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Fishing Cat

Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus)Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus)Wet Fishing CatFishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus at the Cincinnati ZooFishing cat and her family at Cincinnati ZooA Fishing Cat.A Fishing Cat.Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) at the San Diego zooA Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) at the Night Safari, Singapore.
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Fishing Cat Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Carnivora
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Felidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Prionailurus
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Prionailurus viverrinus
Common Name:
Most widely used name for the species
Fishing Cat
Group:
The domestic group such as cat or dog
Mammal
Number Of Species:2
Location:south-east Asia
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Variety of wetland habitats
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Olive-Grey, Black
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Fur
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
57cm - 85cm (22.4in - 33.4in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
5.5kg - 8kg (12lbs - 17.6lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
55kph (34mph)
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Carnivore
Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from
Fish, Shellfish, Snakes
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Human
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Nocturnal
Group Behaviour:Solitary
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
10 - 12 years
Age Of Sexual Maturity:9 - 10 months
Gestation Period:63 days
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
2
Name Of Young:Kitten
Age Of Weaning:4 - 6 months
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Endangered
Estimated Population Size:Less than 10,000
Biggest Threat:Habitat loss
Most Distinctive Feature:Long, stocky body and slightly webbed paws
Fun Fact:Scoops fish out of the water using its paw!

Fishing Cat Location

Map of Fishing Cat Locations
Map of Asia

Fishing Cat

Fishing Cat Classification and Evolution
The Fishing Cat is a small to medium sized feline that is natively found throughout a number of countries in south-east Asia. Unlike other cat species found around the world (with the notable exception of the Jaguar) the Fishing Cat spends most of its life in areas of dense vegetation close to water and is an excellent swimmer. However, despite its water-loving lifestyle, the Fishing Cat is not particularly specially adapted to its semi-aquatic lifestyle with small teeth that are not well designed for holding onto slippery prey and only slight webbing between the toes on its front paws to help it to negotiate the slippery banks. Although the Fishing Cat is known to still be locally common in certain areas, the global population is severely under threat as it is thought that nearly 50% of their specific wetland habitats are under threat from increasing levels of Human activity throughout much of its natural range.

Fishing Cat Anatomy and Appearance
The Fishing Cat has a stocky and powerful body that is quite long in comparison to its short legs. Their short and coarse coat of fur is olive-grey in colour and patterned with solid black spots that run the length of its body and often turn into black lines along the spine. The Fishing Cat has a short and flattened tail that is marked with black rings and can be used by the animal when swimming as it works in a similar way to a rudder on a boat, steering the Fishing Cat in the right direction through the water. Their small feet are slightly webbed but not any more so than many other feline species, but one of the biggest differences between the Fishing Cat and its relatives is that their claws are not fully retractable with the tips still sticking out slightly from the protective sheath of skin on their toes (most felines are able to completely retract their claws to prevent them from becoming blunt when they are not in use). Fishing Cats have quite broad heads in relation to their body with small, rounded ears that are black on the back and have a distinctive white spot in the centre.

Fishing Cat Distribution and Habitat
The Fishing Cat is natively found throughout a number of countries in south-east Asia including Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam along with the Indonesian Islands of Java and Sumatra. Although the Fishing Cat appears to have a wide geographical range, due to the fact that they prefer dense, wetland habitats they are only found in certain regions throughout these countries. Ideally, the Fishing Cat inhabits wetland areas where there is plenty of dense vegetation to provide cover both from predators but also to hide from potential prey, and can be found in a variety of aquatic regions that include mangrove swamps, rivers, lakes, marshes, reed beds and areas of forest close to streams. They are however, severely threatened throughout much of their natural range as wetlands are drained for agriculture or often polluted by industry in the area. It is thought that 98% of the globally significant wetlands throughout south-east Asia are under threat and could even disappear completely.

Fishing Cat Behaviour and Lifestyle
The Fishing Cat is a nocturnal and solitary hunter that rests amongst dense vegetation during the day before heading to the water at night to find food. They are incredibly strong and capable swimmers and have been known to swim vast distances often in pursuit of a fish trying to get away. Fishing Cats are largely territorial animals that occupy home ranges of up to 22 square kilometres (although the range of a female is often much less), with that of a male Fishing Cat overlapping the patches occupied by a number of females in the area. Fishing Cats are known to be relatively adaptable animals and in certain areas are even known to live around city suburbs with little vegetation and close to Human settlements. Their incredibly elusive and nocturnal lifestyle means that they are often hard to spot but are susceptible to being trapped, poisoned or accidentally caught in snares that are set-up to catch other forest animals, such as Deer.

Fishing Cat Reproduction and Life Cycles
Although little is really known about their breeding or social behaviour in the wild, mating is thought to take place in January and February when a female Fishing Cat will call to males in the area, indicating that she is ready to mate. After a gestation period that lasts for between 60 and 70 days, she gives birth to 1 - 4 kittens that weigh about 150 grams and are born blind. Fishing Cat kittens develop relatively slowly at first putting on an average of 11 grams in weight a day and don't open their eyes until they are just over two weeks old. At around 50 days old the kittens are able to start eating meat but are not weaned for at least another couple of months. Fishing Cats reach their adult size and are able to breed by the time they are nine months old and become completely independent of their mother about a month later when they leave to establish a territory of their own. Although it is thought that it is just the female who rears her young in the wild, captive males have been observed helping her to raise their offspring.

