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Arctic Wolf

Polar WolfPolar Wolf, howlngAn Arctic Wolf in the snow.Arctic Wolf (Canus Lupus Arcticus)Arctic Wolf in ZooArctic Wolf at the Zoo of BerlinArctic Wolf (Canus Lupus Arcticus)A close-up of an Arctic Wolf's face.Arctic Wolf, Toronto Zoo
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Arctic Wolf Facts

Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
A group of animals within a class
A group of animals within an order
A group of animals within a family
Scientific Name:
The name of the animal in science
Canus Lupus Arcticus
The animal group that the species belongs to
What kind of foods the animal eats
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
60cm - 91cm (24in - 36in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
25kg - 40kg (55lbs - 88lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
75km/h (46mph)
How long the animal lives for
7 - 10 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
White, Grey
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Favourite Food:
The preferred food of this animal
The specific area where the animal lives
Grass plains and tundra forests
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from
Deer, Elk, Moose
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Special Features:
Characteristics unique to this animal
Thick, warm fur and loud howling noise

Arctic Wolf Location

Map of Arctic Wolf Locations
Map of North America

Arctic Wolf

The Arctic wolf is found in the most northern parts of the wolf's range, in the Arctic Circle. Arctic wolves mainly inhabit Northern Canada and Alaska, parts of Greenland and Iceland and Northern Europe.

Arctic wolves are incredibly versatile and adaptive animals, able to withstand year round sub-zero temperatures. Living in the Arctic Circle, the Arctic wolf spends five out of twelve months in total darkness.

The Arctic wolf hunts lemmings, assorted rodents, and Arctic hare but will take larger prey like caribou when available. When the Arctic wolf wants to hunt musk ox, the pack will gather and work as a team attempt to isolate it from the herd and take it. An adult musk ox is simply too big for one Arctic wolf to try and take on alone.

Although the Arctic wolf is generally smaller in size than the grey wolf, Arctic wolves tend to be bulkier than grey wolves with the male Arctic wolves also growing larger than the female Arctic wolves.

Normally, only the alpha male Arctic wolf and female Arctic wolves breed, but if a pack gets too large it may break up into new smaller packs giving others the opportunity to mate. Due to the Arctic Circle's uncompromising permafrost soil and the difficulty it poses for digging dens, Arctic wolves often use rock outcroppings, caves or even shallow depressions as dens instead.

Arctic wolf pups are born in litters of two or three in the months of May and June, meaning that the Arctic wolf pups are born about a month later than the grey wolf pups. Arctic wolves tend to be white with brown irises, unlike most other subspecies of wolves with yellow to amber eyes. White fur gives them camouflage in a snowy environment, and the darker irises give added protection to the eyes in a high glare environment.

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Arctic Wolf Translations

Arctic wolf
Lobo ártico
Loup arctique
Lupo artico
Arktisk ulv
Wilk polarny
Lobo Árctico

Arctic Wolf Comments

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First Published: 4th November 2008, Last Updated: 7th November 2019

1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 04 Nov 2008]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 04 Nov 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 04 Nov 2008]
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