Kenyan Sand Boa

Gongylophis colubrinus

Last updated: March 30, 2023
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff
© NatalieJean/

Specially bred to come in a variety of beautiful morphs


Kenyan Sand Boa Scientific Classification

Scientific Name
Gongylophis colubrinus

Read our Complete Guide to Classification of Animals.

Kenyan Sand Boa Conservation Status

Kenyan Sand Boa Locations

Kenyan Sand Boa Locations

Kenyan Sand Boa Facts

Small mammals, lizards, birds
Name Of Young
Fun Fact
Specially bred to come in a variety of beautiful morphs
Estimated Population Size
Biggest Threat
Habitat destruction, over-collection for pet trade
Most Distinctive Feature
Beautiful colorations
Other Name(s)
East African sand boa, Egyptian sand boa, sand boa, Kenyan sand boa
Gestation Period
4 months
Semi-desert, scrubland, savannas, prefers loose soil
Diet for this Fish
  • Nocturnal
Common Name
Kenyan sand boa
Number Of Species
Northern and Eastern Africa
A popular pet snake that comes in dozens of morphs!

Kenyan Sand Boa Physical Characteristics

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Kenyan sand boas are native to the East Africa coast, living from Tanzania up into Egypt, and across the Red Sea in Yemen. The species has increasingly become a popular pet snake in recent years thanks to its small size and easy-going temperament. With females growing no larger than three feet (most are just a couple of feet long) and males generally about half that length, Kenyan sand boas are also an attractive size compared to many other pet boas.

Another interesting feature of Kenyan sand boas is the number of “morphs” that have been bred in recent years. Breeders have selectively bred traits that give sand boas a rich variety of colors. In the guide below we’ll detail Kenyan sand boas and provide more information on popular morphs if you’re considering owning one as a pet!

Kenyan Sand Boa Classification and Evolution

The Kenyan sand boa is a reptile that belongs to the Erycinae subfamily and consists of 15 recognized species worldwide. Erycinae are nonvenomous snakes that are usually referred to as “sand boas,” of which the Kenyan sand boa is a member. The sand boa family live in Europe, Asia Minor, Africa, Arabia, central and southwestern Asia, India, Sri Lanka, and western North America.

There isn’t a clear consensus on whether a second species of Kenyan sand boas exist (known as E. c. loveridgei) and is generally smaller and more orange in color. The rubber boa and the rosy boa, two species native to North America, belong to the same subfamily and occupy a similar ecological role.

Appearance and Description

Kenyan Sand Boa - Face

Kenyan sand boas have a heavy build but rarely exceed three feet in length.


Sand boas are short, stocky snakes that are characterized by their heavy build, small eyes, and stumped tails. Their scales are smooth to the touch, save for the tail, which is bumpy. They don’t grow very long, with males measuring 15-18 inches in length and females measuring 24-36 inches in length. They can weigh between 700-1,000 grams (up to two pounds) but can be a bit heavier, especially in captivity.

Kenyan sand boas have a distinct coloring that makes them quite easy to identify. They generally have orange or yellow bodies with cream bellies. Their backs are covered in large, splotchy patterns of brown or tan. Through specialized breeding, however, Kenyan sand boas now come in dozens of morphs. Each morph has its own pattern or coloring and can be bred with other individuals to create even more varieties of morphs. For this reason, along with their mild temperament, Kenyan sand boas have become popular pets in recent years.

Where to find the Kenyan Sand Boa

The Kenyan sand boa is native to Northern and Eastern Africa. They are generally found in Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Chad, Niger, Yemen, Tanzania, and Somalia. Breeders often travel to these places to find specimens with specific traits in order to breed interesting and rare morphs.

The Kenyan sand boa is a burrowing snake, and its habitat reflects this. They prefer arid regions like deserts, scrublands, dunes, and savannahs. Their primary requirement for habitat is that the soil is loose enough for them to burrow into. Once burrowed, their colorations help them to blend in well, especially when they “periscope” their heads out of the sand in order to look for food.

Enclosures for Kenyan Sand Boas

Due to their size, Kenyan sand boas don’t have the same housing requirements as other snakes. Just remember that they’re naturally snakes that like to burrow, and need an environment to reflect their natural conditions.

Experts recommend that enclosures for a sand boa are a minimum of 10-gallons — a size typically recommended for juveniles. Males are generally smaller, and a small male could live in a 10-gallon enclosure, but 20-gallons is preferable. Females will be larger and need more space, ideally a 30-gallon terrarium.

Sand isn’t required in their environment, but substrates that allow for burrowing. Dry substrates such as some barks or desert blends can work. Other options are shredded aspen or combinations of sand that are also mixed with soil.

