60 Mind-Blowing Facts About Maryland You Won’t Believe

Written by Heather Hall
Updated: October 19, 2023
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Key Points

  • Maryland is home to the highest point in the Appalachians, a mountain peak called Hoye Crest.
  • Maryland has a diverse range of wildlife, including black bears, bald eagles, and the endangered Delmarva fox squirrel.
  • Maryland has over 4000 miles of rivers, streams, and creeks.

Welcome to our mind-blowing journey through the fascinating state of Maryland! From quirky traditions to historical landmarks, get ready to be astounded by 60 unbelievable facts about Maryland that will leave you in awe of this captivating corner of the United States.

Facts About Maryland—Geography

Sunset view from Annapolis Rocks, along the Appalachian Trail on South Mountain, Maryland

The state of Maryland has many beautiful geological features.

©Jon Bilous/Shutterstock.com

1. Where is Maryland?

One of the most interesting facts about Maryland is that it is bordered by five different states, including Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, Delaware, and the Atlantic Ocean. Maryland’s geography is incredibly diverse, with its borders reaching five different states. From Pennsylvania and Virginia to West Virginia and Delaware, Maryland is connected to some of the most populous and diverse states in the United States. Not to mention, the Atlantic Ocean forms its eastern border, adding a unique maritime touch to the state.

2. The Appalachian Mountains

Maryland is home to the highest point in the Appalachians, a mountain peak called Hoye Crest. Nestled within the Appalachian Mountains, the peak of Hoye Crest is the highest point in the entire mountain range at 3,360 feet. This makes it the highest point in the state of Maryland, providing stunning views of the surrounding landscape.

3. Delmarva Peninsula

Maryland has a diverse range of wildlife, from black bears to bald eagles. Maryland is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including some of America’s most iconic species. From black bears to bald eagles, Maryland’s forests and wetlands are teeming with life. Additionally, the state is home to the endangered Delmarva fox squirrel, which only lives on the Delmarva Peninsula.

4. Rivers

Maryland has over 4000 miles of rivers, streams, and creeks. Maryland is the proud owner of over 4000 miles of rivers, streams, and creeks. This impressive network of waterways provides ample opportunity for fishing, boating, and other recreational activities. Additionally, these waterways provide habitats for a wide variety of wildlife, making them an important part of the state’s ecology.

5. State Parks

Maryland is home to over 98,649 acres of state parks. Maryland’s state parks are some of the most beautiful in the country. There are 54 general state parks in Maryland! These parks provide opportunities for camping, hiking, and other outdoor activities. Additionally, many of these parks are home to rare plants and animals, making them a great destination for wildlife enthusiasts.

6. Chesapeake Bay

Chesapeake Bay, Annapolis in Maryland

Maryland is home to the lovely Chesapeake Bay.

©Nicole Glass Photography/Shutterstock.com

The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States. The Chesapeake Bay is an incredible ecosystem, stretching nearly 200 miles along the coast of Maryland and Virginia. It is the largest estuary in the United States, and its watershed covers 64,000 miles of land. This impressive ecosystem is home to hundreds of species of fish and other wildlife, and it is an important part of the state’s ecology.

7. Catoctin Mountains

Maryland is home to a unique geological formation called the Catoctin Mountains. The Catoctin Mountains are an incredible geological formation located in Maryland, stretching for over 40 miles. This range is home to a variety of plant and animal life, as well as several unique geological features. Additionally, the Catoctin Mountains are home to a number of historical sites, making them an important part of the state’s history.

8. Coastline

Maryland has over 3,190 miles of coastline. Maryland’s many miles of coastline make it one of the most coastal states in the United States. This impressive stretch of coastline provides ample opportunity for fishing, boating, and other recreational activities. Additionally, the state’s coastal areas are home to a variety of wildlife, making them great destinations for wildlife enthusiasts.

9. Climate

Maryland is home to a variety of different climates, ranging from tropical to arctic. Maryland’s geography provides a wide range of climates, ranging from tropical to arctic. This means that the state is home to a variety of different plants and animals, making it a great destination for those looking to explore the diversity of the natural world.

