Cichlid

Herotilapia multispinosa

Last updated: March 8, 2023
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff
© Steven Viemeister / Creative Commons / Original

It is estimated that cichlids make up more than 5% of all vertebrate species


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Cichlid Scientific Classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Actinopterygii
Order
Perciformes
Family
Cichlidae
Genus
Herotilapia
Scientific Name
Herotilapia multispinosa

Read our Complete Guide to Classification of Animals.

Cichlid Conservation Status


Cichlid Facts

Prey
Phytoplankton, zooplankton, mollusks, and other fish
Group Behavior
  • Solitary
  • School
Fun Fact
It is estimated that cichlids make up more than 5% of all vertebrate species
Estimated Population Size
Unknown
Biggest Threat
Habitat changes
Most Distinctive Feature
The exceptionally bright and varied colors
Gestation Period
A few days or weeks
Optimum pH Level
7.8-8.5 on average
Habitat
Lakes and rivers
Diet
Omnivore
Favorite Food
Algae
Type
Ray-finned fish
Common Name
Cichlid
Average Clutch Size
200
Slogan
There are more than 2 000 known species!

Cichlid Physical Characteristics

Color
  • Yellow
  • Red
  • Blue
  • Black
  • White
  • Green
  • Orange
  • Silver
Skin Type
Scales
Lifespan
Up to 8 years
Weight
From less than an ounce to more than 7 pounds
Length
Up to 3 feet
Age of Sexual Maturity
9 months old
Aggression
High

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Summary

One of the most important things to learn about cichlids is there are lots of them! Officially, there are 1,732 known species of cichlid, but biologists believe there are many more. This freshwater fish is an omnivore, eating larvae, brine shrimp, and algae. They’re best known for their colorful scales.

Cichlid Infographic

3 Incredible Cichlid Facts!

  • Mouthbrooding: A female cichlid sometimes holds her eggs in her mouth.
  • Phonetic pronunciation: The proper pronunciation of cichlid sounds like you’re saying, ‘sick lid.’
  • Changing colors: Cichlids change color in response to their mood.

Classification and Scientific Name

Yellow-tail acei cichlid

Yellow-tail acei cichlid.

©koagulant/Shutterstock.com

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The scientific name of the Nile tilapia is Oreochromis niloticus. Of course, this is just one of 1,732 species of cichlids. The Latin word Oreochromis translates to golden fish.

Cichlids belong to the Cichlidae family and the class Actinopterygii. Actinopterygii is Latin, meaning ray-finned fish.

A few types of cichlids include:



  • Dogtooth cichlid
  • Electric yellow cichlid
  • Peacock cichlid
  • Bumblebee cichlid

History and Origins

Cichlid are beautiful fish.

©Steven Viemeister / Creative Commons

Cichlids are a type of fish belonging to the family Cichlidae in the order Cichliformes. It is believed that cichlids first appeared in Tanzania during the Eocene epoch, roughly 46-45 million years ago. The closest living relative of cichlids is believed to be the convict blenny fish. To date, 1,759 species of cichlids have been identified, making it one of the largest groups of vertebrates. However, due to the discovery of new species and those yet to be described, it is estimated that there may be 2,000 species of cichlid fish.

Species

Midas Cichlid

Midas cichlid (Amphilophus citrinellus) is from America.

©Andrej Jakubik/Shutterstock.com

Many of the 1,732 species in the Cichlidae family are African cichlids. Specifically, many species live in Lake Malawi in Tanzania.

All of these African cichlids live in Lake Malawi, and some are known as mbuna. Also known as rockfish, mbuna swim around the rocks near the shore.

  • Peacock cichlids: These cichlids have scales with dazzling color combinations of yellow, blue, orange, silver, red, and black.
  • Bumblebee cichlid: The bumble cichlid is aptly named for its yellow body covered with black stripes. A bumblebee cichlid is a mbuna.
  • Electric yellow cichlid: This mbuna is known for its brilliant yellow scales. It grows to a length of three to four inches.
  • Venustus cichlid: This cichlid has blue scales with white stripes. These cichlids may swim as deep as 75 feet in Lake Malawi.

Appearance

Firemouth cichlid

This is a bright representative of the American cichlid family. She is able to inflate the gills, scaring opponents.

©iStock.com/User10095428_393

With so many types of cichlids in existence, this fish can claim practically any color on the spectrum. As an example, an African butterfly peacock cichlid has brilliant yellow scales with bright blue fins. Alternatively, a Livingstonii cichlid, also a mbuna, has a silver body with black splotches.

Cichlids have ray fins on their back and underbelly. These spiny fins stand up while this fish swims.

These fish can be as small as two inches in length and as large as 36 inches. The Neolamprologus ocellatus is a dwarf African cichlid growing to two inches. Alternatively, the African giant cichlid is the biggest type measuring 36 inches.

Species can greatly differ in weight as well. Dwarf African shell dwellers are less than an ounce, whereas a giant cichlid can weigh seven pounds or more.

Smaller cichlids are vulnerable to predators. Many of them take shelter in rock crevices to escape larger fish or other predators. Large cichlids have fewer predators but can be targets of fishermen.

Distribution, Population, and Habitat

Where to Find Cichlids and How to Catch Them

Baby Discus Cichlid fish swimming with parent. <a href=

Baby Discus Cichlid fish swimming with a parent. Discus fishes are native to the Amazon River.

©Studio 37/Shutterstock.com

Most cichlids live in freshwater rivers and lakes in Africa, Central America, and South America. Specifically, biologists estimate that Lake Malawi in Africa is home to over 1,000 types.

Not surprisingly, different cichlids reside at different depths. For instance, the Maingano cichlid lives at a depth of around 16 feet, while a red zebra cichlid lives at 30 feet.

In terms of commercial fishing, tilapia is a type of cichlid caught and eaten by people throughout the world. They are also raised on fish farms and sold to restaurants and businesses.

Cichlids of all types are kept by fish enthusiasts with home aquariums. Their popularity is due to their varied scale colors and patterns.

Predators and Prey

Uaru Cichlid

The average lifespan of an Uaru is about 8 to 10 years.

©Grigorii Pisotsckii/Shutterstock.com

Cichlids vary between being fully herbivorous and fully carnivorous, depending on the species. This dietary strategy is almost always reflected in the fish’s physical characteristics. Many cichlids cruise through algae beds or the muddy floor and passively filter out small prey from the surrounding water, such as zooplankton (tiny marine animals) and phytoplankton (small photosynthetic plant matter). Larger cichlid species consume hard-shelled mollusks by crushing the shell with their strong jaws or sucking out the prey.

A select few species will consume entire eggs or larvae of other cichlids. They have adapted the unique strategy of targeting a mother who keeps the eggs stored safely in her mouth. They will ram her repeatedly in an effort to make her release the eggs so it can gobble them up.

Besides members of their own kind, cichlids also face predation from humans and other types of fish. Overfishing, habitat change and invasive species have all posed dangers to cichlids. The introduction of the Nile perch into some areas of its natural range has driven a few species to extinction. Many are listed as least concern, though, and don’t face any particular population pressures.

Cichlid Reproduction and Lifespan

Pair of keyhole cichlid

Pair of keyhole cichlid

©chonlasub woravichan/Shutterstock.com

Cichlids, such as the Mayan cichlid, spawn in the spring and summer. These fish reproduce by laying eggs. Some cichlids mouth brood, while others pit spawn.

Mouthbrooding is when a female fish releases eggs. Then after they’re fertilized by the male, the female takes them back into her mouth. This is her way of protecting her young! The gestation period for mouthbrooding cichlids is 21 to 36 days.

Pit spawning is when a fish digs a shallow pit in the sand. The female deposits her eggs into the pit, and the male cichlid fertilizes them. The gestation period for eggs in a pit is five to 15 days.

