Below you can find a complete list of European animals. We currently track 742 animals in Europe and are adding more every day!
Europe is a continent in the northeastern hemisphere. As the second smallest continent in the world, it covers 6.8% of the Earth’s land area and 2% of the surface, with a higher coast-to-landmass ratio than any other. Geographically, it varies within a small area. The south is mountainous, while the north encompasses hilly uplands. Northeast holds a prominent landmark known as the Great European Plain.
The north-western seaboard also has uplands, while mainland central Europe has river valleys, basins, and plateaus. The climate is temperate, or warm and wet, as influenced by the Gulf Stream. It is colder in the north than in the south, and colder from the west going eastward. Within these environments exist wildlife that is common in Europe, with species that are unique to the continent and sometimes the world.
Watch on YouTube Most Popular European Animals
Europe is a continent composed of several different countries, each with its own language and culture, so there is no singular national animal. Instead, individual countries have chosen their own national animals. For example, the
lion, the official national animal of the Netherlands, Norway, and England, represents bravery and courage.
While there is no specific national animal for Europe, itself, there are several species considered as “The Big 5,” seemingly the most impressive animals on the continent. The big 5 animals are the European
Bison, the lynx, the wolverine, the brown bear, and the wolf. Native European Animals
While many animals have been introduced into Europe from other parts of the world, several species are native to the continent. European bison, Euroasian lynx,
polar bears and other bears, moose, and wolves are all mammal species native to Europe. The Capercaillie, European Bee-eater, and the Golden Eagle are all bird species originally found on the continent, as well. Wildlife in Europe, like the rest of the world, is facing threats of endangerment from human encroachment and poaching. Protective measures continue to be implemented in order to preserve these nails and their natural environments. Where To Find The Top Wild Animals Kainuu Forest, Finland: Red-flanked bluetails, Ural owls, woodpeckers, black grouse, golden eagles, elks, lynxes, wolverines, wolves, bears, and flying squirrels. Białowieża Forest, Poland: Lynxes, wolves, elks and 56 other mammal species, 250 bird species including white-tailed eagles and rare woodpecker species, and about 900 of the famous European bison. Pindus Mountains, Greece: 11 wildlife sanctuaries for spoonbills, egrets, herons, brown bears, red deer, otters, jackals, and wolves. Southern Carpathian Mountains, Romania: Bears, lynxes, wolves, wild boars, red deer, roe deer, chamois, and wild cats. Côa Valley, Portugal: Eagles, vultures, red-rumped swallows, alpine swifts, eagle owls, and black storks. Within is the Reserva da Faia Brava, an independent nature reserve which includes animals such as red deer, ibex, Iberian wolves, Maronesa cattle and wild Garrano horses. Highlands and Inner Hebrides, Scotland: Golden eagles, red deer and mountain hares. At the Isle of Rum are sea eagles, otters, seals, ponies, wild goats, ponies, and red deer. Svalbard, Norway: In the pine forests are lynxes, elks, wolves and brown bears, while the northern fjords have orcas. Norfolk, England: Sea birds and grey and common seals. Spain: The National Park of Sierra de Andujar at Malaga has the unique and rare Iberian Lynx. Lizards, dromedaries and goats are on the Canary Islands, and Tenerife has whales, dolphins, octopuses, rays, jellyfish, turtles, and coral. France: The Camargue in Marseilles has beavers, bulls, boars, horses, and flamingos. The Pyrenees has chamois, otters, foxes, birds, deer, and bears. And the Alps and Vosges are home to Eurasian lynxes, wolves, and ibexes. Native Birds
Comprised of several different countries, Europe is home to some of the greatest birdwatching sites in the world. Sweden is known for the Falsterbo Bird Observatory, a main location for multitudes of migrating birds, such as the
Blue Tit and Beared Reedling, flocking through the funnel made by the Baltic Sea and Oresund Sound.
Spring and summer are the best times to visit France’s Ornithological Park Pont de Gau in Camargue, as
flamingoes are gathering for breeding season.
Spain is also a delightful destination for those looking for migrations of birds, as its Doñana National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, known for the hundreds of
herons that choose to nest here. Other species of bird, such as the Bee-eater and flamingo, roam the marshes bordering the forested areas.
One of the most unique and adorable birds, the Atlantic
Puffin, resides along the coasts of Skomer Island in Wales, burrowing into the shore.
In sum, here is a list of the most popular birds to see in Europe:
The Most Dangerous Animals In Europe Today
The European Bison is more dangerous than any bear, with bison mothers being prone to charging at anyone. Other dangerous mammals that are also some of the biggest animals are the
Brown Bear, Wolverine, Eurasian Wolf, Wild Boar, and Polar Bear. All are predators except for the European Bison and the Wild Boar. The Great White Shark is another very dangerous animal.
The Common or European Adder, a common poisonous
snake throughout Europe, is a small viper that lives in many different habitats. The Asp Viper is another venomous, dangerous snake.
