Below you can find a complete list of Eurasian animals. We currently track 256 animals in Eurasia and are adding more every day!
With an approximate land area of 21,000,000 square miles, Eurasia is by far the largest content in the world. Because of this, it’s no surprise that there are so many unique and wonderful animal species that live here. Whether you’re looking for birds, mammals, or thrilling apex predators, you’ll find almost every kind of species somewhere on the Eurasian continent.
The Official National (state) Animal of Eurasia
Although there is no governing body to declare an official national animal for the entire continent of Eurasia, most residents will agree that the most iconic animal in the region is the Eurasian lynx. This majestic creature can be found everywhere from the mountains of Scandinavia to the furthest point of the Tibetan Plateau. Eurasian lynxes were once incredibly common across the European landscape; however, massive extermination efforts have driven this beautiful cat back into the mountains. Finding a lynx in Europe is quite difficult, but there are many still present on the eastern side of the Himalayas.
In the summer, Eurasian lynxes sport reddish tan coats of fur covered with black spots in a pattern that is unique to every animal. As the weather gets cooler, the lynx grows a fresh winter coat in an attractive silver-grey. No matter what time of year it is, you’ll find that the lynx has a soft white underbelly that often extends to the paws and chin. Although beautiful, these mountain cats are incredibly dangerous and should only be observed from a distance.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Eurasia
If you’re an animal observer, you’re probably wondering where the best places are to go animal watching throughout Eurasia. Because this continent is so large and there are so many animals who live on it, it’s hard to step outside the city without sighting some kind of exotic wildlife or beloved national mascot.
- Ermines, although elusive, can often be spotted in woodland areas. Keep an eye out for a flash of white fur in the winter and brown fur in the summertime.
- Moorhens like to nest near calm ponds, streams, and marshes. These sweet birds are not afraid to set up their home at a local park, especially if the human residents don’t threaten them.
- Barn owls like to live where there are mice to prey on. From well-populated woodlands to eerie graveyards, you’ll find these hardy survivalists everywhere across Eurasia.
- Wild boars like to inhabit grasslands and wooded areas with plenty of roots and vegetation. It’s very common to stumble upon a clearing in the woods only to find a small group of boars enjoying the afternoon.
- Wolves are located all across the Eurasian continent. If you want to spot a wolf pack, you’ll have to look for a northern environment with plenty of territory and places for the wolves to make their dens. Tundras, mountains, and forests all frequently harbor wolves.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Eurasia Today
The wild areas of Eurasia are known for hosting dangerous animals that are not afraid to defend their territory. Some of the most threatening types of wildlife that you’ll find across this continent include:
- Wolverines – The famously aggressive and dangerous wolverine ranges across the cold landscapes of Scandinavia and Siberia. These animals seldom venture down from the mountains. However, because they are known for being able to kill animals much larger than them, it’s smart to give wolverines a wide berth.
- Siberian Tigers – Also known as the Amur tiger or the Manchurian tiger, the Siberian tiger is known for claiming a huge swath of territory where it can reside as an apex predator. Tigers won’t attack humans unless they are starving, but their attacks are known to be particularly painful and deadly.
- Eurasian Lynxes – Eurasian lynxes will eat any prey that they can kill. This usually doesn’t include humans, but that doesn’t mean a lynx won’t attack a random traveler. Fear of lynx attacks led to major extermination efforts against these predators throughout central Europe.
- Asiatic Black Bears – Bears have a reputation for being docile, curious, and friendly. However, the Asiatic black bear is not nearly so interested in human company. With huge paws and territorial instincts, these impressive carnivores demand a huge berth.
- Wild Boars – Wild boars have been an important part of the Eurasian ecosystem for centuries. Although they are not carnivorous, these animals have no problem charging a human with their incredibly sharp tusks.
Endangered Animals in Eurasia
Because Eurasia is home to so many forms of wildlife, it’s not surprising to find that many animals on the endangered list call this continent their home. Constant habitat reduction, poaching, and purposeful extermination have left these species struggling to maintain their population numbers.
- Polar bears – Once wandering the expanses of Siberia, polar bears have seen a massive reduction in their population and could actually be extinct within the next decade.
- Snow leopards – The snow leopard has a beautiful white coat and lives in the Himalayan mountains. This vulnerable species has suffered heavily under extensive poaching for its unique appearance.
- Siberian tigers – Once critically endangered, the Siberian tiger has thankfully been moved to regular endangered status within the last few decades. Like snow leopards, tigers suffer heavily under poaching. In fact, their numbers have dwindled so much that the white tiger is feared to be extinct.