10. Plateaus

Maryland is home to a variety of different geological features, including mountains, valleys, and plateaus. Maryland is home to some incredible geological features, including mountains, valleys, and plateaus. These features provide stunning views of the landscape, and they are an important part of the state’s ecology. Additionally, these features provide habitats for a wide variety of plants and animals, making them an important part of the state’s biodiversity.

Facts About Maryland—History

flag of Maryland

The state flag of Maryland has a lot of symbolic meaning.

©railway fx/Shutterstock.com

11. Maryland was one of the original 13 colonies, joining the Union in 1788. It was originally founded in 1634 as a safe haven for English Catholics and was named after Queen Henrietta Maria.

12. Maryland was a major site during the American Revolutionary War. It was the site of the Battle of Baltimore, which saw the Americans defend the city from British attack.

13. Maryland is home to the first successful railroad in the United States. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad opened in 1830 and was the first commercial railway in the country.

14. Maryland was the first state to ratify the US Constitution, doing so on April 28th, 1788.

15. Maryland was a major site during the Civil War. It was the site of the Battle of Antietam, which was the bloodiest day in American history.

16. Maryland was home to the first dental school in the United States. The Baltimore College of Dental Surgery opened in 1840.

17. Maryland’s first post office opened in Baltimore on July 26, 1775.

18. Maryland is one of the few states that does not have a state song.

19. Maryland adopted a state flag in 1904. The state flag, which features the Maryland coat of arms, proudly waves throughout the state.

20. Maryland was one of the first states to establish a public library. The Enoch Pratt Free Library opened in 1882. We love libraries and think this is a very interesting fact about Maryland!

Facts About Maryland—Sports

Baltimore oriole

The Baltimore oriole is the namesake for the sports team and the same colors.

©Agami Photo Agency/Shutterstock.com

21. Orioles

Maryland is home to the Baltimore Orioles, a professional baseball team that plays in the American League East. The Orioles got their team name from the official state bird of Maryland. They have won three World Series Championships, five American League Pennants, and seven East Division Titles. The team plays in the state-of-the-art Oriole Park at Camden Yards.

22. Ravens

The Baltimore Ravens are the state’s only National Football League team. The Ravens began play in 1996 as the Baltimore Colts relocated to Indianapolis. Since then, the Ravens have won two Super Bowls three AFC Championships, and have been division champions nine times. The Ravens play at M&T Bank Stadium.

23. Ironbirds

The Aberdeen Ironbirds, based in Maryland, are a minor-league affiliate of the Baltimore Orioles. This team has a special connection to Cal Ripken Jr., the legendary Orioles shortstop. The team was founded in 2002, and Cal Ripken Jr. was instrumental in its formation. He’s also the team’s owner, and his name is emblazoned on their jerseys.

24. Jousting

Maryland takes pride in its designation of jousting as the official state sport since 1962. This equestrian competition has a rich history dating back centuries, making it the oldest sport played on horses in the world. Originating from medieval times, jousting emerged as a popular pastime among knights and nobility across Europe. It involves two riders atop horses charging towards each other with lances poised for combat.

25. Horse Racing

Galloping race horses in racing competition.

One interesting fact about Maryland is their esteem in horse-racing.


The Preakness Stakes, part of horse racing’s esteemed Triple Crown, is one of the most prestigious horse racing events in the world. Since 1873, this thrilling race has captivated audiences and showcased exceptional equine talent at the historic Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland. Fans are drawn to witness the heart-pounding races and the substantial prize purse of over $1.5 million.

26. Football

One fascinating fact about Maryland is that its football team, the Baltimore Ravens, draws inspiration from the renowned poem by Edgar Allen Poe, “The Raven.” The team’s name pays homage to this iconic piece of literature and reflects the deep connection between Poe and Baltimore. As a native of the city, Poe’s legacy remains an integral part of Maryland’s cultural heritage.

27. Swimming

The “Great Chesapeake Bay Swim” is an internationally renowned event in Maryland that captivates swimmers from around the world. This open-water competition stretches 4.4 miles (7.08 km) and presents a grueling challenge of endurance and determination in the majestic Chesapeake Bay. With its unpredictable weather and strong currents, participants push their physical and mental limits and forge unforgettable memories. Aside from attracting top-tier swimmers, the event also serves as a platform for charitable causes.