Some other dangerous animals are less obvious. The Castor Bean Tick transmits Lyme disease, Q fever, and tick-borne encephalitis, while the Portuguese Man O’War causes extreme pain, fever, shock, and respiratory issues which can lead to drowning. A relative of other black widow spiders, the Mediterranean
Black Widow Spider is the most venomous spider in the continent. A pinprick-like bite results in severe pain and symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, rapid heart rate, and breathing difficulty. Native Fish
Europe is surrounded on three sides by water: the Atlantic Ocean, the Artic Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea. Within these waters are multitudes of marine species, ranging from porpoises to fish to bivalves. As for fishing, some of the most unique and beautiful places to fish, most commonly caught fish being:
Iceland is home to some of the best-managed fisheries in the world, having relied on them as a food source forever. Iceland’s rivers hold wild salmon, a popular and healthy fish to eat. Outside of the town of Reykjavik is Lake Thingvallavatn, best known for its monster-sized Brown
Trout, weighing in at about 30lb. Halibut, Cod, Pollock, and Artic Char are also swimming the waters of this lake.
Leading way to the Mediterranean Sea lies Gibraltar, a favoured spot for sport fishing for large, predatory fish, such as Sharks,
Bluefin Tuna, and Marlin. Popular fish used in delicious local culinary dishes also include Snapper, Seabream, Dentex, and John Dory. The narrow straight makes it easy to find catches and to have an all around good time.
Countless other popular fishing spots include the Canary Islands, Slovenia, parts of Ireland, Sardinia, and beautiful Greece. Europe is so expansive with such diversity that it is not short of interesting new places to search for the perfect fishing spot.
Europe is also home to a number of rivers.
European rivers include the Volga, Danube, Ural, and Rhine Rivers. Near just the Ural River alone there are 47 species of fish, 48 mammals, and a number of reptiles and migratory birds. Native Snakes
Vast and full of exciting sites to see, Europe is also home to some not-so-friendly animals, like venomous snakes. There are plenty of nonvenomous snakes existing throughout Europe’s many countries, such as the Sand Boa (Eastern Europe), the Smooth Snake (Northern and Central Europe), the Caspian Whip Snake (Eastern Europe), and the Leopard or Rat Snake (endemic to Europe).
However, several venomous species reside on the continent and should be looked out for. Some venomous snakes can cause more harm than others, like paralysis. A few venomous snakes with this ability found in Europe are:
Vipers Long-nosed Vipers European Adders European Asp
Some less harmful but still dangerous snakes include the Central Asian Pit Viper and the Halys Pit Viper. European Adders are common to the continent and mainly widespread while European Asps are mostly located in Southern Europe.
Snake bites are not always lethal but, in the event of a snake bite, always seek care from a medical professional in case of an unknown allergy or an unknown species.
Endangered European Animals
Many of the biggest mammals, including apex predators, are now extinct due to over-hunting or encroachment. For this reason, bears (especially brown bears) and wolves areconsidered endangered in Europe. The
Saiga is an antelope that is also an endangered animal along with the European Lynx and the Wolverine. Extinct Animals in Europe
Three main species of extinct wildlife in Europe are the wooly mammoth, dwarf hippo, and dwarf
elephant – large mammals that were hunted to extinction in prehistoric times. Unique Animals in Europe
Some of the most common yet unique wild animals in Europe are weasel-like animals, like the European Mink, Marbled
Polecat, and the European Pine or Sweet Marten. But they aren’t the only weirdest animals. Related to them is the Wolverine, which is one of the weirdest animals because it is elusive. The European bison was considered endangered but populations are increasing, similarly to the Chamois goat- antelope. The Raccoon Dog is related to the fox but looks like a raccoon. A mix between several European bat species is the Alpine Long-Eared Bat. The Puffin is a sea bird with a large, brightly colored beak. Zoos in Europe
Europe holds around 2,000 zoos throughout the continent. Here is a list of some of the best-rates zoos:
Basel Zoo (Switzerland) – Open since 1874, “Zolli” is the country’s most popular attraction. It is known for breeding endangered species such as cheetahs, Indian rhinos, and okapi. Edinburgh Zoo (Scotland) – Renowned as the first zoo in the world to house and breed penguins, as well as the first to home pandas and koalas. Open since 1913, Edinburgh Zoo exhibits almost 1,000 animals, with a chimpanzee exhibit even endorsed by Jane Goodall. Tiergarten Schönbrunn (Austria) – The oldest zoo, open since 1792, is one of the most beautiful zoos in the world. Working toward conservation and education, this zoo was the first to have an elephant infant born in captivity, as well as the first natural panda inseminated-birth in Europe. Tiergarten Schönbrunn is located on a royal historical sites, the Schönbrunn Palace, one of Austria’s most admired attractions.
Within every European country lies one or more zoos, housing hundreds to thousands of native and exotic animals. Many of these zoos serve as conservational or rehabilitation sites, helping to preserve endangered species populations and help to reintroduce them into the wild.
