Animals in Eurasia

Below you can find a complete list of Eurasian animals. We currently track 272 animals in Eurasia and are adding more every day!

With an approximate land area of 21,000,000 square miles, Eurasia is by far the largest content in the world. Because of this, it’s no surprise that there are so many unique and wonderful animal species that live here. Whether you’re looking for birds, mammals, or thrilling apex predators, you’ll find almost every kind of species somewhere on the Eurasian continent.

The Official National (state) Animal of Eurasia

Although there is no governing body to declare an official national animal for the entire continent of Eurasia, most residents will agree that the most iconic animal in the region is the Eurasian lynx. This majestic creature can be found everywhere from the mountains of Scandinavia to the furthest point of the Tibetan Plateau. Eurasian lynxes were once incredibly common across the European landscape; however, massive extermination efforts have driven this beautiful cat back into the mountains. Finding a lynx in Europe is quite difficult, but there are many still present on the eastern side of the Himalayas.

In the summer, Eurasian lynxes sport reddish tan coats of fur covered with black spots in a pattern that is unique to every animal. As the weather gets cooler, the lynx grows a fresh winter coat in an attractive silver-grey. No matter what time of year it is, you’ll find that the lynx has a soft white underbelly that often extends to the paws and chin. Although beautiful, these mountain cats are incredibly dangerous and should only be observed from a distance.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Eurasia

If you’re an animal observer, you’re probably wondering where the best places are to go animal watching throughout Eurasia. Because this continent is so large and there are so many animals who live on it, it’s hard to step outside the city without sighting some kind of exotic wildlife or beloved national mascot.

  • Ermines, although elusive, can often be spotted in woodland areas. Keep an eye out for a flash of white fur in the winter and brown fur in the summertime.
  • Moorhens like to nest near calm ponds, streams, and marshes. These sweet birds are not afraid to set up their home at a local park, especially if the human residents don’t threaten them.
  • Barn owls like to live where there are mice to prey on. From well-populated woodlands to eerie graveyards, you’ll find these hardy survivalists everywhere across Eurasia.
  • Wild boars like to inhabit grasslands and wooded areas with plenty of roots and vegetation. It’s very common to stumble upon a clearing in the woods only to find a small group of boars enjoying the afternoon.
  • Wolves are located all across the Eurasian continent. If you want to spot a wolf pack, you’ll have to look for a northern environment with plenty of territory and places for the wolves to make their dens. Tundras, mountains, and forests all frequently harbor wolves.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Eurasia Today

The wild areas of Eurasia are known for hosting dangerous animals that are not afraid to defend their territory. Some of the most threatening types of wildlife that you’ll find across this continent include:

  • Wolverines – The famously aggressive and dangerous wolverine ranges across the cold landscapes of Scandinavia and Siberia. These animals seldom venture down from the mountains. However, because they are known for being able to kill animals much larger than them, it’s smart to give wolverines a wide berth.
  • Siberian Tigers – Also known as the Amur tiger or the Manchurian tiger, the Siberian tiger is known for claiming a huge swath of territory where it can reside as an apex predator. Tigers won’t attack humans unless they are starving, but their attacks are known to be particularly painful and deadly.
  • Eurasian Lynxes – Eurasian lynxes will eat any prey that they can kill. This usually doesn’t include humans, but that doesn’t mean a lynx won’t attack a random traveler. Fear of lynx attacks led to major extermination efforts against these predators throughout central Europe.
  • Asiatic Black Bears – Bears have a reputation for being docile, curious, and friendly. However, the Asiatic black bear is not nearly so interested in human company. With huge paws and territorial instincts, these impressive carnivores demand a huge berth.
  • Wild Boars – Wild boars have been an important part of the Eurasian ecosystem for centuries. Although they are not carnivorous, these animals have no problem charging a human with their incredibly sharp tusks.

Endangered Animals in Eurasia

Because Eurasia is home to so many forms of wildlife, it’s not surprising to find that many animals on the endangered list call this continent their home. Constant habitat reduction, poaching, and purposeful extermination have left these species struggling to maintain their population numbers.

  • Polar bears – Once wandering the expanses of Siberia, polar bears have seen a massive reduction in their population and could actually be extinct within the next decade.
  • Snow leopards – The snow leopard has a beautiful white coat and lives in the Himalayan mountains. This vulnerable species has suffered heavily under extensive poaching for its unique appearance.
  • Siberian tigers – Once critically endangered, the Siberian tiger has thankfully been moved to regular endangered status within the last few decades. Like snow leopards, tigers suffer heavily under poaching. In fact, their numbers have dwindled so much that the white tiger is feared to be extinct.
  • Yaks – The yak is native to the Eurasian tundra. Although there are many carefully-tended domesticated herds that are still alive and well, wild yak populations have dwindled heavily and are nearly extinct.

Eurasian Countries Animals Lists

Click any of the countries below to see a detailed list of animals located in that country!

Eurasian Animals

Adelie Penguin

Eats up to 2kg of food per day!

Alabai

The Alabai’s genes indicate that this breed has been around for more than 5,000 years.

Alaskan Pollock

It's one of the most commonly eaten fish in the world

Allosaurus

Differnt Lizard” or Allosaurus weighed around two tonnes that is almost equal to a car.

Amur Leopard

The Amur leopard may be the rarest big cat on Earth!

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Arctic Char

Arctic char is the northern-most fish; no other fish lives anywhere further north!

Arctic Fox

Extremely thick winter fur!

Asian Lady Beetle

Asian lady beetles infest indoor spaces, but they do not reproduce indoors.

Asiatic Black Bear

Known to eat 160 different tree-borne fruits in Thailand!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Barb

There are over 1768 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Beauty rat snake

Beauty Rat Snakes are relatively harmless if left undisturbed, only attempting to bite out of fear.

