Explore 85+ Fish That Start With E (Common Names)

Emperor angelfish in coral reef
© Rich Carey/Shutterstock.com

Written by Hannah Crawford

Updated: July 27, 2023

Share on:


When we look at the ocean, it can be easy to get overwhelmed by all of the animals that reside in our waters. The number of animals underwater alone is too much, let alone fish. While estimations are 3.5 trillion fish, there is no definitive way to tell how many there are. 

As we make our way through the alphabet, we have landed on the letter E. Can you guess how many fish there are in the entire world whose common names start with the letter “E”? We can’t either! So, we have compiled a list of 85+ fish whose common names start with “E.” 

After we dive into ten fish that start with “E” and learn about their size and habitats, we will then move on to a comprehensive list we have compiled, where we can also learn their scientific names along with their common names. 

Let’s start with one of the largest fish out there, the escolar fish.

Escolar (Lepidocybium flavobrunneum)

Escolar Fish

The escolar fish is known to be caught by tuna fisheries.

©Unknown author / public domain – Original

Escolar  (Lepidocybium flavobrunneum) of the family Gempylidae is a rather large fish that can grow as long as seven feet and weigh up to 99 pounds!

These large fish will pretty on squid, cuttlefish, crustaceans, and other smaller fish. The escolar has two distinct prey: the yellowfin tuna and humans. 

The reason that humans are one of the top prey is because humans will eat this fish. Escolar is very nutritional. While nutritional, you don’t want to eat too much.

Emperor Angelfish (P. imperator)

The Emperor


beautiful scales and colors allow them to attract other emperor angelfish so they can mate with them.

©Vic Brincat (cadmanof50s) from Keswick, Ontario, Canada, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons – Original / License

Emperor angelfish (P. imperator) are solitary animals that have very colorful stripes on their scales. Oddly enough, they are labeled as one of the most beautiful fish in the ocean. They are yellow, blue, black, and white in appearance.

This fish can grow to 16 inches in length. However, most emperor angelfish are only 10-15 inches in length. 

They prey on tunicates. Tunicats are marine invertebrate animals. Sharks, marine mammals, and larger fish will prey on the emperor angelfish.

Ember Tetra (Hyphessobrycon amandae)

Ember Tetra

The bright colors of the ember tetra make them desirable fish to keep in aquariums.


This beautifully orange-colored fish, the ember tetra (Hyphessobrycon amandae), is known as one of the smallest shoaling fish in the world. Shoaling means fish that hang out in the same place in groups.

These small fish reach 0.8 inches in size. Due to this, they will feast on small invertebrates and crustaceans. Their top food choice as omnivores, however, is zooplankton.

These little fish will live a very short lifespan of all 2-4 years. Their main predators are various larger fish—one of the top predators is the cichlids.

Elephant Fish (Callorhinchus milii)

Gnathonemus petersii - Elephantnose fish



fish is brown, blue, and black in appearance. They have a long snout that resembles an elephant’s trunk.


Elephant Fish (Callorhinchus milii) of the family Chimaeriformes has the common name elephant fish for its long snout that can extend far out. These fish are only about 2-4 feet long and weigh 10-15 pounds. Large elephant fish can grow to as much as 20 pounds in total. 

These fish are very slow and only move about two miles per hour. They feast on mollusks and crustaceans. 

They are solitary animals and a constant food source for sharks.

Electric Eel (Electrophorus electricus)

Electric eel (Electrophorus electricus)

The electric eel likes to reside in murky waters. Their habitats are particularly in South America.

©Vladimir Wrangel/Shutterstock.com

The electric eel (Electrophorus electricus) has three species within its family, Gymnotidae. These three species are the electric eel (Electrophorus electricus), Vari’s electric eel (E. varii), and Volta’s electric eel (E. voltai). 

Electric eels range in size according to their species; however, most electric eels are around 45 pounds and reach up to eight feet long. 

They feast on fish, insects, small vertebrates, and crustaceans. Due to the electric voltage electric eels can produce, there are no predators for these fish. After all, who wants to be electrocuted while eating?

Electric Catfish (Malapteruridae)

Electric Catfish are generally gray-brown on the back and sides.