European Countries Animals Lists
Click any of the countries below to see a detailed list of animals located in that country!
First bred in 17th century Germany!
Very intelligent, independent and strong-minded!
Often used as a guard dog!
Differnt Lizard” or Allosaurus weighed around two tonnes that is almost equal to a car.
Good companion and hard-working breed!
Alpine goats are the most common type of goat used for milk, cheese, and other dairy products
Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East
The American Eskimo has splendid all white fur and an upturned tail
The color “Robin egg blue” is named after the hue of their eggs.
Guards it's master's flocks!
The angelshark’s range has contracted by more than 80% in the past century.
Was created as an accident.
Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Wolves do not howl at the moon. They howl to communicate with other members of their pack.
In Australia the LBAM causes $21.1 million annually in lost production and control costs
Arctic char is the northern-most fish; no other fish lives anywhere further north!
Extremely thick winter fur!
Old school owners brush their coats with a rake once or twice a week, preventing major matting.
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Arthropleura was the largest terrestrial invertebrate to have ever lived
Asian lady beetles infest indoor spaces, but they do not reproduce indoors.
It was the symbol of royalty in Egypt, and its bite was used for the execution of favored criminals in Greco-Roman times.
Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!
The Balkan lynx communicates mostly with its ears
This dog has the nickname ‘Mud dog’ because it likes to play in muddy, swamp-like areas.
Not all bark beetles feed on a tree's bark. Some species feed on fruits, seeds, and other parts of the plant
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Prized by sport fishers for their size and strength
A friendly and intelligent hunting dog that loves nothing more than to spend time with its owner.
Forget the training when not rewarded!
Detects prey using echolocation!
Have become popular family pets!
There are 8 different species!
Weekly brushing is mandatory!
These birds eat a diet of bones
The Beauceron is named after the place of its origin (Beauce) in France
Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Highly active and intelligent dogs!
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
They roll around in dirt to prevent external parasites
There are more than 350,000 different species
The Belgian canary is one of the oldest and most influential in its genus.
The sheepdog is also known as the Groenendael. All four Belgian varieties have nicknames for Belgian villages.
The first breed to win an AKC Herding Championship.
Bergamascos are excellent problem solvers; they were bred to be independent as they work alongside their nomadic shepherd owners.
Berger means shepherd in French
Very loyal, faithful and affectionate!
Gentle mannered, playful and affectionate!
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
Thought to be aggressive, they are actually affectionate dogs with a protective streak.
They typically prey on insects!
They migrate for the longest distance of any warbler.
Blister beetles release a toxic fluid that causes blistering when they're threatened.
Affectionate, gentle and even-tempered!
The Blue German Shepherd is not actually blue but dark gray.
The Blue Picardy is also known as the Epagneul Bleu de Picardie in French
The blue tit can hang upside down from branches
From the northern Italian city of Bologna!
Highly intelligent and alert breed!
Small, rough-coated breed of terrier!
The name Bouvier des Flandres means cowherd of Flanders in French
Bright, energetic and playful!
The Bracco Italiano is considered the oldest European pointer. It was a popular hunting dog during the Renaissance, being bred by both the Medici and Gonzaga families.
This breed almost went extinct during the World Wars but was revived in the 1970s.
The Braque Francais will not warn you of any potential threats but, instead, will try to befriend the stranger.
The breed was formerly known as the Brittany spaniel
Females glue egg cases to furniture
A dominant predator in it's environment!
Can live its entire life indoors
Males are generally monogamous during mating season and will protect the female from other males. However, females tend to venture from their partners and mate with other males.
The Brussels Griffon prefers to live with another dog so they have a companion to play with.
Bull and Terriers were explicitly bred for bull-baiting, a savage blood sport where certain dog breeds would attack an angered bull tied to a pole.
Bullboxers have several different breed nicknames, including the pitoxer, bullboxer pit, and the American bull boxer.
Friendly, loving and docile!
Courageous, loyal and calm!
The most common species of bee!
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Cabbage moths are named after the vegetable they find the tastiest.
Intelligent, lively and strong!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Cane Corsos nearly became extinct in the mid 1900’s, but the breed was revived by a group of Italians. Even so, they still didn’t become known in many other parts of the world until after 1988.
Males and females grow antlers
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
Cashmere goat are named after Kashmir regions of India and Pakistan
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
Some cat snakes have a prehensile tail that helps them climb into trees.
This breed is called the Gos d’Atura Catala in native Catalan and Pastor Catalan in Spanish, both of which roughly translate to mean Catalan Sheepdog
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
The Caucasian mountain dog may look intimidating, but they are actually gentle, affectionate, and loyal family companions
These former bear-hunting dogs are used today as prison guard dogs in Russia.
Females are more territorial than males, but you can train this behavior out of them.
Highly playful and affectionate!
Cave bears may have been worshiped by primitive humans.
Unlike modern lions, cave lions didn't have a significant mane.
There are about 3,000 documented species!
Cervalces latifrons are the largest species of deer that ever existed.
