There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Shrimp Scientific Classification
- Scientific Name
Shrimp Conservation Status
- Main Prey
- Tiny Fish, Algae, Plankton
- Water Type
- Optimum pH Level
- All water regions around the world
- Fish, Crabs, Whales
- Favorite Food
- Tiny Fish
- Common Name
- Average Clutch Size
- There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Shrimp Physical Characteristics
- Skin Type
- 1-2 years
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Shrimp are marine crustaceans that are found on the bottom of the water in nearly every environment around the world. Shrimps are generally tiny in size, with some species of shrimp being so small that many animals cannot see them.
There are more than 2,000 different species of shrimp worldwide, all of which are invertebrates which means that shrimp do not have a backbone. Instead, shrimp have a hard exoskeleton (the shell of the shrimp) which is often transparent and colourless making shrimp difficult to see in the water.
Shrimp range dramatically in appearance and biology.
- There are more than 500 species of pistol shrimp, which “fire” bubbles that reach 218 decibels and knock prey unconscious.
- Tiger shrimp can measure over a foot long!
- And species like the ghost shrimp are almost completely trasnparent.
The shrimp lives on the river beds and ocean floors around the world, filtering sand and particles in the water. Shrimp are known to stay in schools that contain numerous shrimp individuals, and are able to adapt easily to changes in water conditions.
Shrimps are omnivorous animals and therefore ingest and variety of both plant and animal species. Shrimp mainly feed on algae and other plant particles along with tiny fish and plankton in the water. One species of shrimp is known to stun its prey before eating it by making a loud noise with one of its claws, that makes a snapping sound through the water.
Due to their small size and abundance, shrimp are natural prey to numerous predators around the world both in the water and out. Shrimp are eaten by fish, crustaceans such as crabs, sea urchins, starfish, seabirds such as puffins, whales, dolphins, seahorses, sharks and humans and many other animal species as well.
The female shrimp can lay up to a million eggs at once that only take a couple of weeks to hatch. The tiny shrimp become part of the plankton in the water until they are big enough to big hunting in groups for larger food particles.
The shrimp is very closely related to the prawn and the thing that makes the shrimp and prawn stand out from other species of crustacean is the fact that they are able to swim through the water and although shrimps and prawns are very closely related, there are differences between them. The main difference between a shrimp and a prawn is they have different gill structures. There are different interpretations all around the world as to which species is a shrimp and which is a prawn that are often based on size and the water type where they are found.
Common Types of Shrimp
- Whiteleg Shrimp – Whiteleg shrimp, also known as king prawn, are a common species found in the Pacific Ocean and often farmed for food production. Adults live in the ocean, and juveniles live in estuaries, mangroves, and lagoons.
- Pistol Shrimp – Pistol shrimp are relatively small, growing up to 2 inches long, and are best identified by one large claw which can measure up to half of the total length of the shrimp. These shrimp inhabit reefs and submerged grass beds in mostly tropical and temperate waters.
- Tiger Shrimp – Tiger shrimp are the second-most cultivated shrimp species in the world (after the whiteleg shrimp). Females can reach about 13 inches long, while males average at about 8 to 10 inches long. Juveniles inhabit sandy estuaries and mangroves and move to deeper waters upon adulthood.
- Ghost Shrimp – Palaemonetes paludosus, commonly known as the ghost shrimp, is a species of freshwater shrimp from the southeastern United States. These shrimp measure around 1 inch and use the pigment granules in their bodies to produce a transparent appearance.
- Brown Rock Shrimp – The brown rock shrimp is found along the coasts of the western Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. They can grow up to 6 inches long, but most brown rock shrimp found in shallow coastal waters are around 2 inches long.
Shrimp FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Are Shrimps herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores?
Shrimps are Omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and other animals.
What Kingdom do Shrimps belong to?
Shrimps belong to the Kingdom Animalia.
What phylum do Shrimps belong to?
Shrimps belong to the phylum Arthropoda.
What family do Shrimps belong to?
Shrimps belong to the family Caridea.
What order do Shrimps belong to?
Shrimps belong to the order Decapoda.
What type of covering do Shrimps have?
Shrimps are covered in Shells.
In what type of habitat do Shrimps live?
Shrimps live in all water regions around the world.
What do Shrimps eat?
Shrimps eat tiny fish, algae, and plankton.
What are some predators of Shrimps?
Predators of Shrimps include fish, crabs, and whales.
What is the average clutch size of a Shrimp?
Shrimps typically lay 500,000 eggs.
What is an interesting fact about Shrimps?
There are 2,000 different species of Shrimp worldwide!
What is the scientific name for the Shrimp?
The scientific name for the Shrimp is Caridea.
What is the lifespan of a Shrimp?
Shrimps can live for 1 to 2 years.
What is the optimal pH for a Shrimp?
The optimal pH for a Shrimp is between 7.0 and 9.5.
How do Shrimps have babies?
Shrimps lay eggs.
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- Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
- David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
- Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
- David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
- Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals