Below you can find a complete list of North American animals. We currently track 842 animals in North-America and are adding more every day!
Mexico, the United States, and Canada may be the largest and most prominent countries in North America, but this continent — the third largest in the world — is home to 23 sovereign states and 23 non-sovereign territories that stretch all the way from Central America up through Greenland. The sheer scope of the continent means that practically any ecosystem on Earth can be found in North America — from the snowy tundras of Greenland to the tropics of Costa Rica. Deserts, forests, mountains, and everything in-between occupy this territory along with the rich variety of animals you’d expect to find.
While they may occupy opposite corners of North America, reindeer and spider monkeys technically share a continent. In the space between, jackrabbits and coyotes call the Mojave Desert home while alligators and beavers occupy the Okefenokee Swamp, and polar bears and moose stake their claims to Canada’s northernmost territory.
Over a hundred ecoregions have been identified in North America, and the result is an incredibly diverse spread of both human culture and animal species. But the fact that North America touches both the Pacific and Atlantic means that the marine diversity is just as broad. Creatures of the waters vary from the massive humpback whales that navigate North Atlantic waters to the manatees and dolphins that constitute just a fraction of the native wildlife in the Belize Barrier Reef.
The Official North American National Animals
Since North America is a continent rather than a country, it doesn’t have an official national animal. But understanding the national animals of the three most populous countries can tell us a lot both about the character of North America and demonstrate some facts about the ecological diversity.
- The American bison was once driven nearly to the point of extinction, but it was designated as the national animal of the United States in 2016. It represents a path forward that’s built on healing the destruction in America’s past.
- The beaver became the official symbol of Canada in 1975. Beaver pelts served as a critical component of Canada’s economy in its early days as a colony — but the desire for fur nearly drove the local beaver population to extinction in much the same way as the American bison.
- The eagle that stands as Mexico’s national symbol is a reference to the past. The legend that the sight of an eagle eating a snake supposedly led the Aztec to choose the site of a major city, and it’s a symbol that’s carried on to modern day politics in Mexico.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in North America
North America is huge, meaning we can’t even begin to cover the full scope of wildlife biodiversity in full. However, national boundaries can help break the continent down into smaller pieces and identify the best places for wildlife.
The United States possesses the most biodiversity in North America, and you can come across most major ecosystems traveling from one end to another. The southeast is home to swamps, mountains, and plains — and you’ll find everything from crocodiles to pumas. The deserts of the southwest draw in wildlife like rattlesnakes and mammals like hares. The southwest and west coast tend to offer an especially high concentration of wildlife, as these regions are home to the largest number of national parks.
Canada sits to the north of the U.S., resulting in a generally cooler climate. There’s a great deal of snowy tundra with mammals like moose and polar bears, but more temperate forests and grassland exist as well. Canada shares a lot of wildlife with the Northern United States like snowshoe rabbits and raccoons.
Mexico’s proximity to the equator results in a hotter clime, with ecosystems ranging from lush rainforests to arid deserts. More exotic wildlife native to Mexico includes the anteater, armadillo, and the unique tamandua.
Desert tends to give way to broadleaf forests, jungles, and grassland as you head into Central America, but the countries here also offer some of the richest marine biodiversity in North America. The Caribbean Sea is home to the Belize Barrier Reef, which is renowned throughout the world for its collection of colorful fish, dolphins, and whale sharks. But you’ll find creatures like jaguars and howler monkeys within Central America’s interior.
The Most Dangerous Animals In North America Today
While most wildlife native to North America won’t pose a threat to humans, fatalities from animal attacks aren’t unheard of. Here is a list of the most dangerous animals that call North America home:
- Grizzly and polar bears live in very different climates, but they share a reputation for being the most aggressive and dangerous bears around.
- The swamps of the American Southeast are rife with alligators, but these dangerous ancestors of dinosaurs live throughout North America. Alligators have been reported as the cause of 21 deaths in the U.S. since 2000.
- White-tail deer aren’t dangerous predators, but their involvement in traffic collisions makes them one of the most deadly animals to come in contact with. They cause roughly 1.3 million U.S. car accidents in a single year.
Over 13,000 North American species are endangered. Here’s a list of the most notable.
- Red wolf — A nearly extinct species with roughly 50 remaining members in the wild. Their last habitat is in North Carolina.
- Pygmy raccoon — A unique breed of raccoon that’s now extinct everywhere except for the Mexican island of Cozumel.
- California condor — The most unique quality of these birds is their 9.5 foot wingspan, but they’re nearly extinct due to a combination of poaching and habitat destruction.
There are over 2,000 species of birds native to North America. Because of the continent’s wide variety of habitats, you’ll find an astounding assortment of birds. From the smallest bird in North America, the calliope hummingbird, to the largest, California condor, there is something for every bird-lover.
Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge, located in New Mexico, is one of the best birding locations in the United States. You can see greater roadrunners, great blue herons, ring-necked pheasants, marsh birds, and more year-round. The best time to visit is when migratory species are present between November to January. You’ll find sandhill cranes, sparrows, bald eagles, red-tailed hawks, and over 20 species of waterfowl.
Another favorite location for bird watching is Point Pelee National Park in Ontario, Canada. Point Pelee has more recorded bird species than any other national park in Canada. The best times to visit are during spring and fall migrations. The park is especially known for its songbird migrations in the spring, starting in March and peaking in May. Birds of prey and waterfowl return at the end of summer and throughout fall.
If you’re visiting Mexico, be sure to stop by San Blas, Nayarit for some of the best bird watching in the country. San Blas has two national parks that are excellent birding areas. You can see social flycatchers, belted kingfishers, rufous-bellied chachalacas, roseate spoonbills, blue-footed boobies, and so much more. Peak birding season in this area is January through March.
Snakes exist throughout most of North America, from the southern half of Canada down to Central America.
- Rattlesnakes are a type of snake only found in the Americas. Some of the most common species of rattlesnakes include timber rattlesnakes, prairie rattlesnakes, and diamondback rattlesnakes. All species are venomous. Rattlesnakes get their name from the rattle on the end of their tails, which they vibrate as a warning to predators.
- Garter snakes are another type of snake only found in North and Central America. There are 35 species of harmless garter snakes. They live in a variety of habitats throughout the continent and are all harmless.
- Eastern Indigo snakes are the largest snake species native to North America. These non-venomous snakes live in the southeastern United States.
- Slender blind snakes, also known as thread snakes, are some of the smallest snakes found in North America. Because of their size and appearance, it’s easy to mistake them for worms. The Texas blind snake reaches an average of five to eight inches long.
North American Countries Animals Lists
Click any of the countries below to see a detailed list of animals located in that country!
North American Animals
This is a great pooch for rough-housing and one-to-one.
The Akita Shepherd descends from a lineage of working dogs.
The Alaskan Husky is one of the most common sled dogs in the world
The Alaskan Klee Kai is very vocal and isn't shy when communicating with his family.
It's one of the most commonly eaten fish in the world
This dog’s Malamute ancestors once came to America across the Bering Strait.
The largest wingspan of any bird in the world!
Albino corn snakes great beginner snakes.
They have two sets of eyelids!
The alligator gar has toxic eggs to protect against predators
Differnt Lizard” or Allosaurus weighed around two tonnes that is almost equal to a car.
Alpine goats are the most common type of goat used for milk, cheese, and other dairy products
Alusky dogs are known for their sledding pulling skills.
These parrots can be trained to be "talking birds" that mimic human speech
The ambrosia beetle forms a symbiotic relationship with the ambrosia fungi
Merry, outgoing, and eager to please!
Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East
Easygoing and people-friendly!
Main vector of Rocky Mountain spotted fever
The American Eskimo has splendid all white fur and an upturned tail
Sweet, kind, loyal, and very loving!
The American hairless terrier comes in two varieties with one having a very short coat.
This breed is also known as the American Leopard Cur. The name was formally changed to American Leopard Hound in 2008.
These dogs are very energetic and would be up for a game at any given point of time
American Pugabulls are medium-sized dogs that weigh between 25 to 70 pounds, and their height measures 12 to 20 inches at the shoulder.
The color “Robin egg blue” is named after the hue of their eggs.
Bred to be extremely friendly!
They secrete a milky poisonous liquid that can make many animals sick.
Friendly and intelligent!
Was created as an accident.
Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.
There are just under 400 species, several of which change color.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Found throughout the Southern Hemisphere!
Renew their horns every year!
Apple Head Chihuahuas are toy breed dogs with a history dating back to ancient Mexico. They are lovable, loyal, smart and courageous with a lengthy lifespan despite being the world's smallest canines.
In Australia the LBAM causes $21.1 million annually in lost production and control costs
The family Entelodontidae is commonly referred to as "hell pigs."
Archelons are the largest turtles to have ever lived in the world
Arctic char is the northern-most fish; no other fish lives anywhere further north!
Extremely thick winter fur!
Eats berries found in the snow!
Incredibly versatile and adaptive!
The South American spectacled bear is its closest relative living today.
Under UV light they glow a bright blue or green, making them easy to spot.
Female Arizona black rattlesnakes sometimes share parenting duties.
The Arizona coral snake is among the most venomous snakes of North America.
Can curl into a hard, protective ball!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Originally discovered in Japan
Asian lady beetles infest indoor spaces, but they do not reproduce indoors.
Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!
The breed has its own popular Instagram page (Aussiedoodles Daily)!
Aussiedors come in black, brown, cream, yellow, and almost every imaginable color due to their parentage!
The most common type outdoor roach in Florida
The Australian Retriever may have two different eye colors.
Sweet, faithful and affectionate!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
Found only in one complex of lakes!
Baird’s rat snake subdues its prey through suffocation.
Bald eagles have 20/5 vision, which is much sharper than a human's
Playful and energetic breed!
People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Like other owls, the barred owl swallows its prey whole.
This dog is also known as a Bassetdor or a Basset Lab.
Basset hounds have been around since the 7th century, but the bassetoodle made its first appearance in the 2000s.
Detects prey using echolocation!
The Bea-Tzu has a fast-growing coat
An excellent companion for cats!
Beagadors like to dig, so make sure your garden has a good fence around it.
This dog can perform a wide range of exotic and acrobatic tricks that are not expected of a dog this size.
Beagos are good swimmers like their Golden Retriever parent.
There are 8 different species!
Beaskis love to play, so get ready to go on plenty of long walks.
Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
Beefalo meat is leaner and higher in protein than beef
There are more than 350,000 different species
Bernese shepherds prefer cool climates
Bighorn rams can run at speeds up to 40 miles per hour when fighting for dominance.
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
Largest mammal in North America!
This dog has its own unique howl.
Black-capped chickadees weigh less than half an ounce!
Black footed ferrets are the only ones native to North America.
They're also called black pilot snakes due to a myth that they "pilot" venomous snakes to a den where they can go into brumation for the winter.