Temperatures should be in the 70s with a warm side of their enclosure at 90 to 95 degrees. Heating pads or ambient lights can be used to give sand boas a higher temperature during the day

Diet and Predators

In the wild, Kenyan sand boas primarily eat small mammals but will occasionally eat lizards and birds. Since they are smaller snakes, their prey is usually small rodents or lizards that happen to get too close. When they are babies, they will occasionally eat insects or search out mice burrows in order to eat the young. In captivity, Kenyan sand boas mostly eat pinky mice. As they grow larger, they can be fed fuzzies, but the mice should never be larger than your snake is wide at their mid-body.

Kenyan sand boas hunt by waiting in the sand where prey is likely to venture. Half buried, they lay in wait until an unsuspecting lizard or rodent walks past. With a quick strike, they grab their prey and slowly tighten its grip until it can’t breathe. This method of killing is known as constriction and is common among snakes.

The primary predators for Kenyan sand boas are birds of prey and large monitor lizards. Since they aren’t venomous, large animals don’t have to worry about getting bit while preying on them. Still, since Kenyan sand boas spend so much time hiding in the sand, predation doesn’t happen as often as it does of many other small reptiles.

Kenyan Sand Boa Morphs

Kenyan sand boas come in a variety of morphs. A morph is simply a particular trait that breeders select for and sell. Some morphs are rarer than others and result in astounding displays of colors or patterns. Morphs do happen in the wild and are usually the basis for other, rarer morphs. Still, many specific morphs available today can only be found in captivity.

Some of the most common Kenyan sand boa morphs:


The albino Kenyan sand boa morph has a lack of melanin in its scales. The snakes are usually pink, yellow, or lavender

© Ruffing


cutest snakes in the world

The anerythristic Kenyan sand boa morph removes all yellow pigment from the scales. These

snakes are black

, white, and grey and look truly striking.


Anerythristic stripe

The anerythristic striped Kenyan sand boa is a combination of the black and white anerythristic morph coloring and the patterning of the striped morph



The calico Kenyan sand boa morph has an orange base with black and yellow splotches across its body. The snake is named after the calico cat since they share the same colorings



The nuclear Kenyan sand boa morph has traditional patterning, only with a bright orange body and dark brown or black spots



The striped Kenyan sand boa morph is a patterned morph. This morph results in a splotchy stripe down its back with standard colors, but adding other morphs can produce different colorings


Behavior Around Humans

The Kenyan sand boa is known to have an incredibly mild temperament. With how beautiful they can be and how easily they are handled, sand boas make for some of the best pet snakes. Sand boas aren’t dangerous to humans at all (they aren’t venomous), and even if they did happen to strike, it’s unlikely to break the skin.

When handled with proper support and technique, they are unlikely to strike and make for a gently, docile snake that looks beautiful in any display tank.

A few notes for handling a Kenyan sand boa:

  • never approach from directly above as you can be interpreted as a predator
  • they will occasinally jerk when first handled, be sure not to drop them
  • don’t handle them within 48 hours of feeding or they could regurgitate and harm themselves
  • prodive proper support since they can’t support themselves like some other species can

Kenyan Sand Boa: Can you keep them as pets?

Yes, you can keep Kenyan sand boas as pets. They make for wonderful pets and are docile, easy to care for, and come in a variety of color morphs. They do eat mice, however, so anyone squeamish might consider a snake that only eats insects.

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About the Author

Colby is a writer at A-Z Animals primarily covering outdoors, unique animal stories, and science news. Colby has been writing about science news and animals for five years and holds a bachelor's degree from SEU. A resident of NYC, you can find him camping, exploring, and telling everyone about what birds he saw at his local birdfeeder.

Kenyan Sand Boa FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Are Kenyan sand boas venomous?

No, Kenyan sand boas aren’t venomous or dangerous to humans at all.

Can you keep Kenyan sand boas as pets?

Yes, you can keep Kenyan sand boas as pets.

What are Kenyan sand boa morphs?

A Kenyan sand boa morph is a certain color or pattern trait that breeders have identified and named.

Where can I get a Kenyan sand boa?

You can get Kenyan sand boas from online reptile traders and specialty reptile stores.

What do I feed my Kenyan sand boa?

Kenyan sand boas eat pink mice, with some larger individuals eating fuzzies.

Where do Kenyan sand boas live?

Kenyan sand boas live in the deserts and scrublands of northern and eastern Africa.

How much do Kenyan sand boas cost?

A typical Kenyan sand boa can cost as little as $80. Rarer morphs and special genetic lines can cost upwards of $900.

How do Kenyan sand boas have babies?

Kenyan sand boas have live babies developed in eggs in their mother’s bodies, a trait known as ovoviviparous reproduction. 

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