Cichlids can lay hundreds of tiny eggs. These fish are sexually mature at nine months old and have a lifespan of up to eight years.

Fishing and Cooking

tilapia2

Tilapia are cichlid fish that are commonly eaten around the world.

©Yossi James/Shutterstock.com

A type of cichlid called tilapia is popular in both commercial and recreational fishing. China produces over one million tons of tilapia per year.

Recreationally, these fish can be caught on a fishing line using corn or peas as bait. The best time to catch tilapia is in the spring and summer when they’re most active. Generally, they congregate in shallow water during these seasons.

Tilapia is eaten throughout the world but is rated as the fourth most popular fish in the United States. However, most of the tilapia eaten in the U.S. has been raised on fish farms. This fish contains 29 grams of lean protein in a four-ounce serving.

Whether it’s baked, broiled, or grilled, tilapia is easy to prepare and delicious.

1,759 Types of Cichlid Fish

Cichlid GenusCichlid Species
Abactochromislabrosus
Acarichthysheckelii
Acaronianassa
Acaroniavultuosa
Aequidenschimantanus
Aequidensdiadema
Aequidensepae
Aequidensgerciliae
Aequidensmauesanus
Aequidensmetae
Aequidensmichaeli
Aequidenspallidus
Aequidenspaloemeuensis
Aequidenspatricki
Aequidensplagiozonatus
Aequidenspotaroensis
Aequidensrondoni
Aequidenssuperomaculatum
Aequidenstetramerus
Aequidenstubicen
Aequidensviridis
Alticorpusgeoffreyi
Alticorpusmacrocleithrum
Alticorpusmentale
Alticorpuspeterdaviesi
Alticorpusprofundicola
Altolamprologuscalvus
Altolamprologuscompressiceps
Amatitlaniaaltoflava
Amatitlaniacoatepeque
Amatitlaniakanna
Amatitlaniamyrnae
Amatitlaniananolutea
Amatitlanianigrofasciata
Amatitlaniasajica
Amatitlaniaseptemfasciata
Amatitlaniasiquia
Amphilophusamarillo
Amphilophusastorquii
Amphilophuschancho
Amphilophuscitrinellus
Amphilophusflaveolus
Amphilophusglobosus
Amphilophushogaboomorum
Amphilophuslabiatus
Amphilophuslyonsi
Amphilophusmargaritifer
Amphilophussagittae
Amphilophussupercilius
Amphilophustolteca
Amphilophusviridis
Amphilophusxiloaensis
Amphilophuszaliosus
Andinoacarabiseriatus
Andinoacarablombergi
Andinoacaracoeruleopunctatus
Andinoacaralatifrons
Andinoacarapulcher
Andinoacararivulatus
Andinoacarasapayensis
Andinoacarastalsbergi
Anomalochromisthomasi
Apistogrammaacrensis
Apistogrammaagassizii
Apistogrammaaguarico
Apistogrammaalacrina
Apistogrammaallpahuayo
Apistogrammaamoena
Apistogrammaangayuara
Apistogrammaarua
Apistogrammaatahualpa
Apistogrammabaenschi
Apistogrammabarlowi
Apistogrammabitaeniata
Apistogrammaborellii
Apistogrammabrevis
Apistogrammacacatuoides
Apistogrammacaetei
Apistogrammacaudomaculata
Apistogrammacinilabra
Apistogrammacommbrae
Apistogrammacruzi
Apistogrammadiplotaenia
Apistogrammaelizabethae
Apistogrammaeremnopyge
Apistogrammaerythrura
Apistogrammaeunotus
Apistogrammafeconat
Apistogrammaflabellicauda
Apistogrammageisleri
Apistogrammagephyra
Apistogrammagibbiceps
Apistogrammagossei
Apistogrammaguttata
Apistogrammahelkeri
Apistogrammahippolytae
Apistogrammahoignei
Apistogrammahongsloi
Apistogrammahuascar
Apistogrammainconspicua
Apistogrammainiridae
Apistogrammainornata
Apistogrammaintermedia
Apistogrammajuruensis
Apistogrammakullanderi
Apistogrammalineata
Apistogrammalinkei
Apistogrammaluelingi
Apistogrammamacmasteri
Apistogrammamartini
Apistogrammamegaptera
Apistogrammameinkeni
Apistogrammamendezi
Apistogrammaminima
Apistogrammamoae
Apistogrammanijsseni
Apistogrammanorberti
Apistogrammanororientalis
Apistogrammaortegai
Apistogrammaortmanni
Apistogrammapanduro
Apistogrammapantalone
Apistogrammapaucisquamis
Apistogrammapaulmuelleri
Apistogrammapayaminonis
Apistogrammapedunculata
Apistogrammapersonata
Apistogrammapertensis
Apistogrammapiaroa
Apistogrammapiauiensis
Apistogrammaplayayacu
Apistogrammapleurotaenia
Apistogrammapulchra
Apistogrammaregani
Apistogrammaresticulosa
Apistogrammarositae
Apistogrammarubrolineata
Apistogrammarupununi
Apistogrammasalpinction
Apistogrammasimilis
Apistogrammastaecki
Apistogrammasteindachneri
Apistogrammataeniata
Apistogrammatrifasciata
Apistogrammatucurui
Apistogrammauaupesi
Apistogrammaurteagai
Apistogrammavelifera
Apistogrammaviejita
Apistogrammawapisana
Apistogrammawolli
Apistogrammoidespucallpaensis
Archocentruscentrarchus
Aristochromischristyi
Astatherosmacracanthus
Astatoreochromisalluaudi
Astatoreochromisstraeleni
Astatotilapiabloyeti
Astatotilapiaburtoni
Astatotilapiacalliptera
Astatotilapiadesfontainii
Astatotilapiaflaviijosephi
Astatotilapiastappersii
Astatotilapiaswynnertoni
Astatotilapiatchadensis
Astatotilapiatweddlei
Astronotuscrassipinnis
Astronotusmikoljii
Astronotusocellatus
Aulonocaraaquilonium
Aulonocaraauditor
Aulonocarabaenschi
Aulonocarabrevinidus
Aulonocarabrevirostre
Aulonocaraethelwynnae
Aulonocaragertrudae
Aulonocaraguentheri
Aulonocarahansbaenschi
Aulonocarahueseri
Aulonocarajacobfreibergi
Aulonocarakandeense
Aulonocarakoningsi
Aulonocarakorneliae
Aulonocaramaylandi
Aulonocaranyassae
Aulonocararostratum
Aulonocarasaulosi
Aulonocarasteveni
Aulonocarastonemani
Aulonocarastuartgranti
Aulonocaratrematocephalum
Aulonocranusdewindti
Australoherosacaroides
Australoherosangiru
Australoherosautochthon
Australoherosautrani
Australoherosbarbosae
Australoheroscapixaba
Australoheroscharrua
Australoherosfacetus
Australoherosforquilha
Australoherosguarani
Australoherosipatinguensis
Australoheroskaaygua
Australoherosmacacuensis
Australoherosmacaensis
Australoherosmattosi
Australoherosminuano
Australoherosmontanus
Australoherosmuriae
Australoherosparaibae
Australoherosperdi
Australoherosribeirae
Australoherosrobustus
Australoherossanguineus
Australoherossaquarema
Australoherosscitulus
Australoherostaura
Australoherostavaresi
Australoherostembe
Australoherosykeregua
Baileychromiscentropomoides
Bathybatesfasciatus
Bathybatesferox
Bathybatesgraueri
Bathybateshornii
Bathybatesleo
Bathybatesminor
Bathybatesvittatus
Benitochromisbatesii
Benitochromisconjunctus
Benitochromisfinleyi
Benitochromisnigrodorsalis
Benitochromisriomuniensis
Benitochromisufermanni
Benthochromishorii
Benthochromismelanoides
Benthochromistricoti
Biotodomacupido
Biotodomawavrini
Biotoecusdicentrarchus
Biotoecusopercularis
Boulengerochromismicrolepis
Buccochromisatritaeniatus
Buccochromisheterotaenia
Buccochromislepturus
Buccochromisnototaenia
Buccochromisoculatus
Buccochromisrhoadesii
Buccochromisspectabilis
Bujurquinaapoparuana
Bujurquinacordemadi
Bujurquinaeurhinus
