Pond Skater

Last updated: May 4, 2021
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff
Image Credit Kiolk/Shutterstock.com

There are 500 different species!

Pond Skater Scientific Classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Arthropoda
Class
Insecta
Order
Hemiptera
Family
Gerridae

Read our Complete Guide to Classification of Animals.

Pond Skater Conservation Status

Pond Skater Locations

Pond Skater Locations

Pond Skater Facts

Main Prey
Insects, Larvae
Fun Fact
There are 500 different species!
Distinctive Feature
Armoured shell and walk on water
Habitat
Still water
Predators
Fish, Frogs, Birds
Diet
Herbivore
Average Litter Size
200
Favorite Food
Insects
Common Name
Pondskater
Number Of Species
500
Location
Worldwide
Slogan
There are 500 different species!

Pond Skater Physical Characteristics

Color
  • Yellow
  • Tan
Skin Type
Shell
Weight
0.1g - 0.5g (0.004oz - 0.018oz)
Length
1.6mm - 3.6mm (0.06in - 0.14in)

This post may contain affiliate links to our partners like Chewy, Amazon, and others. Purchasing through these helps us further the A-Z Animals mission to educate about the world's species..

View all of the Pond Skater images!



The pond skater, also known as a water strider, lives its entire life on or around water.

But unlike many other aquatic insects, it has the ability to glide serenely across the surface as if by magic. These bugs are an integral part of the ecosystem wherever they’re found. They keep the populations of other insects in check.

Pond Skater Facts

  • The pond skater can dash across the water at up to a hundred body lengths per second.
  • Male and female pond skaters have evolved an antagonistic reproductive relationship. Females have a shield on their genitals to protect against forced copulation. But males have also evolved the ability to copulate in a way that exposes the female to potential predators, thus forcing her to submit quickly. This antagonistic relationship is all about controlling the spread of the individual’s genes to the next generation.
  • The pond skater female will carry between two and 20 eggs at a time. She lays them on rocks or vegetation just underneath the water.
  • The pond skater undergoes five different nymph stages in its life cycle, each of which lasts up to 10 days and ends with the insect molting its skin. It reaches the adult phase in its life cycle after two months or so. Many species have a lifespan of only about a year, which gives them a single chance to reproduce before they die.

Pond Skater Species, Types, and Scientific Name

The scientific name for the pond skater family is Gerridae. There are more than 350 species in this family. They are divided into several different genera. Gerris is the largest genus of pond skaters. It’s found worldwide and under many different ecological conditions. Halobates is the only genus that inhabits saltwater habitats. Most of the rest have local or limited distributions. Here is a short list of them:

  • Gerris
  • Halobates
  • Rheumatobates
  • Aquarius
  • Limnogonus
  • Neogerris

Appearance: How to Identify the Pond Skater

The pond skater is characterized by a slender body, three pairs of long, sinewy legs, and retractable claws. The entire brown or black-colored body is covered in tiny, water-repellent hairs that trap air and prevent the insect from sinking. They can support up to 15 times the entire insect’s weight, allowing it to stay buoyant even in heavy rainstorms.

The three pairs of legs each serve their own purpose. The shorter front pair is adapted for grabbing prey. The long middle pair serves as paddles for the insect to move. The back legs, which are the longest of all in size, allow the insect to steer and brake. The body itself measures about 0.2 inches long, but the legs can easily equal or exceed the size of the body.

The typical pond skater is a wingless insect because wings would tend to weigh down the body and make it more difficult to stay afloat. However, one of the most interesting facts about this insect is that newly born pond skaters can develop long or short wings out of necessity. This gives the pond skater the ability to fly away and seek out new water sources if conditions become crowded or dry. It is attracted to pretty much any reflective surface it can find.



Gerris lacustris or common pond skater

Maleo/Shutterstock.com

Habitat: Where to Find the Pond Skater

The pond skaters are found in freshwater rivers, lakes, ponds, and streams all over the world. The species in the genus Halobates are the only saltwater pond skaters (and the only saltwater insects in general).

Diet: What Do the Pond Skaters Eat?