The great black wasp is a species of digger wasp.
They typically prey on insects!
Some folklore associate Black Witch Moths with bad luck (and even death!), while other associates them with good fortune.
They migrate for the longest distance of any warbler.
The blind snake is often mistaken for a worm.
Blister Beetles are attracted to lights at night.
This species can detach its tail to escape from predators
It's a strong fighter when caught on a fishing line
Joy and happiness are the spiritual meaning of this bird.
Blue grosbeak parents take off the head, legs and wings of an insect before feeding it to their baby.
Blue jays rub ants on their feather to remove harmful acids
Originated in Texas in the mid 1800s!
Some blue racers have smooth scales that are solid electric blue while others are grayish or brownish.
The world record for longest bluegill is 15 inches.
Has an uncanny knack for problem-solving!
About double the size of a domestic cat!
In spring, the male bobolink is the only North American bird who is dark below and light colored above. This makes identification easy.
Boggles at animal rescues are often mistaken for pitbulls because they have a similar facial structure.
Boglen terriers are also occasionally known as boggles.
Bred to look like a black panther!
Seabirds found across the South Pacific!
Boradors make excellent police dogs and are used often on search and rescue missions.
Bordoodles are much quieter than other Doodles and require far less exercise.
Most Borkies inherit the signature howl of their Beagle parent.
Friendly, lovable and very strong!
The bowfin is a primitive fish that first evolved in the Jurassic
This reptile has an S-shaped neck allowing it to pull its entire head into its shell.
Boxadors are extremely smart and catch onto backyard games very quickly!
The Boxerdoodle has a strong hunting dog lineage.
Boxers were bred to be working war dogs, and their boxsky descendants still love to help out on ranches and other outdoor jobs.
Boxweilers come in a variety of colors, but they usually feature the subtle brindle pattern that their boxer parents are so famous for.
Enthusiastic working dog!
Palentologists originally believed that brachiosaurus lived in the water, but they lived on land.
Their necks had air pockets that kept them light and relatively easy to maneuver.
Females glue egg cases to furniture
A dominant predator in it's environment!
Can live its entire life indoors
These small, confident dogs have no fear of approaching much larger dogs.
The bull trout is not actually a trout, but a member of the char family.
Considered “The farmer’s friend” because it eats mice and other vermin.
The most common species of bee!
The burrowing owl lives in underground burrows
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Cactus moths can cause serious damage to cacti in locations where they have no predators.
In hot temperatures, they lower their metabolism and become inactive to reduce the amount of water they need to survive
It is the largest wren in the United States
Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin
Can grow to up 6 meters long!
They are the largest bird in North America
A full-grown California kingsnake can be about 3.5 feet long, though there are some cases in Mexico of the snake being almost twice this size.
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Fast, carnivorous arachnid with a painful bite.
They have natural snowshoes
These birds travel more than 3,000 miles during migration!
Canadian horses are believed to generate more power per pound of body weight than any other horse breed in the world.
Males and females grow antlers
Wild dog breed discovered in the 1970s!
The Carolina parakeet is one of the few parrots that lived as far north as the United States
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
Cashmere goat are named after Kashmir regions of India and Pakistan
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
Evidence indicates that females can delay fertilization and store sperm for later years to produce eggs even in the absence of contact with a male!
The state of Louisiana's only native dog breed
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
The Cavador is a good service dog.
Unlike modern lions, cave lions didn't have a significant mane.
Cecropia moths don’t have digestive tracts, so they can’t eat.
There are about 3,000 documented species!
Some Cheagles have an excellent sense of smell.
It has the ability to expel a stinky liquid from its body as a way to make predators (and humans) retreat!
Bright and happy disposition!
They inhabit regrowing forests
Chickadees are named for the sound they make: Chick-a-dee-dee-dee-dee-dee!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Curious and devoted personality!
A calm and friendly breed!
There are 25 different species!
The Chipoo was first bred in the 1970s
Gets its nickname "hair bird" due to the fact that it lines its nest with animal hair
Chiweenies travel especially well.
Chorkies are very fond of their owners and will love to sit in their laps for long amounts of time!
The Chow Shepherd is also known as the Sheprachow.
Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans
There are more than 2 000 known species!
A ferret’s heartrate is 200 to 250 beats a minute.
Clothes Moths can remain in the larvae stage for up to 2 years, but adults only live 10 days.
Coachwhip snakes pose little danger to people
Found in dense forests and wet jungles!
Cockapoos became popular in the 1960s as a sweet, family dog.
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
Form bands of up to 12 individuals!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
Also known as the Great Northern Diver
A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.
Eyes change color as they age
Copperheads get their name, unsurprisingly, from their bronze-hued heads.
There are over 80 species of coral snake worldwide.
Corgidors are herding dogs that typically help out on cattle farms.
These dogs are highly intelligent and are easy to train.
One of the Corkie’s parent breeds, the Cocker Spaniel, was thought to have come over on the Mayflower.
Corman Shepherds can be great watchdogs and are often very protective of their owners.
Corn snakes are partly arboreal and are excellent climbers.
The cottonmouth (also known as a water moccasin) is a highly venomous pit viper that spends most of its life near water.
The Second Largest feline in North America
There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!
Also known as the Prairie Wolf!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
Have changed little in 200 million years!
The cross fox’s tail is bushier than the tail of the average red fox
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
This hybrid dog is also known as a Doxador or a Weinerdor.
Scientists don't know whether daedon had scales, feathers, fur, or something else.