Bujurquinahophrys
Bujurquinahuallagae
Bujurquinalabiosa
Bujurquinamariae
Bujurquinamegalospilus
Bujurquinamoriorum
Bujurquinaoenolaemus
Bujurquinaortegai
Bujurquinapardus
Bujurquinaperegrinabunda
Bujurquinarobusta
Bujurquinasyspilus
Bujurquinatambopatae
Bujurquinavittata
Bujurquinazamorensis
Callochromismacrops
Callochromismelanostigma
Callochromispleurospilus
Caprichromisliemi
Caprichromisorthognathus
Caquetaiakraussii
Caquetaiamyersi
Caquetaiaspectabilis
Cardiopharynxschoutedeni
Chaetobranchopsisaustralis
Chaetobranchopsisorbicularis
Chaetobranchusflavescens
Chaetobranchussemifasciatus
Chalinochromisbrichardi
Chalinochromiscyanophleps
Chalinochromispopelini
Champsochromiscaeruleus
Champsochromisspilorhynchus
Cheilochromiseuchilus
Chetiabrevicauda
Chetiabrevis
Chetiaflaviventris
Chetiagracilis
Chetiamola
Chetiawelwitschi
Chiapaherosgrammodes
Chilochromisduponti
Chilotilapiarhoadesii
Chindongoater
Chindongobellicosus
Chindongocyaneus
Chindongodemasoni
Chindongoelongatus
Chindongoflavus
Chindongoheteropictus
Chindongolongior
Chindongominutus
Chindongosaulosi
Chindongosocolofi
Chocoherosmicrolepis
Chortiheroswesseli
Chromidotilapiacavalliensis
Chromidotilapiaelongata
Chromidotilapiaguntheri
Chromidotilapiakingsleyae
Chromidotilapialinkei
Chromidotilapiamamonekenei
Chromidotilapiamelaniae
Chromidotilapiamrac
Chromidotilapianana
Chromidotilapiaregani
Chromidotilapiaschoutedeni
Cichlaintermedia
Cichlajariina
Cichlakelberi
Cichlamelaniae
Cichlamirianae
Cichlamonoculus
Cichlanigromaculata
Cichlaocellaris
Cichlaorinocensis
Cichlapinima
Cichlapiquiti
Cichlapleiozona
Cichlatemensis
Cichlathyrorus
Cichlavazzoleri
Cichlasomaamazonarum
Cichlasomaaraguaiense
Cichlasomabimaculatum
Cichlasomaboliviense
Cichlasomadimerus
Cichlasomageddesi
Cichlasomaistlanum
Cichlasomaorientale
Cichlasomaorinocense
Cichlasomaparanaense
Cichlasomaportalegrense
Cichlasomapusillum
Cichlasomasanctifranciscense
Cichlasomataenia
Cichlasomatrimaculatum
Cichlasomazarskei
Cincelichthysbocourti
Cincelichthyspearsei
Cleithracaramaronii
Coelotilapiajoka
Congochromisdimidiatus
Congochromispugnatus
Congochromisrobustus
Congochromissabinae
Congochromissquamiceps
Congolapiabilineata
Congolapiacrassa
Congolapialouna
Copadichromisatripinnis
Copadichromisazureus
Copadichromisborleyi
Copadichromischizumuluensis
Copadichromischrysonotus
Copadichromiscyaneus
Copadichromiscyanocephalus
Copadichromisdiplostigma
Copadichromisgeertsi
Copadichromisilesi
Copadichromisinsularis
Copadichromisjacksoni
Copadichromislikomae
Copadichromismbenjii
Copadichromismelas
Copadichromismloto
Copadichromisnkatae
Copadichromisparvus
Copadichromispleurostigma
Copadichromispleurostigmoides
Copadichromisquadrimaculatus
Copadichromistrewavasae
Copadichromistrimaculatus
Copadichromisverduyni
Copadichromisvirginalis
Coptodonbakossiorum
Coptodonbemini
Coptodonbythobates
Coptodoncameronensis
Coptodoncamerunensis
Coptodoncoffea
Coptodoncongica
Coptodondageti
Coptodondeckerti
Coptodondiscolor
Coptodonejagham
Coptodonflava
Coptodonfusiforme
Coptodonguineensis
Coptodongutturosa
Coptodonimbriferna
Coptodonismailiaensis
Coptodonkonkourensis
Coptodonkottae
Coptodonlouka
Coptodonmargaritacea
Coptodonnigrans
Coptodonnyongana
Coptodonrendalli
Coptodonrheophila
Coptodonsnyderae
Coptodonspongotroktis
Coptodontholloni
Coptodonthysi
Coptodonwalteri
Coptodonzillii
Corematodusshiranus
Corematodustaeniatus
Crenicaralatruncularium
Crenicarapunctulata
Crenicichlaacutirostris
Crenicichlaadspersa
Crenicichlaalbopunctata
Crenicichlaalta
Crenicichlaanamiri
Crenicichlaanthurus
Crenicichlabrasiliensis
Crenicichlabritskii
Crenicichlacametana
Crenicichlacelidochilus
Crenicichlachicha
Crenicichlacincta
Crenicichlacompressiceps
Crenicichlacoppenamensis
Crenicichlacyanonotus
Crenicichlacyclostoma
Crenicichlaempheres
Crenicichlafrenata
Crenicichlagaucho
Crenicichlageayi
Crenicichlagillmorlisi
Crenicichlahadrostigma
Crenicichlaharoldoi
Crenicichlaheckeli
Crenicichlahemera
Crenicichlahu
Crenicichlahummelincki
Crenicichlaigara
Crenicichlaiguapina
Crenicichlaiguassuensis
Crenicichlainpa
Crenicichlaisbrueckeri
Crenicichlajaguarensis
Crenicichlajegui
Crenicichlajohanna
Crenicichlajupiaensis
Crenicichlajurubi
Crenicichlalabrina
Crenicichlalacustris
Crenicichlalenticulata
Crenicichlalepidota
Crenicichlalucenai
Crenicichlalucius
Crenicichlalugubris
Crenicichlamacrophthalma
Crenicichlamaculata
Crenicichlamandelburgeri
Crenicichlamarmorata
Crenicichlamenezesi
Crenicichlaminuano
Crenicichlamissioneira
Crenicichlamonicae
Crenicichlamucuryna
Crenicichlamultispinosa
Crenicichlanickeriensis
Crenicichlaniederleinii
Crenicichlanotophthalmus
Crenicichlapellegrini
Crenicichlapercna
Crenicichlaphaiospilus
Crenicichlaploegi
Crenicichlaprenda
Crenicichlaproteus
Crenicichlapunctata
Crenicichlapydanielae
Crenicichlaregani
Crenicichlareticulata
Crenicichlarosemariae
Crenicichlasantosi
Crenicichlasaxatilis
Crenicichlascottii
Crenicichlasedentaria
Crenicichlasemicincta
Crenicichlasemifasciata
Crenicichlasipaliwini
Crenicichlastocki
Crenicichlastrigata
Crenicichlasveni
Crenicichlataikyra
Crenicichlatapii
Crenicichlatendybaguassu
Crenicichlaternetzi
Crenicichlatesay
Crenicichlatigrina
Crenicichlatingui
Crenicichlatuca
Crenicichlaurosema
Crenicichlavaillanti
Crenicichlavirgatula
Crenicichlavittata
Crenicichlawallacii
Crenicichlayaha
Crenicichlaypo
Crenicichlazebrina
Cribroherosalfari
Cribroherosaltifrons
Cribroherosbussingi
Cribroherosdiquis
Cribroheroslongimanus
Cribroherosrhytisma
Cribroherosrobertsoni
Cribroherosrostratus
Cryptoheroschetumalensis
Cryptoheroscutteri
Cryptoherospanamensis
Cryptoherosspilurus
Ctenochromishorei
Ctenochromisluluae
Ctenochromisoligacanthus
Ctenochromispectoralis
Ctenochromispolli
Ctenopharynxintermedius
Ctenopharynxnitidus
Ctenopharynxpictus
Cunningtonialongiventralis
Cyathochromisobliquidens
Cyathopharynxfurcifer
Cyclopharynxfwae
Cyclopharynxschwetzi
Cynotilapiaafra
Cynotilapiaaurifrons
Cynotilapiaaxelrodi
Cynotilapiachilundu
Cynotilapiazebroides
Cyphotilapiafrontosa
Cyphotilapiagibberosa
Cyprichromiscoloratus
Cyprichromisleptosoma
Cyprichromismicrolepidotus
Cyprichromispavo
Cyprichromiszonatus
Cyrtocaramoorii
Danakiliadinicolai
Danakiliafranchettii
Darienheroscalobrensis
Dicrossusfilamentosus
Dicrossusfoirni
Dicrossusgladicauda
Dicrossusmaculatus
Dicrossuswarzeli
Dimidiochromiscompressiceps
Dimidiochromisdimidiatus
Dimidiochromiskiwinge
Dimidiochromisstrigatus
Diplotaxodonaeneus
Diplotaxodonapogon
Diplotaxodonargenteus
Diplotaxodonecclesi