The pond skater consumes spiders and insects that get too close to the water. It grabs the prey with the front legs, pierces the body, and then sucks out all of the inner parts. The pond skater’s favorite food is mosquito larvae that poke out from the surface of the water with a little snorkel. If there is not enough food available or it’s too overcrowded, then they have been known to cannibalize their own nymphs.

Prevention: How to Get Rid of the Pond Skater

Pond skaters do not usually cause large infestations on the scale of, say, ants or termites, but they are sometimes attracted to the surface of swimming pools. You can get rid of individual skaters by spraying them with soapy water. This prevents their ability to skate across the water. If you have a large infestation of pond skaters, then the best advice is to remove anything that attracts insects on which the pond skater feeds. The growth of algae is one of the most common problems that attract insects to a swimming pool. They can be removed by brushing the sides of the pool and any other areas and pushing the algae toward the filter. You can also trim or remove plants, eliminate areas of standing water, and maintain proper chlorine and pH balance in the pool to prevent insects from gathering.

View all 160 animals that start with P

About the Author

AZ Animals is a growing team of animals experts, researchers, farmers, conservationists, writers, editors, and -- of course -- pet owners who have come together to help you better understand the animal kingdom and how we interact.

Pond Skater FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Are Pond Skaters herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores?

Pond Skaters are Herbivores, meaning they eat plants.

What Kingdom do Pond Skaters belong to?

Pond Skaters belong to the Kingdom Animalia.

What phylum to Pond Skaters belong to?

Pond Skaters belong to the phylum Arthropoda.

What family do Pond Skaters belong to?

Pond Skaters belong to the family Gerridae.

What order do Pond Skaters belong to?

Pond Skaters belong to the order Hemiptera.

What type of covering do Pond Skaters have?

Pond Skaters are covered in Shells.

Where do Pond Skaters live?

Pond Skaters are found worldwide.

In what type of habitat do Pond Skaters live?

Pond Skaters live in still water.

What is the main prey for Pond Skaters?

Pond Skaters prey on insects and larvae.

What are some predators of Pond Skaters?

Predators of Pond Skaters include fish, frogs, and birds.

What are some distinguishing features of Pond Skaters?

Pond Skaters have armored shells and walk on water.

How many babies do Pond Skaters have?

The average number of babies a Pond Skater has is 200.

What is an interesting fact about Pond Skaters?

There are 500 different species of Pond Skater!

How many species of Pond Skater are there?

There are 500 species of Pond Skater.

Are pond skaters dangerous?

Pond skaters pose no danger to humans. They don’t even seem to bite.

How many legs does the pond skater have?

The pond skater has six legs, each pair specially adapted for a specific purpose.

How do you identify the pond skater?

The pond skater is easy to identify from the way it moves across the water on the very long legs.

How do you get rid of the pond skater?

You can get rid of individual pond skaters by spraying them with soapy water and scooping them up. To prevent them from gathering, however, you will want to keep your pool free of algae and other insects.

What is a pond skater?

A pond skater, also known as a water strider, is a family of long-legged insects that live on the surface of the water. They belong to the order of Hemiptera, which also includes aphids, bed bugs, and cicadas. They have a lifespan of only about a year.

How does a pond skater stay afloat?

The legs of the pond skater contain tiny grooves that trap air, thus making them lighter than the water.

How do you catch a pond skater?

You can usually capture a pond skater with a simple net.

Do pond skaters bite?

Pond skaters rarely bite humans. In fact, they seem to provide a net benefit to humans, since they feed on mosquitoes.

What insects do pond skaters eat?

Pond skaters will consume almost anything they can, but they seem to have a strong preference for mosquito larvae.

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.

Sources
  1. Cool Green Science, Available here: https://blog.nature.org/science/2017/04/10/7-cool-facts-water-striders-skippers-pond-skaters-weird-nature/
  2. Britannica, Available here: https://www.britannica.com/animal/water-strider
  3. SF Gate, Available here: https://homeguides.sfgate.com/eliminate-water-striders-pools-32613.html

Newly Added Animals

A Moonglow Boa
Moonglow Boa

Moonglow boas are the result of mixing three genetic traits.

Most Recently Updated Animals

A Cave Bear
Cave Bear

Cave bears may have been worshiped by primitive humans.

A Bee
Bee

Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years

A Copperhead
Copperhead

Copperheads get their name, unsurprisingly, from their bronze-hued heads.