An affectionate hunting dog!
This breed is also known as the Bohemian Terrier (Bohemia was an historical Medieval kingdom and a region of the modern Czech Republic)
Natively found in the European mountains!
They inhabit regrowing forests
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Surviving on the skin cells of humans and animals
Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans
This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.
Click beetles are named for the clicking noise they make to escape predators.
Clothes Moths can remain in the larvae stage for up to 2 years, but adults only live 10 days.
The Cockalier has very strong hunting ancestry.
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
European adders are the only snake that lives above the Arctic Circle.
Found throughout the European continent!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
Also known as the Great Northern Diver
A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.
Most active in wet weather!
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
The Coryphodono looked like a fancy rhinocerous, but it was more related to elephants
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Female crayfish aren't that maternal; they have to secrete a form of pheromone, referred to as maternal pheromones, that encourages them to take care of their offspring and prevents them from eating their young.
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
They are an ancient breed dating back to the 7th century and made their way to Croatian lands giving them the name Croatian Sheep Dog.
Crocodylomorphs include extinct ancient species as well as 26 living species today.
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
Can survive drought by burying itself in mud.
A lively and fun-loving breed!
This breed is also known as the Czechoslovakian Vlcak (the name for the German Shepherd).
Fun and playful breed of small dog!
Have an energetic and playful nature!
These canine’s spots are distinctive in their placement, including different shaped markings, making them unique.
The Dandie Dinmont Terrier is the only breed recognized by the AKC that is named after a literary character.
A Dapple Dachshund’s dappling pattern may be just one spot, or it may be numerous spots and splashes on their coat.
Darkling Beetles have segmented antennae. Each one is divided into eleven segments.
The adult deathwatch beetle taps on the wood to find a mate.
There are around 40 different species!
Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.
Has long drop ears and a long narrow tail!
The Devil’s coach horse beetle can emit a noxious substance to deter predators
Adult males make high amplitude boing noise to attract females
Dimetrodon was among the largest predators of the Early Permian Period.
These "shrimp" evolved to survive very harsh climates, which is one reason they have been able to live so long.
Diving bell spiders can breathe underwater using an air bubble on their abdomen
A gentle, loyal and loving breed!
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
Extremely loyal and devoted to it's master!
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
The Dorgi is one of the more popular mixed breed dogs.
Found in Europe,
Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Uncommon outside of Europe!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
A friendly and relaxed dog!
Dunkleosteus had a bite force strong enough to cut through pirey.
Both male and female dunnocks can have multiple mates every breeding season
The Dusky Shark sometimes eats trash discarded by humans.
dwarf hamsters love to explore at night.
Has exceptional eyesight!
The most populous grebe in the world
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Are known to guard the muddy banks!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Most species are relatively vocal, making harsh croaking sounds and squeals.
They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.
Eiders are sexually dimorphic, with males being larger and more colorful.
Elasmotherium might have had a monstrous horn, giving it the name "The Siberian Unicorn."
Bulldogs were originally bred to “pin” bulls.
Intelligent yet stubborn by nature!
Although their coats can get incredibly light in color, golden retrievers never have purely white coats.
Contrary to their name, English crested guinea pigs did not originate in the UK
English Foxhounds were bred to work and live in a pack. Because of this, this breed is happiest when they are around other dogs.
Although they look similar to the Texas Longhorn, they are not closely related.
English Setters were first bred between 400 and 500 years ago.
Friendly and eager to please!
Native to parts of the Swiss Alps!
Hard-working, gentle and affectionate!
A very bold and ferocious predator!
Very protective and stubborn!
Eats 20% of its weight daily!
The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.
The Eurasian collared dove has been extensively studied due to its amazing ability to rapidly colonize new territories.
The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!
The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds
Eurasian lynxes can survive extreme weather up to elevations of 18,000 feet
Its song has been compared to a toy horn.
Females are typically 25% larger than males.
Coloring depends on location.
This breed came about after Julius Wipfel, a German professor in the 1940s, crossed a chow chow with a German spitz with the hope of breeding the perfect spitz.
They can eat up to 250 bees per day!
Female can lay up to 600 eggs in her 14-day lifespan
They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.
Its fur changes color in the winter!
Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.
A group of wild cats is called a destruction
The fastest creatures on the planet!
The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The Most Dangerous Snake in the Americas
Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!
The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.
A sociable and adaptable breed!
Finches have strong, conical bills that help them break open tough seeds that many other birds cannot.
The Finnish Lapphund was bred to herd reindeer!
Found across mainland Europe and Asia!
Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Fishing spiders have hydrophobic hair on their skin that allows them to survive on water
A game retrieving gun-dog!
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
Flea beetles can jump like fleas when threatened.
Besides being bred for milk and meat, these cattle were also used as draft oxen.
Flour beetles are adapted to survive in very dry environments.
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Most of the hundreds of varieties of flycatchers belong to the Tyrannidae and Muscicapidae families!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"
First bred in the mid-19th century!
