Picardy Spaniel

Canis familiaris

Last updated: May 27, 2024
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff
© iStock.com/slowmotiongli

Picardy spaniels are one of the few working dogs that do well in apartments as long as they get their long walks every day.


Picardy Spaniel Scientific Classification

Scientific Name
Canis familiaris

Read our Complete Guide to Classification of Animals.

Picardy Spaniel Locations

Picardy Spaniel Locations

Picardy Spaniel Facts

Name Of Young
Group Behavior
  • Social
Fun Fact
Picardy spaniels are one of the few working dogs that do well in apartments as long as they get their long walks every day.
Most Distinctive Feature
Brown roan coat
Gestation Period
58 to 68 days
Litter Size
6 to 8
  • Diurnal
Common Name
Picardy Spaniel

Picardy Spaniel Physical Characteristics

  • Brown
Skin Type
12-14 years
40-55 lbs
12 to 14 inches
Age of Sexual Maturity
6 to 9 months
Age of Weaning
3 to 6 weeks

Picardy Spaniel as a Pet:

General Health
Energy Level
Tendency to Chew
Family and kid friendliness
Yappiness / Barking
Separation Anxiety
Preferred Temperature
Average climate
Exercise Needs
Friendly With Other Dogs
Pure bred cost to own
$900 to $1200
Dog group
Male weight
40-55 lbs
Female weight
40-55 lbs

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The Picardy spaniel is a medium-sized hunting dog with all the typical features of other working spaniels, like their expressive eyes, silky ears, and sturdy build. However, something that sets them apart from the rest is their brown roan coat with tan markings.

Picardy spaniels were initially bred for hunting by French noblemen, and while today, they are primarily companion dogs, there are still people who use them as gun dogs to retrieve prey like waterfowl and hares.

Different Types of Picardy Spaniels

This is such a rare breed, and therefore, there is only one other type of Picardy spaniel: the Blue Picardy spaniel. The Blue Picardy spaniel is the result of crossbreeding the English Setter and Picardy spaniel.

Three Pros and Cons of Owning a Picardy Spaniel 

This breed is exceptionally cute, but before running out and purchasing one, there are a few pros and cons about the Picardy spaniel you need to know about:

Because of their hunting history, they are great companions for avid outdoorsmen and skilled in hunting, retrieving, and pointing activities.Not suitable for inactive owners
Perfect fit for an active familyAre prone to separation anxiety
Great watchdogsNot hypoallergenic

The Best Dog Food for a Picardy Spaniel 

Because this is a medium-sized breed, it should be fed high-quality dog food formulated especially for dogs of its size. In addition, because they are working dogs, try looking for kibble designed to meet their needs.

Size and Weight

The Picardy spaniel is similar in size to their cousin, the Cocker spaniel. Their weight ranges from 40 to 55 pounds and they grow 12 to 14 inches tall. In addition, female Picardy spaniels are typically smaller than males.

Common Health Issues

These dogs are generally healthy and have relatively long lifespans. However, one major health issue in Picardy spaniels is ear infections because of the shape and size of their long ears. In addition, they are prone to obesity if overfed and understimulated. Picardy spaniels can live for 12 to 14 years of age.


These dogs are mild-mannered and highly intelligent. Even though they were bred to be hunting dogs, they make fantastic family pets. Of course, they need plenty of outdoor space to release all their pent-up energy. However, Picardy spaniels are one of the few working dogs that do well in apartments as long as they get their long walks every day.

They are so devoted to their family that they may develop separation anxiety if left alone the whole day. To avoid behavioral problems, ensure that they get enough exercise and attention each day.

How to Take Care of a Picardy Spaniel 

Picardy spaniels usually have a relatively long lifespan, but that is only if they are cared for correctly. So, before obtaining this breed, be sure you can keep up with all its care requirements.


This breed usually experiences matting on their ears, legs, and tails, which can be prevented by brushing them twice a week, focusing on those areas. In addition, their ears require a lot of attention because they are prone to ear infections. Therefore, they will benefit from a thorough ear cleaning every week with a veterinary-approved ear cleaner.


These dogs require consistent training with a firm leader because they are a stubborn breed. However, they are very intelligent and should follow instructions easily with a positive reinforcement training method. In addition, they are busybodies and generally excel at many dog sports, even ones that don’t require fetching skills.

These dogs will not respond well to yelling or physical punishment, which only scares them and may impact the bond between the dog and owner.


These dogs are incredibly active and have high exercise needs. Their stamina and endurance are out of this world, and they can go for long daily jogs without even breaking a sweat. In fact, a daily jog won’t be enough for this hunting dog. They need over 2 hours of exercise a day, including running around in an enclosed yard.


The average litter size for this breed is between 6 to 8 puppies. Pups can be quite rambunctious because of their high energy level, so it’s best to start socialization and training from an early age.

Socialization does wonders for these puppies as it will teach them to be calmer and friendlier towards other animals and people. In addition, training will stop any destructive behavior and keep their energy levels under control.

Because Picardy spaniels are somewhat rare, finding one is difficult. Hopeful dog lovers are usually placed on a waiting list and can spend between $900 to $1,200 for a pup.

Picardy Spaniel Puppies

Picardy spaniels give birth to litters that average 6-8 in size. These beloved pups sell for $900-$1,200 per puppy.


Picardy Spaniel and Children

Picardy spaniels are the perfect family dog. Their high energy levels work well with young children, and their hunting dog background makes them excellent watchdogs who will covet your children. In addition, if socialized from a young age, they get along well with other pets.

Dogs similar to the Picardy Spaniel 

There are many dog breeds similar to the Picardy spaniel. The following breeds are all water dogs and have very gentle and loving natures:

Picardy spaniels are such gorgeous dogs you have to find a name to match. For some inspiration, here are a few options:

  • Maggie
  • Cobra
  • Cooper
  • Dabble
  • Sugar

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What's the right dog for you?

Dogs are our best friends but which breed is your perfect match?


If you have kids or existing dogs select:

Other Dogs

Should they be Hypoallergenic?

How important is health?
Which dog groups do you like?
How much exercise should your dog require?
What climate?
How much seperation anxiety?
How much yappiness/barking?

How much energy should they have?

The lower energy the better.
I want a cuddle buddy!
About average energy.
I want a dog that I have to chase after constantly!
All energy levels are great -- I just love dogs!
How much should they shed?
How trainable/obedient does the dog need to be?
How intelligent does the dog need to be?
How much chewing will allow?
About the Author

Chanel Coetzee is a writer at A-Z Animals, primarily focusing on big cats, dogs, and travel. Chanel has been writing and researching about animals for over 10 years. She has also worked closely with big cats like lions, cheetahs, leopards, and tigers at a rescue and rehabilitation center in South Africa since 2009. As a resident of Cape Town, South Africa, Chanel enjoys beach walks with her Stafford bull terrier and traveling off the beaten path.

Picardy Spaniel FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

How much is a Picardy spaniel?

Because Picardy spaniels are somewhat rare, finding one is difficult. Hopeful dog lovers are usually placed on a waiting list and can spend between $900 to $1,200 for a pup.

Which spaniels are the calmest?

The Clumber Spaniel take the title for the calmest spaniel.

What is the biggest type of spaniel?

Clumber spaniels are the largest breed of spaniel. They can weigh anywhere from 45 to 70 pounds!

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.


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