Beaver

Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.

Bee

Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Russian Terrier

Confident, calm and highly intelligent!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 17,500 species!

Camel

Can survive without water for 10 months!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Caribou

Males and females grow antlers

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Cave Lion

Unlike modern lions, cave lions didn't have a significant mane.

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Cheetah

The fastest land mammal in the world!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Chinese Geese

They are excellent “guard geese”

Chipmunk

There are 25 different species!

Cinereous Vulture

This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.

Clothes Moth

Clothes Moths can remain in the larvae stage for up to 2 years, but adults only live 10 days.

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common European Adder

European adders are the only snake that lives above the Arctic Circle.

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Cricket

Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together

Crow

A group of these birds is called a Murder.

Crucian Carp

Can survive drought by burying itself in mud.

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earthworm

They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elasmotherium

Elasmotherium might have had a monstrous horn, giving it the name "The Siberian Unicorn."

Elk

Adult males can jump eight feet vertically

Ermine

A very bold and ferocious predator!

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds

Eurasian Lynx

Eurasian lynxes can survive extreme weather up to elevations of 18,000 feet

Eurasian Nuthatch

Its song has been compared to a toy horn.

Eurasian Wolf

Coloring depends on location.

European Bee-Eater

They can eat up to 250 bees per day!

European Polecat

Its fur changes color in the winter!

European Robin

Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Firefly

The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world

Flamingo

Sleeps on just one leg!

Flea

Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Gigantopithecus

Some cryptozoologists think that Gigantopithecus survives to this day as "The Bigfoot."

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Gnat

Males form large mating swarms at dusk

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Goldcrest

The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Goshawk

The goshawk is a popular choice among European falconers

Grass Carp

The grass carp is considered to be a natural weed control agent.

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Grey Heron

Male grey herons are picky about their mates. They'll reject a female that they don't fancy.

Griffon Vulture

Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away

Hamburg Chicken

This breed doesn't usually make nests or incubate their own chicks.

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hawk

While the Ferruginous hawk is the largest specie in the USA, Asia’s Upland buzzard is the biggest overall.

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Honey Buzzard

Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Horseshoe Crab

Changed little in over 500 million years!

House Sparrow

The house sparrow has been introduced all over the world

Housefly

The fly has no teeth

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Husky

To communicate, Siberian Huskies rarely bark but instead create their own music and howl.

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insect

Insects go back over 350 million years, making the creatures older than man, flowering plants and dinosaurs.

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackdaw

The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner

Japanese rat snake

The albino Japanese rat snake is a symbol of good luck.

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Larder Beetle

Larder beetles were named based on their attraction to food storage rooms or cupboards, but they do not feed on stored food products. 

Leech

Has 10 pairs of eyes!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Linnet

While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Lynx

Live in dens in rocks and under ledges!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marmot

A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moose

Renews it's enormous antlers every year!

Moscow Watchdog

This Molosser-type dog is the Russian cousin of St. Bernard.

Mosquito

Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Muskox

Muskox have several physical characteristics that allow them to survive in the Arctic climate.

Muskrat

The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time

Natterjack

Can lay up to 7500 eggs

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Ortolan Bunting

The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Owl

The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peacock Butterfly

The eyespots on this butterfly’s wings deter predators from attacking.

Peppered Moth

Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pit Viper

Pit vipers's fangs fold up into their mouths when they don't need them.

Polar Bear

Could be extinct within the next 30 years!

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Psittacosaurus

These parrot-headed dinosaurs had beaks and feather-like quills on their tails!

Pterodactyl

Pterodactyl is not technically a dinosaur. Although they lived during the same time as dinosaurs, they are classified as winged reptiles.

Puffin

Can remain in the water for up to 2 minutes!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Queen snake

Queen snakes have armor-like scales on the top of their head

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.

Reindeer

Also known as the Caribou

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe

Rooster

Will mate with the entire flock!

Russian Bear Dog

The bite of a Russian Bear Dog is stronger than a lion’s bite.

Russian Blue

First brought to the UK in the 1800s!

Russian Tortoise

Known by at least five different names

Sable

Their fur has been considered a luxury item since the Middle Ages

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Sauropoda

Newly hatched sauropods weighted less than 11 pounds and put on 2 tons of weight a year!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner

Seagull

Some gulls are capable of using tools

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrew

The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Siberian

An exceptionally agile jumper!

Siberian Ibex

There’s a population of Siberian ibex in New Mexico

Siberian Tiger

Also known as the Amur tiger!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snow Leopard

Unlike other big cats, snow leopards don’t roar.

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Stork

They can’t sing like other birds.

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tick

They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger

The largest feline in the world!

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Ural owl

The Ural owl can rotate its head up to 270 degrees

Vinegaroon

Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted

Viper

Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Wax Moth

The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

White-Tailed Eagle

It is one of the biggest birds of prey.

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Wolverine

Releases a strong smelling musk in defence!

Wood Bison

The reintroduction of wood bison into Alaska is considered one of the world’s best conservation success stories.

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Woolly Rhinoceros

The woolly rhinoceros roamed the earth between three and a half million and 14,000 years ago.

Worm

Doesn’t have eyes.

Yak

There are only a few left in the wild!

Yakutian Laika

The Yakute people were likely the first to use dogs to pull sleds, so the Yakutian Laika was probably among the first sled dogs.

Yellow-Bellied Sea Snake

Sea snakes spend approximately 90% of their lives under water.

Zebra Mussels

A female zebra mussel can deposit 30,000 to 1,000,000 eggs each year!

Eurasian Animals List

Animals in Eurasia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Did bear dogs live in Eurasia?

Bear dogs were originally found in Eurasia before reaching North America and Africa.