The electric


are generally gray-brown on the back and sides.

©BLUR LIFE 1975/Shutterstock.com

Electric catfish (Malapteruridae) find its natural habitat residing in freshwater around Africa. Weighing approximately two pounds and reaching four feet, these fish are rather big when you think about their length compared to other fish.

The electric catfish, as a carnivore, likes to each fish, invertebrates, and eggs. As far as predators go, other larger fish will eat them.

An interesting fact about these catfish is that they can discharge up to 450 volts to shock their predators. This type of shock would certainly be dangerous, if not fatal, to a human. 

To put this in perspective, a typical house in the United States would have about 240 volts of electricity flowing through its house. Imagine what 240 volts could do, and now see that the electric catfish has double that!

Eelpout (Zoarces viviparus)


All marine eelpouts belong to the order Scorpaeniformes. This diverse order of ray-finned fish includes over 1,320 species


A rather blah-looking fish, the eelpout (Zoarces viviparus) is a carnivore that preys on sea urchins, sea cucumbers, starfish, sand dollars, crabs, and shrimp. 

These fish are worldwide. And as such, they have a variety of predators, such as seals, skates, and sculpins. 

There are approximately 296 different species of eelpout fish. And they all share one distinct feature, they have large fleshy-looking lips.

Eel (Anguilliformes)

Bunch of eels in fish market in Shanghai, China

Not only is it safe for humans to eat eel, it is a delicacy many countries prize.

©Valentin Ayupov/Shutterstock.com

Eel  (Anguilliformes) of the class Actinopterygii can be found in various locations all around the world. Their habitats reside in locations such as Africa, Asia, Central America, Eurasia, Europe, North America, and South America, to list a few locations. 

These eels can grow to be 13 feet long! For as long as they are, they do have slender bodies that only reach about 25 kilograms (55 pounds). 

The eel catfish likes to feast on smaller fish, invertebrates, crustaceans, shrimp, crabs, and sea urchins.

Eagle Ray (Myliobatidae)

Spotted eagle ray

A spotted eagle ray is seen while scuba diving over the reef near Cozumel Mexico, in the National Marine Park.


The eagle ray (Myliobatidae) is a fish you might see at your local aquarium. They have smooth skin and appear grey, blue, black, and white in appearance. 

The eagle ray is both a solitary and a school animal that preys on crustaceans and mollusks. School means that they would live in a large group. If you’ve ever seen the movie Finding Nemo, this would be a good example of a school of fish that you see mid-movie when Nemo’s dad is searching for him!

Largest Fish that Starts with the Letter “E”

3D rendered image of Frilled Shark.


frilled shark

, more commonly referred to as the eel shark, has fringed-like gills that gave it its common name the “frilled shark. Their eel-like appearance is why they are also known as the eel shark.


The list of fish we have provided above, and then the comprehensive list below, does not even begin to cover all the common names out there for fish that start with the letter “E.” We scoured our list and found one of the largest fish in the ocean, a shark resembling an eel.

The frilled shark is more commonly referred to as the eel shark (Chlamydoselachus anguineus) due to its eel-like appearance when you first look at it. 

This large shark can grow up to 200 pounds. The males are shorter, normally growing to only 5.6 feet. While the females are a foot longer, coming in at 6.6. feet long. 

A lot of sharks have a very smooth-like appearance, such as the great white shark. However, the eel shark (frilled shark) has a very fringed-like appearance with its gills. Thus, he is known as the frilled shark. 

The eel shark (frilled shark) will prey on cephalopods, bony fish, and other smaller sharks. 

Now that we have looked at the basics of 10 fish that start with the letter “E” and looked at one of the largest fish that start with “E,” we are now ready to delve right into a complete list of 85+ fish where their common names start with “E” and listing their scientific names.