Dalmatians were originally bred to run alongside carriages, and their dalmadoodle descendents have the same long legs and high energy.
Dalmador breeding skyrocketed after the 16 release of the live-action 101 Dalmatians movie.
They are called snowbirds because many subspecies reappear in the winter.
They have specialized jaws for removing snails from shells.
People buy Death's Head Cockroach nymphs and raise them as pets!
The adult deathwatch beetle taps on the wood to find a mate.
There are around 40 different species!
The Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world.
Commonly found on white-tailed deer
The desert kingsnake rolls over and plays dead when it feels threatened.
Lives in burrows underground!
Adult males make high amplitude boing noise to attract females
Their long tales could have been used as a whip!
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Dorkies are so laid-back they sometimes need extra incentive to exercise each day.
Doxiepoos are an unpredictable breed that can come in a variety of appearances and sizes.
Doxles have long floppy ears
Dragon eels have double jaws and two sets of razor-sharp teeth
It's larvae are carnivorous!
The most popular species of feeder roach
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
The Dusky Shark sometimes eats trash discarded by humans.
Some species can change color from dark to light, and back again.
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Bluebirds drop straight down on their prey from their perch, much like leopards.
The name chipmunk is derived from an Ojibwe word that means “one who descends the trees headfirst.”
One of the most dangerous snakes in the USA.
This is the biggest venomous snake in North America, with a few that reach 8 feet long.
Females are usually larger than males.
When the glass lizard loses its tail it can grow another one. But the new tail lacks the markings of the old one and is usually shorter.
Eastern gray squirrels use both memory and scent to find their buried caches of food during the winter.
Eastern hognose snakes are venomous, but only to frogs and toads.
Eastern Indigo snakes regularly chase down and eat rattlesnakes and may be immune to their venom.
This passerine bird can sing its song without ever hearing another bird vocalize first.
Rat snakes are medium-to-large, nonvenomous snakes that kill by constriction.
The eastern woodrat mating ritual involves a potentially deadly fight between the male and female before reproduction begins!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Elasmosaurus is an extinct reptile species.
Have a lifespan of 20 years or more
Adult males can jump eight feet vertically
Highly intelligent and independent!
A very bold and ferocious predator!
Takes pure delight in cold weather!
Eskipoos are called pookimos by the American Canine Hybrid Club, Designer Dogs Kennel Club, and Designer Breed Registry.
Female can lay up to 600 eggs in her 14-day lifespan
European starlings are accomplished mimics, often copying songs or sounds of other birds and animals (frog calls, goats, cats), or even mechanical sounds and human speech!
The evening bat is one of the few bats that regularly has twins
The fastest creatures on the planet!
The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The word feisty derived from this type of dog.
The Most Dangerous Snake in the Americas
The ferruginous hawk comes in both light and dark morphs
The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
The fisher is an agile climber and makes its home in tree hollows
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
The Florida gar has toxic eggs to protect against predators
Florida panthers can leap more than 4.5 meters (15 feet) in the air.
Often found on palmetto trees
The Flowerhorn fish is an artificial species; it does not exist naturally
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
There are 12 different species in the world!
In some areas, fox snakes and gopher snakes have crossbred in the wild.
Although it is a tree squirrel, it spends most of its time on the ground.
Loyal small dogs, the Frenchton will keep you warm at night with loving cuddles, but also awake with their funny loud snoring!
Frengles have a haunting howl very similar to their Beagle parent.
Freshwater eels are actually catadromous, meaning they migrate to saltwater to spawn
The freshwater jellyfish is native to China but is now found all over the world
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
Galapagos sharks are cannibalistic and sometimes eat their young, so the pups stay away from the adults in shallow water.
Can grow to more than 3m long!
Female garter snakes give birth to live young rather than laying eggs!
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
German Shepherds, Siberian Huskies, and Gerberian Shepskies are all popular choices for police dogs.
The most common type of urban roach
The German Sheppit is well-suited for guarding and police work.
There is a chance that the German Sheprador may inherit a love for water from its parent.
They are the largest centipede in North America
When giant leopard moths mate, their mating sessions last over 24 hours.
Cryptobranchus giant salamanders breathe mostly through their skin.
Both parents of the Giant Schnoodle are hypoallergenic, making this one of the Doodle breeds that's safest for dander-sensitive owners.
It's tail acts as a fat storage facility!
Glechons are talented in the area of search and rescue, as their sense of smell makes them great at tracking.
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
These dogs are great around children and are very playful around them.
Goldadors were not intentionally bred until the early 2000s!
The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.
They huddle together for warmth
Golden doxes don't have to be tiny. This breed looks different depending on whether the mix includes a regular dachshund or the mini version of the species.
These dogs love to swim and instinctively know how to swim.
Golden Pyrenees make great therapy dogs due to their intelligence and gentle nature.
Golden saints come in all kinds of colors. You can find them in tan, chocolate, yellow, brindled, spotted, and almost any other pattern you can think of.
The Golden Shepherds were first recognized by the International Designer Canine Registry in 2009.
Golden tortoise beetles have a metallic gold color which can change to dull brown when disturbed.
Due to their breeding, no two Goldendoodles are alike.
There are 29 different species!
They dig large networks of tunnels!
Gopher snakes can reach up to 9 feet long.
It is the only species of tortoise native to Florida.
The goshawk is a popular choice among European falconers
Use acute hearing to hunt
There are 11,000 known species!
The grasshopper mice attack predators using the poison of their venom.