Diplotaxodongreenwoodi
Diplotaxodonlimnothrissa
Diplotaxodonmacrops
Divandualbimarginatus
Docimodusevelynae
Docimodusjohnstoni
Eclectochromislobochilus
Eclectochromisornatus
Ectodusdescampsii
Enigmatochromislucanusi
Eretmoduscyanostictus
Eretmodusmarksmithi
Etianguti
Etropluscanarensis
Etroplussuratensis
Exochochromisanagenys
Fossorochromisrostratus
Genyochromismento
Geophagusabalios
Geophagusaltifrons
Geophagusargyrostictus
Geophagusbrachybranchus
Geophagusbrasiliensis
Geophagusbrokopondo
Geophaguscamopiensis
Geophaguscrassilabris
Geophaguscrocatus
Geophagusdiamantinensis
Geophagusdicrozoster
Geophagusgottwaldi
Geophagusgrammepareius
Geophagusharreri
Geophagusiporangensis
Geophagusitapicuruensis
Geophagusmegasema
Geophagusmirabilis
Geophagusmultiocellus
Geophagusneambi
Geophagusobscurus
Geophagusparnaibae
Geophaguspellegrini
Geophagusproximus
Geophagusrufomarginatus
Geophagussantosi
Geophagussteindachneri
Geophagussurinamensis
Geophagussveni
Geophagustaeniopareius
Geophaguswinemilleri
Gephyrochromislawsi
Gephyrochromismoorii
Gnathochromispermaxillaris
Gnathochromispfefferi
Gobiocichlaethelwynnae
Gobiocichlawonderi
Grammatotrialemairii
Greenwoodochromisabeelei
Greenwoodochromisbellcrossi
Greenwoodochromischristyi
Greenwoodochromisstaneri
Guianacaracuyunii
Guianacaradacrya
Guianacarageayi
Guianacaraoelemariensis
Guianacaraowroewefi
Guianacarasphenozona
Guianacarastergiosi
Gymnogeophagusaustralis
Gymnogeophagusbalzanii
Gymnogeophaguscaaguazuensis
Gymnogeophagusche
Gymnogeophagusconstellatus
Gymnogeophagusgymnogenys
Gymnogeophagusjaryi
Gymnogeophaguslabiatus
Gymnogeophaguslacustris
Gymnogeophaguslipokarenos
Gymnogeophagusmekinos
Gymnogeophagusmeridionalis
Gymnogeophagusmissioneiro
Gymnogeophaguspeliochelynion
Gymnogeophaguspseudolabiatus
Gymnogeophagusrhabdotus
Gymnogeophagussetequedas
Gymnogeophagustaroba
Gymnogeophagusterrapurpura
Gymnogeophagustiraparae
Haplochromisacidens
Haplochromisadolphifrederici
Haplochromisaelocephalus
Haplochromisaeneocolor
Haplochromisakika
Haplochromisalbertianus
Haplochromisaltigenis
Haplochromisampullarostratus
Haplochromisangustifrons
Haplochromisannectidens
Haplochromisantleter
Haplochromisapogonoides
Haplochromisaquila
Haplochromisarcanus
Haplochromisargens
Haplochromisargenteus
Haplochromisartaxerxes
Haplochromisastatodon
Haplochromisavium
Haplochromisazureus
Haplochromisbarbarae
Haplochromisbareli
Haplochromisbartoni
Haplochromisbayoni
Haplochromisbeadlei
Haplochromisbicolor
Haplochromisboops
Haplochromisbrownae
Haplochromisbullatus
Haplochromisbwathondii
Haplochromiscassius
Haplochromiscavifrons
Haplochromischilotes
Haplochromischlorochrous
Haplochromischromogynos
Haplochromischrysogynaion
Haplochromiscinctus
Haplochromiscinereus
Haplochromiscnester
Haplochromiscommutabilis
Haplochromisconcilians
Haplochromiscoprologus
Haplochromiscrassilabris
Haplochromiscrebridens
Haplochromiscrocopeplus
Haplochromiscronus
Haplochromiscryptodon
Haplochromiscryptogramma
Haplochromiscurvidens
Haplochromiscyaneus
Haplochromisdecticostoma
Haplochromisdegeni
Haplochromisdentex
Haplochromisdichrourus
Haplochromisdiplotaenia
Haplochromisdolichorhynchus
Haplochromisdolorosus
Haplochromiseduardianus
Haplochromiseduardii
Haplochromiselegans
Haplochromisempodisma
Haplochromisengystoma
Haplochromiserutus
Haplochromiserythrocephalus
Haplochromiserythromaculatus
Haplochromisestor
Haplochromiseutaenia
Haplochromisexspectatus
Haplochromisfalcatus
Haplochromisfischeri
Haplochromisflavipinnis
Haplochromisflavus
Haplochromisfuelleborni
Haplochromisfuscus
Haplochromisfusiformis
Haplochromisgigas
Haplochromisgigliolii
Haplochromisgilberti
Haplochromisglaucus
Haplochromisgoldschmidti
Haplochromisgowersii
Haplochromisgracilior
Haplochromisgranti
Haplochromisgraueri
Haplochromisgreenwoodi
Haplochromisguiarti
Haplochromisharpakteridion
Haplochromisheusinkveldi
Haplochromishiatus
Haplochromishowesi
Haplochromishumilior
Haplochromishumilis
Haplochromisigneopinnis
Haplochromisinsidiae
Haplochromisiris
Haplochromisishmaeli
Haplochromiskamiranzovu
Haplochromiskatavi
Haplochromiskatonga
Haplochromiskatunzii
Haplochromiskimondo
Haplochromiskujunjui
Haplochromislabiatus
Haplochromislabriformis
Haplochromislacrimosus
Haplochromislaparogramma
Haplochromislatifasciatus
Haplochromislatifrons
Haplochromislimax
Haplochromislividus
Haplochromisloati
Haplochromislobatus
Haplochromislongirostris
Haplochromisluteus
Haplochromismacconneli
Haplochromismacrocephalus
Haplochromismacrognathus
Haplochromismacrops
Haplochromismacropsoides
Haplochromismaculipinna
Haplochromismahagiensis
Haplochromismaisomei
Haplochromismalacophagus
Haplochromismandibularis
Haplochromismartini
Haplochromismaxillaris
Haplochromismbipi
Haplochromismegalops
Haplochromismelanopterus
Haplochromismelanopus
Haplochromismelichrous
Haplochromismentatus
Haplochromismento
Haplochromismichaeli
Haplochromismicrochrysomelas
Haplochromismicrodon
Haplochromismultiocellatus
Haplochromismylergates
Haplochromismylodon
Haplochromisnanoserranus
Haplochromisnigrescens
Haplochromisnigricans
Haplochromisnigripinnis
Haplochromisnigroides
Haplochromisniloticus
Haplochromisnubilus
Haplochromisnuchisquamulatus
Haplochromisnyanzae
Haplochromisnyererei
Haplochromisobesus
Haplochromisobliquidens
Haplochromisobtusidens
Haplochromisoccultidens
Haplochromisoligolepis
Haplochromisolivaceus
Haplochromisomnicaeruleus
Haplochromisoregosoma
Haplochromisorthostoma
Haplochromispachycephalus
Haplochromispallidus
Haplochromispaludinosus
Haplochromispancitrinus
Haplochromispappenheimi
Haplochromisparadoxus
Haplochromisparaguiarti
Haplochromisparaplagiostoma
Haplochromispardus
Haplochromisparopius
Haplochromisparorthostoma
Haplochromisparvidens
Haplochromispaucidens
Haplochromispellegrini
Haplochromispercoides
Haplochromisperrieri
Haplochromispetronius
Haplochromispharyngalis
Haplochromispharyngomylus
Haplochromisphytophagus
Haplochromispiceatus
Haplochromispitmani
Haplochromisplacodus
Haplochromisplagiodon
Haplochromisplagiostoma
Haplochromisplanus
Haplochromisplutonius
Haplochromisprodromus
Haplochromisprognathus
Haplochromispseudopellegrini
Haplochromisptistes
Haplochromispundamilia
Haplochromispyrrhocephalus
Haplochromispyrrhopteryx
Haplochromisquasimodo
Haplochromisretrodens
Haplochromisrex
Haplochromisriponianus
Haplochromisrubescens
Haplochromisrubripinnis
Haplochromisrudolfianus
Haplochromisrufocaudalis
Haplochromisrufus
Haplochromissauvagei
Haplochromissaxicola
Haplochromisscheffersi
Haplochromisschubotzi
