- The ecosystem and geography of South America makes it a biodiversity hotspot.
- Around 3,600 snake species inhabit South America, 375 of which are venomous.
- The largest snake in the world lives here, reaching lengths of 33 feet.
South America is home to the Amazon River, the Andes Mountains, and the Atacama Desert. But, this incredible continent is famous for even more than its geographic features. South America is home to some of the world’s most fascinating creatures, including mammals, birds, insects, and especially reptiles.
Approximately 3,600 species of snake call South America their home. Out of these species, 375 are venomous. Hiding, maybe not-so-inconspicuously, in the northern regions of the country is the largest snake in the world. Here, we’ll learn about the 10 largest snakes in South America. Number one on our list is big enough to eat a full-grown deer!
Read on to learn more about the ten largest snakes in South America.
10. Emerald Tree Boa
True to its name, the emerald tree boa is bright green, with delicate white markings. Emerald tree boas grow up to six feet long. As juveniles, their coloring ranges from bright red to orange, turning green as they age. These boas live in Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, Colombia, Guiana, and Suriname. They spend nearly their entire lives in the trees, feeding on birds, reptiles, amphibians, and small mammals.
9. Rainbow Boa
One of the largest snakes in South America is the rainbow boa. They grow up to six feet long, and have heavy bodies designed for life on the ground. Rainbow boas live mostly in hot, humid forests, though they’re sometimes found in open lands. Their native habitat ranges from Venezuela to the Amazon River basin. Like other constrictors, they kill their prey by squeezing it to death, before swallowing it whole. Typical prey items include birds, rodents, amphibians, and reptiles.
Fer-de-lance snakes grow up to seven feet long. They’re pit vipers, which means they have heat-sensing abilities, and are closely related to rattlesnakes and cottonmouths. Fer-de-lances live in northern South America, throughout Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, and Ecuador. When threatened, fer-de-lances famously stand their ground, and may even bite in self-defense. Their base color is light brown, with darker and lighter brown scales interspersed to create a camouflage pattern.
7. Dark Spotted Anaconda
Dark Spotted anacondas may not be the biggest anaconda out there, but they’re still one of the largest snakes in South America. These little-known snakes grow up to eight feet long, with females growing larger than males. They get their name from the dark blotches that cover most of their body, which has a base color of olive green to yellow-brown. Dark spotted anacondas frequent waterways and semi-aquatic environments.
6. Brazilian Smooth Snake
The Brazilian smooth snake is one of the largest snakes in South America, though it’s still dwarfed by number one on our list. These snakes grow up to nine feet long and are one of the longest venomous snakes in South America. They have light tan bodies with chevron patterned dark brown to black stripes. Brazilian smooth snakes live throughout many parts of central South America, and prefer humid rainforests and wetlands. Fish and frogs make up most of their diet.
5. Tiger Rat Snake
Tiger rat snakes live throughout central and northern South America. They grow up to 10 feet long, and lack venom. Their coloring ranges from bright yellow to dull tan with black stripes. Tiger rat snakes spend most of their lives in the trees, but occasionally come to the ground to hunt. They’re opportunistic hunters, and will feed on everything from small mammals to birds.
4. Boa Constrictor
Boa constrictors are heavy-bodied snakes, the largest can weigh more than 100 pounds. They’ve got the length to match that girth too, with the largest boa constrictors reaching up to 13 feet long. Some grow even bigger; there are reports of boa constrictors in captivity growing up to 18 feet long. These snakes live throughout much of South America, where they spend most of their time in or around rivers or lakes. Because of their size, boa constrictors are able to hunt medium-sized prey, like wild pigs and deer.
Bushmasters are one of the largest snakes in South America; they can grow up to 13 feet long. They’re the longest venomous snake in the western hemisphere. As pit vipers, their mouths contain impressive, venom-delivering fangs and heat-sensing pits. Most of their bodies are copper-colored, with pale undersides and black markings. When threatened, they coil up and rattle their rattleless tails in warning.
2. Yellow Anaconda
The yellow anaconda is one of the largest snakes in South America. Females grow bigger than males, reaching up to 15 feet long. The largest yellow anacondas weigh over 100 pounds. These snakes spend most of their time hunting in wetlands and shallow lakes and ponds. Like other constrictors, they use their massive bulk to overpower and suffocate prey. Yellow anacondas live in Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia, Brazil, and Argentina.
1. Green Anaconda
The green anaconda is without a doubt the largest snake in South America. At up to 17 feet long, they’re actually one of the longest snakes in the world. Reports of some extremely large anacondas reach as high as 33 feet, but these “monster” snakes haven’t been verified by a third-party agency.
The largest green anacondas can weigh over 150 pounds, making them the heaviest snake in the world. As their name suggests, they have a lime green color, with irregular, darker blotches.
|5||Tiger Rat Snake|
|6||Brazilian Smooth Snake|
|7||Dark Spotted Anaconda|
|10||Emerald Tree Boa|
Snakes can grow up to incredible sizes. Find out where more of the largest snakes live and what species they are:
- The 10 Largest Snakes in Asia – Asia is home to incredible wildlife and some very large snakes!
- The 10 Largest Snakes in Africa – As we all know, Africa is also a biodiversity hotspot.
- The 5 Largest Snakes in Australia – The land down under will surprise you with its 5 largest snake species.
Discover the "Monster" Snake 5X Bigger than an Anaconda
Every day A-Z Animals sends out some of the most incredible facts in the world from our free newsletter. Want to discover the 10 most beautiful snakes in the world, a "snake island" where you're never more than 3 feet from danger, or a "monster" snake 5X larger than an anaconda? Then sign up right now and you'll start receiving our daily newsletter absolutely free.