Komondor

Canis lupus

Last updated: November 1, 2022
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff
© iStock.com/volofin

Komondor Scientific Classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Mammalia
Order
Carnivora
Family
Canidae
Genus
Canis
Scientific Name
Canis lupus

Read our Complete Guide to Classification of Animals.

Komondor Conservation Status

Komondor Locations

Komondor Locations

Komondor Facts

Diet
Omnivore

Komondor Physical Characteristics


Komondor as a Pet:

General Health
Energy Level
Shedability
Trainability
Intelligence
Tendency to Chew
Size
Family and kid friendliness
Yappiness / Barking
High
Separation Anxiety
High
Preferred Temperature
Warm climate
Exercise Needs
Moderate
Friendly With Other Dogs
Moderate
Pure bred cost to own
$1,300
Dog group
Herding
Male weight
80-100 lbs
Female weight
70-80 lbs

This post may contain affiliate links to our partners like Chewy, Amazon, and others. Purchasing through these helps us further the A-Z Animals mission to educate about the world's species..

View all of the Komondor images!



No, that’s not a mop – the Komondor is a white, dread-haired dog hailing from a long, noble, centuries-old heritage as Hungarian sheep guardians. These natural herding dogs face a storied history: after World War II and the Cold War stopped the importing of Komondors from Hungary, the breed dwindled nearly to the point of extinction. In the 1960s, however, American breeders reconnected with Hungary and were able to revitalize the breed and make them famous the world over.

The Komondor is covered head to tail in white, corded fur, making it immediately recognizable. Despite their bulk, they are impressively fast and perform with finesse and grace when given a task to do. These dogs are fiercely intelligent and independent, requiring a firm hand during training.

Learn more about what makes the Komondor unique and everything to know before considering the breed as a pet.

18,325 People Couldn't Ace This Quiz

Think You Can?

The Komondor breed is considered one of Hungary’s national treasures, to be protected from modifications and preserved.

The Best Dog Food For Komondor

The best food and diet plan for your adult Komondor depends on its size, age, metabolism, and exercise activity. No two dogs are alike, and highly active dogs will understandably require more nutritious foods than one that’s a couch potato. Komondors can bloat or tend towards obesity with too much access to food. They may benefit from 2-3 smaller meals daily rather than a large, free-feed dish.

Komondors should access nutritious, ingredient-rich food with plenty of meat-based protein, healthy fats, and vitamins and minerals. These will help keep your dog in tip-top shape, stay active, and keep up with its exercise needs. We at A-Z Animals, therefore, recommend Primal Duck Formula Nuggets Grain-Free Raw Freeze-Dried food as one of the healthiest options for your pup. You can rest assured that your dog benefits from real, non-treated animal-based duck meat mixed in with organic produce blended into an optimal formula of macro and micronutrients. 

While Komondors benefit from treats in training, be sure to dole them out sparingly. Your pup will be just as happy with a tiny training treat as a larger piece. Be sure to provide access to clean, fresh water at all times.

3 pros and cons of owning a Komondor

Pros!Cons!
Highly intelligent and easily trainable
These intelligent sheepherders can learn tricks quickly and happily take on assigned tasks.
Loud barker
As sheep herders, these dogs bark to warn off intruders and introduce people to the household.
Exceedingly loyal
Komondors love their families and will do anything to protect them.
Independent with herding instincts 
Left to their own devices, these dogs will naturally herd family members and may consider themselves the boss.
Healthy with low medical maintenance
Komondors are generally healthy and require little in the way of medical maintenence.
High maintenance grooming needs
Their distinct, corded coats make grooming a serious and necessary ritual.

Komondor Size and Weight

The Komondor female’s average height ranges between 22 and 26 inches, with males capable of growing about two inches taller. Males can measure up to 100 pounds at full maturity, and females usually weigh about 80 lbs.

Height (Male)28’ Tall
Height (Female)26’ Tall
Weight (male)100lbs, fully grown
Weight (female)80lbs, fully grown

Komondor Common Health Issues

Komondors have no breed-specific health concerns to worry about. Sourcing your pup from a responsible breeder will allow you to guarantee your pup’s free of potentially developing hip dysplasia. The Komondor Club of America also requires breeders to get eye health certifications to warn owners of potential blindness. 

Komondor Temperament

These dogs were bred to protect their herds, making them naturally cautious of strangers and protective of their “flocks” or families. As dutiful guard dogs, Komondors will gladly inform you if someone new is approaching the property. The Komondor’s independence and protective herding instinct make it better suited for larger homes where barking will be less of an issue. Despite their bossiness, these dogs are loving pups that will follow their human charges from room to room. 

How To Take Care of Komondor 

best big dog - Komondor
The long and wiry Komondor coats mat and cord naturally in early adulthood.

©Colin Seddon/Shutterstock.com

Komondors’ caretaking rests primarily on regular, ritual grooming habits that are required to maintain the health and cleanliness of their coats. With firm and consistent training, owners can establish themselves as pack leader and earn the obedient trust of their Komondors. Regular exercise and mental stimulation are necessary, as these dogs will quickly become bored and decide they’re in charge of the household.