Haplochromisschubotziellus
Haplochromisserranus
Haplochromisserridens
Haplochromissimba
Haplochromissimotes
Haplochromissimpsoni
Haplochromissmithii
Haplochromissnoeksi
Haplochromisspekii
Haplochromissphex
Haplochromissquamipinnis
Haplochromissquamulatus
Haplochromissulphureus
Haplochromistanaos
Haplochromistaurinus
Haplochromisteegelaari
Haplochromisteunisrasi
Haplochromistheliodon
Haplochromisthereuterion
Haplochromisthuragnathus
Haplochromistridens
Haplochromisturkanae
Haplochromistyrianthinus
Haplochromisushindi
Haplochromisvanheusdeni
Haplochromisvanoijeni
Haplochromisvelifer
Haplochromisvenator
Haplochromisvicarius
Haplochromisvictoriae
Haplochromisvictorianus
Haplochromisvittatus
Haplochromisvonlinnei
Haplochromiswelcommei
Haplochromisworthingtoni
Haplochromisxanthopteryx
Haplochromisxenognathus
Haplochromisxenostoma
Haplotaxodonmicrolepis
Haplotaxodontrifasciatus
Hemibateskoningsi
Hemibatesstenosoma
Hemichromisangolensis
Hemichromisbimaculatus
Hemichromiscamerounensis
Hemichromiscerasogaster
Hemichromiselongatus
Hemichromisexsul
Hemichromisfasciatus
Hemichromisfrempongi
Hemichromisguttatus
Hemichromisletourneuxi
Hemichromislifalili
Hemichromispaynei
Hemichromissaharae
Hemichromisstellifer
Hemitaeniochromisbrachyrhynchus
Hemitaeniochromisurotaenia
Hemitilapiaoxyrhynchus
Herichthyscarpintis
Herichthyscyanoguttatus
Herichthysdeppii
Herichthysminckleyi
Herichthystamasopoensis
Herichthystepehua
Herichthysteporatus
Heroinaisonycterina
Herosefasciatus
Herosliberifer
Herosnotatus
Herosseverus
Herosspurius
Herotilapiamultispinosa
Heterochromismultidens
Heterotilapiabuettikoferi
Heterotilapiacessiana
Hoplarchuspsittacus
Hypselecaracoryphaenoides
Hypselecaratemporalis
Hypsophrysnematopus
Hypsophrysnicaraguensis
Interochromisloocki
Iodotropheusdeclivitas
Iodotropheussprengerae
Iodotropheusstuartgranti
Iranocichlahormuzensis
Iranocichlapersa
Isthmoherostuyrensis
Julidochromisdickfeldi
Julidochromismarksmithi
Julidochromismarlieri
Julidochromisornatus
Julidochromisregani
Julidochromistranscriptus
Katriakatria
Kihnichthysufermanni
Koniadikume
Koniaeisentrauti
Krobiaguianensis
Krobiaitanyi
Krobiapetitella
Krobiaxinguensis
Kronoherosumbrifer
Labeotropheusartatorostris
Labeotropheuschlorosiglos
Labeotropheusfuelleborni
Labeotropheussimoneae
Labeotropheustrewavasae
Labidochromiscaeruleus
Labidochromischisumulae
Labidochromisflavigulis
Labidochromisfreibergi
Labidochromisgigas
Labidochromisheterodon
Labidochromisianthinus
Labidochromislividus
Labidochromismaculicauda
Labidochromismathotho
Labidochromismbenjii
Labidochromismylodon
Labidochromispallidus
Labidochromisshiranus
Labidochromisstrigatus
Labidochromistextilis
Labidochromisvellicans
Labidochromiszebroides
Laetacaraaraguaiae
Laetacaracurviceps
Laetacaradorsigera
Laetacaraflamannellus
Laetacaraflavilabris
Laetacarafulvipinnis
Laetacarathayeri
Lamprologuscallipterus
Lamprologuscongoensis
Lamprologusfinalimus
Lamprologuskungweensis
Lamprologuslaparogramma
Lamprologuslemairii
Lamprologuslethops
Lamprologusmarkerti
Lamprologusmeleagris
Lamprologusmocquardi
Lamprologusocellatus
Lamprologusornatipinnis
Lamprologussignatus
Lamprologusspeciosus
Lamprologusstappersi
Lamprologussymoensi
Lamprologusteugelsi
Lamprologustigripictilis
Lamprologustumbanus
Lamprologuswerneri
Lepidiolamprologusattenuatus
Lepidiolamprologusboulengeri
Lepidiolamprologuscunningtoni
Lepidiolamprologuselongatus
Lepidiolamprologushecqui
Lepidiolamprologuskamambae
Lepidiolamprologuskendalli
Lepidiolamprologusmeeli
Lepidiolamprologusmimicus
Lepidiolamprologusprofundicola
Lepidiolamprologusvariostigma
Lestradeaperspicax
Lestradeastappersii
Lethrinopsalbus
Lethrinopsaltus
Lethrinopsargenteus
Lethrinopsauritus
Lethrinopschristyi
Lethrinopsfurcifer
Lethrinopsgossei
Lethrinopsleptodon
Lethrinopslethrinus
Lethrinopslongimanus
Lethrinopslongipinnis
Lethrinopslunaris
Lethrinopsmacracanthus
Lethrinopsmacrochir
Lethrinopsmacrophthalmus
Lethrinopsmarginatus
Lethrinopsmicrentodon
Lethrinopsmicrodon
Lethrinopsmicrostoma
Lethrinopsmylodon
Lethrinopsoculatus
Lethrinopsparvidens
Lethrinopsstridei
Lethrinopsturneri
Lichnochromisacuticeps
Limbochromisrobertsi
Limnochromisauritus
Limnotilapiadardennii
Lobochiloteslabiata
Lufubuchromisrelictus
Maskaherosargenteus
Maskaherosregani
Mayaherosaguadae
Mayaherosalborus
Mayaherosamarus
Mayaherosbeani
Mayaheroscienagae
Mayaherosconchitae
Mayaherosericymba
Mayaherosmayorum
Mayaherosstenozonus
Mayaherostrispilus
Mayaherostroschelii
Mayaherosurophthalmus
Mayaheroszebra
Maylandiaaurora
Maylandiabarlowi
Maylandiabenetos
Maylandiacallainos
Maylandiachrysomallos
Maylandiacyneusmarginata
Maylandiaemmiltos
Maylandiaestherae
Maylandiafainzilberi
Maylandiaflavicauda
Maylandiaflavifemina
Maylandiaglaucos
Maylandiagreshakei
Maylandiahajomaylandi
Maylandialanisticola
Maylandialombardoi
Maylandialundoensis
Maylandiambenjii
Maylandiamidomo
Maylandiamossambica
Maylandianigrodorsalis
Maylandiankhunguensis
Maylandiapambazuko
Maylandiaphaeos
Maylandiapulpican
Maylandiapyrsonotos
Maylandiasciasma
Maylandiatarakiki
Maylandiausisyae
Maylandiaxanstomachus
Maylandiaxanthos
Maylandiazebra
Mazaruniacharadrica
Mazaruniamazarunii
Mazaruniapala
Mchengaconophoros
Mchengacyclicos
Mchengaeucinostomus
Mchengaflavimanus
Mchengainornata
Mchengathinos
Melanochromisauratus
Melanochromisbaliodigma
Melanochromischipokae
Melanochromisdialeptos
Melanochromisheterochromis
Melanochromiskaskazini
Melanochromislepidiadaptes
Melanochromisloriae
Melanochromismelanopterus
Melanochromismossambiquensis
Melanochromismpoto
Melanochromisrobustus
Melanochromissimulans
Melanochromisvermivorus
Melanochromiswochepa
Mesoherosatromaculatus
Mesoherosfestae
Mesoherosgephyrus
Mesoherosornatus
Mesonautaacora
Mesonautaegregius
Mesonautafestivus
Mesonautaguyanae
Mesonautainsignis
Mesonautamirificus
Mikrogeophagusaltispinosus
Mikrogeophagusramirezi
Myakamyaka
Mylochromisanaphyrmus
Mylochromisbalteatus
Mylochromischekopae
Mylochromisensatus
Mylochromisepichorialis
Mylochromisericotaenia
Mylochromisformosus
Mylochromisgracilis
Mylochromisguentheri
Mylochromisincola
Mylochromislabidodon
Mylochromislateristriga
Mylochromismelanonotus
Mylochromismelanotaenia
Mylochromismola
Mylochromismollis
Mylochromisobtusus
Mylochromisplagiotaenia
Mylochromissemipalatus
Mylochromissphaerodon
Mylochromisspilostichus
Naevochromischrysogaster
Nandopsishaitiensis
Nandopsisramsdeni
Nandopsistetracanthus
Nannacaraadoketa
Nannacaraanomala
Nannacaraaureocephalus
Nannacarabimaculata