Complete List of 85+ Fish That Start with the Letter “E”

Common Name (Fish that start with “E”)Scientific Name 
Emperor AngelfishPomacanthus imperator
Electric EelElectrophorus
Elephant FishGnathonemus petersii
European MinnowPhoxinus phoxinus
Eagle RayMyliobatidae
European FlounderPlatichthys flesus
Electric CatfishMalapteruridae
EscolarLepidocybium flavobrunneum
European PerchPerca fluviatilis
Eel LoachPangio kuhlii
Eastern Spiny GurnardLepidotrigla pleuracanthica
Edible Gourami (giant gourami)Osphronemus goramy
Eastern Spiny SeahorseHippocampus hendriki
Eastern Banded CatsharkAtelomycterus marnkalha
Easter Island Flying FishCheilopogon rapanouiensis
Eastern Cleaner-ClingfishCochleoceps orientalis
Eel-GobyTaenioides cirratus
Eastern ClingfishCochleoceps orientalis Hutchins
Emperor BreamLethrinidae
Eeltail CatfishPlotosidae
Eastcoast SqueakerSynodontis zanzibaricus
Eastern River GarfishHyporhamphus regularis ardelio
Eastern Silvery MinnowHybognathus regius
Eastern BreamAbramis brama
Elephantnose FishGnathonemus petersii
Eastern Paradise FishMacropodus opercularis
Ember ParrotfishScarus rubroviolaceus
Espe’s PencilfishNannostomus espei
Eastern Spotted Gummy SharkMustelus walkeri
Earth EaterGeophagus sp.
Eucla CodEuclichthys polynemus
Ethiopian LungfishProtopterus aethiopicus
Eight-Barb LoachEirmotus octozona
Electric RayTorpediniformes
European ChubSqualius cephalus
Empire GudgeonHypseleotris compressa
Emerald CatfishCorydoras splendens
European WelsSilurus glanis
European EelAnguilla anguilla
Emperor TetraNematobrycon palmeri
Ebinania MacquariensisMacquarie blobfish
Eastern Rainbow FishMelanotaenia splendida splendida
Eastern Bottlenose MormyridMormyrus caschive
Electric KnifefishElectrophorus electricus
Eastern PomfredSchuettea scalaripinnis
Eastern MudminnowUmbra pygmaea
Eastern Leg SkateSinobatis filicauda
Eel CodMuraenolepididae
Easter DamselfishChrysiptera rapanui
Ebinania CostaecanariaeEbinania Costaecanariae
Elegant RasboraRasbora elegans
EulachonThaleichthys pacificus
Electric Yellow HapLabidochromis caeruleus
Eastern Blue DevilParaplesiops bleekeri
Elephant-Nose CichlidGnathonemus petersii
EntsuyuiEarthworm Eel
Earthworm EelChaudhuriidae
Ebinania VermiculataEbinania vermiculata Sakamoto
Eastern Australian Blackhead TriplefinEnneapterygius atrogulare
Eastern Smooth BoxfishAnoplocapros inermis
EmperorLethrinus miniatus
Eye Spot LoachAcanthocobitis botia
Everglades Pygmy SunfishElassoma zonatum
Egyptian MouthbrooderPseudocrenilabrus multicolor
Eye-Lined PyrrhulinaPyrrhulina rachoviana
Eastern Starhead Topminnow Fundulus dispar
Eel catfishChannallabes apus
Ember Tetra  Hyphessobrycon amandae
Eared blacksmeltLipolagus ochotensis
Eared congerCastleichthys auritus
Earle’s soldierfishMyripristis earlei
Earle’s splitfinLuzonichthys earlei
Earspot cusk eelOphidion fulvum
Earspot snakeblennyOphiclinops hutchinsi
East African red finned barbBarbus apleurogramma
East African sardinella Sardinella neglecta
East China leg skateAnacanthobatis donghaiensis
East coast crocodilefishCymbacephalus beauforti
Ebinania malacocephalaEbinania malacocephala Nelson
Ebosia falcataFalcate lionfishes
Ecsenius fourmanoiriEcsenius fourmanoiri
Egyptian soleSolea aegyptiaca

Share this post on:
About the Author

Hannah Crawford is a writer at A-Z Animals where she focuses on reptiles, mammals, and locations in Africa. Hannah has been researching and writing about animals and various countries for over eight years. She holds a Bachelors Degree in Communication\Performance Studies from Pensacola Christian College, which she earned in 2015. Hannah is a resident in Florida, and enjoys theatre, poetry, and growing her fish tank.

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.