Below you can find a complete list of Eurasian animals. We currently track 366 animals in Eurasia and are adding more every day!
With an approximate land area of 21,000,000 square miles, Eurasia is by far the largest content in the world. Because of this, it’s no surprise that there are so many unique and wonderful animal species that live here. Whether you’re looking for birds, mammals, or thrilling apex predators, you’ll find almost every kind of species somewhere on the Eurasian continent.
The Official National (state) Animal of Eurasia
Although there is no governing body to declare an official national animal for the entire continent of Eurasia, most residents will agree that the most iconic animal in the region is the Eurasian lynx. This majestic creature can be found everywhere from the mountains of Scandinavia to the furthest point of the Tibetan Plateau. Eurasian lynxes were once incredibly common across the European landscape; however, massive extermination efforts have driven this beautiful cat back into the mountains. Finding a lynx in Europe is quite difficult, but there are many still present on the eastern side of the Himalayas.
In the summer, Eurasian lynxes sport reddish tan coats of fur covered with black spots in a pattern that is unique to every animal. As the weather gets cooler, the lynx grows a fresh winter coat in an attractive silver-grey. No matter what time of year it is, you’ll find that the lynx has a soft white underbelly that often extends to the paws and chin. Although beautiful, these mountain cats are incredibly dangerous and should only be observed from a distance.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Eurasia
If you’re an animal observer, you’re probably wondering where the best places are to go animal watching throughout Eurasia. Because this continent is so large and there are so many animals who live on it, it’s hard to step outside the city without sighting some kind of exotic wildlife or beloved national mascot.
- Ermines, although elusive, can often be spotted in woodland areas. Keep an eye out for a flash of white fur in the winter and brown fur in the summertime.
- Moorhens like to nest near calm ponds, streams, and marshes. These sweet birds are not afraid to set up their home at a local park, especially if the human residents don’t threaten them.
- Barn owls like to live where there are mice to prey on. From well-populated woodlands to eerie graveyards, you’ll find these hardy survivalists everywhere across Eurasia.
- Wild boars like to inhabit grasslands and wooded areas with plenty of roots and vegetation. It’s very common to stumble upon a clearing in the woods only to find a small group of boars enjoying the afternoon.
- Wolves are located all across the Eurasian continent. If you want to spot a wolf pack, you’ll have to look for a northern environment with plenty of territory and places for the wolves to make their dens. Tundras, mountains, and forests all frequently harbor wolves.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Eurasia Today
The wild areas of Eurasia are known for hosting dangerous animals that are not afraid to defend their territory. Some of the most threatening types of wildlife that you’ll find across this continent include:
- Wolverines – The famously aggressive and dangerous wolverine ranges across the cold landscapes of Scandinavia and Siberia. These animals seldom venture down from the mountains. However, because they are known for being able to kill animals much larger than them, it’s smart to give wolverines a wide berth.
- Siberian Tigers – Also known as the Amur tiger or the Manchurian tiger, the Siberian tiger is known for claiming a huge swath of territory where it can reside as an apex predator. Tigers won’t attack humans unless they are starving, but their attacks are known to be particularly painful and deadly.
- Eurasian Lynxes – Eurasian lynxes will eat any prey that they can kill. This usually doesn’t include humans, but that doesn’t mean a lynx won’t attack a random traveler. Fear of lynx attacks led to major extermination efforts against these predators throughout central Europe.
- Asiatic Black Bears – Bears have a reputation for being docile, curious, and friendly. However, the Asiatic black bear is not nearly so interested in human company. With huge paws and territorial instincts, these impressive carnivores demand a huge berth.
- Wild Boars – Wild boars have been an important part of the Eurasian ecosystem for centuries. Although they are not carnivorous, these animals have no problem charging a human with their incredibly sharp tusks.
Endangered Animals in Eurasia
Because Eurasia is home to so many forms of wildlife, it’s not surprising to find that many animals on the endangered list call this continent their home. Constant habitat reduction, poaching, and purposeful extermination have left these species struggling to maintain their population numbers.
- Polar bears – Once wandering the expanses of Siberia, polar bears have seen a massive reduction in their population and could actually be extinct within the next decade.
- Snow leopards – The snow leopard has a beautiful white coat and lives in the Himalayan mountains. This vulnerable species has suffered heavily under extensive poaching for its unique appearance.
- Siberian tigers – Once critically endangered, the Siberian tiger has thankfully been moved to regular endangered status within the last few decades. Like snow leopards, tigers suffer heavily under poaching. In fact, their numbers have dwindled so much that the white tiger is feared to be extinct.
- Yaks – The yak is native to the Eurasian tundra. Although there are many carefully-tended domesticated herds that are still alive and well, wild yak populations have dwindled heavily and are nearly extinct.
Eurasian Countries Animals Lists
Click any of the countries below to see a detailed list of animals located in that country!
Eats up to 2kg of food per day!
The Alabai’s genes indicate that this breed has been around for more than 5,000 years.
It's one of the most commonly eaten fish in the world
Differnt Lizard” or Allosaurus weighed around two tonnes that is almost equal to a car.