- Yaks – The yak is native to the Eurasian tundra. Although there are many carefully-tended domesticated herds that are still alive and well, wild yak populations have dwindled heavily and are nearly extinct.
Eurasian Countries Animals Lists
Click any of the countries below to see a detailed list of animals located in that country!
Eats up to 2kg of food per day!
The Alabai’s genes indicate that this breed has been around for more than 5,000 years.
It's one of the most commonly eaten fish in the world
The Amur leopard may be the rarest big cat on Earth!
Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Renew their horns every year!
Extremely thick winter fur!
Known to eat 160 different tree-borne fruits in Thailand!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
There are over 1768 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
There are 8 different species!
Beauty Rat Snakes are relatively harmless if left undisturbed, only attempting to bite out of fear.
Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
Confident, calm and highly intelligent!
They typically prey on insects!
A dominant predator in it's environment!
Can live its entire life indoors
The most common species of bee!
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Can survive without water for 10 months!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Males and females grow antlers
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
Unlike modern lions, cave lions didn't have a significant mane.
There are about 3,000 documented species!
The fastest land mammal in the world!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
They are excellent “guard geese”
There are 25 different species!
This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
European adders are the only snake that lives above the Arctic Circle.
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.
There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
Can survive drought by burying itself in mud.
There are around 40 different species!
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Adult males can jump eight feet vertically
A very bold and ferocious predator!
The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds
Eurasian lynxes can survive extreme weather up to elevations of 18,000 feet
Its song has been compared to a toy horn.
Coloring depends on location.
They can eat up to 250 bees per day!
Its fur changes color in the winter!
Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.
The fastest creatures on the planet!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
There are 12 different species in the world!
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Originally known as the Desert Rat!
The most common type of urban roach
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 29 different species!
The goshawk is a popular choice among European falconers
The grass carp is considered to be a natural weed control agent.
There are 11,000 known species!
Male grey herons are picky about their mates. They'll reject a female that they don't fancy.
Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Changed little in over 500 million years!
The house sparrow has been introduced all over the world
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
To communicate, Siberian Huskies rarely bark but instead create their own music and howl.
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
Insects go back over 350 million years, making the creatures older than man, flowering plants and dinosaurs.
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner
The albino Japanese rat snake is a symbol of good luck.
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
Live in dens in rocks and under ledges!
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Renews it's enormous antlers every year!
This Molosser-type dog is the Russian cousin of St. Bernard.
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Muskox have several physical characteristics that allow them to survive in the Arctic climate.
The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time
Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
There are more than 5,000 species.
Females are about four times the size of males
The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Can live for up to 100 years!
The eyespots on this butterfly’s wings deter predators from attacking.
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!
A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.
Could be extinct within the next 30 years!
There are 500 different species!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
These parrot-headed dinosaurs had beaks and feather-like quills on their tails!
Pterodactyl is not technically a dinosaur. Although they lived during the same time as dinosaurs, they are classified as winged reptiles.
Can remain in the water for up to 2 minutes!
Inhabits deciduous forests!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
Queen snakes have armor-like scales on the top of their head
There are more than 50 different species!
The only hibernating canine!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
Also known as the Caribou
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe
Will mate with the entire flock!
The bite of a Russian Bear Dog is stronger than a lion’s bite.
First brought to the UK in the 1800s!
Known by at least five different names
Their fur has been considered a luxury item since the Middle Ages
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are more than 700 different species!
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
Males turn green in spring!
Newly hatched sauropods weighted less than 11 pounds and put on 2 tons of weight a year!
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Some gulls are capable of using tools
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
An exceptionally agile jumper!
There’s a population of Siberian ibex in New Mexico
Also known as the Amur tiger!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Found widely throughout British gardens!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 3,000 known species worldwide
Unlike other big cats, snow leopards don’t roar.
One of the largest owl species in the world!
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
They can’t sing like other birds.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
The most widespread owl in Europe!
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The largest feline in the world!
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
The Ural owl can rotate its head up to 270 degrees
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
It is one of the biggest birds of prey.
None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!
Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
Releases a strong smelling musk in defence!
The reintroduction of wood bison into Alaska is considered one of the world’s best conservation success stories.
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
The woolly rhinoceros roamed the earth between three and a half million and 14,000 years ago.
There are only a few left in the wild!
The Yakute people were likely the first to use dogs to pull sleds, so the Yakutian Laika was probably among the first sled dogs.
Sea snakes spend approximately 90% of their lives under water.
A female zebra mussel can deposit 30,000 to 1,000,000 eggs each year!
Eurasian Animals List