French bulldogs are known to be very sensitive, harboring emotions that they love to express
The freshwater jellyfish is native to China but is now found all over the world
Some emit noxious defense chemicals
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
Galapagos sharks are cannibalistic and sometimes eat their young, so the pups stay away from the adults in shallow water.
Garden spiders bounce in their webs to confuse predators
Gastornis had a massive beak, but they probably ate plants instead of flesh.
The Genet has retractable claws like a cat
The most common type of urban roach
German Longhaired Pointers are excellent hunters-tracking, pointing, and retrieving game over land and water. They can jump up six feet high and make wonderful emotional support dogs!
Highly intelligent and fast learners!
Highly active and fearless dogs!
German Shorthaired Pointers are used by the Air Force, TSA, and other organizations to sniff out explosives.
There are five different sub-breeds of the German Spitz.
They are the fastest invertebrates in the UK.
Large, powerful and dominant!
This dog is also named the Wicklow Terrier after the county of its origin.
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.
Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.
They can be known as Velcro dogs because they like sticking around and are always near their owners.
roaming and adaptable candids
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
Trusting, kind and gentle!
There are 29 different species!
It's the largest and heaviest breed of setter.
Use acute hearing to hunt
Their fangs aren't big enough to penetrate human skin.
There are 11,000 known species!
Their songs have cat-like qualities and can mimic other birds and animals, like tree frogs.
Large and imposing in appearance!
Great Dane mixed breed dogs tend to have a longer lifespan than Great Dane purebreds.
The male egret performs an elaborate courtship display to attract a mate
Protective and gentle by nature!
Male grey herons are picky about their mates. They'll reject a female that they don't fancy.
Extremely fast and athletic!
Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away
Although developed as a herding dog, the breed makes an excellent guard and working dog and is used by police forces and the military.
One of the most invasive species in the world
The hainosaurus was named after the Hainaut province of Belgium where the first specimen was discovered.
This breed doesn't usually make nests or incubate their own chicks.
They are sensitive to light and prefer cool, dark, moist areas.
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
Cheerful, tolerant and sweet-tempered!
Hatzegopteryx was one of the largest flying animals to have ever lived.
While the Ferruginous hawk is the largest specie in the USA, Asia’s Upland buzzard is the biggest overall.
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Helicoprion was one of the largest cartilaginous fish of all time.
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
They are loud, spirited birds with raucous cries that sound like bursts of laughter.
Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!
The eyes of Hippopotamus gorgops were positioned on eyestalks which allowed it to see above the water surface when submerged.
The Hobo Spider travels city to city like an actual Hobo and is often found near railroad tracks!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.
Hooded seal pups are called bluebacks because the color of the fur on their back is blue-gray. This pretty color made people want to make fur coats out of them and made them a target for hunters.
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
These beetles are herbivores but have an intimidating appearance because of the horn-like projection on their heads. However, they are entirely harmless to humans, as they don't sting or bite.
Sleep with one foot tucked up under the wing so they lean to the side
Hornets are a type of wasp.
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Got their name from a myth that other fish would ride them over great distances
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
The Houdan chicken has a round, fluffy crest and five toes on each foot!
The house sparrow has been introduced all over the world
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are four different species!
Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill
Intelligent, active and engaging by nature!
The Icelandic Sheepdog is the only dog breed entirely native to Iceland.
Gave birth to live young instead of laying eggs like other reptiles
Insects go back over 350 million years, making the creatures older than man, flowering plants and dinosaurs.
There are an estimated 30 million species!
Can live for up to 16 years!
An average 300 Irish Terrier puppies are born each year in the United States.
The only known canine with a purple hue.
Sweet-tempered, patient and thoughtful!
The Italian Greyhound is a miniature dog with a big motor and personality!
Intelligent, athletic and fearless!
Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!
The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner
Japanese bantam chickens are the best flying chicken species
Can clear an entire fruit tree in 15 minutes in a swarm
The John Dory is often labeled one of the ugliest fish in the world and has no known relatives.
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
Can run up to 35 miles per hour (56km).
Friendly, alert dogs that are loyal to their owners
They are born black, and turn gray-blue as they age.
Can hang suspended on wind currents
The Khao Manee is one of the rarest cat breeds in the world.
Killifish are highly sought after for their peaceful nature and ability to adapt to most aquarium communities.
The species name, spectabilis, is Latin for “showy” or “remarkable,” referencing the attractiveness of the adult male’s plumage.
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
Kissing bugs derive their name from the location they prefer to bite, which is usually close to the lips of the host
If Kooikerhondjes look familiar, it’s because old Dutch masters like Rembrandt and Jan Steen liked to paint them.
Ownership of this dog was once restricted to the Hungarian nobility
Loves to participate in activities.
Well-balanced, friendly and versatile!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
The Lagotto Romagnolo is the only internationally recognized purebred truffle-hunting dog.
These dogs were once used by farmers to keep foxes away from herds of sheep.
The name “heeler” comes from the fact that it nips at the heels of cattle to herd them.
