Meet The 7 Types Of Chihuahua Dogs

Chihuahua puppy on a black background
© Al_Er/Shutterstock.com

Written by Kristin Hitchcock

Updated: October 17, 2023

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All Chihuahuas weigh up to 6 pounds and stand between 5 to 8 inches. They’re known for their independent nature and “big dog attitude” – despite being the smallest dog in the world. Their lively nature makes them interesting companion animals, and they may even be suitable alert dogs.

However, Chihuahuas often get “small dog syndrome.” Simply put, this occurs when a smaller dog is a bit sensitive about its size and overcompensates by becoming aggressive. Often, this causes the dog to act like they are much larger than they are – and not in a good way.

Luckily, consistent training can prevent these problems.

Technically, there are only a few types of recognized Chihuahuas. However, many breeders have put forth new iterations of the breed that have some degree of popularity. There are seven common options in total; let’s look at them.

1. Short-Haired Chihuahua

Cute short-haired white color miniature Deer Head Chihuahua puppy with a tennis ball on white background.

Most Chihuahuas have shorter hair. This type is considered the “typical” Chihuahua.

©iStock.com/Arthur Lookyanov

Most Chihuahuas have shorter hair. This type is considered the “typical” Chihuahua. This type fits the breed standard, so it is easy to find puppies at breeders. This variation is called “smooth-coat” Chihuahuas, as their short hair gives them a smooth appearance.

Their shorter hair helps reduce their grooming needs. You only have to brush these dogs about once a week – or more if you want to reduce the amount of fur to pick up around your house.

Beyond that, these Chihuahuas are pretty average.

2. Long-Haired Chihuahuas

A long-haired chihuahua on a white background

All Chihuahua puppies are born with short hair, and it takes about two years to grow out ultimately. When it does, these

dogs require more extensive grooming

.

©otsphoto/Shutterstock.com

Long-haired Chihuahuas are the same as short-haired Chihuahuas. However, they have longer fur. It isn’t that long, but it reaches at least medium length. All Chihuahua puppies are born with short hair, and it takes about two years to grow out ultimately. When it does, these dogs require more extensive grooming.

You will need to brush these dogs every other day, and you’ll also have to get them professionally groomed. Start early, and your dog will become used to these grooming sessions. Training is vital to ensure your dog lets you perform this necessary maintenance.

These dogs are rarer than the short-haired Chihuahua. Therefore, you may have to spend a little extra time searching for a puppy. Sometimes, they are also more expensive. However, these dogs are the same as other Chihuahuas – temperament-wise.

3. The Deer-Headed Chihuahua

Deer head chihuahua

The deer-headed Chihuahua also exists. They have slightly longer heads and no slope in their nose. Furthermore, these dogs tend to be a bit larger.

©Toro_The_Bull – Arturelia/Shutterstock.com

Most Chihuahuas have an apple-shaped head. This head shape is standard. However, the deer-headed Chihuahua also exists. They have slightly longer heads and no slope in their nose. Furthermore, these dogs tend to be a bit larger. Many breeders started breeding these dogs to make the Chihuahua breed healthier, but they are too big to compete in dog shows.

Therefore, these dogs are hard to find. You have to pick specific breeders that specialize in these dogs. Sometimes, they are a bit more expensive, as they are specialty pets.

4. Apple-Head Chihuahuas

Apple Head Chihuahua lying, isolated on white background.

The apple-head Chihuahua has a somewhat apple-shaped head. It is rounded with a very sloped nose. Today, they are widespread. Most Chihuahua puppies will fit into this category.

©Alexia Khruscheva/Shutterstock.com

The apple-headed Chihuahua is the typical Chihuahua. Most Chihuahuas have apple heads – including breed-standard short-haired and long-haired Chihuahuas. This head shape is considered “normal,” therefore.

As you might imagine, the apple-head Chihuahua has a somewhat apple-shaped head. It is rounded with a very sloped nose. Today, they are widespread. Most Chihuahua puppies will fit into this category.