Nannacaraquadrispinae
Nannacarataenia
Nanochromisconsortus
Nanochromisminor
Nanochromisnudiceps
Nanochromisparilus
Nanochromissplendens
Nanochromisteugelsi
Nanochromistransvestitus
Nanochromiswickleri
Neolamprologusbifasciatus
Neolamprologusbrevis
Neolamprologusbrichardi
Neolamprologusbuescheri
Neolamprologuscancellatus
Neolamprologuscaudopunctatus
Neolamprologuschitamwebwai
Neolamprologuschristyi
Neolamprologuscrassus
Neolamprologuscylindricus
Neolamprologusdevosi
Neolamprologusfalcicula
Neolamprologusfasciatus
Neolamprologusfurcifer
Neolamprologusgracilis
Neolamprologushelianthus
Neolamprologusleleupi
Neolamprologusleloupi
Neolamprologuslongicaudatus
Neolamprologuslongior
Neolamprologusmarunguensis
Neolamprologusmodestus
Neolamprologusmondabu
Neolamprologusmultifasciatus
Neolamprologusmustax
Neolamprologusniger
Neolamprologusnigriventris
Neolamprologusobscurus
Neolamprologusolivaceous
Neolamprologuspectoralis
Neolamprologuspetricola
Neolamprologuspleuromaculatus
Neolamprologusprochilus
Neolamprologuspulcher
Neolamprologussavoryi
Neolamprologusschreyeni
Neolamprologussexfasciatus
Neolamprologussimilis
Neolamprologussplendens
Neolamprologustetracanthus
Neolamprologustimidus
Neolamprologustoae
Neolamprologustretocephalus
Neolamprologusventralis
Neolamprologuswalteri
Neolamprologuswauthioni
Nimbochromisfuscotaeniatus
Nimbochromislinni
Nimbochromislivingstonii
Nimbochromispolystigma
Nimbochromisvenustus
Nosferatubartoni
Nosferatulabridens
Nosferatumolango
Nosferatupame
Nosferatupantostictus
Nosferatupratinus
Nosferatusteindachneri
Nyassachromisboadzulu
Nyassachromisbreviceps
Nyassachromisleuciscus
Nyassachromismicrocephalus
Nyassachromisnigritaeniatus
Nyassachromisprostoma
Nyassachromispurpurans
Nyassachromisserenus
Ophthalmotilapiaboops
Ophthalmotilapiaheterodonta
Ophthalmotilapianasuta
Ophthalmotilapiaventralis
Oreochromisalcalicus
Oreochromisamphimelas
Oreochromisandersonii
Oreochromisangolensis
Oreochromisaureus
Oreochromischungruruensis
Oreochromisesculentus
Oreochromisgrahami
Oreochromishunteri
Oreochromisismailiaensis
Oreochromisjipe
Oreochromiskaromo
Oreochromiskarongae
Oreochromiskorogwe
Oreochromislatilabris
Oreochromislepidurus
Oreochromisleucostictus
Oreochromislidole
Oreochromismacrochir
Oreochromismalagarasi
Oreochromismortimeri
Oreochromismossambicus
Oreochromismweruensis
Oreochromisndalalani
Oreochromisniloticus
Oreochromisplacidus
Oreochromisrukwaensis
Oreochromissaka
Oreochromissalinicola
Oreochromisschwebischi
Oreochromisshiranus
Oreochromisspilurus
Oreochromissquamipinnis
Oreochromistanganicae
Oreochromisupembae
Oreochromisurolepis
Oreochromisvariabilis
Orthochromisgecki
Orthochromisindermauri
Orthochromiskalungwishiensis
Orthochromiskasuluensis
Orthochromiskatumbii
Orthochromiskimpala
Orthochromisluichensis
Orthochromisluongoensis
Orthochromismachadoi
Orthochromismalagaraziensis
Orthochromismazimeroensis
Orthochromismosoensis
Orthochromismporokoso
Orthochromispolyacanthus
Orthochromisrubrolabialis
Orthochromisrugufuensis
Orthochromisstormsi
Orthochromistorrenticola
Orthochromisuvinzae
Oscuraheterospila
Otopharynxaletes
Otopharynxalpha
Otopharynxantron
Otopharynxargyrosoma
Otopharynxauromarginatus
Otopharynxbrooksi
Otopharynxdecorus
Otopharynxheterodon
Otopharynxlithobates
Otopharynxmumboensis
Otopharynxovatus
Otopharynxpachycheilus
Otopharynxpanniculus
Otopharynxperidodeka
Otopharynxselenurus
Otopharynxspeciosus
Otopharynxspelaeotes
Otopharynxstyrax
Otopharynxtetraspilus
Otopharynxtetrastigma
Oxylapiapolli
Palaeoplexpalimpsest
Pallidochromistokolosh
Parachromisdovii
Parachromisfriedrichsthalii
Parachromisloisellei
Parachromismanaguensis
Parachromismotaguensis
Paracyprichromisbrieni
Paracyprichromisnigripinnis
Paragobiocichlairvinei
Parananochromisaxelrodi
Parananochromisbrevirostris
Parananochromiscaudifasciatus
Parananochromiselobatus
Parananochromisgabonicus
Parananochromislongirostris
Parananochromisornatus
Parananochromisorsorum
Paraneetroplusbulleri
Paraneetroplusgibbiceps
Paraneetroplusnebulifer
Paratilapiapolleni
Paratilapiatoddi
Paretroplusdambabe
Paretroplusdamii
Paretroplusgymnopreopercularis
Paretropluskieneri
Paretropluslamenabe
Paretroplusloisellei
Paretroplusmaculatus
Paretroplusmaromandia
Paretroplusmenarambo
Paretroplusnourissati
Paretropluspetiti
Paretropluspolyactis
Paretroplustsimoly
Pelmatochromisbuettikoferi
Pelmatochromisnigrofasciatus
Pelmatochromisocellifer
Pelmatolapiacabrae
Pelmatolapiamariae
Pelvicachromisdrachenfelsi
Pelvicachromiskribensis
Pelvicachromispulcher
Pelvicachromisroloffi
Pelvicachromissacrimontis
Pelvicachromissilviae
Pelvicachromissubocellatus
Pelvicachromistaeniatus
Perissoduseccentricus
Perissodusmicrolepis
Peteniasplendida
Petrochromisephippium
Petrochromisfamula
Petrochromisfasciolatus
Petrochromishorii
Petrochromismacrognathus
Petrochromisorthognathus
Petrochromispolyodon
Petrochromistrewavasae
Petrotilapiachrysos
Petrotilapiaflaviventris
Petrotilapiagenalutea
Petrotilapiamicrogalana
Petrotilapiamumboensis
Petrotilapianigra
Petrotilapiapalingnathos
Petrotilapiapyroscelos
Petrotilapiatridentiger
Petrotilapiaxanthos
Pharyngochromisacuticeps
Pharyngochromisdarlingi
Placidochromisacuticeps
Placidochromisacutirostris
Placidochromisargyrogaster
Placidochromisboops
Placidochromisborealis
Placidochromischilolae
Placidochromiscommunis
Placidochromisdomirae
Placidochromisecclesi
Placidochromiselectra
Placidochromiselongatus
Placidochromisfuscus
Placidochromishennydaviesae
Placidochromisintermedius
Placidochromisjohnstoni
Placidochromiskoningsi
Placidochromislineatus
Placidochromislongimanus
Placidochromislongirostris
Placidochromislongus
Placidochromislukomae
Placidochromismacroceps
Placidochromismacrognathus
Placidochromismbunoides
Placidochromismilomo
Placidochromisminor
Placidochromisminutus
Placidochromismsakae
Placidochromisnigribarbis
Placidochromisnkhatae
Placidochromisnkhotakotae
Placidochromisobscurus
Placidochromisordinarius
Placidochromisorthognathus
Placidochromispallidus
Placidochromisphenochilus
Placidochromisplatyrhynchos
Placidochromispolli
Placidochromisrotundifrons
Placidochromissubocularis
Placidochromistrewavasae
Placidochromisturneri
Placidochromisvulgaris
Plecoduselaviae
Plecodusmultidentatus
Plecodusparadoxus
Plecodusstraeleni
Protomelasannectens
Protomelasdejunctus
Protomelasfenestratus
Protomelasinsignis
Protomelaskirkii
Protomelaskrampus
Protomelaslabridens
Protomelasmacrodon
Protomelasmarginatus
Protomelaspleurotaenia
Protomelassimilis
Protomelasspilonotus