The gray fox has retractable claws and a rotating wrist that allow it to climb trees with some proficiency
Survives freezing temperatures by producing glycerol and maintaining slower metabolic processes
Their wingspan is larger than an eagle’s; both males and females help hatch the eggs; rich in symbolism
This species makes use of some truly unusual nesting material, including snakeskin and garbage
Both Great Danes and Poodles are in the top 15 most popular AKC breeds - which makes Great Danoodles a shoo-in for popularity.
This snake vigorously shakes its tail as a way to frighten away predators.
At night, they make a terrifying low call that sounds like a distressed moan or growl.
It communicates with head movements, color and dewlap
Green frogs will eat any animal that they can fit in their mouth.
There are two types of green snakes: smooth green snakes and rough green snakes
Green tree frogs breathe through their skin
Strong and speedy breed of dog!
Male grey herons are picky about their mates. They'll reject a female that they don't fancy.
Griffonshires are so little they are easily mistaken for puppies throughout their lives.
Less than 10% make it into adulthood
It’s sometimes called a miter snake due to the marking on its head that looks like a bishop’s miter
They whistle to each other to warn of approaching danger!
Many grouper can change their sex, and it is always from female to male.
Also known as the Millionfish!
They are natural pest controls
This breed doesn't usually make nests or incubate their own chicks.
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!
Red touches yellow kills a fellow, red touches black a friend of Jack.
Talon's the size of a grizzly bear's claws!
Their vision is eight times better than a human's
Both of the Havashire’s parent breeds were very popular among the upper classes.
They have the longest breeding season of any goose.
Hawaiian name is "Ilio-holo-i-ka-uaua," meaning "the dog which runs in rough waters.
While the Ferruginous hawk is the largest specie in the USA, Asia’s Upland buzzard is the biggest overall.
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
This giant salamander has lived in its ecosystem for about 65 million years
Parents and their young sing sweetly to each other
This dynastine scarab beetle makes a weird huffing sound when it’s disturbed.
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!
Also known as the Colourpoint Persian!
The hoary bat travels hundreds of miles south for the winter
The Hobo Spider travels city to city like an actual Hobo and is often found near railroad tracks!
Prima Donnas of the Snake World
There are only 8 recognized species!
Hooded orioles have a strong sweet tooth that makes nectar and jelly among its favorite foods.
Hooded seal pups are called bluebacks because the color of the fur on their back is blue-gray. This pretty color made people want to make fur coats out of them and made them a target for hunters.
Horgis have a silly side and love to be the center of attention.
The horned lizards are able to squirt blood from their eyes.
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Changed little in over 500 million years!
The house finch can become redder depending on what it eats
The house sparrow has been introduced all over the world
The wren’s epithet, aedon, comes from a Greek queen who accidentally killed her only son. She was actually aiming for her nephew, and Zeus took pity on her and turned her into a nightingale.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Beat their wings up to 80 times per second!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
Huskadors are gaining in popularity as service dogs.
Huskitas prefer a consistent daily routine with lots of activity.
Due to the mix of genes, a Husky Jack’s coat may be a variety of colors including black, gray, white, red, sable, or mixed colors.
Huskydoodles are known for their jumping abilities!
Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
Uses visual signals to communicate!
Since the imperial moth doesn’t eat, it does die shortly after it lays its eggs. Its lifespan is only about one week.
Indigo snakes use brute force to overpower their prey.
Insects go back over 350 million years, making the creatures older than man, flowering plants and dinosaurs.
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The ivory-billed woodpecker can drill into wood with its sharp beak
The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
The Jackabee has an excellent sense of smell.
They can run as fast as 45 mph.
Have jousting battles with their horns.
The largest feline on the American continent!
These cats are expert swimmers.
Can clear an entire fruit tree in 15 minutes in a swarm
Features that closely resemble a Siamese cat!
It has delicious meat with an affordable price
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
Merriam’s kangaroo rats literally never have to drink water
It's beak can reach nearly 20 cm long!
Can hang suspended on wind currents
Bucks grow new antlers every year.
Kiko goats breed year-round, and they are not good at defending themselves.
The killdeer feigns injury to draw a predator away from its nest.
This hybrid breed is the largest among the shepherd class.
King Snakes eat other types of snakes.
The king vulture is the second largest New World vulture species
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
The kinkajou is a nimble forest-dwelling mammal of Central and South America.
It is considered to be the least aquatic of water snakes.
The kit fox is the smallest canid in North America.
The AKC does not recognize this breed or the parent breed Catahoula
Labradanes can come with both sold-color coats and the more exciting patterns that you typically see on Great Danes.
These dogs have medium-sized pendant ears.
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Have tiny ears named “gophers” or “elves”
Larder beetles were named based on their attraction to food storage rooms or cupboards, but they do not feed on stored food products.
Lazarus Lizards can communicate through chemical and visual signals.
They are the largest living turtle and the only sea turtle without a hard shell!
Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!
They can jump up to three feet
Can jump a distance of two feet to capture prey
A Lhasapoo’s coat can be curly like a poodle’s or long and silky like a Lhasa Apso’s.
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
The little brown bat uses echolocation to quickly navigate around its environment
There are around 5,000 different species!
The lizardfish can camouflage itself against the sandy bottom to avoid predators.
Have sharp spines below their eyes
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Only females have the ‘lone star’ marking
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
The longnose gar species of the gar family has potentially existed for 100 million years.
Live in dens in rocks and under ledges!
The largest species of parrot in the world!
Machaeroides had large saber-teeth, much like the saber-toothed tiger.
