Animals >>


Gharial (Gavialis Gangeticus)Gharial (Gavialis Gangeticus)Gharial (Gavialis Gangeticus)Gharial (Gavialis Gangeticus)Gharial (Gavialis Gangeticus)Gharial (Gavialis Gangeticus)Gharial (Gavialis Gangeticus)
[Jump to Article]

Gharial Facts

Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
A group of animals within a class
A group of animals within an order
A group of animals within a family
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Gavialis Gangeticus
The animal group that the species belongs to
What kind of foods the animal eats
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
3.6-5m (12.5-16.5ft)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
150-680kg (330-1500lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
24km/h (15mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
20-30 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Black, Grey, Brown
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Favourite Food:Fish
The specific area where the animal lives
Deep, fast-flowing rivers
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once
Main Prey:Fish, Insects, Small animals
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Special Features:Long, thin snout and large body size

Gharial Location

Map of Gharial Locations
Map of Asia


The gharial is a large-sized reptile found in the murky waters of Northern India and the surrounding countries. The gharial is closely related to other large reptiles including caimans and alligators, although the salt-water crocodile is believed to be the gharial's closest relative.

The gharial is most commonly found in the calmer areas of the deep, fast-flowing rivers of the North Indian subcontinent. The gharial spends most of its time in the water as it is not well suited for a life on the land, due to its short legs.

The gharial (along with the larger adult salt-water crocodiles) is the longest of this group of large reptiles, with there having been reports of adult male gharials reaching more than six meters in length. The elongated snout of the gharial is ideal for catching fish in the water, and contains more than 50 sharp teeth.

The gharial is a generally solitary predator and does not have the same terrifying reputation for eating humans as crocodiles do. Although the gharial has been known to show aggressive behaviour towards humans at times, the shape of the gharial's snout makes it difficult for the gharial to consume anything too big.

The gharial is a carnivorous animal and a dominant predator within its environment. The only time that this isn't the case is when the gharial share its territory with a large salt-water crocodile. Fish is the primary food of the gharial along with insects and occasionally small animals.

Due to its large size, the gharial has no natural predators within its environment besides humans who hunt the gharial, often for leather or meat. The gharial has also been devastatingly affected by the increasingly levels of pollution in the water and is today considered to be critically endangered in the wild.

The female gharial makes their nests and lay their eggs during the dry season when the river shrinks exposing more the sand on the river banks. The female gharial lays between 30 and 50 eggs which are buried in a whole in the sand by her.

The baby gharial emerge from the underground nest after a few months and are protected in the water by their mother for a few days, until they are able to fend for themselves.

Gharial Comments

"It was good never new about this animal frankly it was actully quite interesting also it honestly has a weirdly shaped nose.. well snout"
"I LOVE REPTILES!And these guys are just adorable! Thanks for the article."
"It was very helpful. Project for English."
**** ******
"thanks so much,this is a huge project for language arts,not science.I know,THATS CRAZY!!!!!!"
"This sight is very useful to the assignment given by my crazy science teacher! lmao "
Showing 5 of 7 comments.
Show More Comments

Post Comment

Please enter a nickname which you can use to identify your comment, but which others can not use to identify you. Please do not use your online usernames/handles which you use for social networking.

Article Tools

Add to Phobia Filter
Update your Gharial phobia filter.
Print Article
View printer friendly version of Gharial article.
Source/Reference Article
Learn how you can use or cite the Gharial article in your website content, school work and other projects.

First Published: 11th January 2010, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 11 Jan 2010]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 11 Jan 2010]
4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 11 Jan 2010]
5. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 11 Jan 2010]

Are you Safe?

Are you Safe? is an online safety campaign by If something has upset you, the Are you Safe? campaign can help you to speak to someone who can help you.

Are you Safe?
Subscribe to A-Z Animals and enjoy our website without advertising! Subscribe Now