Maintenance And Grooming

The long and wiry Komondor coats mat and cord naturally in early adulthood. As your puppy grows into adulthood, owners should tear the larger mats into smaller ones to form tight cords. In maturity, these cords can reach the ground if not cut and should be regularly maintained for length. Most owners prefer to keep cords between eight to ten inches long to keep them clean, and dogs can be sheared a couple of times a year to prevent dirt from accumulating.

Komondors shed their undercoats twice a year. During the shedding season, you must manually separate cords to keep them from matting too close to the skin and tearing. While this simple process requires only a few hours each year, it is essential for your dog’s furry health. You should also maintain the cords weekly to keep them from tangling too chaotically. 

Training

The training and structure maintenance for a Komondor is another challenge that ownership entails. You must consistently teach and train the dog from puppyhood to follow orders and act within your wishes. Obedience classes between four and eight months of age help socialize your Komondor with other people and pets. Teaching your dog how to behave when newcomers visit the house is also a must to help your Komondor not become unwelcoming to strangers.

Exercise

Adult dogs run fast and bark loudly, but generally, they remain stationary in their guarding positions. They don’t need the most significant yards but owners should walk them a few times daily to keep them active. Mental stimulation with tricks or agility training serves as plentiful activity for these pups.

Puppies

As grooming is essential to owning a Komondor, acclimate your puppy to people touching their ears, mouth, and paws by touching and examining them frequently. Coupling grooming with plenty of rewards and treats will make future maintenance an enjoyable experience.

Komondors usually reach full maturity in about three years, so taking this time to introduce them to many different people, sights, smells, and experiences is essential. Puppy classes help Komondors thrive by training and introducing them to dog friends, while long walks help them meet new people consistently.

Komondor And Children

Komondors generally get along with respectful older children or younger children if they are raised together. They are loving family dogs who consider kids their “flock” to be kept in their sight by following them throughout the house. 

Dogs similar to Komondor

The furry Komondor is closely related to the Puli, Bergamesco dogs, and the Spanish Water Dog.

  • Puli: The Puli shares both the long corded coat and its Hungarian roots with the Komondor. 
  • Bergamasco: These independent, sociable dogs make them perfect herding dogs, just like the Komondor. 
  • Spanish Water Dog: This breed is also a vigilant watcher who aims to please its family with successfully fulfilling its roles. 

Popular names for Komondor dogs include:

  • Soma
  • Albert
  • Bodi
  • Laszlo
  • Gigi
  • Zuri

Famous Komondor

American musician Beck featured a Komondor on the cover of his fifth studio album, Odelay.

Up Next

View all 68 animals that start with K

What's the right dog for you?

Dogs are our best friends but which breed is your perfect match?

X-Small
Small
Medium
Large
Xtra-Large

If you have kids or existing dogs select:

Kids
Other Dogs

Should they be Hypoallergenic?

Yes
No
How important is health?
Which dog groups do you like?
How much exercise should your dog require?
What climate?
How much seperation anxiety?
How much yappiness/barking?

How much energy should they have?

The lower energy the better.
I want a cuddle buddy!
About average energy.
I want a dog that I have to chase after constantly!
All energy levels are great -- I just love dogs!
How much should they shed?
How trainable/obedient does the dog need to be?
How intelligent does the dog need to be?
How much chewing will allow?
About the Author

Shanti Ryle is a content marketer with nearly a decade's experience writing about science, real estate, business, and culture. Her work has been featured in Forbes, Wall Street Journal, Global Finance and Banking, Weedmaps News/Marijuana.com, and other publications. Her favorite animal (by far) is the Pembroke Welsh Corgi!

Komondor FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Do Komondors’ hair naturally dread?

Komondor puppies are born without dreaded hair. Rather, their short, curly white coats form into fluffy curls that grow as the dogs do. At about a year old, it starts to mat into patches and cord with human guidance.



Are Komondors hard to take care of?

Komondors require confident owners who can provide solid leadership that command these strong-willed dogs’ respect. Their coat also requires extensive care to keep it clean. 



Are Komondors aggressive?

Komondors are calm unless they perceive a threat to their family. An insufficiently trained or bored Komondor can become hostile when meeting new people.



Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.

Sources
  1. American Kennel Club, Available here: https://www.akc.org/dog-breeds/komondor/
  2. Komondor Club of America, Available here: https://komondorclubofamerica.org/
  3. The UK Kennel Club, Available here: https://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/search/breeds-a-to-z/breeds/pastoral/komondor/

Newly Added Animals

A Polacanthus
Polacanthus

Spiky Herbavore that looks like "bowser"

A Labrottie
Labrottie

Labrotties will goof around clownishly to get laughs and attention.

A Bearded Fireworm
Bearded Fireworm

They emit bioluminescence during their mating ritual.

Most Recently Updated Animals

A Polacanthus
Polacanthus

Spiky Herbavore that looks like "bowser"

A Labrottie
Labrottie

Labrotties will goof around clownishly to get laughs and attention.

A Decorator Crab
Decorator Crab

Recycle old decorations when they molt