Will travel up to 70 miles in a single day.
Will only live in wet areas
They line their nests with fungi strands
It's called the rabbit of the ocean because it multiplies so quickly.
Maiasaura dinosaurs can grow to 31 feet long.
Folklore says it's half cat, half raccoon!
The Malchi is not a purebred but a crossbreed and relatively new on the scene. That’s why they are not recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) or any other canine organization.
With an appropriate tail wind, the mallard can travel hundreds of miles a day
Malteagles are one of the smallest beagle hybrids and love to follow their owners everywhere.
The marble fox is not a naturally occurring variant; it was created through artificial selection.
Produces a toxin used in arrow darts!
A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground
All masked angelfish are female until sometime after sexual maturity, at which point some become male.
The name “Massasauga” comes from the Chippewa language, meaning “Great River Mouth”.
The Mastador gets its enormous size from its Mastiff parent
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
The Meagle has an incredible sense of smell.
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Mexican alligator lizards shed their skin like snakes.
The northern crested caracara mates for life with its partner
Some colonies have millions of bats
They can break off part of their tail, but it will not grow back.
They're also called horseshoe rattlesnakes thanks to the shape of their markings.
They can be trained to use the litter box like a cat!
Some species have a poisonous bite!
The first mini labradoodle was bred in the early 1990s - almost immediately after standard labradoodles became popular.
The Miniature Husky has a double coat that it sheds twice annually. Also, some people confuse them with Alaskan Klee Kai, which have similar blue eyes.
The mink can swim up to 100 feet underwater.
The Mississippi kite tends to form a monogamous pair bond for life
"The Mojave rattlesnake is the most venomous rattlesnake in the world."
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
Known for their calm and peaceful nature!
During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Renews it's enormous antlers every year!
A Morkie puppy can weigh as little as 4 ounces.
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Depending on the time of the year, the mountain bird can live as far north as Alaska.
Mountain Feists were bred in the southern United States as a dog that could help with hunting small game.
Has no real natural predators!
It is almost always the male who makes the famous sad sound, which is a wooing call
Found on every continent on Earth!
Mudpuppies never leave their larval stage. This is called neoteny.
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Unlike most duck species, the Muscovy is silent and only makes noise when excited or threatened.
Muskox have several physical characteristics that allow them to survive in the Arctic climate.
The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time
For a nice price, the mynah bird makes a good pet.
no stomach to digest food
Introduced by Vikings more than 1,000 years ago!
Newfypoos have a thick oily coat that can be hard to groom.
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
Produces a lot of milk for its small size
When they feel threatened juvenile night herons vomit their stomach contents.
Nilgai were hunted for their meat as far back as 8,000 years ago.
There are more than 5,000 species.
Short claws make them good tree climbers!
Unlike other lizards, these give livebirth to their young
Males are a bright red color, also called "cardinal red"
Northern Flickers often make their homes in dead trees.
You can find them near golf courses in urban areas
Though Norwich terriers are small, they have a reputation for being feisty.
The Toller is one of only two breeds that hunters use as decoys while hunting.
The Nubian is a relatively large, proud, and graceful dairy goat that traces its ancestry to India and Egypt.
Also known as the Painted Leopard!
Oleander hawk moth caterpillars feed on the foliage of oleander, an extremely toxic plant to which they are immune.
Thought to be immune to certain snake venom!
Often mistaken for the Tennessee Warblers, which are equally dull.
Females are about four times the size of males
Unlike other cockroach species that live indoors living off humans, oriental cockroaches are outdoor scavengers.
Ornithomimus translates from Greek to mean “bird mimic.”
The Oscar fish has teeth in its throat!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Paddlefish have existed since the Cretaceous Period
Male painted turtles have longer nails.
Prefers to hunt at night than during the day!
Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.
The Parasaurolophus ran on its hindlegs at speeds of up to 30mph!
Can live for up to 100 years!
The parrot snake shows off with bright green and bronze colors that cover its entire body.
Parrotlets aren't the world's tiniest parrot — that would be the pygmy parrot of Australasia.
Long-lost civilizations have immortalized male partridges in art, depicting them as a symbol of fertility.
Peagles enjoy being the center of attention. This can make them a very entertaining breed to own.
Seeks out sources of light
Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.
Like their purebred parents, these dogs love the water!
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas
Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!
Pairs establish territories and remain all year
A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.
When foraging, pine siskins hang upside down to pick through the leaves and bark, collecting seeds from coniferous trees.
Pit vipers's fangs fold up into their mouths when they don't need them.
There are several names for this breed, including the Labrabull or the Pitador Retriever.
Most Pitskies will do best as the only pet in a home. They may become aggressive with other dogs (especially two unneutered male dogs) and could try to chase or catch small pets due to their higher prey drive.
The plains hognose snake gets its name from the upturned end of its snout.
Inhabits the jungles of Central and South America!
Could be extinct within the next 30 years!
They can run at a speed of 15mph
The Polyphemus moth doesn’t eat.
A deliberate cross like the Pomchi is commonly referred to as a designer dog
Pomeagles are sweet and fun dogs that like to spend time exploring their environment.
The howls and barks of a Pomsky can sound like singing
The Poogle is one of 40 different doodle dog breeds (poodle mixes).
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Surprisingly, not a dolphin!
The potoo’s eyelids have slits that let them see even when their eyes are closed.
They inflate their orange neck patches during their mating displays
Prairie dog “towns” can consists of hundreds of individuals
The striking distance of a prairie rattlesnake is 2/3rds the length of its body.