28. Sailing

Annapolis, the picturesque and historic capital of Maryland, earned the grandiose title of the “Athens of America” during its colonial days, reflecting its reputation for fostering education, enlightenment, and democratic ideals. Home to St. John’s College – founded in 1696 – it also holds the distinction of being the sailing capital of the world, with its picturesque waterfront and its strong winds caressing the Chesapeake Bay attracting sailors from far and wide.

29. Running

The Baltimore Marathon, an iconic race held in the vibrant city of Baltimore, Maryland, stands as the shining star among a series of thrilling races known collectively as the Baltimore Running Festival. This illustrious event has carved its place in history as one of the fastest-growing marathons in the United States.

30. Lacrosse

Maryland, known as the home of Lacrosse, boasts a rich history and deep-rooted connection to this exhilarating sport. With its origins tracing back centuries to Native American tribes in the region, Lacrosse has become an integral part of Maryland’s sporting culture. Not only is Maryland home to numerous prestigious lacrosse programs at both collegiate and high school levels, but it also hosts major lacrosse tournaments that draw athletes and fans from across the nation. The state takes immense pride in nurturing young talent and fostering a thriving lacrosse community.


A close up portrait of an Eastern Box Turtle.

Eastern box turtles live in Maryland.

©Ray Hennessy/Shutterstock.com

31. Birds

Maryland is home to over 450 species of birds, and the state is a popular destination for birdwatchers and ornithologists. In fact, the state is part of the Atlantic Flyway, which is one of the most important routes for migratory birds in North America. For example, the endangered red knot, a species of sandpiper, stops in Maryland to rest and feed during its migration from South America to the Arctic.

32. Turtles

Maryland is home to 21 species of turtles, including the eastern box turtle, the eastern painted turtle, and the eastern mud turtle. These turtles live in a variety of habitats, including wetlands, forests, and grasslands. Many species of turtles are either threatened or endangered due to habitat destruction and other human activities.

33. Amphibians

Maryland has some of the most diverse amphibian populations in the country. The state is home to more than 20 species of frogs and toads, as well as several species of salamanders. These amphibians live near water, including wetlands, forests, and grasslands.

34. Bats

Maryland is home to several species of bats, including the endangered Indiana bat. These bats are important for controlling insect populations and for pollinating plants. A condition called white-nose syndrome is causing a large decline in their population.

35. Snakes

Timber Rattlesnake coiled on ground. - Dangerous Animals in West Virginia



are extremely venomous, but they are not typically aggressive.


The state is home to 27 species of snakes, including the timber rattlesnake, the northern copperhead, and the eastern garter snake. These snakes live in a variety of habitats, including wetlands, forests, and grasslands.

36. Mammals

Maryland is home to more than 90 species of mammals, including the white-tailed deer, the eastern gray squirrel, and the beaver. These mammals live in wetlands, forests, and grasslands.

37. Fish

Maryland is home to the striped bass, white perch, bluegill, and largemouth bass. Fishing is a popular sport in Maryland.

38. Crayfish

The state is home to 14 species of crayfish! Crayfish are important for controlling insect populations and for aerating soils. These creatures eat aquatic plants, algae, and aquatic animals and keep the streams and lakes healthy.

39. Mussels

Maryland is home to more than 17 species of freshwater mussels, which are important for filtering water and for controlling algae and silt levels. These mussels have very important jobs in the ecosystem, such as filtering sediment, cycling nutrients, and providing food for other animals.

40. Dragonflies

Maryland is home to 7 species of dragonflies, which are important for controlling insect populations. These insects eat mosquitos and other insects, which is a very important job. They eat hundreds of mosquitos each day!

Facts About Maryland—Famous Folks

Baseball, bat, glove, and cleats

Famous baseball player Babe Ruth lived in Maryland.

©Shout It Out Design/Shutterstock.com

41. John Wilkes Booth

John Wilkes Booth was born in Maryland and is best known for assassinating President Abraham Lincoln. He was an actor and a Confederate sympathizer and is one of the most notorious men in American history.

42. Thurgood Marshall

Born in Baltimore, Thurgood Marshall was an American civil rights attorney and the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. He successfully argued the Brown v. Board of Education case, which declared school segregation unconstitutional.