Fishing Cat Diet and Prey
The Fishing Cat is a carnivorous animal that only hunts and consumes other animals in order to acquire all of the nutrients that it needs to survive. As its name suggests, aquatic animals make up the bulk of the Fishing Cat's diet with more than 70% of the food thought to be fish, followed by molluscs, frogs, snails and snakes that are found in or close to the water. Fishing Cats are also known to hunt small mammals such as mice on land and will even target larger prey like civets, dogs and livestock in areas close to settlements. Fishing Cats catch their prey in a couple of different ways but tend to dive into the water once a fish has been spotted before catching it in its mouth (they are even known to dive into quite deep water and can surface under aquatic birds to catch them). The other method they use involves them sitting at the water's edge either on the bank or a rock and using their paw, they lightly tap the surface in a way that mimics an insect to attract fish. Once it is close enough the Fishing Cat then scoops the fish out of the water using its paw and flicks it onto dry land before eating it.

Fishing Cat Predators and Threats
Due to the powerful build and aquatic nature of the Fishing Cat they are thought to have very few (if any) real natural predators in the wild. However, the Fishing Cat is often found in areas where they share their habitats with larger carnivorous mammals such as tigers and bears which could be of threat to them. People are the biggest threat to the Fishing Cat as they have not only destroyed much of their unique wetland homes with increasing levels of industrial and commercial activity but they have also been known to hunt Fishing Cats over the years for their meat and fur. Despite now being a protected animal species, large seizures of Fishing Cat skins at local markets still occur which indicates that poachers are still decimating populations, particularly in certain areas. Another problem for Fishing Cats caused by Humans is the fact that in areas close to growing settlements, locals are often overfishing in the nearby lakes and rivers which means that the food available for the Fishing Cats is also declining fast.

Fishing Cat Interesting Facts and Features
The Fishing Cat was first described scientifically by Bennet in 1833 and was given its scientific name with the last past meaning "civet-like". Although they are not closely related at all, the Fishing Cat has a long, stocky body with short legs and a short tail which makes it look remarkably similar to these small carnivores. Although Fishing Cats tend to be most commonly found in a variety of watery lowland habitats, they are also known to inhabit areas at elevations of up to 5,000 ft depending on the waterways in the area (a small population is actually found in parts of the Himalayas). The Fishing Cat is classed as part of the Leopard Cat lineage which means that its ancestors would have evolved around 6 million years ago. Other members of this feline group include the Leopard Cat itself, the Pallas Cat and the Flat-Headed Cat, to which the Fishing Cat is most closely related.

Fishing Cat Relationship with Humans
Due to the fact that the Fishing Cat is seldom seen in the wild as they are nocturnal and their preferred habitats would have been quite inaccessible to people for some time, until the middle of the last century they were locally common throughout much of their native regions. However, the hunting of them by people for their meat and fur has obliterated populations in many areas and even today, they are still illegally killed in their hundreds to sell their skins onto the black market. The biggest problem facing the Fishing Cat though, is the drastically increasing levels of Human activity in their natural environments that is severely affecting not just the Fishing Cats, but also the incredibly unique and bio-diverse wetland habitats in which they live. Water draining for agriculture and to make way for roads, growing Human settlements and high levels of industry that pollutes the water with toxic substances has reduced their once vast natural range by nearly 50%.

Fishing Cat Conservation Status and Life Today
Today, the Fishing Cat is listed by the IUCN as an animal species that is Endangered in its natural environment and could therefore be threatened with extinction in the not too distant future. The biggest threat to the Fishing Cat is habitat loss with many of their remaining pockets of wetland homes now considered to be protected areas (illegal activity in these areas though is still contributing to the loss of species in these regions). Conservation projects have been set up in a number of areas to protect both the Fishing Cats and their unique wetland habitats and the hunting and trade in the species is now illegal. Poaching however, still continues with skins still being seized from markets in the far east.

Fishing Cat Translations

български език
Котка рибар
Cesky
Kočka rybářská
Dansk
Fiskekat
Deutsch
Fischkatze
English
Fishing Cat
Esperanto
Fiŝa kato
Español
Prionailurus viverrinus
Suomi
Kalastajakissa
Français
Chat viverrin
Magyar
Halászmacska
Italiano
Prionailurus viverrinus
日本語
スナドリネコ
Nederlands
Vissende kat
Norsk
Fiskerkatt
Polski
Taraj
Português
Gato-pescador
Svenska
Fiskarkatt
Türkçe
Balıkçı kedi
中文
漁貓

Fishing Cat Comments

JJ
"I wonder if i can have one as a pet?"
Tayter Tot
"AWESOME CAT!!!"
FISHING CAT!!!!
"ITS SO CUTE CUTE CUTE CUTE CUTE CUTE CUTE CUTE CUTE ITS SO CUTE CUTE CUTE CUTE CUTE CUTE I hope the fishing cat numbers raise cause I love them, I LOVE cats in general"
Kayla
"I'm doing a project on the fishing cat and love it. I love this site. Oh, I also Have to do a report about it and got a lots of info from here!! I hope the fishing cat's numbers raise!! It is such an interesting mammal.XOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOXOX!!!!"
Diamondblaze
"Aww cute kitties! <3. Too bad they're endangered D:. I just hope their numbers will rise again someday."
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First Published: 24th May 2010, Last Updated: 13th February 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 24 May 2010]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 24 May 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 24 May 2010]
5. Fishing Cat Conservation (Date Unknown) Available at: [Accessed at: 24 May 2010]
6. Fishing Cat Facts (Date Unknown) Available at: [Accessed at: 24 May 2010]
7. Fishing Cat Research (Date Unknown) Available at: [Accessed at: 24 May 2010]
8. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 24 May 2010]
9. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 24 May 2010]

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