This breed is also known as the Lapp Reindeer Dog and the Lapsk Vallhund.
Larder beetles were named based on their attraction to food storage rooms or cupboards, but they do not feed on stored food products.
Some people might find the Large Munsterlander too lively for their family, but they are actually very gentle with children and make fantastic family pets.
Lazarus Lizards can communicate through chemical and visual signals.
Leedsichthys is one of the largest fish ever discovered
Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!
This dog has been used for pulling carts full of goods.
Leptocephali have flat bodies filled with jelly-like substances, surrounded by a thin layer of muscle.
While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.
Liopleurodon were fast swimmers that lived entirely under water, but they had no gills
There are around 5,000 different species!
Have sharp spines below their eyes
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
Rottweilers have a tendency to snore.
Often hangs upside down while feeding!
This breed is also known as the "Little Lion Dog" for their bravery and manes.
Wolf like domestic cat breed
Live in dens in rocks and under ledges!
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
Magyarosaurus is the smallest sauropod dinosaur to have ever lived
With an appropriate tail wind, the mallard can travel hundreds of miles a day
Originally bred in Europe!
Fences are no match for Manchester terriers. They’re great escape artists!
A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground
They do not fall completely asleep during hibernation but wake up from time to time during the winter to walk around.
Courageous, calm and affectionate!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
In 1968, the mealworm beetle traveled to space and circled the moon on the Soviet mission Zond 5.
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
They line their nests with their feathers
Some species have a poisonous bite!
This dog has a very happy-go-lucky temperament.
Stable rodents were kept in check by using it as a barnyard ratter.
The mink can swim up to 100 feet underwater.
The Modern Game chicken is a lanky bird with legs that go for days!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
Most molluscs have more than one heart
During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Renews it's enormous antlers every year!
The Mosasaurus was much longer than the fearsome Tyrannosaur rex.
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
Mudi dogs have a reputation for being able to control a herd of 500 sheep.
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
The muntjac is the smallest type of deer in the world
Muskox have several physical characteristics that allow them to survive in the Arctic climate.
The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time
Causes primary amoebic meningoencephalitis
Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!
Fearless and extremely protective of it's home!
The Netherland dwarf rabbit is the smallest domestic rabbit breed in the world.
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
When they feel threatened juvenile night herons vomit their stomach contents.
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
There are more than 5,000 species.
Fearless but not aggressive!
Getting your hands on one of these pups might be a challenging task. At one point, the breed was on the brink of extinction.
The Norwegian Buhund once worked on Norse homesteads
This breed traveled with the Vikings!
Has a long, thick double coat of fur!
This breed is also called the Norsk Lundehund and the Norwegian Puffin Dog
The fangs of a nose-horned viper can be as long as half an inch
Bore holes in tree nuts and lay their eggs inside
Nuthatches spend a lot of their time upside down.
An invasive species, one female nutria can birth up to 200 babies in just a few years of living!
Intelligent, sociable and playful!
Depending on the habitat and climate, these beetles can live between 2 to 10 years, often staying in their larval stage for several years, making them extremely dangerous to wooden structures.
Oleander hawk moth caterpillars feed on the foliage of oleander, an extremely toxic plant to which they are immune.
Inhabits dark underwater caves
Orange spiders make vertically-oriented webs for catching prey.
Females are about four times the size of males
Unlike other cockroach species that live indoors living off humans, oriental cockroaches are outdoor scavengers.
Scientists once considered the Ornithocheirus an ancestor to modern birds
The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.
The Oscar fish has teeth in its throat!
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
Otterhounds have webbed feet making them great swimmers!
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Adult owlflies can capture prey while flying in the air.
Pacific Coast ticks can go without food for two to three years without dying.
This snake was as long as a school bus!
Originally called the Toy Spaniel, the Papillon is one of the oldest breeds in the toy group. They can be found in artwork dating back to the 16th century.
Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.
The root stock of the breed was a dog named Trump
Parti Schnauzers are great pest controllers. They were bred to catch rodents, so if you have a rat problem, they might be the pet for you.
Long-lost civilizations have immortalized male partridges in art, depicting them as a symbol of fertility.
A Patterdale Terrier’s small body structure allows it to squeeze into fox burrows.
The eyespots on this butterfly’s wings deter predators from attacking.
The Pelagornis is larger than the largest living bird today.
The biggest members of the Pelagornithidae family were the largest flying birds known.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a favorite breed of Queen Elizabeth II
Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.
Some of the most delicious gamefish in the world
The breed has feet like a cat, with rounded toes that are not too close together. His unique feet give him a distinctive, long, elastic stride.
A small dog with a big, lively personality.
The blushing dog of Malta.
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
These small chickens have tails that can be up to five feet long!
Picardy spaniels are one of the few working dogs that do well in apartments as long as they get their long walks every day.
Hotdogs were originally called "Dachshund sausages" because they resembled the dachshund's wiener-like body!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas
Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!
A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.