Protomelasspilopterus
Protomelastaeniolatus
Protomelastriaenodon
Protomelasvirgatus
Pseudetroplusmaculatus
Pseudocrenilabrusmulticolor
Pseudocrenilabrusnicholsi
Pseudocrenilabrusphilander
Pseudocrenilabruspyrrhocaudalis
Pseudosimochromisbabaulti
Pseudosimochromiscurvifrons
Pseudosimochromismargaretae
Pseudosimochromismarginatus
Pseudotropheusbenetos
Pseudotropheusbrevis
Pseudotropheuscrabro
Pseudotropheuscyaneorhabdos
Pseudotropheuselegans
Pseudotropheusfuscoides
Pseudotropheusfuscus
Pseudotropheusgalanos
Pseudotropheusinterruptus
Pseudotropheusjoanjohnsonae
Pseudotropheusjohannii
Pseudotropheuslivingstonii
Pseudotropheusperileucos
Pseudotropheusperspicax
Pseudotropheuspurpuratus
Pseudotropheustursiops
Pseudotropheuswilliamsi
Pterochromiscongicus
Pterophyllumaltum
Pterophyllumleopoldi
Pterophyllumscalare
Ptychochromiscurvidens
Ptychochromisernestmagnusi
Ptychochromisgrandidieri
Ptychochromisinornatus
Ptychochromisinsolitus
Ptychochromisloisellei
Ptychochromismainty
Ptychochromismakira
Ptychochromisoligacanthus
Ptychochromisonilahy
Ptychochromoidesbetsileanus
Ptychochromoidesitasy
Ptychochromoidesvondrozo
Pungumaclareni
Reganochromiscalliurus
Retroculuslapidifer
Retroculusseptentrionalis
Retroculusxinguensis
Rhamphochromisesox
Rhamphochromisferox
Rhamphochromislongiceps
Rhamphochromislucius
Rhamphochromismacrophthalmus
Rhamphochromiswoodi
Rheoheroscoeruleus
Rheoheroslentiginosus
Rociogemmata
Rocioocotal
Rociooctofasciata
Rociospinosissima
Rondonacarahoehnei
Sargochromiscarlottae
Sargochromiscodringtonii
Sargochromiscoulteri
Sargochromisgiardi
Sargochromisgreenwoodi
Sargochromismellandi
Sargochromismortimeri
Sargochromisthysi
Sarotherodoncaroli
Sarotherodoncaudomarginatus
Sarotherodongalilaeus
Sarotherodonknauerae
Sarotherodonlamprechti
Sarotherodonlinnellii
Sarotherodonlohbergeri
Sarotherodonmelanotheron
Sarotherodonmvogoi
Sarotherodonnigripinnis
Sarotherodonoccidentalis
Sarotherodonsteinbachi
Sarotherodontournieri
Satanopercaacuticeps
Satanopercadaemon
Satanopercajurupari
Satanopercaleucosticta
Satanopercalilith
Satanopercamapiritensis
Satanopercapappaterra
Satanopercarhynchitis
Schwetzochromisneodon
Sciaenochromisahli
Sciaenochromisbenthicola
Sciaenochromisfryeri
Sciaenochromispsammophilus
Serranochromisaltus
Serranochromisangusticeps
Serranochromisjallae
Serranochromisjanus
Serranochromislongimanus
Serranochromismacrocephalus
Serranochromismeridianus
Serranochromisrobustus
Serranochromisspei
Serranochromisstappersi
Serranochromisthumbergi
Simochromisdiagramma
Spathoduserythrodon
Spathodusmarlieri
Steatocranusbleheri
Steatocranuscasuarius
Steatocranusgibbiceps
Steatocranusglaber
Steatocranusmpozoensis
Steatocranusrouxi
Steatocranustinanti
Steatocranusubanguiensis
Stigmatochromismacrorhynchos
Stigmatochromismelanchros
Stigmatochromismodestus
Stigmatochromispholidophorus
Stigmatochromispleurospilus
Stigmatochromiswoodi
Stomatepiamariae
Stomatepiamongo
Stomatepiapindu
Symphysodonaequifasciatus
Symphysodondiscus
Symphysodontarzoo
Taeniacaracandidi
Taeniochromisholotaenia
Taeniolethrinopscyrtonotus
Taeniolethrinopsfurcicauda
Taeniolethrinopslaticeps
Taeniolethrinopspraeorbitalis
Tahuantinsuyoachipi
Tahuantinsuyoamacantzatza
Talamancaherossieboldii
Talamancaherosunderwoodi
Tangachromisdhanisi
Tanganicodusirsacae
Teleocichlacentisquama
Teleocichlacentrarchus
Teleocichlacinderella
Teleocichlagephyrogramma
Teleocichlamonogramma
Teleocichlapreta
Teleocichlaprionogenys
Teleocichlaproselytus
Teleocichlawajapi
Teleogrammabrichardi
Teleogrammadepressa
Teleogrammagracile
Teleogrammamonogramma
Teleogrammaobamaorum
Telmatochromisbifrenatus
Telmatochromisbrachygnathus
Telmatochromisbrichardi
Telmatochromisdhonti
Telmatochromistemporalis
Telmatochromisvittatus
Therapsgodmanni
Therapsintermedius
Therapsirregularis
Therapsmicrophthalmus
Thoracochromisalbolabris
Thoracochromisbakongo
Thoracochromisbrauschi
Thoracochromisbuysi
Thoracochromiscallichromus
Thoracochromisdemeusii
Thoracochromisfasciatus
Thoracochromislucullae
Thoracochromismoeruensis
Thoracochromisschwetzi
Thoracochromisstigmatogenys
Thoracochromiswingatii
Thorichthysaffinis
Thorichthysaureus
Thorichthyscallolepis
Thorichthyshelleri
Thorichthysmaculipinnis
Thorichthysmeeki
Thorichthyspanchovillai
Thorichthyspasionis
Thorichthyssocolofi
Thysochromisannectens
Thysochromisansorgii
Thysochromisemili
Tilapiabaloni
Tilapiabrevimanus
Tilapiabusumana
Tilapiaguinasana
Tilapiapra
Tilapiaruweti
Tilapiasparrmanii
Tomocichlaasfraci
Tomocichlatuba
Tramitichromisbrevis
Tramitichromisintermedius
Tramitichromislituris
Tramitichromistrilineatus
Tramitichromisvariabilis
Trematocaracaparti
Trematocarakufferathi
Trematocaramacrostoma
Trematocaramarginatum
Trematocaranigrifrons
Trematocarastigmaticum
Trematocaraunimaculatum
Trematocaravariabile
Trematocarazebra
Trematochromisbenthicola
Trematocranuslabifer
Trematocranusmicrostoma
Trematocranuspachychilus
Trematocranusplacodon
Trichromissalvini
Triglachromisotostigma
Tristramellasacra
Tristramellasimonis
Tropheopsbiriwira
Tropheopsgracilior
Tropheopskamtambo
Tropheopskumwera
Tropheopslucerna
Tropheopsmacrophthalmus
Tropheopsmicrostoma
Tropheopsmodestus
Tropheopsnovemfasciatus
Tropheopsromandi
Tropheopstropheops
Tropheusannectens
Tropheusbrichardi
Tropheusduboisi
Tropheuskasabae
Tropheusmoorii
Tropheuspolli
Tylochromisaristoma
Tylochromisbangwelensis
Tylochromiselongatus
Tylochromisintermedius
Tylochromisjentinki
Tylochromislabrodon
Tylochromislateralis
Tylochromisleonensis
Tylochromismicrodon
Tylochromismylodon
Tylochromispolylepis
Tylochromispraecox
Tylochromispulcher
Tylochromisregani
Tylochromisrobertsi
Tylochromissudanensis
Tylochromistrewavasae
Tylochromisvariabilis
Tyrannochromismacrostoma
Tyrannochromismaculiceps
Tyrannochromisnigriventer
Tyrannochromispolyodon
Uaruamphiacanthoides
Uarufernandezyepezi
Variabilichromismoorii
Viejabifasciata
Viejabreidohri
Viejafenestrata
Viejaguttulata
Viejahartwegi
Viejamaculicauda
Viejamelanurus
Viejazonata
Wajpamherosnourissati
Wallaceochromishumilis
Wallaceochromisrubrolabiatus
Wallaceochromissignatus
Xenochromishecqui
Xenotilapiaalbini
Xenotilapiabathyphila
Xenotilapiaboulengeri
Xenotilapiaburtoni
Xenotilapiacaudafasciata
Xenotilapiaflavipinnis
Xenotilapialeptura
Xenotilapialongispinis
Xenotilapiamelanogenys
Xenotilapianasus
Xenotilapianigrolabiata
Xenotilapiaochrogenys
Xenotilapiaornatipinnis
Xenotilapiapapilio
Xenotilapiarotundiventralis
Xenotilapiasima
Xenotilapiaspilopterus
Xenotilapiatenuidentata