This head shape comes with a slightly shorter muzzle. Many canines also end up with a molera, a soft spot on their skull. This hole may or may not close completely as the dog grows. Many consider this hole a health risk, which is why some breeders developed the dear-head Chihuahua.

5. The Teacup Chihuahua

two cuddling teacup chihuahua dogs 9861

These canines may have long or short fur and any head shape. However, they’re set apart from other Chihuahuas due to their smaller size.

©Rebekah Zemansky/Shutterstock.com

These canines may have long or short fur and any head shape. However, they’re set apart from other Chihuahuas due to their smaller size. Some breeders are always looking to adjust dogs to meet what buyers want. In many cases, this means a more miniature Chihuahua.

The problem with smaller Chihuahuas is that they’re prone to health problems. Chihuahuas are small, anyway. When you try to make them even smaller, you force all the dog’s internal structure into a smaller space. Teacup Chihuahuas often have brain issues, and many don’t survive past puppyhood.

Therefore, many breeders are arguing that this dog is unethical. They’re a specialized breed, though some do technically fit in the breed standard. Therefore, you have to find a specialty breeder, and these dogs are costly.

6. Unique Coat Colors

There are many different coat colorations. The American Kennel Club recognizes various colors, including chocolate, tan, black, and others. You may see Chihuahuas bred by breeders referred to as one of these colors. Sometimes, breeders may specialize in one of these colors.

The breed standard doesn’t accept some colors – but that doesn’t stop some breeders from breeding them. Therefore, you may find some rarer colors that aren’t technically “accepted.” Often, these colors result from mixed breeding, so keep this in mind when purchasing a puppy.

Obviously, mixed-breed dogs won’t have all the Chihuahua characteristics.

7. The Pear-Headed Chihuahua

how long can dogs hold their pee
A pear-headed Chihuahua has a flatter head and a longer muzzle, similar to the dog shown here.

Sometimes, apple-headed and deer-headed Chihuahuas don’t “work out.” When you combine these two head types, you get something called the pear-headed Chihuahua. However, this is primarily considered a defect – not a new head type. However, some breeders will try to charge more for these puppies due to their “rarity.”

Often, these dogs are taller and heavier, exceeding the breed standard. Their skull is broader at the top and narrows into the deer-like muzzle.

What is the Rarest Type of Chihuahua?

Chihuahua basking in sun by basket of flowers

Chihuahuas weigh five pounds, on average.

©iStock.com/Irina Nedikova

Pure white Chihuahuas are perhaps the rarest type of the breed. While many Chihuahuas will have white in their coats, finding one that is completely white is not typical. They will have the genetic marker for white. White Chihuahas do not have melanocytes, which is what gives them their coat color, and their genes do not contain the black pigmentation, although they still do have eumelanin, which is what gives them their nose and eye color. In order for this breed to be white, it must have two parents that are also white.

White Chihuahuas shouldn’t be confused with albino Chihuahuas, which are also extremely rare. These albino pups will also appear as white but albino is a complete lack of melanin and pigmentation. An albino will have no color whatsoever, and most will have blue eyes that are rimmed with pink and pink noses.

Summary of 7 Types Of Chihuahua Dogs

NumberTypes of Chihuahuas
1Short-Haired Chihuahua
2Long-Haired Chihuahua
3The Deer-Headed Chihuahua
4Apple-Head Chihuahua
5Teacup Chihuahua
6Unique Coat Colors
7Pear-Headed Chihuahua
Summary Table of 7 Types Of Chihuahua Dogs

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About the Author

Kristin is a writer at A-Z Animals primarily covering dogs, cats, fish, and other pets. She has been an animal writer for seven years, writing for top publications on everything from chinchilla cancer to the rise of designer dogs. She currently lives in Tennessee with her cat, dogs, and two children. When she isn't writing about pets, she enjoys hiking and crocheting.

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