark hole and catching potential prey that swims past. This allows the crab to feed effectively as well as staying hidden from those that would want to eat the crab.


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Dirk Barnes

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rubiv

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Crab Translations

Catalan Català
Cranc
 
Czech Cesky
Krabi
 
Danish Dansk
Krabbe
 
German Deutsch
Krabben
 
English English
Crab
 
Esperanto Esperanto
Krabo
 
Spanish Español
Brachyura
 
Estonian Eesti
Krabilised
 
Finnish Suomi
Taskuravut
 
French Français
Brachyura
 
Galician Galego
Cangrexo
 
Croatian Hrvatski
Rakovi
 
Indonesian Bahasa Indonesia
Kepiting
 
Italian Italiano
Brachyura
 
Japanese 日本語
カニ
 
Latin Latina
Cancer
 
Malay Bahasa Melayu
Ketam
 
Dutch Nederlands
Krabben
 
Norwegian Norsk
Krabber
 
Polish Polski
Kraby
 
Portuguese Português
Caranguejo
 
Romanian Româna
Crab
 
Slovenian Slovenščina
Rakovice
 
Swedish Svenska
Krabbor
 
Turkish Türkçe
Yengeç
 
Vietnamese Tiếng Việt
Cận bộ Cua
 
Chinese 中文
螃蟹
 

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Crab Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Arthropoda
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Crustacea
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Decapoda
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Brachyura
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Brachyura
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Arthropod
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Carnivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
1cm - 400cm (0.4in - 157in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
100g - 2,000g (3.5oz - 704oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
19km/h (12mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
1 - 100 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Threatened
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Red, Brown, Orange, Blue
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Shell
Favourite Food:Shrimp
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Coral reefs and coastline
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
2
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Shrimp, Fish, Mussels
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Birds, Otter, Octopus
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Hard, armoured shell and eight legs

Related Animals

ShrimpShrimp
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
King CrabKing Crab
Can have a leg span of nearly 2 meters!
LobsterLobster
Have been known to reach 100 years old!
PrawnPrawn
Closely related to crabs and lobsters!
Hermit CrabHermit Crab
There are over 500 different species!
BarnacleBarnacle
Closely related to crabs and lobsters!