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About the Author

Heather Hall is a writer at A-Z Animals, where her primary focus is on plants and animals. Heather has been writing and editing since 2012 and holds a Bachelor of Science in Horticulture. As a resident of the Pacific Northwest, Heather enjoys hiking, gardening, and trail running through the mountains with her dogs.

Cichlid FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Are cichlid fish aggressive?

If you’re interested in the cichlid as an aquarium fish, then you should be aware that some species can be quite territorial. They are most aggressive toward other species that share a similar lifestyle and habitat. That is why it’s crucial to pick the right species for your aquarium.

Are cichlids hard to keep?

If you don’t know how to properly care for a cichlid, then you might have trouble keeping it in your tank. It is important to surround the cichlid with warm water at a high pH level and feed it with specialty food designed specifically for cichlids. You will also want a big tank with plenty of room and one or two filters. Sand is the best substrate for most cichlid species. Of course, the precise composition of your aquarium will depend on what type of cichlid you want to buy.

Can guppies live with cichlids?

Yes, but species choice is absolutely crucial. To ensure proper coexistence, you should preferably obtain the more docile dwarf cichlids and create plenty of hiding spaces for both fish to enjoy.

What size tank do cichlids need?

A typical 4-inch cichlid probably needs a 30-gallon aquarium. An 8-inch cichlid, on the other hand, probably needs a 55-gallon tank. You can fit four to six cichlids in a single fish tank.

Are Cichlids herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores?

Cichlids are Omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and other animals.

What is the difference between a Midas Cichlid vs a Red Devil Cichlid?

Though these two fish may appear similar, the main differences between a Midas Cichlid and a Red Devil Cichlid are natural habitat, size, appearance, reproduction, and temperament.

How to say Cichlid in ...
German
Buntbarsche
English
Cichlid
French
Cichlidae
Italian
Cichlidae
Dutch
Cichliden
Japanese
シクリッド
English
Cichlider
Polish
Pielęgnicowate
Portuguese
Cichlidae
Swedish
Ciklider

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.

Sources
  1. Britannica, Available here: https://www.britannica.com/animal/cichlid
  2. Seaworld Parks & Entertainment, Available here: https://seaworld.org/animals/facts/bony-fish/cichlids/
  3. San Diego Zoo, Available here: https://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/cichlid
  4. Animal Diversity Web, Available here: https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Cichlidae/
  5. Big Al's Blog, Available here: https://www.bigalspets.com/blog/new-pets/the-right-way-to-keep-african-cichlids-in-your-tank/
  6. Aquaria Wise, Available here: https://aquariawise.com/how-big-do-african-cichlids-get-tank-size/

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