The smallest of the North American salmon
It is a myth that pit bulls have locking jaws.
Pliosaurs were the short-necked version of plesiosaurs.
Queen Elizabeth I of England once owned several Pocket Beagles
The smaller size of the Pocket Pitbull made it better suited for fleeing game as compared to larger Foxhounds.
It has a peculiar bark that locals refer to as "the song of the rabbit".
An independent, loyal and high energy breed!
Spiky Herbavore that looks like "bowser"
Could be extinct within the next 30 years!
They can run at a speed of 15mph
Despite having shaggy hair that covers its eyes, this dog is known for its watchful gaze when guarding a herd.
This gigantic breed is known for its guardian skills, but they are non-aggressive and always manage to stay calm towards people and animals.
There are 500 different species!
Intelligent, alert and active!
The rarest amphibian in the UK!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Surprisingly, not a dolphin!
The Portuguese Podengo Pequeno is considered to be quite possibly the world’s smallest hunting dog.
Powderpost beetles prefer living in moist tree limbs, dead wood, and branches. They get into homes through infested joists, paneling, rafters, flooring, and finished wood products.
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
Pterodactyl is not technically a dinosaur. Although they lived during the same time as dinosaurs, they are classified as winged reptiles.
Like their poodle parent, Pudelpointers love to swim in pools!
Can remain in the water for up to 2 minutes!
The pugapoo is the fusion of a pug and a poodle.
Pumik developed their loud bark to communicate with shepherds at long distances.
Inhabits deciduous forests!
Caterpillars squirt formic acid!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 300 different species!
Known to wash their food before eating it!
The only hibernating canine!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.
Sliders spend lots of time basking in the sun. As cold-blooded animals, they need the sun to heat up.
The red fox actually has many different variations of fur, including silver and brown.
This bird moves its tail to steer its body like a rudder on a boat.
The redback spiders found in New Caledonia differ from other populations in that they don’t practice sexual cannibalism and don’t bite people as much.
They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs
Also known as the Caribou
Male rheas mate with up to a dozen females and single-handedly raise up to 80 chicks at once!
Rhinoceros beetles can lift objects 850 times their weight
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
The female pretend they are dead if they do not find the male worthy of mating.
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe
Will mate with the entire flock!
Nymphs take 9 to 10 days on average to mature, with a complete lifespan of an estimated 30 days.
Strong, loyal and self-assured!
Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.
When threatened, rove beetles raise the ends of their body like scorpions, but they have no sting.
They flip over stones to find prey
The Russell Terrier was bred to be a good fox hunter with a keen sense of smell
The saanen goat is the most popular milk breed.
According to the American Kennel Club, the German Shepherd is the second most popular breed in the United States
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
The gene responsible for their color is also found in wolves.
Gentle, loyal and friendly!
There are more than 700 different species!
The Saluki is one of the fastest dog breeds in the world.
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
Males turn green in spring!
Some sandpipers can migrate more than 8,000 miles without stopping!
Some of the largest moths in the world
Sauropods lived in herds.
The ancient Egyptians worshipped scarabs.
The Schapendoes numbers decreased significantly during the Second World War, along with many other European Sheepdog breeds.
Schipperkes were used to hunt and kill rodents on Belgian ships.
There are around 2,000 known species!
Scotch collies are one of the oldest collie breeds and were eventually bred to create the more popular border collie!
"The Royal Dog of Scotland"
This breed is nicknamed the “Diehard” because of its iron will and steely determination.
Unlike most reptiles, Scutosaurus' legs were positioned underneath its body to support its great weigh
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
They breathe through gills but live on land
Some gulls are capable of using tools
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Very endangered breed that is scion of several breeds that include one that is already extinct
Males never sing the same song twice
Although Seymouria had so many reptilian features, it was an amphibian
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
Shetland Sheepdogs are one of the most successful breeds at obedience trials.
The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Skuas will chase other birds until they give up their catch
Skye terriers are the oldest terrier breed, dating back at least 400 years.
Found widely throughout British gardens!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
These dogs are known for their fast digging abilities.
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
One of the largest owl species in the world!
Soldier beetles resemble fireflies, but they're not bioluminescent.
A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.
They spend most of their time underground!
They have long, horizontal ears.
Diego Velázquez’s famous 17th century painting of the Infanta and her dwarves includes a portrait of a Spanish Mastiff.
Spanish water dogs are popular with fishermen and hunters to retrieve game from the water.
There are 140 different species!
The sparrowhawk is named after the fact that it hunts down and consumes sparrows
Spider beetles have globular bodies, which makes them look like spiders.
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
They're one of the oldest hunting breeds on Earth.
The Spinosaurus is the biggest carnivorous dinosaur ever discovered!
The female Spongy Moth can lay between 600 to 1,000 eggs
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
It is a versatile, all-around working breed and pet.
Known for their loyalty to their family!
The stag beetle consumes rotting and decaying wood when it is in the larva stage.
This dog’s facial hair makes it look like it has a beard.