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
While pronghorns are the fastest runner of any Western Hemisphere land animal, they are not good jumpers.
Pterodactyl is not technically a dinosaur. Although they lived during the same time as dinosaurs, they are classified as winged reptiles.
Can remain in the water for up to 2 minutes!
The pugapoo is the fusion of a pug and a poodle.
These dogs are active and are often patient around children.
With their incredible desire to show affection, Pugshire make great lap dogs.
Has longer back legs than front legs!
The intensity of the plumage can change based on what the bird eats
The Pygora goat is exclusively bred for their fleece, and they produce three different kinds.
Most popular as a companion pet
Pyredoodles can have a thick double coat or a thinner single coat.
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
Queen snakes have armor-like scales on the top of their head
The tail feathers of the male can be 1m long!
There are more than 50 different species!
Known to wash their food before eating it!
The racer snake can speed away at up to 3.5 miles per hour
Often referred to as "puppy-like," Ragamuffin cats are intelligent, friendly and super personable.
One of the larger breeds of domestic cat!
Raggles are known for their energy and curiosity.
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
Rat terriers were popular with farmers before 1930 because of their ability to kill rodents.
It's venom digests it's prey before it even swallows it!
A rattlesnake can shake its rattle back and forth 20-100 times per second.
Sliders spend lots of time basking in the sun. As cold-blooded animals, they need the sun to heat up.
Despite their spectacular coloration, red-eyed tree frogs aren’t poisonous and can be kept as pets.
Red finches can form flocks of over 100 birds.
The red fox actually has many different variations of fur, including silver and brown.
Inhabits the Pacific Mountains of Mexico!
Red-Shouldered Hawks reuse the same nesting area each year.
The red squirrel has one of the most impressive memories in the entire animal kingdom
The male red-winged blackbird can sing to attract mates
Originally bred to track raccoons.
Also known as the Caribou
The rim rock crowned snake has mild venom that doesn't hurt people or pets.
The ring-billed gull feeds on vast quantities of human waste and garbage.
Dives from perches to capture its prey!
The river otter can hold its breath for up to 8 minutes
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Will mate with the entire flock!
Rose-breasted grosbeaks are closely related to cardinals
The only Spoonbill in the western hemisphere!
One of the few snakes that naturally comes in a rainbow of colors.
Many Rottskies have one brown eye and one blue eye.
Ruby-throated hummingbirds can beat their wings more than 50 times per second.
They flip over stones to find prey
Canines up to 7 inches long!
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
These dogs have an eager-to-please attitude, making them sweet and happy pets.
There are more than 700 different species!
Returns upstream every year to spawn
Male sambars will compete for mates by clashing together with their antlers
The San Francisco garter snake is among the rarest snake species in the United States.
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
Newly hatched sauropods weighted less than 11 pounds and put on 2 tons of weight a year!
Savanna goats have only existed since 1957.
The Savannah sparrow gets its name because one of the first of this type of bird was found in the city of Savannah, Georgia.
The ancient Egyptians worshipped scarabs.
Like many parrots, the scarlet macaw is capable of vocal mimicry.
This hybrid dog is a great companion and doesn’t do well being left alone but is suitable for apartments or houses with backyards!
There are around 2,000 known species!
Its skull bones can compress so the fish can fit in narrow spaces
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
They breathe through gills but live on land
Some gulls are capable of using tools
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
In captivity, sharp-shinned hawks can live up to 13 years. However, in the wild, this number is significantly reduced to 3 years!
This snake uses its sharp tail to steady itself when capturing prey.
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
Some police officers with allergies use Shepadoodles as their K-9 partner
These dogs can sometimes be overly aggressive.
The Shepweiler is an excellent guard dog.
Shollies are a fairly new type of crossbreed!
The modern Spectacled Bear, which lives in South America, is related to the Short-Faced Bear!
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Is adequately warm in sub-zero temperatures!
Many husky Labs have one blue eye and one brown eye.
Although a lack of documentation makes it unclear, the first Siberpoo was probably bred in either the 1970s or 1980s.
The Labrador is the most popular breed in the United States and most of these dogs have blue eyes at a young age, before they turn another color.
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Skuas will chase other birds until they give up their catch
Also known as the Polecat!
It's body temperature is between 30 - 34 degrees!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 3,000 known species worldwide
Only found in North America!
Males change into females after the spawning season
Snorkies are known for their funny, attention-getting antics.
They are pollinators, just like bees.
Thought to have originated in the 1960s!
An adult snowshoe hare can cover ten feet in a single jump.
One of the largest owl species in the world!
Called "red salmon" because their skin turns bright red to dirty red during spawning season
Active, intelligent and playful!
Pumps its tail when it flies!
These snakes live underground, beneath piles of leaf litter or in thickets, and they are expert swimmers.
The southern hognose snake has an upturned snout that enables it to dig through the soil.
Southern Pacific rattlesnakes hibernate in dens that hold hundreds of snakes.
They spend most of their time underground!
The Spanador is a good swimmer.
They have long, horizontal ears.
There are 140 different species!
The Salt and Pepper Snake
Many people believe that because the Sphynx doesn't have a lot of fur, they are easily maintained. However, their upkeep is demanding!
Found in the tropical jungles of South America!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
They are commonly mistaken as logs in the water due to their cylindrical body.
The spotted lanternfly is often confused for a moth, but it’s actually a type of planthopper
The parental stock Labrador Retriever was nearly wiped out by home country tax policies but the breed found rescue and recovery in foreign lands, particularly in Great Britain.