43. Francis Scott Key

Francis Scott Key was a noted lawyer and poet from Maryland. He wrote the words to the “Star-Spangled Banner,” which officially became the national anthem of the United States in 1931.

44. Billie Holiday

Billie Holiday was born in Philadelphia but moved to Baltimore at a young age. She was a world-famous jazz singer and songwriter and is considered one of the most influential jazz musicians of all time.

45. Cal Ripken Jr.

Cal Ripken Jr. is a former Major League Baseball player who holds the record for the most consecutive games played. He was born in Maryland and played for the Baltimore Orioles for 21 seasons.

46. Jada Pinkett Smith

Jada Pinkett Smith is an actress, producer, and businesswoman from Maryland. She is known for her roles in films such as The Matrix and Red Table Talk.

47. David Hasselhoff

David Hasselhoff is an iconic actor, singer, and producer. He is best known for his starring roles on Baywatch and Knight Rider. David has also starred in films such as Dodgeball, SpongeBob SquarePants, and Click. He has released numerous albums and has performed as a singer in various countries around the world. Mr. Hasselfhoff has been involved in philanthropic work as well. He has also done various commercials and television shows. He is a true Hollywood legend and a beloved figure worldwide.

48. Frank Zappa

Frank Zappa was a musician, composer, and filmmaker from Maryland. He is considered one of the most influential and innovative composers of the 20th century and has been praised for his unique and experimental style. When discussing fun facts about Maryland, we can’t leave out this famous person!

49. Babe Ruth

Babe Ruth was a legendary baseball player and one of the most iconic figures in American sports history. He was renowned for his incredible batting power and was among the first five players inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame. He was also known for his larger-than-life personality and for setting numerous batting records during his career. Ruth’s ability to hit the ball with immense power earned him the nickname “The Bambino” or “The Sultan of Swat.” He was also known for his generosity and philanthropy, often donating money to various charities. Babe Ruth was a true legend of the game, and his legacy will live on forever.

50. Sister Mary Elizabeth Lange

Sister Mary Elizabeth Lange was a nun and founder of the Oblate Sisters of Providence, the first religious order for African-American women. She was settled in Maryland in 1813 and is considered a pioneer of the Catholic Church in the United States.


Deep Creek Lake Maryland

©Infinitum Imagery/Shutterstock.com

51. Deep Creek Lake is the largest inland body of water in the state of Maryland. It covers over 3,900 acres and is the perfect spot for swimming, boating, fishing, and more.

52. The Chesapeake & Ohio Canal is an 184.5-mile-long historic waterway that has been preserved for visitors to learn and explore. It features more than 200 bridges, culverts, aqueducts, and more.

53. Assateague Island National Seashore is a 37-mile-long barrier island home to wild horses, seabirds, and a variety of wildlife. It’s a great spot for camping, kayaking, and beachcombing.

54. The National Aquarium in Baltimore is home to over 17,000 animals from all over the world. Explore aquatic habitats, touch tanks, and interactive exhibits.

55. The Baltimore Museum of Art boasts one of the world’s largest collections of 19th-century and modern art. It features over 95,000 works from various cultures and time periods.

56. Fort McHenry is the site of the War of 1812 battle that inspired Francis Scott Key to write the Star-Spangled Banner. It’s now a national park where visitors can explore its history and grounds.

Fort McHenry from the air, Baltimore

©Christopher Mazmanian/Shutterstock.com

57. The Maryland Zoo in Baltimore is the third oldest zoo in the nation. It houses more than 2,000 animals across the globe, from African penguins to Asian elephants.

58. Six Flags America is a theme park located in Prince George’s County. It features thrilling roller coasters, interactive attractions, and live entertainment.

59. The National Cryptologic Museum features exhibits related to the history and science of code-breaking. It’s a great place to learn about the world of cryptography and its impact on history.

60. The Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park is dedicated to the life of the iconic abolitionist. It features a visitor center, trails, and tours to learn about her life and legacy.

The photo featured at the top of this post is © Sean Pavone/Shutterstock.com

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About the Author

Heather Hall is a writer at A-Z Animals, where her primary focus is on plants and animals. Heather has been writing and editing since 2012 and holds a Bachelor of Science in Horticulture. As a resident of the Pacific Northwest, Heather enjoys hiking, gardening, and trail running through the mountains with her dogs.

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