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
Their songs are harsh and sound like two rocks hitting together.
They can’t sing like other birds.
The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.
These larvae are native to Central and South America but now occur on every continent except Antarctica
swallows have aerodynamic bodies for hunting in flight
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Swedish Elkhounds existed in prehistoric times!
"The Black Beauty of Norrland"
Can get used to and respond to human voice
The most widespread owl in Europe!
Greeks used to build tombs for their Maltese.
Female teacup minis become sexually mature between 2 and 5 years old, but breeders typically wait until their horse is 3 before letting her reproduce to prevent complications.
The oldest recorded teddy bear hamster was six and a half.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
Terriers were once the greatest dogs in the world.
Some theropods had feathers and may have been ancestors of modern birds.
The skate with the biggest spines!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.
As tiger trout are sterile, they cannot produce offspring. However, they do have relatively long lifespans and can live up to 10 years in captivity.
Tornjaks are very adaptable and can live harmoniously in packs as they get along well with other dogs.
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
The word poodle is derived from German, and it means to splash or puddle.
The Transylvanian Hound is also known as the Erdelyi Kopo in Hungarian
Ambush their prey using a trapdoor made of silk
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Their tailfeathers help them maintain their balance on a tree trunk
The colors, shapes, and intricacies of treehoppers’ helmets makes them unique and visually stunning.
They don’t have scales for their first month of life!
A breed that originated in central Turkey!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Their colorful rear wing makes predators think that they are poisonous, however they are not it is a deceptive feature.
The Ural owl can rotate its head up to 270 degrees
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
Vizsla means searcher or tracker in Hungarian
Voles were heavily mentioned in a Star Trek series as a space station pest.
Almost went extinct before American Eskimo Dog breeders showed interest.
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Warblers are so called because of the trills of their song.
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Water beetles bite; they use their legs to inject venomous digestive saliva
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
Some species of water bugs can deliver a painful bite when handled.
The largest Vole species in the UK!
The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
The Weimaraner is nicknamed the gray ghost.
The wels catfish is among the largest freshwater fish in the world.
Welsh Black Cattle were once used as currency in Wales and referred to as “black gold”.
There are two distinct breeds!
Due to being so attached to their owners, the Welsh Springer Spaniel does not do well with being left alone and can experience separation anxiety.
The Welsh Terrier has the strength and tenacity to take on foxes and badgers.
Most commonly white in colour!
Originally bred as a farm dog, the Wheaten Terrier can be very protective of its domain.
The fastidious whimbrel sometimes washes off its prey before it eats it.
The whinchat can imitate the songs of at least a dozen other tpes of birds!
Quiet, gentle and restful dogs!
This butterfly determines the smell and taste of a flower with its feet.
There are two different types of white ferrets!
The larva is the pest because a fully-grown white-shouldered house moth cannot feed; it can only absorb liquid
It is one of the biggest birds of prey.
"Whiting" can refer to certain other species of ray-finned fish
Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!
This bird molts twice a year.
Only the males fly and the females walk.
The Wire Fox Terrier was bred from the now extinct Rough Coated Black and Tan Terrier to hunt down foxes.
A Wirehaired Pointing Griffon’s coat makes it look like it has a mustache and beard!
The body of Wiwaxia was covered by rows of sclerites and spines
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
Releases a strong smelling musk in defence!
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
Another name for these fuzzy insects is "boogie-woogie aphids" because of their habit of lifting their posteriors and pulsing them in synchronized motions when threatened.
The woolly rhinoceros roamed the earth between three and a half million and 14,000 years ago.
They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.
They follow after seals and whales to eat their scraps.
Smal eel-like ancient shark
They may have acted as 'gardeners' to clear vegetation and disperse seeds through their feces.
These aphids are primarily wingless; however, once the infestation on their host gets too crowded, they develop wings, allowing them to fly to a new host plant.
It interbreeds with the pine bunting
Yellowjacket stings account for the majority of deaths from wasp stings
Yokohama chickens have snow white feathers with tails reaching up to 4 feet in length.
Highly energetic and eager for adventure!
A female zebra mussel can deposit 30,000 to 1,000,000 eggs each year!
European Animals List Europe FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) Which animals are found in Europe?
Foxes (especially red foxes), jackals, martens, hedgehogs, snakes and other reptiles, amphibians, insects, and various birds, including birds of prey. There are many herbivores including snails, rodents, deer, boars and other mammals. Many sea creatures exist as well, including fish, whales, dolphins, molluscs, crustaceans, squids, and octopuses.
What are the Big 5 animals in Europe?
The European Bison, the lynx, the wolverine, the brown bear, and the wolf.
What is the weirdest animal in Europe?
European wildlife has some of the weirdest animals around. The Chamois and the Wolverine are just a couple of examples.
Why does Europe have no dangerous animals?
Many of the biggest mammals, which are dangerous top predators, were hunted until they went extinct, while others are currently endangered. But this doesn’t mean there aren’t any dangerous animals.