The Amur leopard may be the rarest big cat on Earth!
Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Renew their horns every year!
Arctic char is the northern-most fish; no other fish lives anywhere further north!
Extremely thick winter fur!
Asian lady beetles infest indoor spaces, but they do not reproduce indoors.
Known to eat 160 different tree-borne fruits in Thailand!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
There are over 1768 known species!
Not all bark beetles feed on a tree's bark. Some species feed on fruits, seeds, and other parts of the plant
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
There are 8 different species!
Beauty Rat Snakes are relatively harmless if left undisturbed, only attempting to bite out of fear.
Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
The Belgian canary is one of the oldest and most influential in its genus.
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
Confident, calm and highly intelligent!
They typically prey on insects!
Blister beetles release a toxic fluid that causes blistering when they're threatened.
A dominant predator in it's environment!
Can live its entire life indoors
The most common species of bee!
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Can survive without water for 10 months!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Males and females grow antlers
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
The Caucasian mountain dog may look intimidating, but they are actually gentle, affectionate, and loyal family companions
These former bear-hunting dogs are used today as prison guard dogs in Russia.
Unlike modern lions, cave lions didn't have a significant mane.
There are about 3,000 documented species!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Surviving on the skin cells of humans and animals
They are excellent “guard geese”
There are 25 different species!
This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.
Click beetles are named for the clicking noise they make to escape predators.
Clothes Moths can remain in the larvae stage for up to 2 years, but adults only live 10 days.
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
European adders are the only snake that lives above the Arctic Circle.
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Female crayfish aren't that maternal; they have to secrete a form of pheromone, referred to as maternal pheromones, that encourages them to take care of their offspring and prevents them from eating their young.
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
Can survive drought by burying itself in mud.
Darkling Beetles have segmented antennae. Each one is divided into eleven segments.
There are around 40 different species!
Diving bell spiders can breathe underwater using an air bubble on their abdomen
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Has exceptional eyesight!
The most populous grebe in the world
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Because East Siberian Laikas are from a very cold region, they shed heavily and require a lot of grooming.
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Most species are relatively vocal, making harsh croaking sounds and squeals.
They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.
Elasmotherium might have had a monstrous horn, giving it the name "The Siberian Unicorn."
Adult males can jump eight feet vertically
Their calls sound like a nasally “kla-ha, kla-ha, kla-ha.”
A very bold and ferocious predator!
The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.
The Eurasian collared dove has been extensively studied due to its amazing ability to rapidly colonize new territories.
The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!
The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds
Eurasian lynxes can survive extreme weather up to elevations of 18,000 feet
Its song has been compared to a toy horn.
Coloring depends on location.
They can eat up to 250 bees per day!
They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.
Its fur changes color in the winter!
Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.
The fastest creatures on the planet!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
Finches have strong, conical bills that help them break open tough seeds that many other birds cannot.
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
Flea beetles can jump like fleas when threatened.
Flour beetles are adapted to survive in very dry environments.
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Originally known as the Desert Rat!
The most common type of urban roach
Some cryptozoologists think that Gigantopithecus survives to this day as "The Bigfoot."
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.
Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 29 different species!
The goshawk is a popular choice among European falconers
The grass carp is considered to be a natural weed control agent.
Their fangs aren't big enough to penetrate human skin.
There are 11,000 known species!
Male grey herons are picky about their mates. They'll reject a female that they don't fancy.
Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away
One of the most invasive species in the world
This breed doesn't usually make nests or incubate their own chicks.
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
While the Ferruginous hawk is the largest specie in the USA, Asia’s Upland buzzard is the biggest overall.
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
They are loud, spirited birds with raucous cries that sound like bursts of laughter.
There are only 8 recognized species!
Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.
These beetles are herbivores but have an intimidating appearance because of the horn-like projection on their heads. However, they are entirely harmless to humans, as they don't sting or bite.
Sleep with one foot tucked up under the wing so they lean to the side
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Changed little in over 500 million years!
The house sparrow has been introduced all over the world
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
To communicate, Siberian Huskies rarely bark but instead create their own music and howl.
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
Insects go back over 350 million years, making the creatures older than man, flowering plants and dinosaurs.
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The Irish elk had the biggest antlers of any known deer species.
The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner
Japanese bantam chickens are the best flying chicken species
The albino Japanese rat snake is a symbol of good luck.
Killifish are highly sought after for their peaceful nature and ability to adapt to most aquarium communities.
The species name, spectabilis, is Latin for “showy” or “remarkable,” referencing the attractiveness of the adult male’s plumage.
Largest of the Pacific salmon
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
Kissing bugs derive their name from the location they prefer to bite, which is usually close to the lips of the host
A non-anadromous type of sockeye salmon
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Larder beetles were named based on their attraction to food storage rooms or cupboards, but they do not feed on stored food products.
Leptocephali have flat bodies filled with jelly-like substances, surrounded by a thin layer of muscle.
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
Live in dens in rocks and under ledges!