Often mistaken for a ladybug
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
The stag beetle consumes rotting and decaying wood when it is in the larva stage.
The star-nosed mole has the ability to sense both electrical fields and ground vibrations
Uses an electric shock to stun its prey!
Steelhead live in freshwater rivers and streams for 1 to 2 years before migrating into the ocean
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
They can’t sing like other birds.
They remove bee stingers by rubbing them against a tree
Paracanthurus hepatus, the palette surgeonfish or bluetang, is the only member of its genus
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Taco terriers are known by a variety of names, including the Chitoxy Toy and the Chiwoxy.
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Often just called 'Teddies' by owners
There's a national celebration of Tennessee Walkers each year
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
Terriers were once the greatest dogs in the world.
These snakes grow to just 11 inches long
Texas coral snakes have the second most powerful venom in the world
If you handle one of the snakes, it will defensively emit a foul-smelling musk that can get on your hands and other surfaces and permeate your home.
Though they are loyal to their family, these dogs can be shy around strangers.
Texas Indigo Snakes are known for chasing down, overpowering, and eating rattlesnakes.
The Texas night snake has vertical pupils to help it see better at night.
The Texas rat snake is one of the most common subspecies of the western rat snake in the wild.
They hold push-up competitions!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
Eye color intensifies with age!
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.
These rattlesnakes have the smallest heads of any rattlesnake.
Found across the North American wetlands!
The tomato hornworm is a ferocious pest that can eat all parts of a plant, including the fruits.
The Torkie has a soft silky coat
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
There are more than 40 different species!
Hunters still use the toy fox to go into a fox's den and flush the animal out.
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
The tree swallow can make more than a dozen distinct vocalizations
Coarse baying cries during the hunt changes at the tree
The breed has several distinctive vocalizations, such as a long, yodeling call when he is on the hunt, and a short repeating bark once he trees his prey. Whining is normal as he anticipates the hunt.
Troodon formosus means "wounding tooth" in Greek, a name that describes its serrated teeth.
They don’t have scales for their first month of life!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
They had many air pockets in their skeleton which kept them light despite their tremendous size.
The squirrel is named after the Uinta Mountains, which are part of the Rocky Mountain range and are found in Utah and Wyoming.
The Uintatherium was an exceptionally large and exceptionally ugly ungulate that lived during the Eocene epoch
Migrates up and down the mountains!
Have a heat sensor on the end of their nose!
Smallest cetacean in the ocean
The Venus flytrap is among a group of plants that consumes animals
They have a fast song that lasts up to 10 syllables at max.
A slender body and elongated snout give the vine snake a regal look.
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
The Virgin Islands dwarf gecko is among the smallest reptiles in the world
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
This dog is also known as the Weimarpoo, the Weimaranerpoo, and the Weimaranerdoodle.
Western blind snakes are flourescent in black light!
They replace their fangs 2-4 times per year!
Primarily solitary, these snakes only communicate with one another during breeding season.
Western rat snakes have special scales on their belly that help them climb up trees.
They migrate farther north than any other tanager.
This dog is known for cocking its head in a curious manner when listening to its owner.
The fastidious whimbrel sometimes washes off its prey before it eats it.
Many whiptail species reproduce asexually.
This butterfly determines the smell and taste of a flower with its feet.
During courtship, males put on exciting displays by fluffing their plumage, spreading their tails, and letting out a whining call.
One of the world's most intelligent monkeys!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
White-tail deer are good swimmers
It is one of the biggest birds of prey.
Whoodles are good swimmers
This species is named after the loud whooping sound it makes
Only the males fly and the females walk.
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
Releases a strong smelling musk in defence!
The reintroduction of wood bison into Alaska is considered one of the world’s best conservation success stories.
The wood frog lives the furthest north of any other North American amphibian including in the Arctic Circle.
Almost always found above 4,000 feet in elevation
Temperature determines the sex of turtle eggs
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
Pack rats love shiny objects and will steal your jewelry.
They emit a bad-smelling liquid if they are picked up!
males pluck webs like strings on a guitar
The Xoloitzcuintli is the national dog of Mexico
Sea snakes spend approximately 90% of their lives under water.
Primarily Carnivorous, but sometimes snacks on nectar.
Gives birth to live young.
These dogs are very intelligent and are great with children.
Yorkie Bichons can come in a wide range of colors including black, white, blonde, gray, golden, or dark brown.
The Yorkie-Poo originated from the hybrid poodle phase of the late 20th century
A female zebra mussel can deposit 30,000 to 1,000,000 eggs each year!
The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!
The breed often changes colors throughout its life, with its puppy coat becoming lighter over the first few years of life, then darkening as he ages.
North American Animals List
North America FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals are only found in North America?
There are numerous species unique to the United States. More prominent species include the American black bear, the gila monster, and the bald eagle.
What are the Big 5 Animals of North America?
The Big 5 animals of North America for hunting include the grizzly bear, moose, bison, gray wolf, and polar bear.
Which animal is the king of North America?
While facts alone can’t crown the king of North America, it’s a title often given to the unique American bison found in North American grassland. While it’s no longer critically endangered, this big grazer is still a threatened species.
What North American animals hibernate?
Numerous North American animals hibernate, including mammals like bears and chipmunks, as well as insects like bumblebees.
What animals live in the North American desert?
The list of animals that live in the North American desert would be long, but notable wildlife includes prairie dogs, rattlesnakes, and even wild jaguars.