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A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources

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Male California Quail (Callipepla californica)
Black-breasted Button-quail
Male Blue-breasted Quail (Coturnix chinensis)
Group of Gambel's Quails (Callipepla gambelii) in Joshua Tree National Park
Brown Quail (Coturnix ypsilophora) Dayboro, SE Queensland, Australia
The quail is a small bird that inhabits woodland and forest areas around the world. There are thought to be more than 15 different species of quail, with each species of quail being found in different parts of the world and all have slightly different appearances depending on how they have adapted to their environment.

Although the quail is very small sized bird, the quail belongs to the same bird family as pheasants. Quails range in size depending on the species from the Japanese quail which is around 10cm tall to the larger mountain quail that can grow up to 25 cm tall.

Quails are generally solitary birds and spend most of their time either on their own or in a pair with just one other quail. During the mating season it is common to see large flocks of quails as family groups convoy together in groups of up to 100 quail individuals. Quails do not tend to migrate and therefore spend their lives within the same area.

In some parts of the world, quails are kept as poultry birds both for the small amount of meat that they contain and for the quail's brightly coloured eggs. These tiny coloured eggs are seen as a delicacy in some parts of the world and can often be found on menus in posh restaurants.

When quails reach 2 months old, they are then able to mate. Quails tend to breed in more open areas such as farmland and lay their eggs in nests. Quail clutch sizes can vary between one and 12 eggs depending on the species of quail and the baby quail chicks hatch out of their eggs in less than a month.

Although quails are omnivorous animals, they tend to have a primarily vegetarian diet eating seeds, wheat, barley, flowers and fruits but they will also eat insects such as worms and grasshoppers. Around 95% of the quail's diet is thought to consist of plant matter.

The quail has many natural predators, mainly due to it's small size. Snakes, raccoons, foxes, squirrels, coyotes, bobcats, skunks, dogs, cats, hawks, owls, rats and weasels are all known to hunt either the quail itself or it's vulnerable eggs. Humans are too predators of the quail but tend to eat those that have been reared in a commercial manner.

Quail Comments (23)

Pst. Balison

"These quails in question; are they same as the Bible quails mentioned in Numbers 11? Tnx. Shalom. Cwicts"


"What is the difference between the domesticated ones and the wild one and can someone cross breed them easily?"


"Thanks for the info. Have quail of my own and was very happy to recieve a little more knowledge!"

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Quail Facts

Five groups that classify all living things...
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
A group of animals within a pylum...
A group of animals within a class...
A group of animals within an order...
A group of animals within a family...
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Coturnix Coturnix
The animal group that the species belongs to...
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
11cm - 20cm (4.5in - 7.8in)
Wing Span:
The measurement from one wing tip to the other...
30cm - 37cm (12in - 14.6in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
70g - 140g (2.4oz - 4.9oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
24km/h (15mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
3 - 5 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Black, White, Blue
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Favourite Food:Seeds
The specific area where the animal lives...
Woodland and forest areas
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once...
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Seeds, Flowers, Insects
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Cats, Snakes, Raccoons
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Small body size and brightly coloured eggs

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Beat their wings up to 80 times per second!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
Closely related to pheasants and chickens!