Lystrosaurus was one of the few terrestial species that survived the permian extinction
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
They are very needy dogs and can suffer from separation anxiety.
A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
In 1968, the mealworm beetle traveled to space and circled the moon on the Soviet mission Zond 5.
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Most molluscs have more than one heart
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Renews it's enormous antlers every year!
This Molosser-type dog is the Russian cousin of St. Bernard.
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
The glands of a musk deer can sell for up to $45,000 on the black market.
Muskox have several physical characteristics that allow them to survive in the Arctic climate.
The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time
Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
There are more than 5,000 species.
Nuthatches spend a lot of their time upside down.
Depending on the habitat and climate, these beetles can live between 2 to 10 years, often staying in their larval stage for several years, making them extremely dangerous to wooden structures.
An onager's coat changes color with the season.
Females are about four times the size of males
The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Pacific Coast ticks can go without food for two to three years without dying.
Can live for up to 100 years!
The eyespots on this butterfly’s wings deter predators from attacking.
The biggest members of the Pelagornithidae family were the largest flying birds known.
Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.
Some of the most delicious gamefish in the world
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!
A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.
The smallest of the North American salmon
Pit vipers's fangs fold up into their mouths when they don't need them.
Could be extinct within the next 30 years!
There are 500 different species!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Powderpost beetles prefer living in moist tree limbs, dead wood, and branches. They get into homes through infested joists, paneling, rafters, flooring, and finished wood products.
These parrot-headed dinosaurs had beaks and feather-like quills on their tails!
The Psittacosaurus dinosaurs had four limbs but were mostly bipedal.
Pterodactyl is not technically a dinosaur. Although they lived during the same time as dinosaurs, they are classified as winged reptiles.
Can remain in the water for up to 2 minutes!
Inhabits deciduous forests!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 300 different species!
The only hibernating canine!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.
They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs
Also known as the Caribou
Rhinoceros beetles can lift objects 850 times their weight
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
The female pretend they are dead if they do not find the male worthy of mating.
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe
Will mate with the entire flock!
Nymphs take 9 to 10 days on average to mature, with a complete lifespan of an estimated 30 days.
Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.
When threatened, rove beetles raise the ends of their body like scorpions, but they have no sting.
The bite of a Russian Bear Dog is stronger than a lion’s bite.
First brought to the UK in the 1800s!
Known by at least five different names
Their fur has been considered a luxury item since the Middle Ages
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are more than 700 different species!
They can survive for weeks without drinking water because the get moisture from their prey.
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
Males turn green in spring!
Some sandpipers can migrate more than 8,000 miles without stopping!
Newly hatched sauropods weighted less than 11 pounds and put on 2 tons of weight a year!
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Some gulls are capable of using tools
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
An exceptionally agile jumper!
There’s a population of Siberian ibex in New Mexico
Also known as the Amur tiger!
Sikas can make 10 different sounds, from soft whistles to loud screams.
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Found widely throughout British gardens!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
Unlike other big cats, snow leopards don’t roar.
One of the largest owl species in the world!
Soldier beetles resemble fireflies, but they're not bioluminescent.
There are 140 different species!
Spider beetles have globular bodies, which makes them look like spiders.
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
They can’t sing like other birds.
These larvae are native to Central and South America but now occur on every continent except Antarctica
swallows have aerodynamic bodies for hunting in flight
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Swedish Elkhounds existed in prehistoric times!
The most widespread owl in Europe!
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
Some theropods had feathers and may have been ancestors of modern birds.
The skate with the biggest spines!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The largest feline in the world!
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
The colors, shapes, and intricacies of treehoppers’ helmets makes them unique and visually stunning.
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
The Ural owl can rotate its head up to 270 degrees
Urials are the ancestors of modern-day domesticated sheep.
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
Voles were heavily mentioned in a Star Trek series as a space station pest.
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Water beetles bite; they use their legs to inject venomous digestive saliva
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
Due to being so attached to their owners, the Welsh Springer Spaniel does not do well with being left alone and can experience separation anxiety.
There are two different types of white ferrets!
The larva is the pest because a fully-grown white-shouldered house moth cannot feed; it can only absorb liquid
It is one of the biggest birds of prey.
None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!
Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
Releases a strong smelling musk in defence!
The reintroduction of wood bison into Alaska is considered one of the world’s best conservation success stories.
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
Another name for these fuzzy insects is "boogie-woogie aphids" because of their habit of lifting their posteriors and pulsing them in synchronized motions when threatened.
The woolly rhinoceros roamed the earth between three and a half million and 14,000 years ago.
They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.
They follow after seals and whales to eat their scraps.
Yaks can live at altitudes up to 20,000 feet--the highest of any land-dwelling mammal.
The Yakute people were likely the first to use dogs to pull sleds, so the Yakutian Laika was probably among the first sled dogs.
Sea snakes spend approximately 90% of their lives under water.
It interbreeds with the pine bunting
A female zebra mussel can deposit 30,000 to 1,000,000 eggs each year!
Zokors are expert diggers. They burrow tunnels hundreds of feet long!
Eurasian Animals List