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Arctic Wolf

Polar WolfPolar Wolf, howlngAn Arctic Wolf in the snow.Arctic Wolf (Canus Lupus Arcticus)Arctic Wolf in ZooArctic Wolf at the Zoo of BerlinArctic Wolf (Canus Lupus Arcticus)A close-up of an Arctic Wolf's face.Arctic Wolf, Toronto Zoo
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Arctic Wolf Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Carnivora
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Canidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Canis
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Canus Lupus Arcticus
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Carnivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
60cm - 91cm (24in - 36in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
25kg - 40kg (55lbs - 88lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
75km/h (46mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
7 - 10 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Pack
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
White, Grey
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Fur
Favourite Food:Deer
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Grass plains and tundra forests
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
4
Main Prey:Deer, Elk, Moose
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Human
Special Features:Thick, warm fur and loud howling noise

Arctic Wolf Location

Map of Arctic Wolf Locations
Map of North America

Arctic Wolf

The Arctic wolf is found in the most northern parts of the wolf's range, in the Arctic Circle. Arctic wolves mainly inhabit Northern Canada and Alaska, parts of Greenland and Iceland and Northern Europe.

Arctic wolves are incredibly versatile and adaptive animals, able to withstand year round sub-zero temperatures. Living in the Arctic Circle, the Arctic wolf spends five out of twelve months in total darkness.

The Arctic wolf hunts lemmings, assorted rodents, and Arctic hare but will take larger prey like caribou when available. When the Arctic wolf wants to hunt musk ox, the pack will gather and work as a team attempt to isolate it from the herd and take it. An adult musk ox is simply too big for one Arctic wolf to try and take on alone.

Although the Arctic wolf is generally smaller in size than the grey wolf, Arctic wolves tend to be bulkier than grey wolves with the male Arctic wolves also growing larger than the female Arctic wolves.

Normally, only the alpha male Arctic wolf and female Arctic wolves breed, but if a pack gets too large it may break up into new smaller packs giving others the opportunity to mate. Due to the Arctic Circle's uncompromising permafrost soil and the difficulty it poses for digging dens, Arctic wolves often use rock outcroppings, caves or even shallow depressions as dens instead.

Arctic wolf pups are born in litters of two or three in the months of May and June, meaning that the Arctic wolf pups are born about a month later than the grey wolf pups. Arctic wolves tend to be white with brown irises, unlike most other subspecies of wolves with yellow to amber eyes. White fur gives them camouflage in a snowy environment, and the darker irises give added protection to the eyes in a high glare environment.

Arctic Wolf Translations

English
Arctic wolf
Español
Lobo ártico
Français
Loup arctique
Dansk
Polarulv
Deutsch
Polarwolf
Italiano
Lupo artico
Nederlands
Poolwolf
Norsk
Arktisk ulv
Polski
Wilk polarny
Português
Lobo Árctico

Arctic Wolf Comments

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First Published: 4th November 2008, Last Updated: 8th February 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 04 Nov 2008]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 04 Nov 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 04 Nov 2008]

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